Reasoning Ability Practice Questions for IBPS Clerk/RBI Asst. Mains – Set 2

Mentor for Bank Exams
Reasoning Ability Practice Questions for IBPS Clerk/RBI Asst. Mains – Set 2
Directions (1 – 5): Read the given information carefully and answer the questions given beside:
Eight people M, N, O, P, Q, R, S and T live on eight different floors of a building but not necessarily in the same order. The lowermost floor of the building is ground floor and the one above that is number 1 and so on till the topmost floor which is numbered 7. Ground Floor is neither an even numbered nor an odd numbered floor. Each of them likes a different i.e. Purple, Black, Pink, Blue, Green, Yellow, Violet and White but not necessarily in the same order.
The person who likes black color lives on an even numbered floor. Number of persons between R and P is three times of the number of persons between Q and N. There are only two floors between T and the person who likes Green color. Number of persons between N and Q is more than one but less than four. There are only two persons between S and the one who likes Black Color. The person who likes green color sits immediately above that person floor who likes white color. The person who likes Black color doesn’t live on floor number 2. N sits immediately below T’s floor and likes Blue color. The person who likes Violet color sits immediately below S’s floor.
1. How many person sits between the one who likes Yellow color and the one who likes Blue color?
a) Two
b) Three
c) One
d) None
e) None of these
2. Who among the following person likes violet color?
a) R
b) T
c) S
d) Can’t be determined
e) None of these
3. Who among the following person sits between R and Q?
a) O
b) T
c) N
d) Can’t be determined
e) None of these
4. Who among the following person like Black color?
a) O
b) T
c) M
d) N
e) None of these
5. How many persons sit between the one who likes green color and N?
a) Four
b) Five
c) Two
d) One
e) None of these
Directions (6 – 10):  Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given beside:
In a Certain Code language
‘People run for money’ is written as ‘3D% 2M@ 2Q@ 3Z$ ‘
‘Success means Power’ is written as ‘5T^ 3T$ 3Q$’
‘Patience pays you later’ is written as ‘4D& 3R# 2T@ 3S$’
‘Destiny beats all” is written as ‘5Z^ 3R$ 2K@’
6. Which is the code used for ‘Patience’?
a) 2T@
b) 3S$
c) 4D7
d) 5Z^
e) Can’t be determined
7. What does the Code ‘3R$’ stands for?
a) Run
b) Beats
c) All
d) For
e) Can’t be determined
8. How ‘Mature’ will be written in this language?
a) 3F%
b) 6G*
c) 5E%
d) 6F*
e) Can’t be determined
9. What does Code ‘5T^’ stands for?
a) Means
b) Power
c) Success
d) People
e) Can’t be determined
10. What is the code for ‘Money’?
a) 2Q@
b) 3Z$
c) 3D%
d) 2K@
e) Can’t be determined
Directions (11 – 15): In this set of questions a narration is given. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements. 
As Diwali festival is approaching Vikrant goes to his father with a view to convince him for buying crackers for Vikrant. He says, “Dad! My friend Rahul likes crackers very much.”
His father replies, “Son, all crackers are harmful and all the harmful things make this world a worse place to live in.” He continued, “Even sweets are harmful.”
“But Dad, Rahul is an intelligent boy.” argues Vikrant.
His father replies, “I do acknowledge too that Rahul is an intelligent boy, but alas! Some intelligent boys are not wise.”
With a dejected face, Rahul leaves for his tuition classes.
11. Which of the following conclusions definitely follows?
a) Some sweets are not harmful.
b) All harmful things are crackers.
c) Rahul does like sweets.
d) Rahul likes harmful things.
e) None of these
12. Which of the following conclusions is possibly true?
a) All intelligent boys are wise.
b) All wise are intelligent boys.
c) No cracker is like by Rahul.
d) Both A and C
e) None of these
13. Which of the following conclusions doesn’t follow?
a) All intelligent boys being Rahul is a possibility.
b) Rahul may not be wise.
c) Everything that makes this world a worse place to live in is harmful.
d) Some crackers are liked by Rahul.
e) None of these
14. Which of the following statements is redundant in deriving the conclusion – “Some who are intelligent like harmful things very much”?
a) Some intelligent boys are not wise.
b) Rahul likes crackers very much.
c) All crackers are harmful.
d) Rahul is an intelligent boy.
e) All are necessary.
15. Which of the following statements is required to give us the conclusion – “Some harmful things are not snacks.”?
a) Some crackers are not snacks.
b) Some snacks are not crackers.
c) No sweets are crackers.
d) No cracker is snack.
e) None of these


Solutions:
(1 – 5): Explanations:
Floor
Person
Colour
7
R/P
Pink
6
O
Green
5
Q
White
4
M
Black
3
T
Purple
2
N
Blue
1
S
Yellow
G.F
R/P
Violet
1. D)   2. D)   3. D)   4. C)   5. E)  
(6 – 10): Explanation:
1. Each of the symbols of mathematical operations in the end of the code represents the number of letters its corresponding word contains.
3 letters => @
4 letters => #
5 letters => $
6 letters => %
7 letters => ^
8 letters => &
9 letters => *
2. Now the letters used in the middle of the codes represent two methods.
Method 1- If sum of the total no. of letters in a word is Even, then the next English alphabet to the last letter of the word would be the code.
Method 2- If sum of the total no. of letters in a word is Odd, then the previous English alphabet to the last letter of the word would be the code.
For example – Money
Sum of all the letters of word ‘Money’ is 72 (13+15+14+5+25), which is an even no. Thus the middle code will be Z.
3. The number in each code represents the total no. of letters in the word – total no. of vowels in the word.
For Example- Run
Total no. of letters are 3, and total no. of vowels is 1. Hence , the code is 3-1=2.
6. C)   7. B)   8. A)   9. C)   10. B)  
(11 – 15): Explanation:
The extracted statements:
I. Rahul likes crackers very much.
II. All crackers are harmful.
III. All the harmful things make this world a worse place to live in.
IV. Even sweets are harmful.
V. Rahul is an intelligent boy.
VI. Some intelligent boys are not wise.
11. D) From S1 and S2, we get
Rahul likes crackers very much + All crackers are harmful = Rahul likes harmful things.
12. B) Refer to S6 – Some intelligent boys are not wise.”
Here, we are not sure of any of the elements of the class ‘wise’ and therefore possibilities between ‘wise’ and ‘intelligent boys’ do exist.
All wise being intelligent boys is a possibility.
13. C) Refer to S3 - All the harmful things make this world a worse place to live in.
Converse of the above statement = Some things that make this world a worse place to live in are harmful.
But the given conclusion specifies ‘All things’ instead of ‘Some’.
Clearly, the conclusion doesn’t follow.
14. A) The given conclusion: Some who are intelligent like harmful things very much.
Kindly refer to S1, S2 and S5.
From S1 and S2, we get
Rahul likes crackers very much + All crackers are harmful = Rahul likes harmful things very much.
Taking converse of S5 and the above derived conclusion, we get
Some intelligent boys are Rahul + Rahul likes harmful things very much = Some intelligent boys like harmful things very much.
Clearly, the statement given as option A is not necessary here.
15. D) Using the statement given as option D and converse of S2, we get
Some harmful things are crackers + No cracker is snack = Some harmful things are not snacks.