General Awareness Questions for SSC and Railway Exams (14 – 02 – 2018)

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General Awareness Questions for SSC and Railway Exams (14 – 02 – 2018)
1. Who was the National leader who wrote History of India on the walls of the Andaman Cellular Jail?
(A) Nandanlal Bose
(B) Ambedkar
(C) Vir Savarkar
(D) Jyotiba Phule
Answer: C)
Explanation: Vinayak Damodar Savarkar was an Indian revolutionary and politician. He wrote more than 10,000 pages in the Marathi language. When in the Cellular Jail, Savarkar was denied pen and paper, he composed and wrote his poems on the prison walls with thorns and pebbles, memorized thousand lines of his poetry for years till other prisoners returned home and brought them to India.
2. Match the following:
1. Hazaribagh           a. Coal
2. Neyveli                  b. Iron
3. Jharia                     c. Lignite
4. Rourkela               d. Mica
(A) 1-c, 2-d, 3-a, 4-b
(B) 1-d, 2-c, 3-a, 4-b
(C) 1-a, 2-b, 3-c, 4-d
(D) 1-d, 2-c, 3-b, 4-a
Answer: B)
Explanation: Hazaribagh: Mica and Coal are the major minerals found in this district of Jharkhand.
Neyveli: It was developed after mining of lignite started under the Neyveli Lignite Corporation (NLC) in 1956.
Jharia: It is famous for its rich coal resources used to make Coke.
Rourkela: They are rich in Iron Ores, Manganese, Dolomite and Limestone.
3. As per provisions of the Charter Act of 1833, a Law Commission (for consolidating, codifying and improving Indian laws) was constituted under the Chairmanship of
(A) Lord Bentinck
(B) Raja Ram Mohan Roy
(C) Lord Macaulay
(D) Lord Dalhousie
Answer: C)
Explanation: The first Law Commission was established in 1834 under the Charter Act of 1833 under the Chairmanship of Lord Macaulay which recommended codification of the Penal Code, the Criminal Procedure Code and a few other matters. Thereafter, the second, third and fourth Law Commissions were constituted in 1853, 1861 and 1879 respectively.
4. Personal disposable income is
(A) Always equal to personal income
(B) Always more than personal income
(C) Equal to personal income minus indirect taxes
(D) Equal to personal income minus direct taxes
Answer: D)
Explanation: In national accounts definitions
Personal disposable income = personal income – direct taxes
5. Who invented the electric generator?
(A) Marconi
(B) Faraday
(C) Franklin
(D) Edison
Answer: B)
Explanation: Michael Faraday invented the first electric generator in 1831. This British chemist and physicist did extensive work in the field of electricity that paved the way for the inventions of the electric motor and transformer.
6. Which one of the following is most radioactive?
(A) Uranium
(B) Thorium
(C) Radium
(D) Polonium
Answer: D)
Explanation: Polonium is the most radioactive element. When Polonium is radioactive it glows blue, which is caused by excitation of the gas particles by radiation. A single milligram of polonium emits as many alpha particles as 5 grams of radium. It decays to release energy at the rate of 140 W/g. The decay rate is too high that it can raise the temperature of a half gram sample of polonium to over 500°C.
7. Interveinal necrotic spots on leaves appear due to
(A) HF injury
(B) SO2 injury
(C) NO2 injury
(D) O3 injury
Answer: B)
8. Satvahanas minted their coins predominatly in:
(A) Lead
(B) Silver
(C) Gold
(D) Copper
Answer: A)
Explanation: The Satavahanas, were an Indian dynasty based on the Deccan region. The beginning of the Satavahana rule is 271 BCE to 30 BCE.Satavahanas dominated the Deccan region from 1st century BCE to 3rd century CE. Satavahanas minted their coins predominatly in lead.

9. Srinath Narayanan is associated with which sports?
(A) Chess
(B) Boxing
(C) Football
(D) Hockey
Answer: A)
Explanation: Srinath Narayanan from Chennai will soon become India’s 46th Grandmaster after he defeated Spanish GM David Anton Guijarro at the 2017 Sharjah Masters chess tournament. He became India’s youngest FIDE-rated player in 2002 when he was just 8 years old and also finished as joint winner in the Under-12 World Championship in 2005 in France. Srinath became an International Master at the age of 14 and crossed the 2500 Elo rating in 2016. He had already secured five GM norms.
10. Which of the following is used in making computer chips?
(A) Carbon
(B) Uranium
(C) Silicon
(D) Rubidium
Answer: C)
Explanation: In photolithography, ultraviolet light is shined onto a photosensitive film on a piece of silicon to create a pattern of conducting and isolating layers as it breaks apart. The circuit is built up with many of these silicon layers and covered in metal. Finally, another photosensitive film is used to form a pattern for the wires. The silicon used in computer circuits is pure silicon crystal to ensure perfection. Silicon is used because it is a cheap and abundant semiconductor.
11. The innovator of the Revenue settlement during the rule of Akbar was–
(A) Raja Man Singh
(B) Raja Bhagwan Das
(C) Raja Todarmal
(D) Raja Birbal
Answer: C)
Explanation: Raja Todar Mal was a warrior, an able administrator and an exemplary finance minister. He was one of the ‘Navratnas’ of Akbar’s courts. He introduced an excellent land revenue system. In 1582, the title Diwan-I-Ashraf was bestowed upon him by the Emperor.
12. Earthquakes and volcanoes occur mostly in–
(A) Plateau region
(B) Folded and faulted region
(C) Deep sea plains
(D) None of these
Answer: B)
13. Who is not entitled to take part in the activities of Lok Sabha ?
(A) The Comptroller and Auditor General of India
(B) The Attorney General of India
(C) The Solicitor General
(D) The President of India
Answer: None of these
14. By which Bill does the Government propose collection of revenue for a year ?
(A) Economic Bill
(B) Finance Bill
(C) Supplementary Bill
(D) None of these
Answer: B)
Explanation: Finance Bill means a Bill ordinarily introduced every year to give effect to the financial proposals of the Government of India for the next following financial year and includes a Bill to give effect to supplementary financial proposals for any period. The Finance Bill is introduced immediately after the presentation of the Budget. The introduction of the Bill cannot be opposed.
15. The characteristic of sound which distinguishes a female voice from a male voice is called :
(A) Quality
(B) Loudness
(C) Pitch
(D) Phase
Answer: C)
Explanation: Mean fundamental frequency, which is associated with the perceptual notion of pitch, is commonly considered as the major difference between adult male and female voices. Pitch of a man’s voice falls under low frequency, whereas woman’s voice is of the high pitch type.