NABARD Agriculture and Rural India MCQ’s (Set – 4)

Mentor for Bank Exams

NABARD Agriculture and Rural India MCQ’s  (Set – 4)
Dear Aspirants,
Welcome to Mentor for Bank Exams. NABARD Grade A Recruitment for 2018 is announced and Prelims Exam is scheduled on 12th May 2018. As you know that exam is approaching, you need to be very focused on practice more and more questions to maximize your score. The Agriculture and Rural India MCQ’s Section carries 40 marks. For the clear idea of NABARD Prelims Exam, go through this NABARD Agriculture and Rural India MCQ’s  daily.

1. Name the international agreement linked to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) which commits its parties or members by setting targets for international binding emission reduction.
a) Paris Agreement
b) Kyoto Protocol
c) Doha Amendment
d) Rio Convention
e) Nagoya Protocol
Answer: B)
Explanation: The Kyoto Protocol is an international treaty which commits its parties to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This was adopted in Kyoto, Japan on 11/12/1997 and came into force on 2/16/2005. This was implemented by the UNFCCC to fight global warming by reducing the level of greenhouse gas in the atmosphere.

2. Cleaner Air Better Life, an initiative driven by multi - stakeholder consultations for airshed management to control air pollution in Northern India, was initiated by ________.
b) CII - NITI Aayog
d) KVK
Answer: B)
Explanation: ‘Cleaner Air Better Life’ is an initiative by CII - NITI Aayog along with Ministry of Environment Forests and Climate Change to formulate various solutions to combat the poor air quality in Northern India due to burning agricultural waste. Farmers are given awareness and information to adopt sustainable agricultural practices for better biomass management.

3. One of the most powerful mass movements supported by environmentalists, human right activists, tribals, adivasis, famous personalities, and other general public to save river Narmada named as Narmada Bachao Andolan (NBA) was started in the year?
a) 1985
b) 1983
c) 1982
d) 1986
e) 1989
Answer: A)
Explanation: Narmada Bachao Andolan (NBA) is a mass movement started in 1985 against the construction of a huge dam on the Narmada River. Narmada is a west flowing river and supports a large variety of people with distinguished culture and tradition like tribals and adivasis who have long been inhabited in the jungles along the river. So, construction of huge dams will displace all these people and will also disturb the entire ecological system.

4. Which of the following is not under the eight missions of National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC)?
a) National mission on Sustainable Habitat
b) National Solar Mission
c) National Mission for Green India
d) National Mission for Sustainable Bovine Productivity
e) National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency
Answer: D)
Explanation: The NAPCC effectively pulls together a number of other national plans on water, energy, agriculture etc. under eight missions. The Prime Minister’s Council on Climate Change is in charge of its overall implementation. With the help of these national measures, the plan pledges to reduce India’s per capita greenhouse gas emissions. National Solar Mission, National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency, National Mission on Sustainable Habitat, National Water Mission, National Mission for Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem, National Mission for Green India, National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture, and National Mission for Strategic Knowledge on Climate Change are the eight missions of NAPCC.

5. The commercial scale mud crab culture is developed in which ecosystem?
a) Marine water
b) Cold water
c) Inland water
d) Brackish water
e) Fresh water
Answer: D)
Explanation: Mud crab cultures are extensively grown in brackish water system as these crabs, belonging to the genus Scylla, inhabits in coastal areas, estuaries and backwaters. Mud crab farming is done either by grow - out culture or fattening methods, of which, fattening method is the better one as its culture period is short and profitable.

6. In cold smoking method of fish preservation, the temperature should be maintained ________.
a) Below 30° C
b) Below 5° C
c) At 0° C
d) Between 10 - 20° C
e) Above 30° C
Answer: A)
Explanation: Smoking fish is one of the oldest types of fish preservation. There are four types of smoking - hot, cold, combined hot & cold method and electrostatic method. In cold smoking, temperature is maintained below 30. The meat will not be cooked in this method and has to be cooked before consumption.

7. The Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) has started a major project for promoting
a) Renovation of fishing harbor.
b) Open sea cage farming.
c) Fisheries management in the EEZ.
d) Marine fisheries economy.
e) Fish farming subsidy.
Answer: B)
Explanation: Under the Blue Revolution, launched by the Prime Minister, the CMFRI has started this major project of open sea cage farming in Indian waters to provide training to fishermen on this type of fish farming to boost mariculture. It is a type of aquaculture production system using floating frames, net materials, and mooring system with a floating net to hold and culture large number of fishes. These cages can be installed in water sources of reservoirs, river, lake or sea.

8. Near Real Time (NRT) Forest fire alert, one of the forest fire management initiatives developed by Forest Survey of India (FSI) helps to detect forest fires in near real time. This is done by using data from satellite system named as ________.
Answer: A)
Explanation: FSI in collaboration with National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC) has initiated this NRT forest fire alert system and alerts State Forest Departments (SFD) of fire locations detected by the MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectro - radiometer) sensor onboard Aqua and Terra satellite and developed by NASA. As these satellites pass over our country daily, fire alerts are now given in short interval periods to SFDs through electronic messaging systems.

9. Taungya system; also called as Kumari system in Southern India, originated in Myanmar and meaning hill cultivation, was introduced into India by Dr. Brandis. This system enables to:
a) Increase the establishment cost.
b) Grow tea plantations.
c) Regenerate lands adjoining forests.
d) Grow short term crops during the early years of the woody perennial plantations.
e) None of the above.
Answer: D)
Explanation: Taungya system, a form of agroforestry originated in Myanmar, enables farmers and forest plantation workers to grow short term crops during the early years of the plantation of woody perennials. This is done in order to facilitate extensive use of the land which thereby helps to reduce establishment cost and also to generate early income. This also helps to stimulate the growth of the woody perennials.

10. Single - tree or group selection cutting methods are terms associated with
a) Even - aged silvicultural system
b) Uneven - aged silvicultural system
c) Two - aged silvicultural system.
d) Multi - aged silvicultural system.
e) Non - aged silvicultural system
Answer: B)
Explanation: Uneven - aged method of silviculture is done to regenerate a forest stand to maintain trees of three or more well - defined age classes differing in age, height, and diameter. This is done by various methods like single tree selection, group selection, and group selection with reserves. Uneven forest stands have an uneven or irregular canopy.