Reasoning Practice Questions: Statements and Arguments

Reasoning Practice Questions: Statements and Arguments
Directions (1 – 10): In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between “Strong” arguments and “Weak” arguments insofar as they relate to the question. “Strong” arguments are those which are both important and directly related to the question. “Weak” arguments are those which are of minor importance and also may not be directly related to the question or may be related to a trivial aspect of the question.
Instructions: Each question below is followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a strong argument and which is a weak argument. Give answer
A) if only argument I is strong.
B) if only argument II is strong.
C) if either I or II is strong.
D) if neither I nor II is strong; and
E) if both I and II are strong.
1. Statement: Should ‘literacy’ be the minimum criterion for becoming a bus driver on the road of metropolitan cities?
I. Yes. Illiterate bus drivers are less likely to understand the traffic rules and signals.
II. No. Driving needs mechanical skill only.
2. Statement: Should bullock carts be banned from running on the busy city roads?
I. Yes. They are slow-moving vehicles and compound the traffic problems for fast-moving vehicles.
II. No. It is cheap medium of transportation as well as environment-friendly.
3. Statement: Should hallmarking of gold be made compulsory in India?
I. Yes. This would not only protect consumer interest, but also give more credibility to the manufacturers in the international jewellery market.
II. No. Hallmarking would damage the product and it will further decrease its utility.
4. Statement: Is the WTO regime unfair to India?
I. Yes. The WTO bureaucracy has been openly supporting the agenda of large capital from the developed countries, and increasingly does not even pay lip service to the genuine demands of developing countries like India.
II. No. If India cannot come up with a consistent approach that links its domestic economic policy to its global trade strategy, why blame the WTO?
5. Statement: Is using Gandhi (father of the Indian nation) as a brand an insult to him?
I. No. If we name a road, park, street, stadium etc using the name of Gandhi, why using his name as a brand will be an insult to him?
II. Yes. It is against the National Emblems Act and any contract entered into under the Indian Contract Act which violates any Indian law is void ab initio.
6. Statement: Should Indian government allow the neighbouring country X to dump huge quantities of vanaspati ghee into India at a price which is cheaper than market price?
I. No. It is a violation of the fundamental right of the farmer to grow crops and of that of the industry to operate with a level playing field.
II. Yes. It is essential for India to provide shelter to all the industries of X at all costs because it is a neighbouring country.
7. Statement: Should all the students be given free all route railway passes?
I. Yes. If we want real prosperity of nation, we really need so.
II. No. We should not indulge in any plan to mar the life of students.
8. Statement: Should state police or central police be banned from firing indiscriminately on the rampant mob in a trouble-torn area?
I. Yes. Humans should always be treated in a humanitarian way.
II. No. This is the only way to restrict the rampant mob from indulging in illegal activities.
9. Statement: Should there be a screening test only for those doctors who get their qualification from foreign universities and want to practise in India?
I. Yes. The move will be effective by controlling the quality of doctors coming into India.
II. No. There is no similar screening procedure for Indian graduates.
10. Statement: Should there be a ban on Bt Cotton in India?
I. Yes. Bt Cotton is aimed at the large farmers and it is not useful for the tropical climate of India.
II. No. Many European countries have given their approval to use this for their farmers.
1. A) Argument I is strong because it pinpoints the negative feature of an illiterate bus driver. II is not strong because mechanical skill is not enough. Traffic rules are also important.
2. A) I is strong because it focusses on the problems caused by bullock carts.
3. A) I is strong because it cares for consumers and manufacturers both. II is weak. Because it wrongly assumes that there is no way of hallmarking of gold without damaging its utility.
4. E) I is strong because being swept away by money is unfair. II is strong because it shows why WTO can’t help India in spite of being fair.
5. B) II is strong because it tells why the move is illegal. I is weak because the given analogy is not appropriate. Nor is it convincing.
6. A) I is strong because it advocates for the interests of farmer and industries, the backbone of our country. II is weak due to the wording “at all costs”.
7. D) I does not answer how the real prosperity of nation will come through the move. Hence I is weak. II is also weak because it does not say how the free railway pass will be harmful to students.
8. E) I is strong on humanitarian ground. II is also strong because this is the ultimate step to restrict the mob.
9. A) I Only I is strong. Quality of a doctor must not be neglected. II is not strong because it adds nothing to the statement.
10. A) I is strong because agriculture policy must be in accordance with the farmers as well as with the tropical climate of a country. II is weak because need of the farmers, tropical climate and other such factors in India might be different from those in European countries.