Reasoning Ability Practice Questions for IBPS PO Mains – Set 3

Mentor for Bank Exams
Reasoning Ability Practice Questions for IBPS PO Mains – Set 3
Directions (1 – 3): In the question below are given a statement followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. A course of action is a step or administrative decision to be taken for improvement, follow-up or further action in regard to the problem, policy, etc. On the basis of the information given in the statement to be true, then decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing.  
1. Statement: On carefully observing the answer sheets of students in the first half of roll numbers, the Social Science teacher realised that many of them had cheated and written the same answers, even the wrong ones.
Courses of action:
I. All the students involved should be questioned and punished accordingly, if found guilty.
II. The exam should be held again.
a) Only I follows.
b) Only II follows,
c) Either I or II follows.
d) Neither I nor II follows.
e) Both I and II follow.
2. Statement: 60% of the students flunked the Maths exam, and are now protesting against the teacher, accusing him of an unfair marking scheme.
Courses of action:
I. The teacher should be immediately fired.
II. The students should be reprimanded for not respecting their teacher.
a) Only I follows.
b) Only II follows.
c) Either I or II follows.
d) Neither I nor II follows.
e) Both I and II follow.
3. Statement: The distance of 900 km by road between Bombay and Jafra will be reduced to 280 km by sea.  This will lead to a saving of Rs.7.92 crores per annum on fuel.
Conclusions:
I. Transportation by sea is cheaper than by road.
II. Fuel will be saved to the greatest extent.
a) Only conclusion I follows.
b) Only conclusion II follows.
c) Either I or II follows.
d) Neither I nor II follows.
e) Both I and II follow.
Directions (4 – 5): Below a question is given with two statements (I) and (II). These statements may be either independent causes or may be effects of independent causes or a common cause. One of these statements may be the effect of the other statement. Read both the statements and decide which of the following answer choice correctly depicts the relationship between these two statements.  
4. I. Delhi University has become the most popular institution for any commerce student in India to look forward to.
II. Its alumni base consists of some of the most successful people in the country.
a) I is the cause and II is the effect.
b) II is the cause and I is the effect.
c) Both I and II are independent causes.
d) Both I and II are effects of independent causes.
e) Both I and II are effects of some common cause.
5. I. Majority of the shops in the market will be closed for the weekend.
II. Many people are reluctant to go out of their houses.
a) I is the cause and II is the effect.
b) II is the cause and I is the effect.
c) Both I and II are independent causes.
d) Both I and II are effects of independent causes.
e) Both I and II are effects of some common cause.
6. Passage: One of the important aspect of technology is the greater dignity and value that it imparts to human labour. In a highly industrialized society there is no caste distinction and everyone is equally valuable and makes contribution according to their ability.
Which of the following can be a conclusion based on the above paragraph?
a) People cannot contribute equally to the society.
b) Technology has removed the problem of caste distinction and has created a society where everyone is respected.
c) The negative side of a technology driven society is that the upper castes lack the respect they deserve.
d) It is high time that everyone contributes to the society and enhances the benefits of technology.
e) Caste distinction has been given too much importance and nothing has been done to preserve the rights of the upper castes.
7. Passage: As the dust begins to settle after Reliance Jio’s tariff card was made public, analysts and telecom experts are separating the wheat from the chaff. What was expected from Reliance was that it would come to the market with a bang, and it did not disappoint. Despite the seemingly sharp discount at which Reliance Jio is offering its products, analysts have merely reduced the profitability of the existing companies. No company is expected to post losses in the foreseeable future.
Which of the following can be a conclusion based on the above paragraph?
a) Reliance Jio is a big hit and would continue to give a stiff competition to the other companies.
b) Jio failed to acquire the number of customers which it expected.
c) Jio has hardly caused any loss to the other companies and in the upcoming days the other companies would not be affected at all.
d) Jio has failed to strike the market the way it had expected and has suffered losses.
e) The discount Jio offered left the other companies behind and it will be the most successful company in the days to come.
Directions (8 – 12): Read the statement given below. Then read the eight sentences given below the statement. These are followed by question based on the information given above and the sentences labelled (A), (B), (C), (D), (E), (F), (G) and (H). Read the directions for the question carefully and then answer.
The areas on the outskirts of Mumbai have now become not just popular retreat destinations but have also now become hot on the property market with small plots selling for upwards of Rs.50 lakhs.
(A) People are willing to pay through their nose for “hot property.”
(B) Small plots on the outskirts of a city don’t usually sell for Rs. 50 lakhs.
(C) The increased demand for property on the outskirts of the Mumbai have raked up the property rates.
(D) Last year, the outskirts of Kolkata saw a similar rise in popularity. But this year, those lands sell for as little as Rs. 100 per acre now.
(E) Areas on the outskirts of Mumbai have until recently remained largely unexplored by masses looking for areas to retreat to.
(F) The buildings in these outskirts are all modern with all amenities built inside the societies themselves.
(G) Property rates in Mumbai have become unaffordable.
(H) Going rates of Rs. 50 lakhs for a small plot of land on the outskirts of a major city is sufficient for the area to become labelled hot property.
8. Which of the statements (A)-(H) can be inferred from the given information? (An inference is something that is not directly stated but can be inferred from the given information).
a) Only (B)
b) Only (C)
c) Only (D)
d) Only (F)
e) Both (A) and (H)
9. Which of the statements (A)-(H) shows us that the increased Real Estate popularity of the outskirt regions of Mumbai could be just a bubble?
a) Only (A)
b) Only (B)
c) Only (D)
d) Only (E)
e) Both (B) and (D)
10. Which of the statements (A)-(H) can be assumed from the facts/information given in the statement? (An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted).
a) Only (F)
b) Only (C)
c) Only (D)
d) Only (H)
e) Both (B) and (H)
11. Which of the statements (A)-(H) could represent a reason because of which people might prefer to buy properties on the outskirts of the city?
a) Only (A)
b) Only (H)
c) Only (D)
d) Only (C)
e) Only (F)
12. Which of the statements (A)-(H) could be a probable cause for the increased popularity of the outskirt regions of Mumbai?
a) Only (C)
b) Only (G)
c) Both (C) and (F)
d) Only (A)
e) Only (H)
13. How far is point M from point K?
I. Point D is 5m to the south of Point P. Point M is 8m to the west of point D. Point S is 2.5m to the north of point M. Point O is 10m to the east of Points S. Point K is 2.5m to the south of points O.
II. Point K is 10m to the east of point M. Point U is 8m to the west of Point M. Point D is to the east of M. Point M is the midpoint of the lines formed by joining points U and D.
a) if the data in statement I alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement II alone are not sufficient to answer the question 
b) if the data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement I alone are not sufficient to answer the question
c) if the data either in statement I alone or in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question.
d)  if the data in both statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question
e) If the data in both the statements I and II tighter are n3ecessary to answer the question.
14. Among people P, Q, R, S, T and U, each having a different weight, who is the second heaviest?
I. R is heavier than only two people. P is heavier than U but lighter than Q. S is not the heaviest.
II. U is lighter than only two people. R is lighter than U but heavier than S. P is lighter than only Q.  
a) Data in statement I alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement II alone are not sufficient to answer the question 
b) Data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement I alone are not sufficient to answer the question
c) Data either in statement I alone or in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question.
d) Data in both statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question
e) Data in both the statements I and II tighter are necessary to answer the question.
15. If every Sunday, Monday is a holiday and every second Saturday is a holiday then how many working days are there in a month of March?
Statements:
I. There are 4 Sundays, 4 Fridays and 4 Saturdays in a month.
II. There are so many holidays
III. There are 5 Mondays.
a) Statement I and statement III are sufficient to answer the question.
b) Statement II alone is sufficient to answer the question.
c) Statement I alone or statement II alone or statement III alone is sufficient to answer the question.
d) All the statement I, II and III are necessary to answer the question.
e) None of the statement I is sufficient to answer the question.


Solutions:
1. A) All students who were at fault must be questioned and punished, so that they do not repeat the mistake => I follows. The exam can't be held for all the students just because some of them cheated => II doesn't follow. Hence, Option (A) Only I follows is the correct answer.
2. D) Neither of the two follow. An investigation should be done by the school and another experienced teacher should go through the exam sheets, and figure out who's at fault. Randomly punishing either of the students' group or the teacher would be unfair. Hence, Option (D) Neither I nor II follows is the correct answer.
3. B) Conclusion I is not mentioned anywhere in the statement, so we cannot infer it. We need to stick to the scope of the information mentioned and we should not assume anything on our own. Any conclusion which does not directly follow but may be indirectly implied or is suggested can be followed. Note that conclusion II follows from the given statement because the second sentence concerns itself about saving money which is possible through saving fuel. Thus option (B) is the correct answer.
4. B) Any educational institution is judged by its students. Since the alumni of DU are extremely popular and successful, youngsters want to imitate them and therefore, DU has become extremely popular. Hence, I is the effect of II. Option (B) is the correct answer
5. D) Closure of shops for the weekend and people being reluctant to go out of their houses are completely independent incidences, and therefore, must be caused by separate events. Option (D) is the correct answer.
6. B) Technology does not see which person belongs to which caste. Industrialized societies are driven by the intelligence of the person, how much he/she can contribute.
7. C) The passage means that Jio became a great success initially but  had not affected other companies much and in future other companies would not be affected even a bit. Thus option (C) is the correct answer.
8. A) The question asks for an inference. The author makes it a point to mention that small plots of land sell for Rs. 50 lakhs. From this we can infer that small plots on the outskirts of a city don’t usually sell for Rs. 50 lakhs.
9. C) The question asks which statement shows us that these regions gaining popularity in the Real Estate markets could be just a bubble. “Bubble” refers to temporary increased popularity that will “burst” or lessen considerably in some time. This is best reflected in statement (D). If a similar case happened in Kolkata, it could point to something like this happening in Mumbai as well.
10. D) The question asks for an assumption. Of the given options, only statement (H) is an assumption that can be made on the basis of the facts/information given. We are told that these outskirts are hot properties and we are told that even small plots on the outskirts are sold for Rs. 50 lakhs. Thus we can make the assumption that rates such as these are sufficient for the area to become labelled hot property.
11. E) One of the reasons people might prefer to buy properties on the outskirts of the city is because of the amenities provided at a short distance. Thus the best option is statement (F).
12. B) The question asks for a probable cause for increased popularity of the outskirt regions of Mumbai. Among the options, only statement (G) could be a probable cause. When a popular and populated city like Mumbai starts to have unaffordable property rates, it could cause people to find areas close by with more affordable rates.
13. C)   14. B)   15. A)