English Language Practice Questions for IBPS Clerk – Set 6

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English Language Practice Questions for IBPS Clerk – Set 6
Directions (1 – 5): The given sentence has been broken up into four different parts. The error, if any, will be in any one part of the sentence. Select the option which contains the part of the sentence which has an error (spelling, grammatical or contextual). If there is no error, choose option E.
a) The government has started a
b) new diplomatic policy with a view
c) to improve relations with
d) the neighbouring countries
e) No Error
a) The youngster, who has been awarded
b) the sport's day award, have represented
c) India in countries like U.S., France, and
d) even thrice in Pakistan along with others.
e) No error
a) We strongly believe in motivating the students
b) and to give them the opportunities
c) to explore their potential and
d) understand the importance of team work
e) No error
a) The uplift of poor Dalits, minorities, transgenders and other marginalized sections
b) requires ethical governance and sound policies
c) that monitored periodically followed
d) by adequate implementation.
e) No error
a) the act will gain acceptance if the authorities
B) complete formalities quickly instead of using
c) the situation as a medium
d) to exhibit its might over the ordinary citizens.
e) No error
Directions (6 – 12): In the following passage, some of the words have been left out, each of which is indicated by a letter. Find the suitable word from the options given against each letter and fill up the blanks with appropriate words to make the paragraph meaningful.
It is clear that the GST reform will lead to significant ___ 6 ___ in the economy in the short term. How short is the short term depends on how well the transition is planned, and how fast the economic agents will adjust to the new normal. The disruptions caused by demonetization continue to ___ 7 ___ large parts of the unorganised economy even as the economy had been substantially remonetised. It is very difficult to predict the impact of such disruptions and the ___ 8 ___ they create. The power loom sector has considerably suffered on account of one disruption, and with different tax rates proposed to be levied on yarn, fabrics and readymade garments, Tamil Nadu manufacturers are at war. Transporters will soon find that the tax paid on fuel cannot be credited against the GST payable on the transportation services ___ 9 ___ by them. There are concerns about the rates of tax, mandated compliances and glitches in transition, and investment activity is virtually at a standstill, with everyone waiting to see how the reform pans. Even as the tax is about to be ___ 10 ___ , old decisions are changed and new decisions taken by the GST Council, and there is hardly any time to ___ 11 ___ them. The government could have used the time until September to provide greater clarity and test the technology through some ___ 12 ___ runs to ensure a smoother transition.
a) Boost
b) Change
c) Distruption
d) Growth
e) Revolution
a) shamble
b) exist
c) covet
d) haunt
e) shackle
a) discontent
b) power
c) environment
d) confidence
e) animosity
a) imported
b) promised
c) rendered
d) offered
e) complied
a) levy
b) proposed
c) implied
d) unveiled
e) witnessed
a) inundate
b) internalise
c) disseminate
d) sanction
e) institutionalize
a) high
b) sly
c) cry
d) dry
e) fly
Directions (13 – 15): The following question has two blanks, each blank indicating that something has been omitted. Choose the set of words for each blank that best fits in the context of the sentence.
13. In this age of technology, banks have ___________ on a slew of innovative strategies to ___________ the general public.
a) carried, attract
b) followed, lure
c) start, draw
d) embarked, woo
e) commenced, intrigue
14. The department of heavy industries plans to _________ a vibrant ecosystem for the capital goods sector to ___________ manpower issues.
a) organize, unfold
b) create, address
c) export, resolve
d) constitute, answer
e) start, decide
15. While he once had the wish to learn Portuguese, his ________ to master the language faded after ________ how difficult it really is.
a) efforts, acknowledging
b) ability, executing
c) enthusiastic, knowing
d) passion, placating
e) alacrity, realizing

Answers with Explanations:
1. C) There is an idiomatic error in the part C of the sentence. ‘Improve’ will be replaced by ‘improving’ because the phrase ‘with a view to’ is followed by a noun or a gerund.
2. B) There is an error in B part of the sentence as the subject used in the sentence is singular in nature and not plural. Clearly, we need to use a singular verb here. Hence ‘have’ must be replaced by ‘has’ in the sentence.
3. B) There is an error of 'parallelism' in part B of the sentence as according to the rule of parallel construction the parts of speech used before and after ‘and’ should be the same. Therefore, the inifitive 'to give’ must be replaced by the gerund ‘giving’ in the sentence.
4. C) The fragment C of the sentence is erroneous as usage of active voice in this part makes it absurd in the context.
The correct sentence would therefore be, “The uplift of poor Dalits, minorities, transgenders and other marginalized sections requires ethical governance and sound policies that are monitored periodically followed by adequate implementation.”
5. D) The fragment D is erroneous as the possessive adjective ‘its’ is not agreeing with the noun ‘authorities’ used in the sentence. Instead of ‘its’ the possessive adjective ‘their’ must be used.
The correct sentence would therefore be, “The act will gain acceptance if the authorities complete formalities quickly instead of using the situation as a medium to exhibit their might over the ordinary citizens.”
6. C)   7. D)   8. A)   9. C)   10. D)   11. B)   12. D)  
13. D) Out of the given choices for the first blank either of the two choices - "embarked" and "commenced" the former fits the blank more appropriately as the verb embark is followed by the preposition 'on'. 
14. B) If we observe the options for the second blank both 'address' and 'resolve' are used as verbs and they mean to think about a problem or a situation and decide how you are going to deal with it. But if we observe further, we can infer that the word 'export' is not meaningful for the first blank in the given context of the sentence. This eliminates option C and confirms option B as the correct answer.
15. E) In option A, ‘acknowledging’ would be a correct choice but the word 'efforts' would be wrong here. Efforts can decrease, efforts can lessen but 'efforts faded' is something we don't use often. This eliminates option A.
Option B gets eliminated as well as the word 'executing' for the second blank doesn't fit in the context of the passage. 
Option C would have been correct had the word for the first blank been 'enthusiasm' instead of 'enthusiastic'.
In option D, the word 'placating' which means 'to make (someone) less angry or hostile' would be absurd in the given context of the passage.
In option E, the word 'alacrity' which refers to 'brisk and cheerful readiness' and the word 'realizing' which means 'to get to know or understand something' fit the first and the second blank respectively and most appropriately.