History Quiz: Indus Valley Civilisation (Set - 1)

Mentor for Bank Exams
History Quiz: Indus Valley Civilisation (Set - 1)
1. Indus Valley Civilization was discovered in:
(a) 1911
(b) 1921
(c) 1931
(d) 1941
2. The people of Indus Valley Civilization were almost :
(a) Nigroid
(b) Proto-Austroloid
(c) Mediterranean
(d) Nordic
3. Which metal was unknown to Indus Valley Civilization? 
(a) Gold
(b) Silver
(c) Copper
(d) Iron
4. The nature of Indus Valley Civilization was:
(a) Urban
(b) Rural
(c) Agricultural
(d) None of these
5. Indus Valley Civilization belongs to:
(a) Pre-historical
(b) Historical period
(c) Proto-historical
(d) Post-historical
6. A statue of bearded man was found at
(a) Harappa
(b) Mohenjodaro
(c) Chanhudaro
(d) Dholavira
7. In Indus Valley Civilization, the script was:
(a) Kharosthi
(b) Brahmi
(c) Boustrophedus
(d) None of these
8. Which of the following is the latest site found?
(a) Dholavira
(b) Amri
(c) Lothal
(d) Kalibangan
9. Harappa is located on the bank of river:
(a) Indus
(b) Ravi
(c) Beas
(d) Sutlej
10. The local name of Mohenjodaro is:
(a) Mound of Living
(b) Mound of Survivor
(c) Mound of Dead
(d) Mound of Great
11. Which of the following animals was unknown in Indus Valley Civilization?
(a) Lion
(b) Bull
(c) Elephant
(d) Horse
12. Which one of the following Indus Valley Civilization sites gives evidence of a dockyard?
(a) Harappa
(b) Mohenjodaro
(c) Lothal
(d) Dholavira
13. Which one of the following Indus Valley Civilization sites gives evidence of a stadium?
(a) Harappa
(b) Kalibangan
(c) Mohenjodaro
(d) Dholavira
14. The people of Indus Valley Civilization usually built their houses of:
(a) Pucca bricks
(b) Wood
(c) Stone
(d) None of these
15. A seal depicting Mother Goddess with plant growing from the womb, has been found from:
(a) Harappa
(b) Mohenjodaro
(c) Kalibangan
(d) Dholavira
16. Indus Valley Civilization was discovered by:
(a) Dayaram Sahni
(b) R.D. Banerji
(c) Cunningham
(d) Wheeler
17. A lot of beads were discovered from:
(a) Harappa
(b) Mohenjodaro
(c) Lothal
(d) Dholavira
18. Mostly, beads were made of:
(a) Terracotta
(b) Jasper
(c) Lapis
(d) Steatite
19. Which of the following cannot be considered Proto-Harappan culture?
(a) Sothi culture
(b) Jornie culture
(c) Kot-Diji culture
(d) Amri culture
20. Which of the following showed the greatest uniformity in Indus Civilization settlement?
(a) Town planning
(b) Bricks
(c) Religious practices
(d) Building
Answers with Explanation:
1. (b) The Indus Valley was discovered by Dayaram Sahni in 1921. It is one of the world’s earliest urban civilizations alongside its contemporaries, Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt. The Indus Valley covers modern day Pakistan and the northwest of India.
2. (c) Indus Valley Civilization had been a combination of diverse racial elements. Certain anthropological investigations and examinations of the human remains show that four racial types existed in this civilization namely Proto-Australiod, Mediterranean, Alpinoid and the Mongoloid. Most of the people belonged to Mediterranean race.
3. (d) Iron was not known to Indus Valley Civilization people. The first evidence of Iron is found about l000 B.C. from Ataranjikhera in Etah district.
4. (a) Indus Valley Civilization was urbanized, highly developed and sophisticated. The ruins exhibit high level of planning in the cities. Excavations have indicated that the buildings were built with baked bricks. The streets were well constructed at right angles with an elaborate and covered drainage system. The civilization also had public buildings including the vast granaries and the Great Bath at Mohenjodaro.
5. (c)
6. (b) A well-known piece of art of the Harappan period is a stone sculpture of a bearded man discovered at Mohenjodaro. His eyes are half closed indicating a posture of meditation. Across the left shoulder is an embroidered cloak. In the opinion of some scholars, it could be a bust of a priest.
7. (c) Indus Scripts are popularly known as Boustrophedon scripts which are still not deciphered by the historians, researchers and scholars.
8. (a) Dholavira is the latest Indus Valley Civilization site. This site was discovered by J.P. Joshi in 1967-68. Dholavira is located at Kutch district in Gujarat.
9. (b) Harappa was situated on the banks of river Ravi in Montgomery district of western Punjab (in Pakistan).
10. (c) Mohenjodaro is not the original name, of course, but one given by local villagers referring to the ‘mound of the dead’: the tower and hillocks of abandoned debris of bricks that they had their forefathers had noticed in the surroundings.
11. (d) Animals like buffaloes, sheeps and pigs and the humped bull were bred. Animals like elephant, camels and dogs were also domesticated. There is no evidence found about horses in the excavation of Indus Valley Civilization.
12. (c) The Indus Valley Civilization site Lothal gives evidence of a dockyard. Lothal was discovered by S.R. Rao in 1954 A.D. The dockyard is located in eastern side of Lothal.
13. (d) Recent excavations at the small township of Dholavira, in Kutch, Gujarat (India) have presented to the world some of the oldest stadiums and sign board, built by the Harappan civilization. One of the stadiums, with terraced seats for spectators, around 800 feet in length (around 283 metres) can accommodate as many as 10,000 persons. The other stadium is much smaller in size.
14. (a) Houses of Indus Valley Civilization were one or two stories high, made of baked (Pucca) bricks, with flat roofs. Each was built around a courtyard, with windows overlooking the courtyard. The outside walls had no windows. Each home had its own private drinking well and its own private bathroom. Clay pipes led from the bathrooms to sewers located under the streets.
15. (a) Plant growing from the womb of women has been found from Harappa on a seal. That represents Earth Goddess.
16. (a) Harappan civilization was discovered in 1921–22 when two of its most important sites were excavated. The first was excavated by Dayaram Sahni and the second by R.D. Banerji.
17. (b) Many beautiful beads of blue Lapis Lazuli, Red Carnelian, and Agate stones of all colours have been found throughout Mohenjodaro and were probably worn by the women. Archaeologists have found beads in such locations as the Great Bath, where bathers probably lost them, and in the lower city, where bead makers may have dropped them in and around the kilns they used to make the beads.
18. (d) The vast majority of the beads are made of fired steatite, which was a widely used raw material, beginning with the Ravi period and continuing through the Late Harappan period. Beads that are made of hard stone, such as Agate, Carnelian, are relatively less common, with a significant drop in numbers for stones, such as Lapis Lazuli, Grossular Garnet, Serpentine and Amazonite.
19. (b)
20. (a) The greatest uniformity is noticed in the layouts of the towns, streets, structures, brick size, drains, etc. Almost all the major sites (Harappa, Mohenjodaro, Kalibangan and others) are divided into two parts–a citadel on higher mound on the western side and a lower town on the eastern side of the Indus Valley Civilization settlement.