English Practice Questions IBPS RRB | IBPS Clerk | IBPS PO

Mentor for Bank Exams
English Practice Questions for IBPS RRB, IBPS Clerk, IBPS PO
Directions (1 – 5): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it.
U.S. President Donald Trump’s tax plan, released as a brief one-page document this week, promises some bold reforms to _____(1)_____refresh America’s sluggish economy. Weak private investment spending has been at the heart of what is now dubbed the slowest U.S. economic recovery in the post-War era, which ____(2)______has been coupled with a serious slump in productivity. The plan does well in attempting to address basic structural problems that have held back the American private sector. However, its eventual success in _____(3)_____revive to growth and productivity will depend on the extent to which its benefits trickle down from the balance sheets of big business to the real economy. The Trump administration ______(4)_____propose steep cuts to the corporate tax rate (from 35% to just 15%), a significant reduction and simplification of the individual income tax, a doubling of standard tax deductions, and the scrapping of the wealth tax and the alternative minimum tax. Notably, the earlier proposal to impose a protectionist border adjustment tax has also been shelved, hopefully due to the ________(5)______ administration realisation that trade tariffs ______(6)_______ don’t come with a zero cost on Americans. It is estimated that U.S. corporations have stacked a cash pile of more than $1.8 trillion overseas to avoid the corporate income tax. Mr. Trump hopes to push them to repatriate some of this cash stock after paying a minimal one-time tax.
Whether the likely inflow of capital _______(7)________ will incentivise U.S. corporations to increase investments, or simply distribute the cash to shareholders through buybacks and dividends is an open question. In this context, another relevant issue is the administration’s own spending plans. The cut in the corporate tax alone is estimated to cost over $2 trillion, and overall the plan could lead to anywhere between $3 trillion and $7 trillion in lost revenue over the next 10 years. Whether the Trump administration will walk back on its ______(8)_______beginning to promise to adopt a tax plan that is revenue and deficit neutral or cut down on spending to match lower revenues remains to be seen. Most recently, U.S. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin argued that higher growth will help_______(9)______(damage) for the revenue loss from tax cuts, suggesting a spending cut may not be on the cards. Mr. Trump’s bullish stance on infrastructure and military spending also suggests he is unlikely to reduce spending. This means that the real ______(10)______(needed) income of Americans won’t receive any significant boost in the near term. Further, productivity improvements in the long run require improvements in general business freedom as well, not just tax cuts. Lastly, of course, Mr. Trump’s tax plan will require the approval of a Republican-dominated Congress that is filled with deficit hawks.
1. (a) Liquidate (b) ravage (c) sabotage (d) Rejuvenate (e) No change required
2. (a) had been (b) have been (c) has been couple (d) been (e) No change required
3. (a) revive (b) reviving (c) been reviving (d) revived (e) No change required
4. (a) proposed (b) had proposed (c) have proposed (d) has proposed (e) No change required
5. (a) administration (b) administrations (c) administration’s (d) administrations’ (e) No change required
6. (a) didn’t come (b) doesn’t come (c) did come (d) will come (e) No change required
7. (a) would have been incentivise (b) would been incentivise (c) would have to incentivise (d) will incentivise (e) No change required
8. (a) Initial (b) Inferior (c) Collateral (d) Incipient (e) No change required
9. (a) Penalize (b) Come done with (c) Compensate (d) Deprive (e) No change required
10. (a) Necessary (b) Decisive (c) paramount (d) Disposable (e) No change required
Directions (11 – 15): Read each sentence to find out whether there is any error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of die sentence. The number of that part is the answer. If there is no error, the answer is (e). (Ignore errors of punctuation, if any).
11. People are worried (a) / more because of the frequency (b) / of occurrence of the crimes rather (c) / than the magnitude of each one (d) / no error (e).
12. The quality of construction (a) / of our building was (b) / highly appreciable by (c) / most of the visitors (d) / no error (e)
13. The discreet enquiry revealed (a) / that his involvement in (b) / the fraud cases have been (c) / more than what was first guessed (d) / no error (e)
14. I know nothing (a) / about chess because (b) / my games teacher also (c) / was not knowing nothing about it (d) / no error (e)
15. Due to uncertainty (a) / capital market conditions, (b) / there has been a tremendous (c) / growth in bank deposits (d) / no error (e)
1. D)   2. E)   3. B)   4. D)   5. C)   6. E)   7. E)   8. A)   9. C)   10. D)  
11. (c) With ‘more’ in (b) there is no need to have ‘rather’; just ‘than’ is sufficient.
12. (c) The word should be ‘appreciated’ (v.) (praised) and not ‘ appreciable’ (adj.) (considerable).
13. (c) As we are referring to ‘his involvement’. It should be ‘has been’ and not ‘have been’. There has to be agreement between the noun, number and the verb. Don’t make the mistake of matching the verb with ‘fraud cases’.
14. (d) ‘Was not knowing nothing’ has a wrong tense usage and also involves two negatives. It should be ‘did not know anything’ (or ‘knew nothing’) in place of ‘was not knowing nothing’.
15. (a) It should be ‘uncertain’ (adj.) before ‘capital market conditions and not ‘uncertainly’ (noun).