Reasoning Ability Practice Questions for IBPS Clerk – Set 18

Mentor for Bank Exams
Reasoning Ability Practice Questions for IBPS Clerk – Set 18
Directions (1 – 5): Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions:
A word arrangement machine when given an input line of words rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and various steps rearrangement.
Input:  England  27 France 42 36 Bangladesh 71 India 54 Pakistan  51 Brazil
Step I: Pakistan England  27 France 42 36 Bangladesh India 54 51 Brazil 71
Step II: 54 Pakistan England  27 France 42 36 Bangladesh 51 Brazil 71 India
Step III: Brazil 54 Pakistan England  France 42 36 Bangladesh 51 71 India 27
Step IV: 42 Brazil 54 Pakistan France 36 Bangladesh 51 71 India 27 England 
Step V: Bangladesh 42 Brazil 54 Pakistan France 36 71 India 27 England  51
Step VI: 36 Bangladesh 42 Brazil 54 Pakistan 71 India 27 England 51  France
And Step VI is the last step of the arrangement as the desired arrangement is obtained. As per rules followed in the above steps, find out in each of the questions the appropriate step for the given input.
Input for the questions: 52 Jharkhand Mizoram 29 Haryana 83 15 Bihar 31 Punjab 28 Rajasthan 
1. Which of the following steps will be the last but one? 
a) Fourth
b) Fifth
c) Sixth
d) Seventh
e) None of these
2. What is the position of the word '83' in the 3rd step?
a) Third from the left
b) Seventh from the left
c) Fourth from the right
d) Fifth from the right
e) None of these
3. What is the position of the word 'Haryana' in the Second last step?
a) Third from to left
b) Sixth from the right
c) Seventh from the left
d) Fourth from the right
e) None of these
4. Which is the sixth element to the left of the fourth element from the right end in the second last step?
a) Rajasthan
b) Punjab
c) 28
d) 31
e) 52
5. Which is the fourth element to the left of the Eighth element from the left end in the third last step?
a) Bihar
b) Rajasthan
c) Haryana
d) 31
e) 28
Directions (6 – 10): Read the following information carefully and answer the questions given beside:
Six persons are travelling by Tamilnadu Express which runs between the cities Delhi and Chennai. Three of them are males and the rest are females. Two of them are travelling for attending marriage and two others for vacations. One is travelling for business while the remaining one is on study tour. Two of them boarded at New Delhi, while one each boarded at Agra, Bhopal, Itrasi and Gwalior. One of them is going to Warangal, one to Nagpur, one to Vijayawada while the rest all are going to Chennai. Three of them are engineers, one is architect, one is teacher and the remaining one is a cricketer.
Miss Chanda is a teacher in a college in Gwalior. She boarded at Gwalior to proceed on a study tour to Warangal. The person who boarded at Itrasi is going neither to Chennai nor to Nagpur. Mrs. Aruna boarded at New Delhi. She is travelling for vacations to Chennai. Mr. Sundar boarded at Bhopal. He is neither going to Vijayawada nor to Nagpur. He is going Neither for vacations nor for business. The Architech, Mr Sunil, boarded at Itrasi. He is travelling for vacations, while Miss Shikha boarded at New Delhi to go to Nagpur. Mr. Amitabh boarded at Agra. He is going for attending marriage to Chennai .He is a cricketer. 
6. Which of the following statements is false?
a) The persons who boarded at New delhi are engineers and are travelling for either vacations or business.
b) The person who is going to Vijayawada is a teacher.
c) Engineers are going either to Chennai or to Nagpur.
d) Aruna and Sunil were travelling for vacations.
e) None of these
7. Which of the following statements is true?
a) Aruna, Sundar and Amitabh are engineers.
b) One of the engineers was travelling for the purpose of study tour.
c) The persons who were travelling for attending marriage are Sundar and Amitabh.
d) The person who boarded at Bhopal was going to Vijayawada.
e) None of these
8. Travelling was aimed at business for which of the following persons?
a) Mr. Amitabh
b) Miss Shikha
c) Mrs. Aruna
d) Mr. Sundar
e) None of these
9. Who among the following are not going to Chennai?
a) Mr. Sunil, Mrs. Aruna and Mr. Amitabh
b) Mr. Sundar , Mrs. Aruna and Mr. Amitabh.
c) Mr. Sunil, Miss Shikha and Miss Chanda.
d) Mr. Sunil, Miss Shikha and Mrs Aruna.
e) None of these
10. To which of the following places is Sunil going?
a) Warangal
b) Vijayawada
c) Chennai
d) Can't say
e) None of these
Directions (11 – 14): These questions are based on the following letter / number/ symbol arrangement. Study it carefully and answer the questions that follow
? 9 A Q ! $ 2 7 R J # L 3 @ Y M E 6 8 * +   D F 4 % H 1 &
11. How many such numbers are there in the above arrangement each of which is immediately preceded by a symbol but not immediately followed by a letter?
a) None
b) One
c) Two
d) Three
e) More than Three
12. Four of the following are alike in a certain way based on their positions in the above arrangement and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?
a) !7$
b) #@L
c) %1H
d) 8D*
e) ?Q9
13. 1f all the symbols are dropped from the above arrangement which of the following will be the sixth from the right end?
a) R
b) 8
c) 7
d) 6
e) None of these
14. How many such numbers are there in the above arrangement each of which is immediately followed by a number but not immediately preceded by a symbol?
a) One 
b) Two
c) Three
d) Four
e) None
15. Seema walks 14m towards west, then turns to her right and walks 14m and then turns to her left and walks 10m. Again turning to her left she walks 14m. What is the shortest distance between her starting point and the present position?
a) 10
b) 24
c) 28
d) 38
e) 32


Solutions:
(1 – 5): Explanation:
In this Machine Input Output code, two key changes - one in words and the other in numbers are occuring in each of the steps:
Change in words is happening according to the last letter of the word and change in numbers according to the difference between the two digits of the numbers. 
Step 1: The word, the last letter of which comes last among all the given words, according to English alphabet will be placed at the extreme left end. 
For instance, the last letter of the word Pakistan is 'n' which comes at the end if all the last letters of all the words are taken into account. Therefore, the word Pakistan will be placed at the extreme left end.
Now, the number, the difference of the digits of which is maxium will be placed at the extreme right end. 
For instance, the difference of the digits of 71 = 7 - 1 = 6 which is greatest among all difference values of the digits of all the numbers given here. Therefore, the number 71 will be placed at the extreme right end.
Step 2: In this step, the number, the difference of the digits of which is the least is placed at the extreme left end and the word, the last letter of which comes first among all the given last letters according to English alphabet, is placed at the extreme right end.
Step 3. In this step, the pattern of step 1 is being repeated.
Step 4. In this step, the pattern of step 2 is being repeated.
And so on ....  
Input:  52 Jharkhand   Mizoram   29  Haryana   83  15  Bihar   31   Punjab   28   Rajasthan 
Step I: Bihar  52 Jharkhand  Mizoram  Haryana  83 15 31 Punjab 28 Rajasthan 29 
Step II: 31 Bihar 52 Jharkhand Mizoram 83 15 Punjab 28 Rajasthan 29 Haryana
Step III:  Rajasthan 31 Bihar 52 Jharkhand Mizoram 83 15 Punjab 29 Haryana 28
Step IV: 15 Rajasthan 31 Bihar 52 Jharkhand Mizoram 83 29 Haryana 28 Punjab
Step V: Mizoram 15 Rajasthan 31 Bihar 52 Jharkhand 29 Haryana 28 Punjab 83
Step VI: 52 Mizoram 15 Rajasthan 31 Bihar 29 Haryana 28 Punjab 83 Jharkhand
1. B)   2. B)   3. D)   4. A)   5. A)  
(6 – 10): Explanation:

6. B)   7. C)   8. B)   9. C)   10. B)  
11. B)   12. C)   13. B)   14. A)  
15. B)