History Quiz: Indus Valley Civilisation (Set - 2)

Mentor for Bank Exams
History Quiz: Indus Valley Civilisation (Set - 2)
1. The site of Mohenjodaro is located on the bank of river:
(a) Ravi
(b) Beas
(c) Indus
(d) Sutlej
2. The site of Mohenjodaro was discovered by:
(a) Dayaram Sahni
(b) R.D. Banerji
(c) N.G. Majumdar
(d) S.R. Rao
3. The largest of sites found in post-independence India in:
(a) Rajasthan
(b) Gujarat
(c) Punjab
(d) Haryana
4. The best drainage system (water management) in Indus Valley Civilization was:
(a) Harappa
(b) Lothal
(c) Mohenjodaro
(d) Kalibangan
5. The famous dancing girl found in the Mohenjodaro was made up of:
(a) Bronze
(b) Red limestone
(c) Steatite
(d) Terracotta
6. The unique structure in Mohenjodaro was:
(a) Bathing pool
(b) Assembly hall
(c) Granary
(d) Dockyard
7. In which of the following Indus Valley sites the famous Bull-seal was found?
(a) Harappa
(b) Mohenjodaro
(c) Lothal
(d) Chanhudaro
8. Which of the following Indus Valley Civilization site was located on the Iranian border?
(a) Surkotada
(b) Sutkagen Dor
(c) Kot Diji
(d) Balakot
9. In which of the following Indus Valley sites, the cemetry R-37 was found?
(a) Lothal
(b) Mohenjodaro
(c) Harappa
(d) Dholavira
10. Which of the following is the most common motif of the Indus seals?
(a) Elephant
(b) Bull
(c) Rhinoceros
(d) Unicorn
11. The dockyard at Lothal was well connected with the river:
(a) Ghaggar
(b) Bhogavo
(c) Narmada
(d) Tapti
12. The Indus Valley Civilization people traded with the:
(a) Romans
(b) Parthians
(c) Mesopotamians
(d) Chinese
13. Which of the following was unknown in Indus Valley Civilization?
(a) Wheat
(b) Pulses
(c) Barley
(d) Cotton
14. Which type of seals was the most popular in Harappan culture?
(a) Oval
(b) Cylindrical
(c) Rounded
(d) Quadrate
15. Remains of horse bares have been found from:
(a) Mohenjodaro
(b) Lothal
(c) Surkotada
(d) Sutkagendor
16. In which of the following Indus Valley Civilization sites, the cotton piece was found ?
(a) Mohenjodaro
(b) Lothal
(c) Harappa
(d) Chanhudaro
17. Which of the following was unknown in Indus Valley Civilization?
(a) Construction of wells
(b) Construction of arches
(c) Construction of pillars
(d) Construction of drains
18. Which of the following Indus Valley Civilization sites provides the evidence of fire-altars?
(a) Alamgirpur
(b) Kalibangan
(c) Banavali
(d) Kunal
19. The earliest evidence of agriculture in Indian subcontinent has been obtained from:
(a) Brahmagiri
(b) Chirand
(c) Mehargarh
(d) Burzahom
20. Which of the following was not worshipped by Indus Valley people?
(a) Shiva
(b) Peepal
(c) Mother Goddess
(d) Vishnu
Answers with Explanation:
1. (c) Mohenjodaro is situated along the west bank of the Indus River while Harappa is located 640 km northeast of Mohenjodaro.
2. (b) The site of Mohenjodaro was discovered in 1922 by R. D. Banerji, an officer of the Archaeological Survey of India, two years after major excavations had begun at Harappa, some 590 km to the north. Large-scale excavations were carried out at the site under the direction of John Marshall, K. N. Dikshit, Ernest Mackay, and other directors through the 1930s.
3. (b) The state which has accounted for highest number of Harappan sites after independence is Gujarat. Gujarat has been one of the main centre of the Indus Valley Civilization. It contains major ancient metropolitan cities from the Indus Valley such as Lothal, Dholavira, and Gola Dhoro.
4. (b)
5. (a) The famous ‘Dancing girl’ found in Mohenjodaro is an artifact that is some 4,500 years old. The 10.8 cm long statue of the dancing girl was found in 1926 from a house in Mohenjodaro is made of bronze.
6. (a) The bathing pool was the unique structure of Mohenjodaro. It measures 11.88 × 1.01 × 2.43 mt. The floor of the bath pool was made of burnt bricks.
7. (a) On the site of Indus Valley Civilization, the famous Bull-seal was found in Harappa. The Bull-seal shows a humped bull displaying a strong and energetic bull. The figure has been made well, a proof of the fine artistic skills acquired by the people of that time. Seals are mainly in square or rectangular shape. This Bull-seal dates to around 2450-2200 BC.
8. (b) Sutkagen Dor is the westernmost known archaeological site of Indus Valley Civilization. It is located about 480 km west of Makran coast near the Iran border in Balochistan province of Pakistan. Sutkagen Dor would have been on the trade route from Lothal in Gujarat to Mesopotamia and was probably heavily involved in the fishing trade similar to that which exists today in the coast along Balochistan.
9. (c) There are over fifty-five burial sites in the Indus Valley which were found in Harappa. The burials are interpreted primarily as reflections of social structure and hierarchy. The strongest evidence for this interpretation would be burial sites in Harappa, cemetery R-37 and Cemetery H. R-37 is the smaller site compared to Cemetery H, and has about 200 burials. Archeologists believe it was a restricted cemetery that was used by a particular group or family that lived in Harappa.
10. (d) The unicorn is the most common motif on Indus seals and appears to represent a mythical animal that Greek and Roman sources trace back to the Indian subcontinent.
12. (c) The people of Indus Valley Civilization mainly traded with the Mesopotamians. Dilmun and Makan were intermediate trading stations between Meluha and Mesopotamia. Meluha is the earliest name of Indus area.
13. (b) In Indus Valley Civilization, pulses were unknown. The chief food crops included wheat, barley, sesasum, mustard, peas, etc. The evidence for rice has come from Lothal and Rangpur in the form of husks embedded in pottery. Cotton was another important crop. A piece of woven cloth has been found at Mohenjodaro. Apart from cereals, fish and animal meat also formed a part of the Harappan diet.
14. (d) Quadrate type of seals was the most popular in Harappan culture.
15. (c) Surkotada site contains horse remains dated to 2000 BC, which is considered a significant observation with respect to Indus Valley Civilisation. During 1974, Archaeological Survey of India undertook excavation in this site and J.P. Joshi and A.K. Sharma reported findings of horse bones at all levels.
16. (a) The cotton piece was found in Mohenjodaro. Traces of cotton fibres and textile fragments provide evidences of production of cotton textiles from early Harappan period. Cotton was a commodity the people of Mohenjodaro probably exported, perhaps in exchange for minerals, tools or other goods.
17. (c)
18. (b) Kalibangan – is an archaeological site where ploughed field, bones of camel, circular and rectangular graves, distinctive fire (Vedic ) altars with provision of ritual bathing have been found.
19. (c) The site of Mehrgarh provides evidence for the earliest agricultural and pastoral communities in South Asia. The first inhabitants of Mehrgarh, dating to around 6500 BC, were farmers who cultivated wheat and barley as their main grain crops and had herds of cattle, sheep and goats.
20. (d) The numerous seals and figurines discovered in the excavations carried out at various sites connected with the Harappan culture point out to the religious beliefs of the Indus Valley people.
Worship of Mother Goddess: A large number of excavated terracotta figurines are those of a semi-nude figure which is identified with some female energy or Shakti or Mother Goddess, who is the source of all creation.
Worship of Pashupati or Lord Shiva: The Pashupati seal in which the three-faced male god is shown seated in a yogic posture, surrounded by a rhino and a buffalo on the right, and an elephant and a tiger on the left, make the historians conclude that the people of those days worshipped Lord Shiva. Discovery of a large number of conical or cylindrical stones shows that the people worshipped lingam, the symbol of Lord Shiva.
Worship of Trees: The worship of trees was widespread. The Pipal tree was considered most sacred.
Other Objects of Worship: People also worshipped animals, such as the bull, buffalo and tiger. Besides animals, these people also worshipped the Sun, the Fire and the Water.
There was no evidence of the God Vishnu worshipped by the people of Indus Valley Civilization.