# General Awareness Questions for SSC and Railway Exams (22 – 02 – 2018)

General Awareness Questions for SSC and Railway Exams (22 – 02 – 2018)
1. Which of the following famous Stupas is NOT correctly matched with its location?
a) Shanti Stupa, Dhauligiri
b) Dhamekh Stupa, Sarnath
c) Maha Stupa, Thotlakonda
d) Ramabhar Stupa, Bodh Gaya
Explanation: Ramabhar Stupa, Kushinagar
2. What is Earth's orbital speed around the Sun?
a) 20 km/s
b) 10 km/s
c) 30 km/s
d) 40 km/s
Explanation: The Earth's orbital speed around the Sun: 30 km/s (108,000 km/h, ~70,000 mph) The Sun's orbital speed around the Galaxy: ~200 km/s
3. Which of the following is not correct about Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana?
a) Nominal premium of Rs. 12/- per person per year
b) Insurance cover for a sum of Rs. 2,00,000/- in case of accidental death
c) Insurance cover for a sum of Rs. 1,00,000/- in case of permanent full disability
d) All of the above are correct
Explanation: Prime Minister Narendra Modi has launched another flagship social security scheme Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMSBY) which is an accidental death and disability insurance scheme
By joining the PMSBY scheme and by paying a nominal premium of Rs. 12/- per person per year, he or she will get an insurance cover for a sum of Rs. 2,00,000/- (two lakh) in case of accidental death or permanent full disability or a sum of Rs. 1,00,000/- (one lakh) in case of partial but permanent disability. The scheme will be valid for a year and it can be renewed every year
4. Office of Governor in the Indian Constitution was borrowed form _________
a) Government of India Act of 1935
b) Britain
c) Unites States of America
d) Australia
Explanation: Office of Governor in the Indian Constitution was borrowed form Government of India Act of 1935.
5. A biodiversity hotspot is a significant reservoir of biodiversity and is threatened with destruction. How many biodiversity hotspots are there around the world?
a) 21
b) 25
c) 27
d) 23
Explanation: A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region that is both a significant reservoir of biodiversity and is threatened with destruction.
The term biodiversity hotspot specifically refers to 25 biologically rich areas around the world that have lost at least 70 percent of their original habitat.
6. What does 'D' stands for in NDTL?
a) Distribution
b) Deficit
c) Debt
d) Demand
Explanation: Net Demand And Time Liability (NDTL) - It is sum of demand and time liabilities (deposits) of banks with public and other banks wherein assets with other banks is subtracted to get net liability of other banks. Deposits of banks are its liability and consist of demand and time deposits of public and other banks.

7. Which of the following are emitted on burning coal?
a) Sulfur dioxide, Nitrogen oxides, Carbon dioxide
b) Methane, Sulfur dioxide, Nitrogen oxides
c) Nitrogen oxides, Carbon dioxide, Methane
d) Carbon dioxide, Methane, Sulfur dioxide
Explanation: Several principal emissions result from coal combustion:
Sulfur dioxide (SO2), which contributes to acid rain and respiratory illnesses
Nitrogen oxides (NOx), which contribute to smog and respiratory illnesses
Particulates, which contribute to smog, haze, and respiratory illnesses and lung disease
Carbon dioxide (CO2), which is the primary greenhouse gas produced from the burning of fossil fuels (coal, oil, and natural gas)
Mercury and other heavy metals, which have been linked to both neurological and developmental damage in humans and other animals
Fly ash and bottom ash, which are residues created when coal is burned at power plants.
8. The dodo is an extinct flightless bird that was endemic to which region?
a) Netherlands
b) Romania
c) Mauritius
d) Philippines
Explanation: The dodo (Raphus cucullatus) is an extinct flightless bird that was endemic to the island of Mauritius, east of Madagascar in the Indian Ocean.
9. Complementary colors are pairs of colors which, when combined produce white or black color. Which of the following is NOT a complementary pair?
a) red - cyan
b) green - magenta
c) blue - yellow
d) green-blue
Explanation: Complementary colors are pairs of colors which, when combined, cancel each other out. This means that when combined, they produce a gray-scale color like white or black. The complementary pairs are red - cyan, green - magenta, and blue - yellow.
Green+blue = Cyan
10. The branch of zoology that deals with fish breeding is known as_________
a) ichthyology
b) lepidopterology
c) ornithology
d) cynology
Explanation: ichthyology - the branch of zoology that deals with fishes.
lepidopterology - the branch of entomology that studies butterflies.
ornithology - the branch of zoology that studies birds.
cynology - the branch of zoology that studies the dog,
11. Which of the following foreign invasions to India took place first chronologically?
a) The Arab Invasion of Sind under Mohammed-bin-Qasim
b) The Huna Invasions of India
d) Mahmud Ghazni's Invasions of India
Explanation: The Huna Invasions of India - Around 458, 470 AD
The Rohilla War- 1774
12. Which of the following layers of atmosphere is home to auroras?
a) The Exosphere
b) The Ionosphere
c) The Mesosphere
d) The Stratosphere
Explanation: Different regions of the ionosphere make long distance radio communication possible by reflecting the radio waves back to Earth. It is also home to auroras.

13. The word 'Cabinet' was introduced into the Constitution of India by which Amendment act?
a) 42nd Constitution (amendment) Act
b) 44th Constitution (amendment) Act
c) 23rd Constitution (amendment) Act
d) 69th Constitution (amendment) Act
Explanation: The word "cabinet" is mentioned only in the Article 352 of the Indian Constitution. In the original constitution, there was no word like cabinet. It has been constituted in the above Article by 44th Constitution (amendment) Act, 1978
14. The overall difference between all receipts and expenses of the government is known as ___________
a) Gross Primary Deficit
b) Budgetary deficit
c) Fiscal deficit
d) Capital account deficit
Explanation: Budgetary deficit is the difference between all receipts and expenses in both revenue and capital account of the government.
Budgetary deficit is the sum of revenue account deficit and capital account deficit. If revenue expenses of the government exceed revenue receipts, it results in revenue account deficit. Similarly, if the capital disbursements of the government exceed capital receipts, it leads to capital account deficit. Budgetary deficit is usually expressed as a percentage of GDP.
The difference between total revenue and total expenditure of the government is termed as fiscal deficit.
Gross Primary Deficit is Gross Fiscal Deficit less interest payments. Net Primary Deficit is Net Fiscal Deficit minus net interest payments. Net interest payment is interest paid minus interest receipt.
15. The ideology where a privileged social class members possess disproportionately large percentage of society's wealth, prestige and political influence is known as _______
a) Aristocracy
b) Absolutism
c) Capitalism
d) Egalitarianism