## Reasoning Input - Output for SBI PO

Reasoning Input - Output for SBI PO
Directions (1 – 5): Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.
A number arrangement machine when given an input of words/numbers, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and steps of rearrangement.

Input: 43 signal 62 36 conspire 41 rotten 13 humble 24 piracy feast
Step 1: conspire 43 signal 62 36 41 rotten 13 humble 24 piracy feast
Step 2: conspire 43 signal 62 41 rotten 13 humble 24 piracy feast 36
Step 3: conspire signal 43 62 41 rotten 13 humble 24 piracy feast 36
Step 4: conspire signal 43 41 rotten 13 humble 24 piracy feast 62 36
Step 5: conspire signal feast 43 41 rotten 13 humble 24 piracy 62 36
Step 6: conspire signal feast 41 rotten 13 humble 24 piracy 43 62 36
Step 7: conspire signal feast rotten 41 13 humble 24 piracy 43 62 36
Step 8: conspire signal feast rotten 41 13 humble piracy 24 43 62 36
Step 9: conspire signal feast rotten humble 41 13 piracy 24 43 62 36
Step 10: conspire signal feast rotten humble 13 piracy 41 24 43 62 36
Step 11: conspire signal feast rotten humble piracy 13 41 24 43 62 36
This is the final arrangement and step 6 is the last step for this input.
Input: tulip 17 44 11 outburst 32 eager 30 bonfire 45 inspire following
1. Which word/number is 4th to right of 9th from right end in step 4?
A) eager
B) 32
C) 30
D) inspire
E) None of these
2. How many words/numbers are there between ‘32’ and ‘eager’ in step 7?
A) One
B) Three
C) Five
D) Four
E) None of these
3. Find the addition of numbers which are 5th from left end in step 4 and 5th from right end in step 9?
A) 33
B) 41
C) 45
D) 39
E) 32
4. In step 5, ‘inspire’ relates to ‘11’ and in step 8, ‘11’ relates to ‘tulip’ in a certain way, then in same way, what does ‘following’ relates to in last step?
A) 17
B) 30
C) bonfire
D) tulip
E) 32
5. Which of the following pairs are the middle two words/numbers in step 6?
A) 11, 32
B) 30, inspire
C) outburst, 11
D) 32, 30
E) None of these
Directions (6 – 10): Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.
A number arrangement machine when given an input of numbers/words, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and steps of rearrangement.
Input: dump 7 sat tin 8 5 born 9 pet 4
Step 1: set dump 7 tin 8 5 born 9 pet 4
Step 2: set dump 7 tin 8 5 born 9 pet  61
Step 3: set pit dump 7 tin 8 5 born 9 61
Step 4: set pit dump 7 tin 8 born 9 61 52
Step 5: set pit ton dump 7 8 born 9 61 52
Step 6: set pit ton dump 8 born 9 61 52 94
Step 7: set pit ton burn dump 8 9 61 52 94
Step 8: set pit ton burn dump 9 61 52 94 46
Step 9: set pit ton burn damp 9 61 52 94 46
Step 10: set pit ton burn damp 61 52 94 46 18
This is the final arrangement and step 10 is the last step for this input.
Input: 11 pill but 9 5 ten 8 bat 7 doll
6. Which word/number is third to right of seventh element from right end in step 6?
A) 94
B) bet
C) tin
D) 11
E) doll
7. In step 4, if ‘tin’ interchanges position with ‘but’ and ‘11’ with ‘52’, then how many words are there in between ‘tin’ and ‘52’?
A) None
B) One
C) Two
D) Three
E) More than three
8. How many numbers/words are between ‘tin’ and ‘but’ in step 7?
A) None
B) One
C) Two
D) Three
E) More than three
9. What is the sum of the numbers which are fourth from left end and second from right end in step 5?
A) 36
B) 47
C) 63
D) 49
E) 45
10. What is the sum of digits of the sum of the numbers which are fourth from right end in step 9 and second from right end in step 6?
A) 20
B) 9
C) 19
D) 11
E) 15
(1 – 5): In last step observe starting letter of words – c, f, h, p, r, s. – Written one from starting, one from end, then second, then second last….
For numbers – add digits of numbers – 1+3=4, 4+1=5, 2+4=6, 4+3=7, 6+2=8, 3+6=9
Input: tulip 17 44 11 outburst 32 eager 30 bonfire 45 inspire following
Step 1: bonfire tulip 17 44 11 outburst 32 eager 30 45 inspire following
Step 2: bonfire tulip 17 44 11 outburst 32 eager 30 inspire following 45
Step 3: bonfire tulip 17 11 outburst 32 eager 30 inspire following 44 45
Step 4: bonfire tulip eager 17 11 outburst 32 30 inspire following 44 45
Step 5: bonfire tulip eager 11 outburst 32 30 inspire following 17 44 45
Step 6: bonfire tulip eager outburst 11 32 30 inspire following 17 44 45
Step 7: bonfire tulip eager outburst 11 30 inspire following 32 17 44 45
Step 8: bonfire tulip eager outburst following 11 30 inspire 32 17 44 45
Step 9: bonfire tulip eager outburst following 11 inspire 30 32 17 44 45
Step 10: bonfire tulip eager outburst following inspire 11 30 32 17 44 45
1. C)   2. C)   3. B)   4. C)   5. D)
(6 – 10):
If we see the last step, it is found that changes are done in vowels as – a->e, e->I, i->o, o->u and u->a. And also words in each step are taken according to the sequence of vowels which is a, e, I, o, u
And for numbers: Number are taking in ascending order, squared and digits reversed, so 4 => 4^2 = 16, become 61
Input: 11 pill but 9 5 ten 8 bat 7 doll
Step 1: bet 11 pill but 9 5 ten 8 7 doll
Step 2: bet 11 pill but 9 ten 8 7 doll 52
Step 3: bet tin 11 pill but 9 8 7 doll 52
Step 4: bet tin 11 pill but 9 8 doll 52 94
Step 5: bet tin poll 11 but 9 8 doll 52 94
Step 6: bet tin poll 11 but 9 doll 52 94 46
Step 7: bet tin poll dull 11 but 9 52 94 46
Step 8: bet tin poll dull 11 but 52 94 46 18
Step 9: bet tin poll dull bat 11 52 94 46 18
Step 10: bet tin poll dull bat 52 94 46 18 121
6. E)   7. B)   8. D)   9. C)   10. D)