English Ability Practice Questions for IBPS Clerk – Set 8

Mentor for Bank Exams
English Ability Practice Questions for IBPS Clerk – Set 8
Directions (1 – 5): Read the passage carefully and answer the questions given beside.
The scientific search for extraterrestrial life is being carried out in two different ways, directly and indirectly. Scientists are directly searching for evidence of unicellular life within the solar system, carrying out studies on the surface of Mars and examining meteors that have fallen to Earth. A mission is also proposed to Europa, one of Jupiter's moons with a possible liquid water layer under its surface, which might contain life. There is some limited evidence that microbial life might possibly exist or have existed on Mars. An experiment on the Viking Mars lander reported gas emissions from heated Martian soil that some argue are consistent with the presence of microbes. However, the lack of corroborating evidence from other experiments on the Viking indicates that a non-biological reaction is a more likely hypothesis. Recently, Circadian rhythms have been allegedly discovered in Viking data. The interpretation is controversial. Independently in 1996 structures resembling bacteria were reportedly discovered in a meteorite, ALH84001, thought to be formed of rock ejected from Mars. This report is also controversial and scientific debate continues.
In February 2005, NASA scientists reported that they had found strong evidence of present life on Mars. The two scientists, Carol Stoker and Larry Lemke of NASA's Ames Research Centre, based their claims on methane signatures found in Mars' atmosphere that resemble the methane production of some forms of primitive life on Earth, as well as their own study of primitive life near the Rio Tinto river in Spain. NASA officials soon denied the scientists' claims, and Stoker herself backed off from her initial assertions. Though such findings are still very much in debate, support among scientists for the belief in the existence of life on Mars seems to be growing. In an informal survey conducted at the conference in which the European Space Agency presented its findings, 75 percent of the scientists in attendance reported to believe that life once existed on Mars; 25 percent reported a belief that life currently exists there. 
The Gaia hypothesis stipulates that any planet with a robust population of life will have an atmosphere that is not in chemical equilibrium, which is relatively easy to determine from a distance by spectroscopy. However, significant advances in the ability to find and resolve light from smaller rocky worlds near to their star are necessary before this can be used to analyze extrasolar planets. Apart from these efforts, it is theorized that any technological society in space will be transmitting information. Projects such as SETI are conducting an astronomical search for radio activity that would confirm the presence of intelligent life. A related suggestion is that aliens might broadcast pulsed and continuous laser signals in the optical as well as infrared spectrum; laser signals have the advantage of not "smearing" in the interstellar medium and may prove more conducive to communication between the stars. And while other communication techniques including laser transmission and interstellar spaceflight have been discussed seriously and may not be infeasible, the measure of effectiveness is the amount of information communicated per unit cost, resulting with the radio as method of choice.
1. What would be the most suitable title for the passage?
a) Proof of extraterrestrial life.
b) Are we alone?
c) Life in other galaxies
d) Scientific search for extraterrestrial life
e) None of these
2. What does the passage actual deal with?
a) The various difficulties in proving that extraterrestrial life exists.
b) The exaggerated claims made by some scientists about extraterrestrial life.
c) The search for extraterrestrial life by different individuals and organizations.
d) The impracticality of the Gaia hypothesis in today’s world.
e) None of these
3. The author writes in a manner that is:
a) Descriptive
b) Investigative
c) Provocative
d) Interrogative
e) None of these
4. The author would agree most with which of the following?
a) The scientific community is getting increasingly disillusioned with the search for extraterrestrial life.
b) Extraterrestrial life definitely exists in some form or the other.
c) The search for extraterrestrial life is being carried out enthusiastically using various methods.
d) There is evidence that life exists on Jupiter’s satellites.
e) None of these
5. The word Circadian means:
a) Pertaining to rhythmic biological cycles of approximately 24 hours.
b) Relating to the process of evolution and beginning of life.
c) Relating to life in primitive forms.
d) Of a symmetric nature.
e) None of these
Directions (6 – 10): In this question the paragraph given below consists of a certain number of sentences. Some sentences or parts of them that have been made bold are grammatically incorrect or inappropriate. Select the option that indicates the grammatically incorrect and inappropriate sentence (s) or part (s).
6. It was almost as if the process of articulating her thoughts in a new, till now foreign language, (A) the fumbling for the right word forces her to shed her reserve. Everything became personal, all writing a memoir. So it is with this book. The Clothing of Books was written in Italian. It was translated into English by her husband, Alberto Vourvoulias-Bush. Later she worked on the translation. Thereafter: “Back in Rome, (B) after slightly modifying the translation, after correcting a couple of mistakes and adding one or two new thoughts, I had to rework the Italian text, (C) translating myself, this time to English, in order to arrive at the final version.” In a way, this meditation on covers is therefore part of Lahiri’s evolution as a writer. As a reader, you can’t but think (D) that this book would not have been written had she still been writing in the language she’s most fluent.
a) Only A
b) Only B
c) Only D
d) A, C and D
e) None of these
7. Every year, India dreams of its higher educational institutions (A) rising up from world standards in terms of ranking, number of peer-reviewed publications, and awards for research. It dreams of this despite reports (B) that almost three-fourth of the graduates emerging from these colleges and universities are adding little value to research and innovation as a result of the poor-quality education that they have received. The Central government’s solution to this problem is simple: increase the number of institutions under its control, (C) whether it is the Indian Institutes of Technology or the medical institutes, and hope that the quality improves. By repeatedly doing this, the Centre is limiting its role in improving the quality of education and research given (D) that it controls only some hundred institutions in the country, which produce less than 1 per cent of the total number of graduates in the country every year.
a) Only A
b) Only B
c) A and B
d) A, B and D
e) None of these
8. In small doses, pesticides are lethal to insects. (A) In larger quantities, they outrightly kill people and may cause cancer. However, an intriguing study conducted in Tamil Nadu (B) suggests that even in trace doses, insecticides could cause diabetes particularly among agricultural workers who intimately work with them. According to the team of scientists from Madurai Kamaraj University, (C) this happens because the colony of bacteria that populate our gut — or gut microbiota as they are called — chemically (D) break the insecticide into short chain fatty acids like acetic acid, increase glucose production in cells, and eventually lead to glucose intolerance and type 2 diabetes. 
a) Only A
b) Only C
c) A and B
d) A, B and D
e) None of these
9. India’s fight against leprosy — (A) 16 years after being eliminated globally as a public health issue — is far from over. The World Health Organization (WHO) (B) asked South-East Asian countries, including India which accounts for 60% per cent of such cases worldwide in 2015, to focus on preventing disabilities in children. According to WHO, (C) leprosy affected 2,12,000 people globally in 2015. India alone reported 1,27,326 new cases, accounting for 60% of new cases globally. The other high-burden countries were Brazil and Indonesia. (D) Of the new cases, 8.9% were children and 6.7% presented with visible deformities. The remaining 10,286 new cases (5%) were reported by 92 countries. Thirty countries reported zero new cases.
a) Only A
b) Only B
c) Only C
d) B and D
e) None of these
10. (A) Gibraltar Arc is a geological region, considered one of the most narrowest landforms on Earth. A team of Andalusian scientists has been able to reconstruct (B) for the first time what the Gibraltar Arc was like 9 million years ago. The researchers have been able to prove that, since then, large blocks of land, with sizes about 300 kilometres long and 150 kilometres wide, have rotated and counter-clockwise. (C) The said movements have completely reshaped the Gibraltar Arc, since they have been carried out at a very high speed: 6° per million years, and are compatible with both the opening of the Strait of Gibraltar about 5 million years ago as with the current movements measured with GPS. (D) Their research culminates with a reconstruction of the Gibraltar Arc 9 million years ago — at a key moment in the tectonic history of the collision between Africa and Iberia, shortly before the closure of the connection between the Atlantic and the Mediterranean, and when the Gibraltar Arc was situated more to the East than at present.
a) Only A
b) Only B
c) A and C
d) A, B and D
e) None of these
Directions (11 – 15): Read the Given sentence carefully and find the misspelled word from the given words which are highlighted in Bold for convenience. If all the given words are incorrect , choose ALL OF THE ABOVE , if all the given words are correct choose NONE OF THE ABOVE as you options.
11. Some manifestations of MJs in Baroda shops are bizzare . Take, for example, the farsan shop-window, which has dhoklas arranged like the said MJ, with green chillies inserted down the middle to resemble buttons.
a) manifestations
b) farsan
c) bizzare
d) all of the above
e) none of the above
12. The movement argues that persistant racial disparities in the U.S. today imply that the country is yet to experience reconciliation between these two ethnicities and move past its violent 19th and 20th century history of slavery and segregation.
a) disparities
b) reconciliation
c) slavery
d) persistant
e) segregation
13. This particular dillema of a journalist — is being neutral an insensitive act? — is not new. Many young journalists tend to confuse freedom of expression, censorship, and editorial judgment.
a) Dillema
b) insensitive
c) confuse
d) expression
e) None of the above
14. The blindfolded spectator is perhaps the meekest of beings, with no way of transgressing an itinerary almost set in stone, unless they are prepared to rebel, or slip in some idiosyncracy of their own into the mix.
a) blindfolded
b) meekest
c) transgressing
d) itinerary
e) idiosyncracy
15. The Opposition ensured that the Rajya Sabha adopted five amendments to the contentious Finance Bill, which was put to vote in the Upper House on Wednesday, placing the government in an embarassing situation.
a) ensured
b) adopted 
c) contentious
d) embarassing
e) all the above

Answers with Explanations:
1. D) Each of the paragraphs in the above passage describes a method or reports an attempt to search for extraterrestrial life. Hence, the correct answer is option D.
2. C) The general description of different attempts at searching extraterrestrial life in each of the paragraphs establishes option C as the answer. Hence, the correct answer is option C.
3. A) In general, the writer clearly describes various methods of searching for extraterrestrial life. Hence, the correct answer is option A.
4. C) The general description of different attempts at searching for extraterrestrial life in each of the paragraphs establishes option C as the answer. Hence, the correct answer is option C.
5. A) Living beings are governed by biological cycles or biological events that repeat at regular intervals. The rhythm of these cycles is called circadian from the Latin circa (About) and dies (day) which spans about 24 hours. Hence, the correct answer is option A.
6. D) In fragment A, the past form of the verb 'force' must be used as the tense used is past here.
In fragment C, the preposition 'to' must be replaced by 'from' to give it a proper meaning.
In fragment D, the preposition 'in' has to be followed by the adjective 'fluent' to give the sentence a complete meaning.
Option D is hence the correct answer.
7. C) In fragment A, the preposition 'from' after the gerund 'rising up' must be replaced by the preposition 'to' to make it grammatically correct formation.
In fragment B, 'three-fourth' must be replaced by 'three fourths' to give it a proper sense in the given context.
Option C is hence the correct answer.
8. E) Here, in the paragraph the fragment A has an error. The correct form of the adverb is 'outright' and not 'outrightly'.
Fragment D is also erroneous as the phrasal verb 'break down' must be used in place of 'break'.
Clearly, the parts that are erroneous error are A and D.
Option E is hence the correct answer.
9. B) In the whole paragraph, only part B is erroneous. The verb 'accounts for' has to be replaced by its past form to make it a grammtically correct formation.
Option B is hence the correct answer.
10. A) In this paragraph, only the fragment A has an error of article.
The definite article 'the' must be used before the Gibraltar Arc.
Option A is hence the correct answer.
11. C)   12. D)   13. A)   14. E)   15. D)