English Practice Questions for IBPS Clerk (Set – 5)

Mentor for Bank Exams
English Practice Questions for IBPS Clerk (Set – 5)
Directions (1 – 5): Which of the phrases (1), (2), (3) and (4) given below each statement should be placed in the blank space provided so as to make meaningful and grammatically correct sentence? If none of the options is appropriate, mark (5) i.e. 'None of these' as the answer.
1. The question of what rights animals should enjoy is a vexatious one. Animals are put to use in so many fields by human beings that it is uncountable and the methods adopted are ruthless and harsh. It is often argued that if animals are not used in scientific discoveries and researches then it would slow down the whole process of scientific development and many diseases which are life threatening to both human beings and animals cannot be controlled. _________________ What if we are dominated by a superior species and they are using us for experiments and argue that they could save far more of their and our lives by doing so?
A) Is it fair to the animals?
B) Should not we be practical?
C) How can we even compare the rights of humans and animals?
D) What other ways do we have to develop scientifically?
E) None of these
2. Many of us live one-eyed lives where a mechanical world based on logic and reason is encouraged but it has been found ineffective and even dangerous for living. So today ___________.
A) Most of us are transforming ourselves and trying to accept the perception of neutrality.
B) Most of us have adopted lethal ways to cope with this and perhaps end their lives.
C) Most of us are opening the eye of the heart looking for such things where the mind's eye is blind.
D) Most of us are trying to get stronger and maintain a strict routine to follow a healthy life.
E) None of these
3. All good Germans wish to fight against the representatives they elected and all good Englishmen tend to forget the representatives they elected. This difference in them is well reflected in their laws and literature. The Germans are encouraged by German poets to protest against the never ending audacity of the rulers. _____________.
A) The matter should be treated more seriously and the rulers in both the states need to be well respected.
B) The Englishmen take their pleasures sadly not savagely.
C) The English national anthem is content to say heartily, but almost hastily, 'Confound their politics,' and then more cheerfully, as if changing the subject, 'God save the King'.
D) For this is the secret of the monarch or chief magistrate in the two countries.
E) None of these
4. Researchers in the field of psycho neuro immunology (PNI) study the ways in which the immune system and the nervous system communicate with each other and impact people's mental and emotional health.  PNI research suggests that chronic stress can lead to or exacerbate mood disorders such as depression and anxiety, bipolar disorder, cognitive (thinking) problems, personality changes, and problem behaviors. It is normal to experience a range of moods, both high and low, in everyday life. While some "down in the dumps" feelings are a part of life. Sometimes, ____________
A) These feelings persist and start interfering with their ability to complete daily activities, hold a job, and enjoy successful interpersonal relationships
B) Feeling too happy and energetic about life also persists.
C) Becoming strong and moving on in life to sustain oneself and carry on the daily activities is required.
D) Letting go of hard feelings or grievances towards anyone and strive hard towards achieving a goal becomes more important.
E) None of these
5. People competing for a position often have the tendency to cast the opposite in an unnecessarily feeble light ___________. People who indulge in this fallacy may be imbecile to be ignorant of a strong counter argument. Detecting this fallacy often depends on having already heard of it being tentative or having information on which one to construct.
A) casting the opposition party as weak is really something effective
B) strengthens the position of a competitor
C) showing the opposition as weak is an ineffective strategy.
D) increases the sympathy of people towards the opposition
E) none of these
Directions (6 – 10): In the question below, a part of the sentence is underlined. Below are given alternatives to the underlined part which may improve the sentence. Choose the correct alternative. In case no improvement is needed choose No improvement.
6. Because Chinese capital goods are often more cheaper than those from Western or Japanese manufacturers, such imports from China can keep costs low, allowing India to modernize and upgrade its infrastructure more quickly.
A) Often most cheaper
B) Much cheaper
C) Often more cheap
D) Both 2 and 3
E) No improvement
7. In 1998, China was one of the strongest international critics of India's nuclear tests and entry into the nuclear club
A) One of the stronger international critic
B) One of strongest international critics
C) One of the strongest international critic
D) One of strong international critics
E) No improvement
8. More Indian banks are planning to upgrade its Representative Offices in China to branch offices and existing branch offices are applying for RMB license
A) In upgrade their
B) To upgrade their
C) In upgrading its
D) To upgrade in
E) No improvement
9. Though India has emerged as global powerhouse in information technology (IT) and IT-enabled services, language differences create natural barriers to the export of these services from India to China.
A) Emerged as the global powerhouse in informations technology
B) Emerged as a global powerhouse by information technology
C) Emerged in the global powerhouse in information technology
D) Emerged as a global powerhouse in information technology
E) No improvement
10. In 2008, China’s economy grew 9.0 percent and India’s grew 7.3 percent—both faster than any other major economy in the world—and these countries will like to continue to grow faster than other major economies through 2010, according to International Monetary Fund projections.
A) Likely continue to grow faster
B) Likely to continue to grow faster
C) Likely to continue to grow fast
D) Likely to continue in growing fast
E) No improvement
Answers with Explanations:
1. A) In the first half of the argument, before the blank, the author presents the view of science. In the next half of the argument, he presents the contrarian view. This means that a question is required in the middle or statement that changes the flow of information. Also the following sentences talk specifically about animals presenting their concern. Therefore, option (A) is the most appropriate.
It cannot be about being practical. The usage of option (C) disrupts the flow of the following sentences. So does option (D). 
2. C) The last sentence should have a connection to the paragraph which can be seen only in option (C). Since it has been mentioned in the paragraph that it is ineffective and dangerous so the last line has to be something opposite in meaning to what is mentioned. Option (A) is logically incorrect as neutrality is not the opposite of logic and reason. Option (B) is too pessimistic and option (D) is out of context. Thus option (C) is the correct answer.
3. C) The paragraph is such that two things are compared and contrasted. First something about the Germans is mentioned and then about the Englishmen. Following the structure the last sentence is about the Germans so the sentence which will end this should be about the Englishmen and something contrasting should be stated. Thus option (C) is the correct answer.
4. A) The sentence gives us the hint that the blank should contain something that gives out the symptoms of chronic stress. The first half of the sentence is about the ephemeral low feelings, so the best answer will be option (A) which states the persistent depressing feelings and their impact on life. The other options like (D) and (C) are contextually different. Option (B) is totally opposite in meaning. 
5. C) Since the word 'fallacy' is mentioned in the paragraph which means 'a mistaken belief', the strategy cannot be effective. So option (A) is eliminated. Option and (D) are logically incorrect. Option (C) is the correct answer which clearly shows that it is ineffective so it is a fallacy.
6. D) The adverb 'often' is appropriate and does not need to be changed. Since the determiner 'more' is used the adjective 'cheap' should not be used in comparative form that is 'cheaper' but in the positive form 'cheap'. Also 'more' can be replaced by 'much'. Thus option (D) is the correct answer.
7. E) The sentence needs no improvement as there is no error in the usage of the article or adjectives. This is because the use of 'the' before strongest is correct and the plural form of the noun 'critics' must be used after 'one of'. Thus option (E) is the correct answer.
8. B) The error lies in the usage of the word 'its' as the subject is plural noun which is 'banks'. Thus the pronoun should be 'their'. There is no error in the usage of the preposition or verb. Thus option (B) is the correct answer.
9. D) The article ‘a’ is needed in the sentence and there is no error in the usage of the verb or the word ‘as’. Also the use of noun 'informations' is incorrect as no such noun exist. Thus option (D) is the correct answer. 
10. A) The error lies in the usage of the word ‘like’ and needs to be replaced with the word ‘likely’ and the preposition ‘to’ after the word ‘likely’ needs to be eliminated. The rest of the words have been used correctly. Thus option (A) is the correct answer.