NABARD Agriculture and Rural India MCQ’s (Set – 3)

Mentor for Bank Exams

NABARD Agriculture and Rural India MCQ’s (Set – 3)
Dear Aspirants,
Welcome to Mentor for Bank Exams. NABARD Grade A Recruitment for 2018 is announced and Prelims Exam is scheduled on 12th May 2018. As you know that exam is approaching, you need to be very focused on practice more and more questions to maximize your score. The Agriculture and Rural India Section carries 40 marks. For the clear idea of NABARD Prelims Exam, go through this NABARD Agriculture and Rural India MCQ’s daily.

1. Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) is a powerful tool developed by the Government of India through Indian Council of Agricultural Research to transform agriculture and provide farmers support with a multidisciplinary approach. Which of the following is not a salient feature of KVK?
a) On farm testing.
b) Funding for medicinal crops cultivation.
c) Capacity development of farmers.
d) Technology assessment.
e) Transforming rural India.

2. Which of the following is not a portals developed by Department of Agriculture and Cooperation (DAC) for implementing major agricultural extension programmes?
d) APY
e) None of the above
Answer: D)
Explanation: ATMA, RKVY, NFSM are portals developed by DAC with its Information and Communication Technology (ICT) interventions under the National Mission on Agricultural Extension and Technology (NMAET) to guide and implement various agricultural extension programmes. ATMA stands for Agricultural Technology Management Agency, RKVY is Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana and NFSM is National Food Security Mission. Some other important portals developed by DAC are SEEDNET, DACNET, AGMARKNET, NHM and INTRADAC.

3. Lyophilized or freeze - dried lentogenic vaccines like La Sota and B1 vaccine suitable for primary vaccination are used to vaccinate ________.
a) Mahseer fish
b) Human beings
c) Brahman cattle breed
d) Birds
e) Guinea pig
Answer: D)
Explanation: La Sota and B1 vaccine strains are live vaccines cultivated in Specific - Pathogen Free (SPF) chicken embryos. They are used to treat diseases like Newcastle disease, Ranikhet disease that affects birds. These strains are lentogenic in nature with characteristics of low virulence and low mortality. These are usually administered intraocularly, intranasally, through drinking water, or by spray administration.

4. Hinny, a domestic equine hybrid, an offspring of a male stallion and female jenny, and a reciprocal cross to the common mule, is a product of
a) Interspecific hybridization
b) Intervarietal hybridization
c) Introgressive hybridization
d) Backcrossing
e) None of these
Answer: A)
Explanation: Interspecific hybridization, also called as intra - generic hybridization, produces hybrids by intercrossing two species from the same genus. Hinny is an inter - specific hybrid produced by crossing a male horse × female donkey both belonging to the same genus Equus. It has a body of a donkey and extremities of a horse. Other examples of inter - specific hybrids are mule (male horse × female donkey both from Equus genus), liger (male lion × female tiger both from Panther genus).

5. Acarapiosis is a respiratory disease caused in adult honey bee, Apis mellifera and in other Apis species. Name the tarsonemid mite that causes this disease?
a) Acarapis dorsalis
b) Acarapis vagans
c) Acarapis woodis
d) Acrapis externus
e) None of these
Answer: C)
Explanation: Acarapis woodi is a microscopic internal parasite which belongs to the Arachnida class and Tarsonemidae family that infects bees’ trachea and causes Acarapisosis. This mite reproduces inside the breathing tubes of the honey bee and feed on its hemolymph. Hence, its infection causes mechanical injury and physiological disorder due to obstruction of air ducts, lesions in the tracheal walls, and the depletion of hemolymph.

6. Find the series with odd group.
a) Hallikar, Amritmahal, Khillari, Bargur
b) Ongole, Kangrej, Deoni, Krishna Valley
c) Guernsey, Red Dane, Ayrshire, Jersey
d) Jaffrabadi, Surti, Murrah, Mehsana
e) Gir, Sahiwal, Red Sindhi, Tharparkar
Answer: D)
Explanation: From option (a) Hallikar, Amritmahal, Khillari, Bargur belong to indigenous draught breeds of cattle.
From option (b) Ongole, Kangrej, Deoni, Krishna Valley belong to indigenous dual - purpose breeds of cattle.
From option (b) Guernsey, Red Dane, Ayrshire, Jersey belong to exotic dairy breeds of cattle.
From option (d) Jaffrabadi, Surti, Murrah, Mehsana belong to indigenous buffalo breed.
From option (e) Gir, Sahiwal, Red Sindhi, Tharparkar belong to milch breeds of cattle.
All are cattle breeds except option (d), thus option (d) is the correct answer.

7. The process of long - term storage of carbon in plants, soil, water sources, and other geologic formations is called ________.
a) Carbon footprint
b) Carbon dioxide sinks
c) Carbon sequestration
d) Carbon assimilation
e) Carbon carousel
Answer: C)
Explanation: Carbon sequestration (by both natural and artificial methods) is a process by which carbon dioxide is removed from the earth’s atmosphere and stored in liquid or solid form. For example, capturing of carbon emitted from industries before it is released into the atmosphere. One natural way of carbon sequestration occurs through photosynthesis in plants. The main purpose of carbon sequestration is to delay global warming and avoid extreme climate change.

8. GC - MS that is best suited for the identification of low levels of hydrocarbons stands for-
a) Gas Chromatography - Mass Spectrograph
b) Gaseous Chromatography - Mass Spectrometry
c) Gas Chromatography - Mass Spectrometry
d) Gas Chromatoscopic - Mass Spectroscopy
e) Gas Chromatophores - Mass Spectrograph
Answer: C)
Explanation: Gas Chromatography - Mass Spectrometry is the most suitable instrumental technique for monitoring and analyzing aromatic hydrocarbons and various other air pollutants like volatile pesticides, carbon monoxide and oxides of nitrogen. The gas chromatograph in conjunction with a mass spectrometer is suitable for identification of low levels of hydrocarbons.

9. Which principle supports the working of X - ray Computed Tomography (CT)?
a) Beer - Lambert’s law
b) Law of X ray diffraction
c) Law of conservation of energy
d) Third law of thermodynamics
e) Law of X ray absorption
Answer: A)
Explanation: X-ray Computed Tomography (CT) is a technique for visualizing interior features within solid objects. Tomographic imaging consists of directing X-rays at an object from multiple orientations and measuring the decrease in intensity along a series of linear paths and that decrease is based on the Beer-Lambert law which describes intensity reduction as a function of X-ray energy, path length, and material linear attenuation coefficient.

10. Name the hydrologic process by which groundwater level is augmented artificially by increasing the natural percolation of surface water into groundwater aquifers resulting in increase in groundwater availability.
a) Rainwater harvesting
b) Artificial recharge
c) Groundwater harvesting
d) Drip irrigation
e) None of the above
Answer: B)
Explanation: Artificial recharge of groundwater is a systematic, human activity to increase the amount of groundwater available through designed works which enhances percolation of surface waters into the groundwater aquifers resulting in availability of more ground waters. This process is done to replenish the reduced groundwater available due to rapid urbanization and cutting of trees.