English Language Practice Questions for IBPS PO Mains – Set 2

Mentor for Bank Exams
English Language Practice Questions for IBPS PO Mains – Set 2
1. Choose the statement from among the given options that is grammatically correct.
A) In addition to its speed in performing complicated calculations, the computer has an ability to reproduce, rearrange and reconstruct information that proves to be an invaluable asset in science, medicine, technology or any other branch of knowledge.
B) A computer is programmed first and then fed with a problem in the form of a code, be it in FORTAN, ALGOL or COBOL.
C) The different phases of evolution of computers is conveyed by the term ‘generation’. 
D) The development of computer is now directed towards a process of the miniaturing of the components. 
E) Today a chip of silicon, smaller than the thumb nail of an infant, accommodate all the elaborate electronic circuits that make the brain of the computer.
2. Choose the statement from among the given options that is grammatically correct.
A) Everyone is talking about computers networking from a child of three to an old man of seventy.
B) It helps a doctor in his diagnosis ; it helps an engineer in his multifarious activities; guiding a pilot or a navigator to safety; it helps a public or a private official or businessman in more ways than one
C) It is an important part of every institution, every office and every establishment, public or private in several countries.
D) A computer is basically an electronic calculating machine which perform complex and enormous calculation with tremendous speed, precision and diligence.
E) It accepts data, performs operations according to instruction given and provides the results of the operations. 
3. Choose the statement from among the given options that is grammatically correct.
A) Sick man hopes to be well soon or later; a poor man hopes to be rich; a man who fails, hopes to succeed some day. 
B) It is hope, that sustain life and provides a man with strength and energy.
C) In this age of science and technology, humanity is witnessing an explosion of knowledge
D) Computer, a machine that promises to beat man in various fields are one of the latest useful inventions in world today. 
E) The computer fever have caught everybody from a child of three to an old man of seventy.
4. Choose the statement from among the given options that is grammatically correct.
A) We must plough our field and dug the earth; the hidden treasure will come to us even without our knowing it. 
B) The fruit of labour may be late, but they are very sweet. 
C) One must not be deprived off hope in life.
D) All human effort is based on hope
E) A man goes on fighting, struggling and striving till he have even the slightest hope of success.
5. Choose the statement from among the given options that is grammatically correct.
A) There is, at time, something good in an evil.
B) One can never be aware of all that lie in store for him. 
C) May be that an apparently harmful thing may come out to be really useful in the long run. 
D) Man must, therefore, kept on doing his duty without caring for the reward)
E) Reward may be delayed but it cannot be denied)  
Directions (6 – 10): Below a passage is given with five blanks labelled (6) - (10). Below the passage, five options are given for each blank. Choose the word that fits each blank most appropriately in the context of the passage, and mark the corresponding answer. 
Ganesh Chaturthi is celebrated ___(6)___ every year in various parts of the country, especially Maharashtra. The festival marks the birthday of Lord Ganesha and lasts for 10 days. Grand ___(7)___ leading to large water bodies are how Ganesha idols are bid ___(8)___. The cause for worry for several years has been the amount of pollution both, land and water that’s caused during and on the day, the festival ends.Huge amounts of waste is generated from the 10-day long festival. From flowers, fruits, incense sticks stuffed in polyethylene bags, idols made of Plaster of Paris that are ___(9)___ for under-water ecology, all go straight into local water bodies. To add to the problem, the idols are often decorated with paints heavy on lead and mercury which once ___(10)___ adds to the ongoing process of destroying the flora and fauna of the water body.
6. a) Frivolously  b) Cryptic c) Fervently d) Both 1 and 2  e) Both 1 and 3
7. a) Cavalcade  b) Tribulation  c) Processions  d) Both 1 and 2  e) Both 1 and 3
8. a) Mogul  b) Espalier  c) Farewell  d) Both 1 and 2  e) Both 2 and 3
9. a) Lucid  b) Vehement  c) Toxic  d) Both 1 and 2  e) Both 2 and 3
10. a) Succumbs  b) Rancour  c) Immersed d) Both 1 and 2  e) Both 2 and 3
Directions (11 – 15): Each of the following questions has two sentences with one blank in each. Choose the option that best fits in both the blanks.
11. Some politicians think they are _______.
People regard God as something __________.
a) Omnipotent
b) Impotent
c) Flay
d) Imaginary
e) Flout
12. The people of Hindustan residency now seem to live in __________.
The _________played by William Jane was praised by the audience.​
a) Coercion
b) Cacophony
c) Harmony
d) Prate
e) Discord
13. Salim accepted the hard truth that the affair is ________.
Everything was dusted _______ with a fine layer of soot.​
a) Posit
b) Over
c) Isle
d) Indubitable
e) Jeopardized
14. The crude _________ was directed at the actors of the contemporary times.
Into the wild by Prince James is regarded as the best political ________ of contemporary time.​
a) Satire
b) Behaviour
c) Agony
d) Affliction
e) Torment
15. The recent Tsunami in Tokyo _______ the entire southern part of the city.
The Taliban ________ the statue of Lord Buddha in Bamiyan.
a) Infracted
b) Leased
c) Lynched
d) Jeopardised
e) Annihilated

Answers with Explanations:
1. B) Option A: ‘information’ here is a plural term as it is separately used in various fields like ‘science, medicine etc.’ so the verb used i.e. ‘proves’ should be ‘prove’ instead.
Option C: the subject of the statement is ‘the different phases of evolution’ and not only ‘evolution’. So the helping verb should be ‘are’ and not ‘is’.
Option D: ‘a process’ refers to a noun and the correct noun form of the process of miniaturing is ‘maniaturization’.
Option E: ‘a chip of silicon’ is a singular term. So the verb used should be ‘accommodates’ and not ‘accommodate’.
2. C) Option A: apostrophe-s is missing from the word ‘computers’. It should be ‘computer's’ networking.
Option B: the tense of the statement is in simple present tense and only ‘guiding’ is in present continuous tense which is incorrect.
Option D: ‘computer’ is a singular word so the verb should be ‘performs’ and not ‘perform’.
Option E: the computer works according to specific instructions given to it so an article should be used before ‘instruction’ as it becomes a proper noun in this respect. 
3. C) Option A: it should be ‘sooner’ instead of ‘soon’ as it is followed by ‘later’ which is in comparative degree.
Option B: ‘hope’ is singular here so it should be ‘sustains’ instead of ‘sustain’.
Option D: ‘are’ is used in respect of ‘computer’ and not ‘fields’ and hence is incorrect as ‘computer’ is incorrect.
Option E: ‘computer fever’ is singular so usage of ‘have is incorrect.
4. D) Option A: the sentence is in present tense so ‘dig’ should be used instead of ‘dug’.
Option B: in the second part of the sentence reference has been made to the subject in plural form. So, it should be ‘fruits’ and not ‘fruit’.
Option C: here the preposition used is incorrect. It should be ‘of’ instead of ‘off’.
Option E: subject of the statement is ‘a man’ so ‘have’ used in respect to it is incorrect
5. E) Option A: The statement is generally remarked so it should be ‘at times’ and not ‘at time’.
Option B: in the given statement although the verb lie is used in respect to ‘all’ but the usage of that makes the noun singular so it should be ‘lies’ and not ‘lie’.
Option C: ‘really’ is not an adjective so it should be ‘very useful’ and not ‘really useful’.
Option D: ‘must’ means future tense so the verb following should be in present tense and not past tense. So ‘keep’ should be used instead of ‘kept’.
6. C) The only context to fit here is 'fervently' which clearly depicts the context that Ganesh Chaturthi is celebrated with 'great warmth and passion'. Thus option (C) is the correct answer.
Frivolously =>not having any serious purpose or value.
Cryptic =>having a meaning that is mysterious or obscure.
7. E) The context talks about the large parade or number of people who gather and celebrate ganesh visarjan. So the only fit option is 'Processions' and 'cavalcade' as both mean the same. Thus option (E) is the correct answer. 'Tribulation' is inappropriate as it means 'a cause of great trouble or suffering.'
8. C) The context talks about how the people bid good bye to Ganesh . So the only option to fit is 'farewell'. Thus option (C) is the correct answer.
Mogul=>an important or powerful person, especially in the film or media industry.
Espalier =>a fruit tree or ornamental shrub whose branches are trained to grow flat against a wall, supported on a lattice.
9. C) The context is talking about the hazardous effect of all the items ranging from paints to plastic and plaster of pares. So the only option that fits well is 'Toxic' Thus option (C) is the correct answer.
Lucid=>expressed clearly; easy to understand.
Vehement=>showing strong feeling; forceful, passionate, or intense. 
10. C) The clue is the word 'water' which tells that how the water is affected with the toxic substances when they are in contact with water. Thus option (C) is the correct answer.
Succumbs=>fail to resist pressure, temptation, or some other negative force.
Rancour =>bitterness or resentfulness, especially when long standing.
11. A) Option (A) is the correct answer as ‘omnipotent’ means ‘having unlimited power’. So god is regarded omnipotent and politicians may think they have all the power in their hand and can do anything they want. Now the other options don’t fit in as
Impotent => lacking power or ability. God is not regarded as impotent
Flay =>To criticise severely
Flout=>To treat with contempt
The word ‘imaginary’ is meaningless in this context. Thus option (A) is the correct answer
12. C) ‘Harmony’ ‘means ‘compatibility in opinion and action. Also means the structure of music with respect to the composition and progression of chords. So the word Harmony best fits in both the context where one is people living peacefully in a society and the second being a soothing musical performance by an artist. The other words add no relevant meaning as options (A), (B) and (E) all depict a meaning opposite to ‘harmony’ i.e. harsh and lack of agreement and more of using force. ‘Prate’ adds no relevant meaning as it means ‘to talk foolishly’ hence is ruled out. Thus option (C) is the correct answer. 
13. A) 'Over’ is the correct word that fits in both the blanks. It means ‘having come or brought to a conclusion or end’ also means ‘covering the entire area.’ The other options don’t fit in as:
Posit=>To assume as fact
Isle=> A small island
Indubitable=> Impossible to doubt
Jeopardized=>To place in danger
Thus option (B) is the correct answer.
14. A) ‘satire’ is the best option as it means ‘the use of humour, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize people's stupidity or vices, particularly in the context of contemporary politics and other topical issues’ it also means ‘a play, novel, film, or other work which uses satire or a genre of literature characterized by the use of satire.’ The other options don’t fit in as ‘agony’ , ‘affliction’ and ‘torment’ gives the same meaning i.e. ‘severe mental and physical pain’ thus adding no relevant meaning to the sentence. ‘Behaviour’ cannot fit in the second blank as it is a book and not a human expression. Thus option (A) is the correct answer.
15. E) The only option that follows is ‘annihilated’ which means ‘destroyed completely’. The other options don’t fit in as:
Infracted=> Violated
Leased=>Property or something that is leased or rented out.
Lynched=> Kill without legal sanction
Jeopardised=> Placed or to place in danger.
Thus option (E) is the correct answer.