Reasoning Practice Questions for IBPS Clerk – Set 14
Directions
(1 – 5): Study the following information carefully and answer the questions
given beside.
Five
persons P, Q, R, S and T eat 3 different things  pastries, cupcakes &
cookies. The numbers of pastries eaten are 1, 4, 5, 6 and 8; while the numbers
of cupcakes eaten are 0, 1, 2, 4 and 10. T ate 2 more pastries than P but P ate
6 more cupcakes than T. S ate pastries & cupcakes but no cookie. The one
who ate 1 pastry did not eat any cookie or cupcake. One person eats 5 cookies.
The no. of cupcakes eaten by P is 5 times the no. of cupcakes eaten by the
person who ate 4 pastries. Q did not eat any cookie. R, who did not eat any
cookie, ate half as many cupcakes as the person who ate twice as many pastries
as he did. 3 persons including the one who ate 4 pastries, did not eat any
cookie. R wasn’t the one who ate only one pastry. The no. of cookies eaten by
the person who eats 4 cupcakes is equal to twice the number of cupcakes eaten
by S.
1. Who eats
4 pastries?
a) P
b) Q
c) R
d) S
e) T
2. Which of
the following Pastries – Cupcakes – Cookies combination is absolutely correct?
a) 5 – 2 –
2
b) 4 – 6 –
0
c) 6 – 6 –
0
d) 6 – 10 –
5
e) None of
these
3. Which of
the following eats/eat more pastries than P?
a) T
b) S and Q
c) None, as
P eats the most no. of pastries.
d) S
e) None of
these
4. Which of
the following eat/eats pastries twice the number of cupcakes eaten by
himself/themselves?
a) S
b) T
c) R
d) Both B
and C
e) None of
these
5. Who eats
the same no. of cupcakes and pastries?
a) P
b) E
c) R
d) S
e) None of
these
6. Which of
the following symbols should replace the sign (%) and (&) respectively in
the given expression in order to make the expressions N > T and T ≤ Y
definitely true?
‘X > Y
≥ Z % T < Z ≤ Q = L & N ≥ P’
a) ≥, >
b) ≥, ≤
c) >, =
d) =, ≥
e) <, ≤
7. Which of
the following statement shows ‘R ≥ L’ and ‘P < Q’ holds definitely true?
a) P ≤ Q =
R ≥ M = L
b) Q = M
> P < L ≥ R
c) Q > P
> R ≥ K = L
d) P = M
< Q < L = R
e) None of
these
Directions (8
– 10): In these questions, relationship between different elements is shown in
the statements. The statements are followed by two conclusions. Choose the
correct answer given below:
a) Only
conclusion I follows.
b) Only
conclusion II follows.
c) Both
conclusion I and II follows.
d) Either
conclusion I or conclusion II follows.
e) Neither
conclusion I nor conclusion II follows.
8. Statements: N ≤ C > D = T; S ≤ W > N
Conclusions: I. S > T II.
W < D
9. Statements: O ≥ B >
X = N; S < B < Q
Conclusions:
I. Q < O II. O > S
10. Statements:
K > X > P ≤ Q; P ≥ Z > B
Conclusions:
I. Z < Q II. Z = Q
11. Anandi
walks 24 m east from point A and reaches point B. From point B she takes left
turn and walks 8 m and then she takes right turn and walked 12 m and
again she takes right turn and walks 14 m and again takes right turn and
reaches point M. If it is given that the starting point is in north from point
where she ends her journey, then what is the distance between the points A and
M?
a) 3m
b) 4m
c) 5m
d) 6m
e) 7m
12. Ina,
Sunny, Sonu, Monu, Babu and Garima are enjoying a newly released movie at a
theatre sitting in a linear order. Babu and Garima are in the centre. Ina and
Sunny are at the ends. Sonu is sitting to the immediate left of Ina. Who is
sitting to the immediate right of Monu?
a) Sunny
b) Babu
c) Garima
d) Either
Babu or Garima
e) None of
these
Directions
(13 – 15): Study the following information and answer the questions given
beside.
Among five friends
Jagmohan, Roop, Madhavi, Shashwat and Ramesh each bought a new flat in the city
for a different price. Jagmohan paid more than both Madhavi and Ramesh. Only
Roop paid more than Shashwat. Ramesh did not pay the minimum amount. Ramesh
paid 50 lakhs for his flat.
13. Who
paid the least amount for the flat?
a) Jagmohan
b) Madhavi
c) Roop
d) Shashwat
e) None of
these
14. If
Jagmohan paid 30 lakhs more than Ramesh and Roop paid 40 lakhs more than
Jagmohan, what could be the amount paid by Shashwat?
a) 70 lakh
b) 1 crore
c) 40 lakh
d) 1.5
crore
e) 60 lakh
15. Which
of the following statement is false with respect to the given information?
a) Roop
paid more than Shashwat
b) Ramesh
paid less than Jagmohan
c) Madhavi
paid the least amount
d) Shashwat
paid less than Jagmohan
e) All are
true
Solutions:
(1 – 5): Explanation:
Person

Pastries

Cupcakes

Cookies

P

6

10

5

Q

1

0

0

R

4

2

0

S

5

1

0

T

8

4

2

1. C) 2. D)
3. A) 4. D) 5. E)
6. B) Given statement: X > Y ≥ Z % T < Z ≤ Q = L
& N ≥ P
Given conclusions: N
> T and T ≤ Y
Here,
T ≤ Y can be found if we use either = or ≥ symbol in place of %.
Similarly,
N > T, can be found if we use either ≤ or < symbol in place of
&.
Clearly,
option A gives the desired permutation. % → ≥ and & → ≤.
7. C) Given conclusions:
R ≥ L and P < Q
Statement in option C:
Q > P > R ≥ K = L
Clearly,
R ≥ L and P < Q.
8. E) For conclusion I: S
> T
Combining
statements I and II, we get:
S
≤ W > N ≤ C > D = T
Here,
the common signs between S and T are getting reversed. Clearly, we can't
determine a definite relationship between S and T. Conclusion I, hence, doesn't
follow.
For conclusion
II: W < D
From
conclusion II, combining equations we get:
W
> N ≤ C > D
Here
again, the common signs between W and D are getting reversed. Clearly, we can't
determine a definite relationship between W and D either. Conclusion II, hence,
doesn't follow too.
9. B) For conclusion I: Q
< O
Combining
statements I and II, we get:
Q
> B ≤ O
Here,
the common signs between Q and O are getting reversed. Clearly, we can't
determine a definite relationship between Q and O. Conclusion I, hence, doesn't
follow.
For conclusion
II: O > S
From
conclusion II, combining equations we get:
O
≥ B > S
Here,
the common sign between O and S is ‘>’ and the given conclusion is also O
> S. Hence, the conclusion II follows.
10. D) Conclusions:
I. Z < Q II. Z = Q
Combining
statements I and II, moving from Z to Q we get:
Z
≤ P ≤ Q
Here,
the common sign between Z and Q is of '≤' and if we state it, it clearly
implies that Z is either less than or equal to Q.
11. D)
12. D) Following
the information given, we get the final seating arrangement as:
Sunny
Monu Babu/Garima
Garima/Babu Sonu
Ina
Clearly,
either Babu or Garima is sitting to the immediate right of Monu.
(13 – 15): Explanation:
Jagmohan
paid more than both Madhavi and Ramesh. Only Roop paid more than Shashwat.
Jag
> Madhavi/Ramesh and ............ (i)
Roop
> Shashwat ............... (ii)
Ramesh
did not pay the minimum amount.
Thus,
we get: Roop > Shashwat > Jag > Ramesh > Madhavi
Thus,
Madhavi paid the least amount for the flat.
13. B) 14. B)
15. D)