## Reasoning Practice Questions for SBI PO 2017

Reasoning Practice Questions for SBI PO 2017
Directions (1 – 5): In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give Answer:
a) Only Assumption I is Implicit
b) Only Assumption II is implicit
c) Either Assumption I or II is implicit
d) Neither Assumption I nor II is implicit
e) Both Assumptions I and II are implicit
1. Statement: A major retail store announced thirty percent reduction on all food items during the weekend.
Assumptions:
I. People may still prefer buying food items from other stores.
II. Large number of customers may visit the retail store and buy food items.
2. Statement: The captain of the school football team selected only fourteen players to play all the eight matches of the interschool football competition.
Assumptions:
I. These may be adequate number of football players for all the matches.
II. The captain may be able to play in all the matches.
3. Statement: The railway authority has rescheduled the departure time of many long distance trains and put up the revised timing on its website
Assumptions:
I. The passengers may note the change in departure times from the website.
Il. The passengers may be able to notice the change and board their respective trains before departure.
4. Statement: The school authority has decided to give five grace marks in English to all the students of Std. IX as the performance of these students in English was below expectation.
Assumptions:
I. Majority of the students of Std. IX may still fail in English even after giving grace marks.
II. Majority of the students of Std. IX may now pass in English after giving grace marks.
5. Statement: The civic administration has asked the residents of the dilapidated buildings to move out as these buildings will be demolished within next thirty days.
Assumptions:
I. The civic administration may be able to demolish these buildings as per schedule.
II. The residents of these buildings may vacate and stay elsewhere.
Directions (6 – 8): In the following questions the symbols >, <, ≥, ≤ & = are used with the following meanings.
‘A > B’ means A is neither smaller nor greater than B
‘A < B’ means A is neither smaller than nor equal to B
‘A ≥ B’ means A is not greater than B
‘A ≤ B’ means A is not smaller than B
‘A = B’ means A is neither greater than nor equal to B
Now in each of the following questions, assuming the given statements to be true, find which of the following two conclusions I and II is/are definitely true. Give answer:
a) if only conclusion I is true
b) if only conclusion II is true
c) if either I or II is true
d) if neither I nor II is true
e) if both I and II are true
6. Statements:
P > T, S ≤ R, R < P, T = S
Conclusions:
I. S < T
II. S ≤ T
7. Statement:
L < G, A < D, G > D, N > A
Conclusions:
I. D = L
II. L = A
9. H, N, U, F and L are members of a family where L is U’s father and F is L’s granddaughter. H is mother of N who is a male. U is the sibling of N. So how many female members are there in the family?
a) 1
b) 2
c) 3
d) 4
e) None of these
10. Raman starts from point P and walks towards South and stops at point Q. He now takes a right turn followed by a left turn and stops at point R. He finally takes a left turn and stops at point S. If he walks 5 Kms. before taking each turn, towards which direction will Raman have to walk from point S to reach point Q ?
a) North
b) South
c) West
d) East
e) North – West
1. B) I. People may still prefer buying food items from other stores Not valid. People prefer discounted items.
II. Large number of customers may visit the retail store and buy food items II is a valid assumption because this type of presumption may easily lead a shopkeeper to announce a big discount.
Hence, only statement II is valid
2. A) I. These may be adequate number of football players for all the matches. The captain selected only fourteen player even when he knew that they have to play 8 matches. This likely means the captain was assuming that this number of players is adequate. So ‘I’ is implicit.
II. The captain may be able to play in all the matches. II is also not implicit because this would have been irrelevant in coming to the decision of selecting 14 players. An assumption is something that should logically lead to the statement given.
So, only (I) is implicit.
3. E) I. The passengers may note the change in departure times from the website. After rescheduling the departure time, railway authority has put it up on its website simply assuming that passengers will check its website for departure times. So, I is implicit.
Il. The passengers may be able to notice the change and board their respective trains before departure. The point of putting up a notice announcing a change in time is so that the passengers board their respective trains before departure. So ‘II’ is also implicit.
So, both are implicit.
4. B) I. Majority of the students of Std. IX may still fail in English even after giving grace marks. If majority of students still fail after grace marks then there is no point of giving grace marks so this can't be implicit
II. Majority of the students of Std. IX may now pass in English after giving grace marks. The school authoritys decision to award five grace marks to these students could have only one motive to make them pass in English. So it can be assumed that the majority of students of Std. IX may now pass in English after being awarded grace marks. Had these many marks not been enough to pass the majority, then greater number of grace marks might have been provided. So II is implicit.
So, only II is implicit.
5. E) I. The civic administration may be able to demolish these buildings as per schedule Whenever a deadline for some work is set it is assured that work will be completed as per the scheduled dead line, so I is implicit.
II. The residents of these buildings may vacate and stay elsewhere The civic administrations notice to vacate would matter only if the residents vacate and stay elsewhere. This is a definite assumption made by the administration before the notice was put out. So II is also implicit.
So, both are implicit.
(6 – 10):
 Given Symbol Meaning > = < > ≥ ≤ ≤ ≥ = <
6. A) P > T P = T,
R < P R > P,
S ≤ R S R,
T = S T < S
So {S > T = P, S ≥ R > P}
Now consider conclusions:
S < T S > T, (True)
S ≤ T S T, (Not true)
So only Conclusion I follows.
7. A) Statement: L < G, A < D, G > D, N > A
L > G, A > D, G = D, N = A
On combining, N = A > D = G < L
Conclusions:
I. D = L D < L, (True)
II. L = A  L < A, (Clearly, doesn’t follow because relation between L and A can’t be established)
8. D) Z = A, A < B, B > Z, T ≥ P
Z < A, A > B, B = Z, T P
B = Z < A, T P
Conclusions:
I. P = A P < A (False because no relation between P and A is given)
II. Z ≤ A Z A (False because Z < A)
Neither I or II follows
9. E) As U and N are siblings and children of L and H respectively, hence, L and H have to be married.
F is the granddaughter of L and H, but no information is given about her parents so we cannot say if she is daughter of U or N.
As we can clearly see that H and F are female. However, the gender of U is not known, which makes the number of females in the family either 2 or 3.
10. A)

So it is clear that from ‘S’ to ‘Q’ Raman has to walk in north direction.