## Reasoning Ability Practice Question for Bank/Insurance Exams (03 – 03 – 2018)

Reasoning Ability Practice Question for Bank/Insurance Exams (03 – 03 – 2018)
Directions (1 – 5): The first step has been obtained by multiplying the digits in input. The next steps are not obtained the same way. They are obtained by applying certain logic. Numbers of step II have been obtained by using at least 1 digit of each number in step 1. Each step is a resultant of previous step.

1. Which of the following will be the last step?
a) 6
b) 7.5
c) 3.5
d) 5
e) None of these
2. What is the sum of the numbers of step III?
a) 9
b) 12
c) 18
d) 26
e) None of these
3. If we do half of each number in step II, what will be the difference of those numbers?
a) 0
b) 1
c) 2
d) 3
e) None of these
4. Which of the following is a number in step I?
a) 64
b) 32
c) 69
d) 67
e) None of these
5. If the sum of numbers of step III is multiplied by step IV, find the resultant number.
a) 31.5
b) 50
c) 26.4
d) 37.5
e) None of these
Directions (6 – 10): Answer the questions based on the information given below.
Eight Persons A, B, C, D, E, G, H and J live on eight different floors of a building but not necessarily in the same order. The lowermost floor of the building is numbered 1 and the topmost floor of the building is numbered 8. They celebrate their birthday in a month of January, February, March, April, May, June, July and August, but not necessarily in the same order.
The one who’s Birthday is in February lives on an even-numbered floor but not on the topmost floor.Only one person lives between G and the one who’s Birthday is in May. Only two persons live between G and the one who’s Birthday is in February. Neither E nor C lives on the first floor.Only one person lives between C and the one who’s Birthday is in March. A lives just above G. Only two persons live between E and A. The one who’s Birthday is in May does not live on floor number one. B lives on an even-numbered floor and just above C. The one who’s Birthday is in April lives on an even numbered floor and lives just above the person whose Birthday is in August. C’s Birthday is not in May or August. Only two persons live between the one who’s Birthday is in June and the one who’s Birthday is in January. D’s Birthday is not in July. The one whose Birthday is in June does not live on an odd-numbered floor. J lives just below the one whose Birthday is in August.

6. Who among the following lives on the first floor?
a) D
b) C
c) H
d) B
e) None of these
7. Whose Birthday is in August?
a) A
b) C
c) G
d) J
e) None of these
8.How many persons live between the person whose Birthday is in July and J?
a) Two
b) Three
c) Four
d) None
e) None of these
9.Who among the following lives on the topmost floor?
a) The one who’s Birthday is in May
b) The one who’s Birthday is in January
c) The one who’s Birthday is in April
d) Can’t be determined
e) None of these
10.Which of the following statements is true?
a) B’s Birthday is in February and lives on the 5th floor
b) H’s Birthday is in March and lives on the first floor.
c) The one who’s Birthday is in August lives on the 6th floor.
d) E lives on floor no. three and his birthday is in May.
e) None of these
Directions (11 – 15): Answer the questions based on the information given below. In a certain language,
‘They were charging higher’ is coded as ‘X8Z A8F N12S K16H’.
‘Economic progress results great’ is coded as ‘W10U M16D L14T X16T’.
‘Mandatory perfect measures required’ is coded as ‘L14U U16T J18Z Z16E’.
‘Should target poverty elevation’ is coded as ‘Z12U U18O W14Z Y12E’.
11. How is the word ‘SOCIOLOGY’ coded in the given language?
a) T18B
b) C13U
c) X18Z
d) U12C
e) X13U
12. How is the word ‘HISTORY’ coded in the given language?
a) P14Z
b) M13Z
c) P12Z
d) M13N
e) P12N
13. How is the word ‘GOVERNMENT’ coded in the given language?
a) Q15J
b) Q20U
c) J15I
d) I21U
e) I20J
14. What is the code for ‘PROGRESS RESULTS’ in the given language?
a) X16T L14U
b) X16T L14T
c) X15T L14T
d) X16T L13T
e) X16Z L14T
15. In the given paragraph, the code ‘U16T’ represents which of the given words?
a) mandatory
b) perfect
c) measures
d) required
e) cannot be determined

Solutions:
(1 – 5): Explanation:

1. C)   2. A)   3. C)   4. D)   5. A)
(6 – 10):

6. A)   7. C)   8. B)   9. C)   10. E)
(11 – 15): Explanation:
The coding language used to code the given sentences should be decoded in three steps.
Step I:
1. If the numbers of letters of the word is even, then the first element of the code is determined by:
Number of letters of the word + Alphabetical number of the first letter of the word = letter
corresponding to the resultant number.
2. If the numbers of letters of the word is odd, then the first element of the code is determined by:
Number of letters of the word + Alphabetical number of the second letter of the word = letter
corresponding to the resultant number.
Step 2:
The second element of the code is twice the number of letters of that word.
Step 3:
The third element of the code the letter succeeding the last letter of the word.
Consider the word ‘THEY’,
Step I:
T+4=X
4*2=8
Y+1=Z
So, the code for ‘they’ is ‘X8Z’.
11. C)   12. A)    13. B)   14. B)    15. C)