English Language Practice Questions for IBPS Clerk – Set 17

Mentor for Bank Exams
English Language Practice Questions for IBPS Clerk – Set 17
Directions (1 – 6): Read the sentence given below to find whether there is an error in it or not. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number of that part is the answer. If there is no error in the bold parts, mark (5) i.e. ‘No error’ as your answer. Ignore errors of punctuation, if any. 
1. Several termites have an intricate social composition (1) in which a few members reproduce (2) and the others serves by tending juveniles (3), gathering food, building the nest, or battling the intruders.(4) No error (5).
2. Overwhelmed by the (1) reported profit of the first quarter of the fiscal year, (2) the general manager is been deciding to give her staff (3) a raise along with a one-time bonus. (4) No error (5)
3. The most delicate work of literary imagination (1) manifests (2) a certain crudeness and harshness (3) and we turn to it for peace and beauty. (4) No error (5)
4. Gautam couldn't wait for me; (1) as I already know the place (2) to his home (3) I could have found the way all right. (4) No error (5)
5. The Union Finance Ministry have (1) agreed to contribute partially to a newly dedicated railway safety fund (2) named as ‘Rashtriya Rail Sanraksha Kosh’ (3) in the upcoming Union Budget 2017-18. (4) No error (5).
6. After an hour-long discussion (1) on the GST system in India, (2) being exhausted Shifa gave up the argument (3) and exclaimed 'I concede! You win!' (4) No error (5).
Directions (7 – 10): The following question consists of a single sentence with a blank. You are given five words as answer choice and you have to pick one correct answer, which will make the sentence meaningfully complete.
7. "I hope you are able to account ______ your unavailability during the busiest time of the month.", said the boss to one of her employees.
a) In
b) Upon
c) Into
d) For
e) Of
8. The topper of our class applied _______ a fully-funded scholarship for the next semester.
a) To
b) In
c) For
d) On
e) Through
9. The random reading of literary works _____ quite beneficial for students oriented towards academics.
a) Is
b) Have been
c) Are
d) Was
e) Were
10. Giving up the wrong pleasure is not self-sacrifice _____self-culture.
a) And
b) Yet
c) Besides
d) Or
e) But

Directions (11 – 15): A passage is given below with five blanks labelled (1) - (5). Below the passage, five alternatives are given for each blank. Out of those five alternatives, choose the best one which fills up the blank appropriately and makes the sentence grammatically complete.
Madhubani, practised in the Mithila region of India, is a famous form of folk art. It is done with the help of natural ___(11)___and dyes. The equipment for painting is also usually handcrafted. Geometrical figures with lively and ___(12)___ use of color are the most striking features of Madhubani paintings. The paintings were initially made on the freshly-plastered mud walls but now have been using different ___(13)___ like cloth, handmade paper, and canvas. The most common subject of Madhubani paintings concerns itself with the depiction of Ardhnarishwar (the creator); the practitioners of Hinduism believe that the world was formed because of the ___(14)___of the female and male powers of Parvati and Shiva. This is the reason that artists working in Madhubani art do not draw a single line but always draw double lines symbolizing the ___(15)___between the opposites. Other themes include the depiction of birth, marriage, festivities, natural phenomenon (sunrise, rain, sunset) and pujas. Some of the award-winning and well-known practitioners of Madhubani art are Mahasundari Devi, Sita Devi, Godavari Dutt, Bharti Dayal and Bua Devi.
11. a) images  b) arts  c) patterns  d) motifs  e) pigments 
12. a) vibrant  b) dull  c) moist  d) shabby  e) enchanting 
13. a) agencies  b) mechanisms  c) tools  d) mediums  e) factors 
14. a) seperation  b) union  c) diversity  d) distance  e) digression 
15. a) dissonance  b) symphony  c) harmony  d) polyphony  e) incongruity 

Answers with Explanation:
1. C) The phrase '..and the others serves by tending juveniles..' is grammatically incorrect. The verb after a plural subject will always be plural. The sentence must follow the subject-verb agreement.
Hence, the correct construction would be 'the others serve by tending juveniles'.
2. C) The phrase 'the general manager is been deciding' is grammatically incorrect.
It is grammatically wrong to put 'been' after a 'be'-verb i.e 'is'. Since the sentence suggests that the general manager wants to give a raise and a bonus to all her staff, the correct sentence would be 'the general manager has decided'.
3. D) The sentence indicates that even after encountering the crudity of literary arts, we get attracted towards it for its inherent beauty.
There are clearly two simple sentences joined by the conjunction 'and' whereas the sentence indicates a contrasting relationship between both the sentences.
4. A) The sentence indicates that it was not necessary for Gautam to wait as the other person already knew the route.
However, the use of 'couldn't wait' in part 1 of the sentence problematises the intended meaning. The correct grammar would have been 'Gautam did not need to wait for me'.
5. A) The sentence suggests that a new dedicated fund has been established by the Union Finance Ministry.
The Union Finance Ministry is a singular term acting as a unit. Hence, the verb in A should be singular present perfect i.e 'has' should be in the place of 'have'.
6. E)
7. D) 'Account for' means to explain.
Out of the other options, if we separately put 'into' and 'of' beside 'account', both create two individual phrasal verbs, which respectively mean paying attention and to consider.
However, since in the sentence the boss expects an explanation from her employee, the correct answer would be (D), i.e 'account for'. 
8. C) The correct answer is (C) because the phrasal verb 'apply for' means to make a formal request for something official.
We often confuse it with 'apply to' or 'apply in'. But the grammatically correct phrase is 'apply for'
9. A) The sentence is a general statement. Hence, the tense should be present tense. And the subject is the act of 'random reading' and not 'literary works. Therefore the verb used should be a singular present tense verb which makes (A) the correct option.
10. E) The correct preposition to fill the blank with would be 'but'. 
11. E)   12. A)   13. D)   14. B)   15. C)