Reasoning Practice Questions for IBPS Clerk – Set 14

Mentor for Bank Exams
Reasoning Practice Questions for IBPS Clerk – Set 14
Directions (1 – 5): Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given beside.
Five persons P, Q, R, S and T eat 3 different things - pastries, cupcakes & cookies. The numbers of pastries eaten are 1, 4, 5, 6 and 8; while the numbers of cupcakes eaten are 0, 1, 2, 4 and 10. T ate 2 more pastries than P but P ate 6 more cupcakes than T. S ate pastries & cupcakes but no cookie. The one who ate 1 pastry did not eat any cookie or cupcake. One person eats 5 cookies. The no. of cupcakes eaten by P is 5 times the no. of cupcakes eaten by the person who ate 4 pastries. Q did not eat any cookie. R, who did not eat any cookie, ate half as many cupcakes as the person who ate twice as many pastries as he did. 3 persons including the one who ate 4 pastries, did not eat any cookie. R wasn’t the one who ate only one pastry. The no. of cookies eaten by the person who eats 4 cupcakes is equal to twice the number of cupcakes eaten by S.
1. Who eats 4 pastries?
a) P
b) Q
c) R
d) S
e) T
2. Which of the following Pastries – Cupcakes – Cookies combination is absolutely correct?
a) 5 – 2 – 2
b) 4 – 6 – 0
c) 6 – 6 – 0
d) 6 – 10 – 5
e) None of these
3. Which of the following eats/eat more pastries than P?
a) T
b) S and Q
c) None, as P eats the most no. of pastries.
d) S
e) None of these
4. Which of the following eat/eats pastries twice the number of cupcakes eaten by himself/themselves?
a) S
b) T
c) R
d) Both B and C
e) None of these
5. Who eats the same no. of cupcakes and pastries?
a) P
b) E
c) R
d) S
e) None of these
6. Which of the following symbols should replace the sign (%) and (&) respectively in the given expression in order to make the expressions N > T and T ≤ Y definitely true?
‘X > Y ≥ Z % T < Z ≤ Q = L & N ≥ P’
a) ≥, >
b) ≥, ≤
c) >, =
d) =, ≥
e) <, ≤
7. Which of the following statement shows ‘R ≥ L’ and ‘P < Q’ holds definitely true?
a) P ≤ Q = R ≥ M = L
b) Q = M > P < L ≥ R
c) Q > P > R ≥ K = L
d) P = M < Q < L = R
e) None of these
Directions (8 – 10): In these questions, relationship between different elements is shown in the statements. The statements are followed by two conclusions. Choose the correct answer given below:
a) Only conclusion I follows.
b) Only conclusion II follows.
c) Both conclusion I and II follows.
d) Either conclusion I or conclusion II follows.
e) Neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows.
8. Statements:  N ≤ C > D = T;    S ≤ W > N
Conclusions:  I. S > T      II. W < D
9. Statements:  O ≥ B > X = N;     S < B < Q
Conclusions:  I. Q < O     II. O > S
10. Statements:  K > X > P ≤ Q;    P ≥ Z > B
Conclusions:  I. Z < Q      II. Z = Q
11. Anandi walks 24 m east from point A and reaches point B. From point B she takes left turn and walks 8 m and then she takes right turn and  walked 12 m and again she takes right turn and walks 14 m and again takes right turn and reaches point M. If it is given that the starting point is in north from point where she ends her journey, then what is the distance between the points A and M?
a) 3m
b) 4m
c) 5m
d) 6m
e) 7m
12. Ina, Sunny, Sonu, Monu, Babu and Garima are enjoying a newly released movie at a theatre sitting in a linear order. Babu and Garima are in the centre. Ina and Sunny are at the ends. Sonu is sitting to the immediate left of Ina. Who is sitting to the immediate right of Monu?
a) Sunny
b) Babu
c) Garima
d) Either Babu or Garima
e) None of these
Directions (13 – 15): Study the following information and answer the questions given beside.
Among five friends Jagmohan, Roop, Madhavi, Shashwat and Ramesh each bought a new flat in the city for a different price. Jagmohan paid more than both Madhavi and Ramesh. Only Roop paid more than Shashwat. Ramesh did not pay the minimum amount. Ramesh paid 50 lakhs for his flat.
13. Who paid the least amount for the flat?
a) Jagmohan
b) Madhavi
c) Roop
d) Shashwat
e) None of these
14. If Jagmohan paid 30 lakhs more than Ramesh and Roop paid 40 lakhs more than Jagmohan, what could be the amount paid by Shashwat?
a) 70 lakh
b) 1 crore
c) 40 lakh
d) 1.5 crore
e) 60 lakh
15. Which of the following statement is false with respect to the given information?
a) Roop paid more than Shashwat
b) Ramesh paid less than Jagmohan
c) Madhavi paid the least amount
d) Shashwat paid less than Jagmohan
e) All are true


Solutions:
(1 – 5): Explanation:
Person
Pastries
Cupcakes
Cookies
P
6
10
5
Q
1
0
0
R
4
2
0
S
5
1
0
T
8
4
2
1. C)   2. D)   3. A)   4. D)   5. E)  
6. B) Given statement: X > Y ≥ Z % T < Z ≤ Q = L & N ≥ P
Given conclusions: N > T and T ≤ Y
Here, T ≤ Y can be found if we use either = or ≥ symbol in place of %.
Similarly, N > T, can be found if we use either ≤ or < symbol in place of &. 
Clearly, option A gives the desired permutation. % → ≥ and & → ≤.
7. C) Given conclusions:        R ≥ L and P < Q
Statement in option C:   Q > P > R ≥ K = L
Clearly, R ≥ L and P < Q.
8. E) For conclusion I: S > T
Combining statements I and II, we get:
S ≤ W > N ≤ C > D = T
Here, the common signs between S and T are getting reversed. Clearly, we can't determine a definite relationship between S and T. Conclusion I, hence, doesn't follow.
For conclusion II: W < D
From conclusion II, combining equations we get:
W > N ≤ C > D 
Here again, the common signs between W and D are getting reversed. Clearly, we can't determine a definite relationship between W and D either. Conclusion II, hence, doesn't follow too.
9. B) For conclusion I: Q < O 
Combining statements I and II, we get:
Q > B ≤ O
Here, the common signs between Q and O are getting reversed. Clearly, we can't determine a definite relationship between Q and O. Conclusion I, hence, doesn't follow.
For conclusion II: O > S
From conclusion II, combining equations we get:
O ≥ B > S
Here, the common sign between O and S is ‘>’ and the given conclusion is also O > S. Hence, the conclusion II follows.
10. D) Conclusions:  I. Z < Q      II. Z = Q
Combining statements I and II, moving from Z to Q we get:
Z ≤ P ≤ Q
Here, the common sign between Z and Q is of '≤' and if we state it, it clearly implies that Z is either less than or equal to Q.
11. D)
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12. D) Following the information given, we get the final seating arrangement as:
Sunny      Monu       Babu/Garima       Garima/Babu      Sonu       Ina  
Clearly, either Babu or Garima is sitting to the immediate right of Monu.
(13 – 15): Explanation:
Jagmohan paid more than both Madhavi and Ramesh. Only Roop paid more than Shashwat.
Jag > Madhavi/Ramesh and  ............ (i)
Roop > Shashwat   ............... (ii)
Ramesh did not pay the minimum amount.
Thus, we get: Roop > Shashwat > Jag > Ramesh > Madhavi
Thus, Madhavi paid the least amount for the flat.
13. B)   14. B)   15. D)