English Language for Bank Exams|| 05 – 02 – 2019

Mentor for Bank Exams

Dear Aspirants,
Welcome to Mentor for Bank Exams. Here is the English Lanugage Quiz to help you practice with the best of latest pattern questions for the upcoming IBPS PO, IBPS Clerk and other bank and Insurance Exams.

Directions (1 – 3): In the given passage, there are sentences which have been numbered at the beginning. In each of these sentences, four words have been highlighted and underlined. Find out if the words are grammatically and contextually appropriate. Select the option with the inappropriate word as the answer. If all words are appropriate, mark 'all are correct' as the answer.
The Indian Railways are set to launch their 'Make in India' smart coaches with new features like black box and artificial intelligence (AI)-powered CCTVs, matching international standards.
(1) Named 'Smart Trains', the coaches have been equipped with sensors that can detect defects on bearings, wheels, and the railway track, giving conversant inputs to those in the control room to avoid accidents, carry out maintenance, and to improve efficiency of operations.
(2) The maiden smart coach was unveiled at the Modern Coach Factory in Rae Bareli on Tuesday as part of launching 100 such trains in a piloted project to improve the safety and security of commuters, and to boost efficiency.
(3) The black box, being introduced for the first time by Indian Railways, has a powerful multi-dimensional communication interface to provide information on passengers and coach clarity on real-time basis.
a) Equipped
b) Detect
c) Conversant
d) Efficiency
e) All are correct
a) Unveiled
b) Piloted
c) Improve
d) Commuters
e) All are correct
a) Being
b) Powerful
c) Interface
d) Clarity
e) All are correct
Direction (4 – 6): Of the given 5 sentences, 3 sentences are arranged in sequential order while 2 sentences have been interchanged. Read the questions that follow and answer them accordingly.
A. In 2006, the landscape of the music industry was very different from what it is today.
B. For Daniel Ek and Martin Lorentzon, two Swedish serial entrepreneurs, this presented an incredible opportunity.
C. Peer-to-peer music sharing service Napster was long dead and buried, having been hunted to extinction by the Recording Industry Association of America's lawyers.
D. Internet radio was still in its infancy; it would be two more years before iHeartRadio and Pandora launched their respective online radio stations.
E. Even the music industry itself was struggling: Sales of physical media such as CDs had fallen consistently for the past several years, and the record labels themselves seemed to have few ideas.
4. Which of the following pair of sentences has to be interchanged to form a meaningful paragraph?
a) AD
b) BE
c) AC
d) CE
e) BD
5. Upon rearrangement, which of the following will logically follow statement E?
I. Ek and Lorentzon spent hours hanging out in Ek's apartment in a suburb of Stockholm as they brainstormed ideas for their new business venture.
II. Convinced that there must be a better way for people to find and listen to new music, the two men began brainstorming ideas for their next business venture.
III. Spotify has since become the most popular streaming music service, boasting more than 70M paid subscribers.
a) Both I & II
b) Only II
c) Both II & III
d) Both I & III
6. Upon rearrangement, which of the following will logically follow statement C?
I. Napster laid the groundwork for Spotify's success by introducing a new way to listen to music without the limitations of physical media or ownership.
II. What made Spotify such a bold, ambitious idea was doing the same thing Napster did - but legally.
III. But it quickly became apparent that piracy had limitations beyond its illegality.
a) Only I
b) Only II
c) Only III
d) All of the above
e) None of the above
Directions (7 – 10): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.
Advaita is one of the most influential schools of Vedanta, which is one of the six orthodox philosophical systems (darshans) of Indian philosophy. While its followers find its main tenets already fully expressed in the Upanishads and systematized by the Brahma-sutras (also known as the Vedanta-sutras), it has its historical beginning with the 7th-century-CE thinker Gaudapada, author of the Mandukya-karika, a commentary in verse form on the Mandukya Upanishad.
Gaudapada builds further on the Mahayana Buddhist concept of shunyata ("emptiness"). He argues that there is no duality; the mind, awake or dreaming, moves through maya ("illusion"); and nonduality (advaita) is the only final truth. That truth is concealed by the ignorance of illusion. There is no becoming, either of a thing by itself or of a thing out of some other thing. There is ultimately no individual self or soul (jiva), only the atman (universal soul), in which individuals may be temporarily delineated, just as the space in a jar delineates a part of the larger space around it: when the jar is broken, the individual space becomes once more part of the larger space.
The medieval Indian philosopher Shankara, or Shankaracharya ("Master Shankara"; c. 700 - 750), builds further on Gaudapada's foundation, principally in his commentary on the Brahma-sutras, the Shari-raka-mimamsa-bhashya ("Commentary on the Study of the Self"). Shankara in his philosophy starts not with logical analysis from the empirical world but rather directly with the Absolute (brahman). If interpreted correctly, he argues, the Upanishads teach the nature of brahman. In making that argument, he develops a complete epistemology to account for the human error in taking the phenomenal world for the real one. Fundamental for Shankara is the tenet that brahman is real and the world is unreal. Any change, duality, or plurality is an illusion. The self is nothing but brahman. Insight into that identity results in spiritual release (moksha). Brahman is outside time, space, and causality, which are simply forms of empirical experience. No distinction in brahman or from brahman is possible.
Shankara points to scriptural texts, either stating identity ("Thou art that") or denying difference ("There is no duality here"), as declaring the true meaning of brahman without qualities (nirguna). Other texts that ascribe qualities (saguna) to brahman refer not to the true nature of brahman but to its personality as God (Ishvara). Human perception of the unitary and infinite brahman as the plural and finite is due to human beings' innate habit of superimposition (adhyasa), by which a thou is ascribed to the I (I am tired; I am happy; I am perceiving). The habit stems from human ignorance (ajnana or avidya), which can be avoided only by the realization of the identity of brahman. Nevertheless, the empirical world is not totally unreal, for it is a misapprehension of the real brahman. A rope is mistaken for a snake; there is only a rope and no snake, but, as long as it is thought of as a snake, it is one.
Shankara had many followers who continued and elaborated his work, notably the 9th-century philosopher Vachaspati Mishra. Advaita literature is extremely extensive, and its influence is still felt in modern Hindu thought.
7. Why do humans perceive brahman to be plural and infinite?
a) Superstition carried forward from ages
b) Ignorance about the identity of the brahman
c) Too much of importance to the self
d) Delineating brahman from God
e) None of the above
8. Which of the following is not derived from Shankaracharya's philosophy?
I. The nature of brahman is best done in the Upanishads.
II. The brahman is real, while the world is not.
III. Humans avoid taking the world as real.
IV. No distinction from brahman is possible.
a) I only
b) II only
c) III only
d) IV only
e) Both II and III
9. Which of the following is not true?
I. There is ultimately only the individual self, not the atman.
II. The truth does not get hidden by the ignorance of illusion.
III. The mind moves through maya (illusion).
a) I only
b) II only
c) III only
d) Both I and II
e) Both II and III
10. Which of the following is the name of the book written by Gaudapada?
a) Mandukya Upanishad
b) Vedanta Sutras
c) Shari-raka-mimamsa-bhashya
d) Brahma Sutras
e) Mandukya-karika

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