Reasoning Ability Practice Questions for IBPS Clerk – Set 6

Mentor for Bank Exams
Reasoning Ability Practice Questions for IBPS Clerk – Set 6
Directions (1 – 3): The following questions are based on the three - digit numbers given below:
758, 159, 286, 537, 839
1. If in each number, the first and third digit are interchanged which is the second highest number?
(a)  758
(b)  286
(c)  537
(d)  839
(e)  159
2. If in each number, the digits are arranged in ascending order which of the following will be the second lowest number?
(a)  839
(b)  537
(c)  159
(d)  286
(e)  758
3. Interchanging the second and third digits of each number, what will be the first digit of the largest number?
(a)  1
(b)  5
(c)  7
(d)  8
(e)  None of these
Directions (4 – 5): Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions.
In a certain code language:
‘everyone should go park daily’ is written as ‘lo na vx pa sa’
‘go park in good morning’ is written as ‘cg pa lo ke to’
‘park is good for everyone’ is written as ‘sa ka to re lo’
‘go for morning park daily’ is written as ‘vx pa cg lo ka’
4. Which of the following does ‘ke’ stand for?
(a)  for
(b)  in
(c)  good
(d)  everyone
(e)  is or good
5. What is code for ‘for’?
(a)  lo
(b)  ka
(c)  re
(d)  Pa
(e)  sa
Directions (6 – 10): In the following questions, the symbols $, %, *, & and © are used with the following meaning as illustrated below:
‘A # B’ means ‘A is neither greater than nor equal to B’.
‘A ? B’ means ‘A is neither smaller than nor greater than B’.
‘A @ B’ means ‘A is not greater than B’.
‘A & B’ means ‘A is greater than B’.
‘A * B’ means ‘A is either greater than or equal to B’.
Now in each of the following questions assuming the given statements to be true, find which of the conclusion/s given below them is/are definitely true?
6. Statements: K # L & M, N & M, N # K
Conclusions:
I. N # L
II. M # K
III. L & K
(a)  All the Conclusions are true.
(b)  Both Conclusions I and II are true.
(c)  Only Conclusion I is true.
(d)  Only Conclusion III is true.
(e)  Both Conclusions II and III are true.
7. Statements: A # B, C * A, D # B
Conclusions:
I. C & B
II. D ? A
III. D # C
(a)  Only Conclusion I is true.
(b)  Both Conclusions I and II are true.
(c)  Either Conclusion II or III is true.
(d)  No Conclusion is true.
(e)  Both Conclusions II and III are true.
8. Statements: L * M * N, O ? M, P # N
Conclusions:
I. O & P
II. L * N
III. P & M
(a)  Only Conclusion I is true
(b)  Both Conclusions I and II are true.
(c)  Only Conclusion III is true.
(d)  Neither Conclusion I nor III is true.
(e)  Both Conclusions II and III are true.
9. Statements: V & W, W ? X, X & Z, Y ? W
Conclusions:
I. V & Z
II. W # Z
III. X ? Y
(a)  Only Conclusion I is true.
(b)  Both Conclusions I and II are true.
(c)  Only Conclusion III is true.
(d)  Both Conclusion II nor III is true.
(e)  Both Conclusion I and III are true
10. Statements: G ? H & I, J # G
Conclusions:
I. J & I
II. H # J
III. G & I
(a)  Only Conclusion III is true.
(b)  Both Conclusions I and II are true.
(c)  Only Conclusion I is true.
(d)  No Conclusion is true.
(e)  Both Conclusions II and III are true.
Directions (11 – 15): The question below consists of a question and two statements numbered I and II given below it. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question. Read both the statements and give the answer.
11. Who among T, Q and Z is (are) to the East of M? (All are standing in a straight line in the direction of East-West)
I. Q, who is to the West of M, and is not as near to Z as M is, Z is in the farthest East.
II. M is not as far away from Z as T is.
(a)  Data in statement I alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in Statement II alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
(b)  Data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement I alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
(c)  Data in statement I alone or in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question.
(d)  Data in both the statement I and II together are not sufficient answer the question.
(e)  Data in both the statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question.
12. Who amongst X, Z, B, D and F was the first to reach the party hall?
I. Z, who reached earlier than F, X and B was not the first to reach.
II. X, who reached earlier than F and B could not reach earlier than D, who was at the party hall before Z.
(a)  Data in statement I alone is sufficient to answer the question, while the data in Statement II alone is not sufficient to answer the question.
(b)  Data in statement II alone is sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement I alone is not sufficient to answer the question.
(c)  Data in statement I alone or in statement II alone is sufficient to answer the question.
(d)  Data in both the statement I and II together is not sufficient answer the question.
(e)  Data in both the statements I and II together is necessary to answer the question.
13. How is ‘stand’ coded?
I. ‘cost of pen’ is coded as ‘la ke ij’.
II. ‘pen stand’ is coded as ‘ke hu’.
(a)  The data in Statement I alone is sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement II alone is not sufficient to answer the question.
(b)  The data in statement II alone is sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement I alone is not sufficient to answer the question.
(c)  The data in either statement I alone or statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question.
(d)  The data in both statements I and II are not sufficient to answer the question.
(e)  The data in both the statements I and II are together necessary to answer the question.
14. Is A the daughter of S?
I. M, the sister of R is the mother of A. The son of S is the only brother of A.
II. S is the only child of Q. Q has only one granddaughter and one grandson.
(a)  The data in Statement I alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in Statement II alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
(b)  The date in Statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in Statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question.
(c)  The data either in statement I alone or in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question.
(d)  The data in neither the statement I nor II is sufficient to answer the question.
(e)  The data in both the statements I and II together is sufficient to answer the question.
15. In which direction is point E with reference to point S?
I. Point D is to the east of point E. Point E is to the south of Point F.
II. Point F is to the north-west of point S. Point D is to the north of point S.
(a)  Data in statement I alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement II alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
(b)  Data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement I alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
(c)  Data in either statement I alone or statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question.
(d)  Data in both the statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question.
(e)  Data in both the statements I and II are together necessary to answer the question.


Solutions:
1. D) Given numbers are:
758, 159, 286, 537, 839
Interchanging first and third digits:
857, 951, 682, 735, 938
Second highest number is 938.
Thus answer is 839.
2. D) Given numbers are:
758, 159, 286, 537, 839
Arranging in ascending order:
578, 159, 268, 357, 389
Second lowest number: 268
Thus, answer will be 286
3. D) Given numbers are:
758, 159, 286, 537, 839
Interchanging the second and the third digit:
785, 195, 268, 573, 893
Largest number: 893
Answer is 8.
(4 – 5): The words are decoded as follows:
everyone – sa; should – na; go – pa; park – lo; daily – vx; in – ke; good – to; morning – cg; is – re; for – ka;
4. B)   5. B)  
(6 – 10): According to the given information,
A is
Symbol
&
@
#
*
?
Meaning
> 
< 
=
B
6. A) Given statement: K # L & M, N & M, N # K
After converting: K < L > M, N > M, N < K
After combining: M < N < K < L
Conclusions:
I. N # L N < L (True)
II. M # K M < K (True)
III. L & K L > K (True)
Hence, all the conclusions follow.
7. D) Given statement: A # B, C * A, D # B
After converting: A < B, C ≥ A, D < B
After combining: C ≥ A < B, D < B
Conclusions:
I. C & B C > B (Cant be determined as C A < B)
II. D ? A D = A (Cant be determined as A < B > D)
III. D # C D < C (Can’t be determined as no relationship between D and C or B and C is given)
Hence, none of the conclusions follow
8. B) Given statement: L * M * N, O ? M, P # N
After converting: L ≥ M ≥ N, O = M, P < N
After combining: L ≥ M = O ≥ N > P
Conclusions:
I. O & P O > P (True)
II. L * N L N (True)
III. P & M P > M (False, as M > P)
Hence, only conclusion I and II follow.
9. E) Given statement: V & W, W ? X, X & Z, Y ? W
After converting: V > W, W = X, X > Z, Y = W
After combining: V > W = Y = X > Z
Conclusions:
I. V & Z V > Z (True)
II. W # Z W < Z (False as W > Z)
III. X ? Y X = Y (True)
Hence, only conclusion I and III follow.
10. A) Given statement: G ? H & I, J # G
After converting: G = H > I, J < G
After combining: J < G = H > I
Conclusions:
I. J & I J > I (Cant be determined as J < G > I)
II. H # J  H < J (False as H > J)
III. G & I G > I (True)
Hence, only conclusion III follows.
11. E)   
12. C) Note: Here the person after ‘→’ is late one.
From statement 1: Z, who reached earlier than F, X and B was not the first to reach.
Z F, X and B  was not first to reach and only D is left,
so D reached the party first.
Hence, Data in statement I alone is sufficient to answer the question
From statement 2: X, who reached earlier than F and B could not reach earlier than D, who was at the party hall before Z.
X F, B and D X & D Z
D X F, B & D Z
Clearly, Data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question
from statements II we can depict that D is the first to reach the party hall.
13. E) I. ‘cost of pen’ is coded as ‘la ke ij’.=> we can’t say what is the code for ‘stand’.
II. ‘pen stand’ is coded as ‘ke hu’.=> we can’t say what is the code for ‘stand’.
On combining I and II,
I. ‘cost of pen’ is coded as ‘la ke ij’
II. ‘pen stand’ is coded as ‘ke hu’.
Clearly, ‘Pen’ is common in both statements and thus, the common code is ‘ke’. Hence, ‘stand’ is coded as ‘hu’.
Hence, data in both the statements I and II are together necessary to answer the question.
14. E)
15. E)