Reasoning Ability Practice Questions for IBPS Clerk – Set 21

Reasoning Ability Practice Questions for IBPS Clerk – Set 21
Directions (1 – 5): Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given beside:
Eight persons- A, B, C, D, P, Q, R and S are sitting in a row in which some of them are facing north while some of them are facing south. Only 3 persons sit to the left of R. 3 persons sit between R and Q. B is 2nd to the left of Q. More than 2 people’s sits between B and S, D is 2nd to the left of S. Neighbours of R are facing south. Neighbours of P face the same direction. C is 2nd to the right of A. A and P face opposite directions and similarly B and Q face opposite directions too.
1. How many person(s) sits to left of P?
a) 1
b) 2
c) 3
d) 4
e) Can’t be determined
2. Who among the following is third to the right of B?
a) R
b) C
c) D
d) A
e) Can’t be determined
3. Which of the following combinations correctly show the neighbour(s) of D?
a) S
b) R, C
c) Q
d) P, R
e) S, Q
4. Who among the following sits at the extreme left end of the row?
a) R
b) S
c) Q
d) A
e) None of these
5. How many person(s) sits between D and A?
a) 1
b) 2
c) 3
d) 4
e) More than four
Directions (6 – 10): Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given beside:
Eight persons P, Q, R, S, J, K, L and M live in an eight storied building, one on each floor but not necessarily in the same order. The ground floor is numbered 1, and the floor above is numbered 2 and so on. Only two persons live below the floor on which L lives. Only one person lives between L and P. M lives on an odd numbered floor but not on floor number 7. Only two persons live between M and Q. Q does not live on the topmost floor. P does not live on the lowermost floor. S lives immediately below R. Neither S nor J lives on floor number 6.
6. Who among the following lives on floor number 6?
a) P
b) Q
c) J
d) K
e) None of these
7. Who among the following lives on topmost floor?
a) L
b) M
c) R
d) S
e) None of these
8. Who among the following lives immediately below M?
a) K
b) L
c) Q
d) R
e) None of these
9. How many persons live between S and J?
a) None
b) One
c) Two
d) Three
e) None of these
10. What is the difference between the floor numbers of P and Q?
a) Zero
b) One
c) Two
d) Three
e) More than three
Directions (11 – 13): In each question below are given two/three statements followed by conclusions. You have to take the give statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.
a) If only conclusion I follows
b) If only conclusion II follows
c) If either conclusion I or II follows
d) If neither conclusion I nor II follows
e) If both conclusion I and II follows
11. Statements:
No forest is a wood.
Some trees are forests.
All tables are woods.
Conclusions:
I.  No forest is a tree.
II.  All woods are definitely not forests.
12. Statements:
No shirt is a T-shirt.
Some pants are shirts.
No T-shirt is a trouser.
Conclusions:
I. No trouser is a T-shirt.
II. Some pants are not T-shirts.
13. Statements:
No mouse is a keyboard.
All keyboards are pendrives.
All pendrives are computers.
Conclusions:
I.  All keyboards are computers.
II. At least some computers are pendrives.
14. How many pairs of letters are there in the word ‘ORPHANAGE’ which have as many letters between them in the word as in alphabetical series?
a) One
b) Two
c) Three
d) None
e) None of these
15. Each consonant of the word ‘INSURANCE’ is changed to the previous letter in the English alphabetical series and each vowel is changed to the next letter in the English alphabetical series. If the new alphabet thus formed are arranged in alphabetical order (from left to right), which of the following will be the third from the right?
a) M
b) B
c) Q
d) V
e) None of these

Solutions:
(1 – 5):
S (S)              P (N)             D (S)             R (N)             C (S)              B (S)              A (S)                      Q (N)
1. A)   2. C)   3. D)   4. B)   5. C)
(6 – 10):
 Floor Person 8 R 7 S 6 K 5 P 4 Q 3 L 2 J 1 M
6. D)   7. C)   8. E)   9. E)   10. B)
11. B) Some trees are forests (I) - conversion - Some forests are trees (I). Hence conclusion I does not follow.
Again, No forest is a wood (E) - conversion - No wood is an forest (E). It means all woods are definitely not forest. Hence conclusion II follows.
12. D) No T-shirt is a touser (E) - conversion - No touser is a T-shirt. Hence, conclusion I follows.
Some pants are shirts (I) + No shirt is a T-shirt (E) = I + E = O = Some pants are not T-shirts. Hence conclusion II follows as well.
13. D) No T-shirt is a touser (E) - conversion - No touser is a T-shirt. Hence, conclusion I follows.
Some pants are shirts (I) + No shirt is a T-shirt (E) = I + E = O = Some pants are not T-shirts. Hence conclusion II follows as well.
14. B)   15. C)