Reading Comprehension for SBI PO 2017

Mentor for Bank Exams
Reading Comprehension for SBI PO 2017
Directions (1 – 10): Read the following passages carefully and answer the questions given. Below it certain words are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
Agni v, India’s most powerful long‐range ballistic missile, has lived up to the hopes of its creators at the Defence Research and Development Organisation. In its maiden flight, the missile demonstrated that it could accurately lob a dummy warhead weighing slightly over one tone to a distance of over 5,000 km. India already has nuclear‐capable missile that can reach all of Pakistan and Agni V is clearly intended to provide a similar deterrent capability with respect to China. More test flights will be necessary before the missile is inducted into the country’s strategic arsenal. V.K. Saraswat, Scientific Adviser to the Defence Minister, has called the missile “a game‐changer” that can perform different roles, from carrying multiple warheads to providing anti‐satellite capability and even launching tiny satellite into orbit. Like its progenitor, Agni III, this missile has a two‐metre diameter (as compared to the one‐metre diameter of Agni I and II). Agni III and V are therefore the first Indian missiles that can potentially be equipped with several warheads each (known as Multiple Independently Targeted Re‐entry Vehicles or MIRV) MIRVs, however, pose their own technological challenges, especially the need to considerably shrink the size and weight of nuclear warheads. Deposite China’s earlier start, its ballistic missiles are still thought to be equipped with single warheads, not MIRVs. This suggests that developing an operational MIRV capability is not easy and will take time for both countries. Which is just as well because mutual security – as the superpowers discovered during the Cold War – does not lie in going down that path.
Both China and Pakistan posses formidable nuclear‐armed missiles of their own. The former is in the process of replacing its liquid‐fueled ballistic missiles with more modern solid propellant ones. From bases in Qinghai and Yunnan provinces, these missiles can reach all of India. In addition, in 2004, China launched the first of its second‐generation Type 094 Jinclass nuclear‐powered submarines that will carry JL‐2 solid‐propellant ballistic missiles. Islamabad too has a number of long‐range missiles in its armoury. An assessment carried out by an India strategic studies group found that Pakistan had a “credible deterrent structure” organized around the solidpropellant Shaheen‐1 and Shaheen‐2 missiles. However, for the purposes of deterrence also requires working assiduously to remove sources of friction that can erupt into open conflict. It is also important that India and China start taking to each other on nuclear matters.
1. Which of the following is true about Agni V ?
A. It is equipped with several MIRVs.
B. It has the capability to reach all parts of China.
C. It is India’s most powerful long‐range ballistic missile
a) Only A
b) Only C
c) Only A and B
d) Only B and C
e) All of the above
2. Why did the Scientific Adviser to the Defence Minister Call Agni V ‘a game changer’ ?
a) Because it can not be relied upon because of its multiplication.
b) Its design is based on a game very popular among kids.
c) It’s name given to this missile by the Defence ministry.
d) Because it can perform many different roles
e) None of these
3. According to the passage, what kind of technological challenge Agni III and IV pose ?
A. Their size and weight are unusually large.
B. Older technology has been used in them.
C. Their effect remains limited to a narrow range.
a) Only A
b) Only C
c) Only A and C
d) Only A and B
e) None of these
4. Qinghai and Yunnan provinces exist in :
a) India
b) China
c) Pakistan
d) U.S.A
e) Not mentioned in the passage
5. According to the passage Shaheen‐1 and Shaheen‐2 are :
a) liquid‐fuelled ballistic missiles
b) Nuclear warheads
c) Solid propellant ballistic missiles
d) Rocket launchers
e) none of these
Directions (6 – 8): Chose the word which is most nearly the same in meaning as the word printed in bold as used in the passage.
a) Obstacle
b) Retaliating
c) Permission
d) Catalyst
e) Encouragement
a) Ancestor
b) Priority
c) Founder
d) Earlier Model
e) Creator
b) Feeble
c) Pleasant
d) Most desirable
e) Most powerful
Directions (9 – 10): Choose the word which is most nearly the opposite in meaning as the word printed in bold as used in the passage.
a) truly
b) Industriously
c) Lazily
d) Dramatically
e) Fundamentally
a) First
b) Introductory
c) Last
d) United
e) Fatal
1. E)   2. D)   3. A)   4. B)   5. C)   6. B)   7. D)   8. E)   9. C)   10. C)