Reasoning Ability Practice Questions for IBPS Clerk – Set 2

Mentor for Bank Exams
Reasoning Ability Practice Questions for IBPS Clerk – Set 2
1. Directions: In the question below relationship between different elements is shown in the statements. The statements are followed by two conclusions.
Statement: G = O ≠ Z ≤ C; V < N < C
Conclusions:
I.  Z > G
II. Z < G
(a)  Only conclusion I is true.
(b)  Both conclusions I and conclusion II are true.
(c)  Either conclusion I or conclusion II is true.
(d)  Neither conclusion I nor conclusion II is true.
(e)  Only conclusion II is true.
2. Directions: In the question below relationship between different elements is shown in the statements. The statements are followed by two conclusions.
Statement: P ≤ D ≥ C ≥ W ≥ X; X = R
Conclusions:
I.  P ≤ R     
II. D ≥ R
(a)  Only conclusion I is true.
(b)  Both conclusions I and conclusion II are true.
(c)  Either conclusion I or conclusion II is true.
(d)  Neither conclusion I nor conclusion II is true.
(e)  Only conclusion II is true.
3. Directions: In the question below relationship between different elements is shown in the statements. The statements are followed by two conclusions.
Statement: G ≠ A ≠ V ≠ H = M = U ≠ Y > N < P
Conclusions:
I. A ≥ M                                     
II. M < P
(a)  Only conclusion I is true.
(b)  Both conclusions I and conclusion II are true.
(c)  Either conclusion I or conclusion II is true.
(d)  Neither conclusion I nor conclusion II is true.
(e)  Only conclusion II is true.
4. Directions: In the following question assuming the given statements to be true, find which of the conclusion among given three conclusions is /are definitely true and then give your answers accordingly.
Statements: A ≥ B; X = B; O < X; D ≥ O
Conclusions:
I. B > D
II. A ≥ X
III. O = A
(a)  None is true
(b)  Only I is true
(c)  Only II is true
(d)  Only III is true
(e)  All are true
5. Directions: In the following question assuming the given statements to be true, find which of the conclusion among given three conclusions is /are definitely true and then give your answers accordingly.
StatementsA > B; B < C; A > T; S < A
Conclusions:
I. A < S
II. T > S
III. A = C
(a)  None is true
(b)  Only I is true
(c)  Only I and II is true
(d)  Only II and III is true
(e)  Only III is true
Directions (6 – 10): In the question below are given two statements followed by three conclusions. You have to take the given two statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts. Give answer.
6. Statements:
All Neepa are Mansi.
Some Mansi are Poonam.
Conclusions:
I. Some Mansi are Neepa.
II. No Poonam is Neepa.
III. All Poonam is Mansi.
(a)  Only I
(b)  Only III
(c)  Only I and III
(d)  Only II and III
(e)  None of these
7. Statements:
All books are magazines.
All magazines are ice.
Some ice are drops.
Conclusion:
I. There is a possibility that all drops are books.
II. At least some ice are books.
(a)  Only conclusion I follows.
(b)  Only conclusion II follows.
(c)  Either conclusion I or II follows.
(d)  Neither conclusion I nor II follows.
(e)  Both conclusions I and II follow
8. Statements:
No pins are tins.
All tins are coppers.
No copper is a metal.
Conclusions:
I. All metals being tins is possibility.
II. Some tins are not coppers.
(a)  Only conclusion I follow.
(b)  Only conclusion II follows.
(c)  Either conclusion I or conclusion II follows.
(d)  Neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows.
(e)  Both conclusions I and II follow
9. Statements:
Some flowers are babies.
No flower is an olives.
Conclusions:
I. All olives are babies.
II. Some olives are definitely not flowers.
(a)  Only conclusion I follows.
(b)  Only conclusion II follow.
(c)  Either conclusion I or II follows.
(d)  Neither conclusion I nor II follows.
(e)  Both conclusions I and II follow
10. Statements:
Some buildings are telephones.
Some helicopters are telephones.
Some helicopters are trees.
Conclusions:
I. Some helicopters are buildings.
II. Some trees are buildings.
III. Some trees are telephones.
IV. No tree is buildings
(a)  None follows
(b)  Only either II or IV and III follow
(c)  Only either II or IV follows
(d)  Only III follows
(e)  All follow
Directions (11 – 15): Study the following information and answer the question given below:
A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H are eight persons sitting around along a round table out of which exactly four are looking towards the center of table and exactly four are looking away from the center of the table. The following facts are also known about their seating arrangement:
i. H who is three places away to the right of B is opposite to D.
ii A who is looking towards the center of the table is to the left of F who is to the right of H.
iii. B is to the left of D who is to the right of G.
iv. A and C are not adjacent to each other. C is to the right of E.
v. B who is opposite to F is neither adjacent to G nor C.
11. Which of the following is the correct combination of four persons who are looking towards the center of table?
(a)  AHGB
(b)  AHBE
(c)  AFCD
(d)  AFED
(e)  None of these
12. C who is looking _______ the center of the table is to the _______ of H.
(a)  Away from, left
(b)  Towards, left
(c)  Towards, right
(d)  Away from, right
(e)  Cannot be determined
13. Person opposite to F is looking _______ from the center of the table and is to the ______ of E.
(a)  Away, left
(b)  Away, right
(c)  Towards, left
(d)  Towards, right
(e)  None of these
14. Who is sitting opposite A?
(a)  C
(b)  H
(c)  D
(d)  E
(e)  G
15. Which of the following statements is true?
(a)  G and C are sitting opposite to each other and are facing towards the center of the table.
(b)  A is sitting opposite to C.
(c)  F and B are adjacent to each other.
(d)  D is facing towards the center of the table.
(e)  None of these


Solutions:
1. C) Given statement: G = O ≠ Z ≤ C; V < N < C
On combining: G = O >/< Z ≤ C > N > V
Conclusion:
I. Z > G → It may be possible as G = O >/< Z but Z can be less than G as well.
II. Z < G → It may be possible as G = O >/< Z but Z can be greater than G as well.
Conclusion I and conclusion II are complementary to each other.
Hence either conclusion I or conclusion II is true.
2. D) Given statement: P ≤ D ≥ C ≥ W ≥ X; X = R
On combining: P ≤ D ≥ C ≥ W ≥ X = R
Conclusion:
 I. P ≤ R → Not true as it is given that P ≤ D ≥ C ≥ W ≥ X = R therefore there is no definite relation between them.
II. D ≥ R → True as it is given that D ≥ C ≥ W ≥ X = R.
Hence only conclusion II is true.
3. D) Given statements: G ≠ A ≠ V ≠ H = M = U ≠ Y > N < P
On combining:  G >/< A >/< V >/< H = M = U >/< Y > N < P
Conclusion:
 I. A ≥ M → Not true as it is given that A >/< V >/< H = M.
II. M < P → It may be possible as it is given that M = U >/< Y > N < P but M can be greater as well.
Hence neither conclusion I nor conclusion II is true.
4. C) Here, according to the given information: A ≥ B = X > O ≤ D
Conclusions:
I. B > D → False (as B can be < or = D)
II. A ≥ X → True (as A ≥ B = X)
III. O = A → False (as A > O)
Therefore, only conclusion II is true.
5. A) Here, according to the given information: T < A > B < C; S < A; S < A > T
Conclusions:
I. A < S → False (as A > S)
II. T > S → False (as S < A > T)
III. A = C → False (as A can be >, < or = C)
Therefore, none of the conclusions are true.
6. A)

Conclusions:
I. Some Mansi are Neepa → It’s, definitely true.
II. No Poonam is Neepa → It’s possible but not definite, hence false.
III. All Poonam is Mansi → It’s possible but not definite, hence false.
Hence only conclusion I follows.
7. E)

Conclusions:
I. There is a possibility that all drops are books → Clearly follows, hence true.
II. At least some ices are books → Clearly follows, hence true.
Hence, both conclusion I and II follow.
8. D)

Conclusions:
I. All metals being tins is possibility → Clearly doesn’t follow, hence false.
II. Some tins are not coppers → Clearly doesn’t follow, hence false.
Hence, neither of the conclusions follows.
9. B)

Conclusions:
I. All olives are babies: It is possible but not definite.
II. Some olives are definitely not flowers: It is true.
Hence, only II statement follows.
10. C)

Conclusions:
I. Some helicopters are buildings → it’s possible but not definite, hence false.
II. Some trees are buildings → it’s possible but not definite, hence false.
III. Some trees are telephones → it’s possible but not definite, hence false.
IV. No tree is buildings → it’s possible but not definite, hence false.
Here conclusion II and IV form complementary pair.
Thus either conclusion II or IV follows.
(11 – 15): Explanation:

11. C)   12. B)   13. A)   14. D)   15. D)