English Practice Questions (03 – 05 – 2018)

Directions (1 – 2): In the question given below, a short paragraph is given, whose three/four sentences are highlighted in bold. From the given answer choices, choose the option that represents the correct combination of sentences that are contextually incorrect.
1. Exactly how Quantitative Easing worked—and hence the effects of unwinding it - remains a little mysterious. The consensus, however, is that asset purchases brought down long-term interest rates. (I) The first programme, which began in 2009, had the biggest impact. Fed economists recently estimated that, combined, all the programmes lowered the ten-year Treasury yield by one percentage point. (II)So as the balance-sheet shrinks, this effect might be expected to go into reverse and interest rates to rise.  But there are reasons to doubt this. Economists have speculated that some or even all of QE’s potency came from its influence on traders’ expectations for short-term rates. For example, when markets threw their so-called “taper tantrum” in mid-2013, after then-chairman Ben Bernanke said that asset purchases would be reduced, they were agitated in part by the prospect of faster interest-rate rises. (III) Even if the Fed hits its redemption cap every month, it would take eight years to offload all its mortgage-backed securities. This time, however, there is little scope for the markets to change their assumptions about the path of rates.
a) Only II
b) Only III
c) Only II and III
d) All are incorrect
e) All are correct
2. Here is the deal. You can buy an entry in a computer ledger issued by a startup company on the basis of an unregulated prospectus. It is called an “initial coin offering” or ICO. (I) In some cases, the “coins” can be exchanged for services on the site. But though the ledger entry is called a coin, you cannot spend it in any shop. And whereas the use of the term ICO makes it sound like an IPO (initial public offering), the process whereby a firm lists on a stockmarket, coin ownership does not necessarily get you equity in the company concerned. This sounds like the kind of bargain that would appeal only to people who reply to e-mails from Nigerian princes offering to transfer millions to their accounts. (II) But ICOs may well be the most popular investment craze since the dotcom boom of 1999-2000. The list of active, upcoming and recent ICOs on the website “ICO alert” covers 31 pages of A4 paper and includes around 600 companies. More than $2bn has been raised in total. The technology that underpins digital currencies—the blockchain—is an important development. This is a secure, decentralised ledger that everyone can inspect but that no single user controls. (III) In plenty of cases, an ICO is just a way of raising capital without all the hassle of meeting regulatory requirements, or the burden of paying interest to a bank. Many ICOs are designed to finance applications that will make use of the blockchain—for trading currencies, lending money or searching for jobs.
a) Only I and III
b) Only II and III
c) Only I and II
d) All are incorrect
e) None are incorrect
Directions (3 – 4): In the questions given below, a part of the sentence is given. You are provided with the answer choices that complete the given sentence. Choose the option that is grammatically and contextually correct, and lends meaning to the sentence.
3. If group companies hold stakes in one another,
I. the investment will remain stuck for a long time and cannot be used to grow the core business.
II. It keeps promoter holding at higher levels so as to thwart any predatory takeover moves.
III. it will help companies unlock a lot of value and more importantly allows investors to choose where they want to invest.
a) Only I
b) Only III
c) Only I and II
d) Only II and III
e) All of the above
4. She had barely any money for food, let alone for medical treatment.
I. She had very little money for food as she had spent it mostly on medical treatment.
II. She had spent most of the money on medical treatment alone and had very little left for food.
III. She had very less money for food not to mention for medical treatment.
a) Only I and II
b) Only III
c) Only II and III
d) Only I and III
e) None of the above
Directions (5 – 7): In each of the given questions, three sentences are given with a phrase/idiom highlighted in bold. You have to select the answer choice that states the statement or combination of statements in which the idiom has been correctly used.
5. I. The life where one can fulfill one’s responsibilities is not the life for the birds.
II. Its not always good to have tongue in the cheek all the time.
III. Padma Vibhushan awardee, Professor Yashpal bought the farm at his residence in Noida.
a) Only II and III
b) Only I and III
c) Only II
d) Only III
e) All of the above
6. I. Danny’s family screamed loudly to break a leg right before he went up on the stage.
II. After the riots in the countryside, both the parties extended the olive branch in the farm.
III. Numerous road accodents have resulted many people in stitches.
a) Only II
b) Only I and III
c) Only I and II
d) Only II and III
e) All of the above
7. I.  The autobiography of Karan Johar has divulged skeleton in the closet.
II.  After he was cut by the team, he turned over a new leaf and quibbled to the authorities.
III.  I have done the research literature into Human Behavior and training in psychology so I can not be in a position to sit on the fence.
a) Only I and II
b) Only II and III
c) Only III
d) Only I
e) All of the above
Directions (8 – 10): In the question given below, there are two statements, with each statement consisting of two blanks. You have to choose the option which provides the correct set of words that fits both the blanks and makes them meaningful and grammatically correct.
8. I.  Giving _______ to these plans, a growing number of countries are announcing plans to ban new diesel and petrol cars, which is really _______ to safeguard natural resources.
II.  Conflict in Syria was the _______ for several _______ documentaries this year, including “Last Men in Aleppo” and “Hell on Earth: The fall of Syria and the rise of ISIS.
a) thrive, necessary
b) impetus, important
c) inspiration, famous
d) pace, significant
e) attention, essential
9. I. Some dishes ________ memories of good times and so are tagged as _________ comfort foods due to the emotional connection we have with them.
II. Few pastimes _______ the level of spirit and fervor as Star Wars and golf, although, admittedly, the Venn Diagram of shared relations between the two is________ small.
a) censure, absolutely
b) pull, comparatively
c) hold, completely
d) possess, definitely
e) conjure, relatively
10. I. The Police Department, like other police agencies, signed a nondisclosure agreement regarding the criminals ________ in heinous crimes which makes many responsible faces of the authority, agreeing not to ________ any details about them.
II. President Trump, who has ________ in conspiracy theories himself, has expressed great interest in ensuring that the government finally ________ virtually everything it has kept out of the public eye for more than a half-century.
a) trapped, hide
b) involved, camouflage
c) dabbled, divulge
d) preclude, disguise
e) excluded, reveal