Reasoning Ability Practice Questions for IBPS Clerk – Set 4

Mentor for Bank Exams
Reasoning Ability Practice Questions for IBPS Clerk – Set 4
Directions (1 – 5): Kindly study the following information carefully and answer the questions given beside.
Seven persons, namely Aman, Baua, Chandan, Dharma, Ejaz, Fiza and Gagan, like seven different colors, namely Blue, Pink, Red, Yellow, Green, Black and White but not necessarily in the same order. Each person also works in the same office but in a different department (on the basis of work experience). The departments are HR, Admin, Sales, Marketing, Support, Finanace and IT, but not necessarily in the same order.
Each employee has been allocated to a department as per increasing order of experience with the one in HR being the least experienced whilst the one in IT being the most experienced.
Only one person has more experience than Baua. Ejaz works in Finance. The one who likes Yellow colour is more experienced than the one who likes White colour but less experienced than Ejaz. The one who likes Yellow colour does not work in Sales. Dharma is more experienced than the one who likes Yellow colour but less experienced than the one who likes Pink colour. Baua does not like Pink colour. Aman likes Black colour. The one who likes Blue is less experienced than Dharma. Both Chandan and Fiza have less experience than the one who likes Blue colour. Fiza neither likes Yellow nor is the least experienced employee. The one who likes Red colour is the 5th most experienced person but neither this person nor Baua works in either Sales or Marketing department. Baua does not work in Admin whereas Dharma does not work in Support.
1. Which of the following colours does Baua like?
a) Blue
b) Green
c) White
d) Yellow
e) None of these
2. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way based on the given arrangement and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?
a) Chandan-Dharma
b) Aman-Gagan
c) Gagan-Dharma
d) Aman-Chandan
e) None of these
3. Which of the following pairs represents the respective people who have more experience than Ejaz and less experience than Fiza?
a) Chandan, Aman
b) Gagan, Dharma
c) Baua, Aman
d) Gagan, Baua
e) None of these
4. Which combination represents the department in which Gagan works and the colour he likes?
a) IT-Pink
b) Support-Pink
c) Support-Red
d) IT-Green
e) None of these
5. As per the given arrangement, HR is related to White and Finance is related to Red in a certain way. Which of the following is Marketing related to in the same manner?
a) Blue
b) Green
c) Yellow
d) Pink
e) Red
Directions (6 – 8): Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given beside.
The Hansraj family consists of eight members P, Q, R, S, T, U, V and W. Among these eight members, there are three generations in which there are four male and four female members. Among all, each off-spring has both the parents alive.
The husband of R’s sister has two daughters. The husband of T’s daughter is married to V. V has only one sibling. U's father-in-law has two granddaughters. W's brother has only one nephew and W is not V's mother. R is unmarried and Q has only one niece.
6. Which of the following is the grandmother of S?
a) W
b) T
c) V
d) U
e) None of these
7. Who among the following is the Uncle of U's spouse?
a) W
b) T
c) R
d) Q
e) None of these
8. Which of the following is a combination of the couple discussed in the information part?
a) Q and W
b) T and R
c) W and T
d) P and S
e) None of these
Directions (9 – 10): Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given beside.
Virendra’s house is 30 m to the left of the Shani Dev Temple, which is 40 m to the north of the Church. One day, Virendra takes the road which is parallel to the temple-Church road and walks for 50 m before turning to his right. He further walks for 20 m and reaches the Gym.
9. What is difference between the straight distance between Virendra’s house to Church and Shani Dev Temple to Gym?
a) 20.7m
b) 50m
c) 37.7m
d) 70.7m
e) None of these
10. If Virendra reaches the church taking the temple-church road and then turns 45 degrees thrice in the clock-wise direction, which direction would he be facing?
a) Towards the Gym
b) Towards to the House
c) Towards the Temple
d) North-East direction
e) None of these
Directions (11 – 15): In this question, relationship between different elements is shown in the statements. The statement is followed by conclusions. Study the conclusions based on the given statement and select the appropriate answer.
11. Statement: A = B = C ≥ D ≥ E ≥ F = G = H
Conclusions: I. C > F       II. B = G      III. H ≤ D
a) Only C1 follows.
b) Either C2 or C3 follows.
c) Only C2 follows.
d) Either C1 or C2 and C3 follows.
e) None follows
12. Statement: V ≥ X ≥ O ≥ P = S = Q ≥ L > N
Conclusions: I. Q V     II. N < P      III. P V
a) None follows.
b) Only C2 follows.
c) Either C2 or C3 follows.
d) Only C1 follows.
e) All C1, C2 and C3 follow.
13. Statement: P = Q ≠ R < S = J = N < K
Conclusions: I. Q < S       II. P > J      III. Q = N
a) Any one of C1, C2 and C3 definitely follows.
b) Only C2 follows.
c) Either C1 or C3 follows.
d) Either C1 or C2 and C3 definitely follows.
e) None of these
14. Statement: Z ≥ S > T = Q = N P = M
Conclusions: I. N < Z      II. Q = P      III. M > T
a) Only C1 follows.
b) Either C2 or C3 and C1 definitely follows.
c) Either C2 or C3 follows.
d) Only C2 and C3 follow.
e) None of these
15. Statement: S = T ≥ Q ≥ N < M ≤ P = L
Conclusions: I. S < P      II. N < T      III. S ≥ P
a) Only C1 and C2 follow.
b) Either C1 or C2 and C3 definitely follows.
c) None follows.
d) Either C1 or C3 follows.
e) None of these


Solutions:
(1 – 5): Explanation:

1. B)   2. C)   3. C)   4. A)   5. A)  
(6 – 8): Explanation:

6. B)   7. D)   8. C)  
9. A)

Applying the Pythagoras theorem, we get
Distance between the house and the church = √(302 + 402) = √(900 + 1600) = √2500 = 50 m
Now, the distance between the temple and the gym = √(502 + 502) = 50√2 m
Therefore, the required difference = 50 (√2 – 1) = 50 x 0.414 = 20.7 m
10. B)

From the final figure we can deduce the fact that Virendra must be facing his house.
11. D) Given Statement: A = B = C ≥ D ≥ E ≥ F = G = H
For C1, we can see that between C and F the common sign is of '≥' which means C1 individually doesn't follow. But if we look at C2 which is B = G (or C = F because we have B = C and G = F), we can say that either C1 or C2 follows.
Now, between H and D the common sign is of '≤' (while moving from H to D), which is given as C3. 
Hence C3 completely follows.
12. E) Given Statement: V ≥ X ≥ O ≥ P = S = Q ≥ L > N
Conclusions: I. Q V     II. N < P      III. P ≤ V
For C1, we can see that between Q and V, (while moving from Q to V) the common sign of inequality is of '≤' which means Q is either less than or equal to V, while C1 says Q is not greater than V, which is exactly the same thing. C1 hence follows. 
In the second conclusion, between N and P (while moving from N to P), the common sign is of '<', therefore the conclusion 2, which is N < P, follows as well.
Similarly, in the third conclusion, between P and V (while moving from P to V), the common sign is of '≤', therefore the conclusion 3, which is P ≤ V, follows too.
13. A) Given Statement: P = Q ≠ R < S = J = N < K
Conclusions: I. Q < S       II. P > J      III. Q = N
For C1, we can see that between Q and S there is no common sign, therefore we cannot deduce a definite relationship between these two elements.
Now, if observe further we can write the given conclusions as:
I. P < S       II. P > S      III. P = S
Because, P = Q and S = J = N
In any scenario, one of these three conclusions has to be true.
14. B) Given Statement: Z ≥ S > T = Q = N  P = M
Conclusions: I. N < Z      II. Q = P      III. M > T
For C1, we can see that between N and Z (moving from N to Z) the common sign of inequality is of '<', therefore C1 follows.
In the second conclusion, between Q and P we can deduce the fact that Q = N and M = P which means conclusion 2 and 3 can be written N = P and P > N.
And as we can see if N is not greater than P, it must be wither less than or equal to P which confirms that either C2 or C3 definitely follow.
15. D) Given Statement: S = T ≥ Q ≥ N < M ≤ P = L
Conclusions: I. S < P      II. N < T      III. S ≥ P
For C1, we can see that between S and P the signs of inequalities are getting opposite and therefore we can't deduce a definite relationship between these two elements. However, if we observe the given conclusions, we can find that in any given scenario, S would be less than P, or greater than P or equal to P. 
Therefore, either C1 or C3 follows.
Now, between N and T (while moving from N to T), the common sign is of '≤' but in the given conclusion it is only '<'. C2, hence, doesn't follow.