English Language Practice Questions for IBPS Clerk – Set 14

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English Language Practice Questions for IBPS Clerk – Set 14
Directions (1 – 10): In the passage given below there are 10 blanks, each followed by a word given in bold. Each blank has four alternative words given in options A, B, C and D. You have to tell which word will best suit the respective blank. Mark E as your answer if the word given in bold after the blank is your answer i.e “No change required”.
In a prime time national address on August 21 from the Fort Myer military base, U.S. President Donald Trump (1) captured his long awaited strategy for “Afghanistan and South Asia”. After 16 years, Afghanistan remains America’s longest war. It has spent more than $800 billion and nearly 2,400 U.S. soldiers have lost their lives. The American people are now (2) weary of this long war without victory — and Mr. Trump has characteristically promised, in the end, we will win!
Launched with the full support of the international community in 2001 after 9/11 by President George Bush, the war in Afghanistan got derailed as the U.S. shifted focus and resources towards Iraq from 2003 onwards. The end objective of a stable and peaceful Afghanistan began to (3) recuperate  further and further as the Taliban launched their insurgency in 2005 after they had recovered, regrouped, refinanced and re-equipped themselves from their (4) sanctuary  in Pakistan. Since then, the insurgency has gathered momentum and also exposed the U.S.’s policy weaknesses.
After taking over in 2009, President Barack Obama (5) often had undertaken a major policy review describing the Afghan war as “a war of necessity”, “a war that we must win”. He went on to authorise a surge in U.S. troop presence from 55,000 in early 2009 reaching 100,000 in 2010. The objective was to gain a decisive victory over the insurgency. The simultaneous announcement that the (6) upsurge would commence in 2011, and by 2014 the Afghan security forces would take charge of all combat operations, however, only encouraged the Taliban insurgency and also exposed the (7) valour of the Afghan army and the police forces, in terms of numbers, training and equipment to deal with the post 2014 situation. 
In 2014, Mr. Obama realised that the bitterly contested Afghan presidential election had led to a politically (8) stable situation. He and Secretary of State John Kerry engaged in personal diplomacy to create the compromise of a National Unity Government, with Ashraf Ghani becoming President and his rival, Abdullah Abdullah, taking over as CEO, a newly created position that was to be converted into a prime-ministership though a constitutional (9) enactment within a two-year time-frame. Having announced the pull-back, Mr. Obama withdrew the bulk of U.S. soldiers (the other allies were equally eager) and Operation Enduring Freedom formally concluded on December 28, 2014. Approximately 8,400 U.S. soldiers and another 5,000 from other allies stayed behind to “advise, train and assist” the Afghan security forces under Operation Resolute Support. Initially, this too was to conclude by end-2016 but faced with a difficult political and security situation, Mr. Obama decided to (10) bequeath this decision to his successor.
1. a) laid out b) requested c) proceeded d) Resumed e) No change required
2. a) Apologetic b) Concerned c) Desperate d) Exulted e) No change required
3. a) Advance b) Recede c) Prioritize d) Started off e) No change required
4. a) Work b) Barracks c) Headquarters d) Terrorism e) No change required
5. a) too b) between c) along d) kindly e) No change required
6. a) Plummet b) Declined c) Spurred d) Drawdown e) No change required
7. a) Vigil b) Cowardice c) Shortcomings d) Mistakes e) No change required
8. a) puzzled b) favourable c) opulent d) Fragile e) No change required
9. a) Amendment b) Law c) Design d) Hearing e) No change required
10. a) Relieve b) Hold c) Dilute d) Contract e) No change required
Directions (11 – 15): In this question, a paragraph has been given with a sentence of it in bold. To make this sentence grammatically and idiomatically correct you have to replace it with the correct alternative given below.
11. The planet's average surface temperature has risen about 2.0 degrees Fahrenheit since the late 19th century, a change driving largely by increased carbon dioxide and other human-made emissions into the atmosphere.
a) drive largely by
a) driven largely by
c) driven largely to
d) driven largely with
e) No correction required
12. By building dams across rivers, which create ponds and eventually change the rivers into wetlands, beavers help species to flourishing that would otherwise struggle.
a) to flourish
b) to flourished
c) to be flourished
d) to be flourish
e) No correction required
13. Recreation is a well known factor as far as improving physical and mental health is concerned and also a major variable in stress reduction.
a) Recreation being well known factor as far as
b) Knowing recreation as a well known factor as far as
c) Knowing of recreation is a well known factor for
d) Recreation while being known as an important problem as far as
e) No improvement required
14. There has been a lot of furore ever since the disclosure by them who maintain that it was an unauthorised act.
a) ever since the disclosure by those whom are maintaining that
b) ever since the disclosure by those who maintain that
c) ever since the disclosure because those who maintain that
d) ever since the disclosure by those who have been maintaining that it
e) No improvement required
15. Informal social control is the internalization of social norms and behavior standards that allow a person to get along in their own society.
a) that allows a person to get along in
b) which allows a person to get along among
c) that allows a person getting along in
d) dissuading a person to get along in
e) No improvement required

Answers with Explanations:
1. A) ‘Laid out’ means to present a plan clearly and carefully. It is most suitable and sensible improvement to the given word.
2. E)
3. B) ‘Recede’ means to become gradually weaker or smaller. Hence ‘recuperate’ would be replaced by ‘recede’ in the sentence.
4. E)
5. A) The context goes in the continuation of afghan policy by Barack Obama and considering Afghan war as a serious issue. ‘Kindly’, ‘between’ and ‘along’ are illogical.
Only ‘too’ which means also and as well is perfect adverb to be placed here.
6. D) ‘Drawdown’ which means reduction in the supply of something that has been created over a period of time is the perfect word for the blank.
7. C) ‘Mistakes’ could be a possibility here but it comes across as unsuitable in comparison to ‘shortcomings’.
8. D) The adverb ‘bitterly’ is always used in a negative context. Hence it gives us a suggestion that the presidential election wouldn’t lead to a politically stable or diplomatic situation. Also, the circumstances prevailing in Afghanistan are not desirable as mentioned in the whole passage. ‘Fragile’ which means weak and uncertain would fit here perfectly.
9. A)
10. E)
11. B)
12. A) According to grammar rule, the base form of the verb 'flourish' must be used with the infinitive 'to'.
13. E)
14. B) The phrase given should use the demonstrative pronoun those instead of them.
15. E)