Reasoning Ability Practice Questions for IBPS Clerk – Set 1

Mentor for Bank Exams
Reasoning Ability Practice Questions for IBPS Clerk – Set 1
Direction (1 – 5): Study the following information and answer the following questions.
In a parking area, ten cars are parked. Some are facing east and some are facing west. Only one car at one of the ends is facing east direction and all other cars are standing in a group of three cars facing in either of the directions i.e. east or west. Total cars facing towards west direction are six and remaining cars are facing in opposite direction.
Xylo is parked at immediate right of Swift. To the immediate left of the Maruti Suzuki, Ford is parked and it is facing east direction, they both are facing opposite direction. Honda city is parked to the immediate right of Eeco and immediate right of Punto. Audi is parked at one of the ends. Punto is facing west. Sumo is standing to the immediate right of Ford. Ford is second to the left of Eeco. Maruti 800 is not facing east, and standing between swift and Maruti Suzuki. Cars at the immediate end must be in opposite direction to each other.
1. Which car is parked to the left of Swift?
(a)  Ford
(b)  Maruti 800
(c)  Maruti Suzuki
(d)  Eeco
(e)  Punto
2. Which cars are parked at the extreme end?
(a)  Xylo, Audi
(b)  Xylo, Swift
(c)  Swift, Audi
(d)  Xylo, Punto
(e)  Punto, Audi
3. Which car is parked to the second right of Punto?
(a)  Audi
(b)  Honda city
(c)  Sumo
(d)  Eeco
(e)  Swift
4. Which among the following cars is not facing east?
(a)  Ford
(b)  Sumo
(c)  Eeco
(d)  Xylo
(e)  Swift
5. Which among the following is odd group?
(a)  Swift, Maruti 800, Maruti Suzuki
(b)  Honda city, Punto, Audi
(c)  Ford, Sumo,Eeco
(d)  Swift, Maruti 800, Xylo
(e)  None of these
Directions (6 – 10): The following questions are based on the five three letter words given below
GHV PEN DTD TNU FGM
(Note: The words formed after performing the given operations may or may not be meaningful English words.)
6. If each letter of all the words are changed to the next letter of the English alphabetical series, how any words will have exactly two consonants?
(a)  None
(b)  1
(c)  2
(d)  3
(e)  All
7. If first and third letters of all words are interchanged, which word will come second last as per dictionary order?
(a)  GHV
(b)  PEN
(c)  DTD
(d)  TNU
(e)  FGM
8. If the second letter of all the words are changed to their respective first letters, which word will come third as per dictionary order?
(a)  GHV
(b)  DTD
(c)  FGM
(d)  PEN
(e)  TNU
9. If the second letter of all the words is changed to the next letter of the English alphabetical series, how many words will have at least one vowel? (Same or different Vowel)
(a)  None
(b)  3
(c)  2
(d)  4
(e)  1
10. If all the letters in each of the words are arranged alphabetically (within the word), how many words will remain unchanged?
(a)  3
(b)  1
(c)  4
(d)  2
(e)  None
Directions (11 – 13): Read the following information carefully and answer the question given below.
D is the sister of B, B is cousin of K & P, F is husband of D, M is father of D, N is the son of M.
11. What is the relation between P & N?
(a)  Cousin
(b)  Brother
(c)  Sister
(d)  Sister-in-law
(e)  Brother-in-law
12. How is B related to F?
(a)  Brother-in-law
(b)  Sister-in-law
(c)  Data inadequate
(d)  Cousin
(e)  Uncle
13. How is M related to K?
(a)  Brother
(b)  Sister
(c)  Wife
(d)  Cousin
(e)  Uncle
Directions (14 – 15): Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below.
A boy is going for his tuition. He walked towards north direction covering 10m then he took his left and walked 5m then he walked 5m towards his south. Then he walked south-west direction covering 13m,reaching in the same line of his house.
14. How far (minimum distance) is his tuition from his house?
(a)  10m
(b)  18m
(c)  19m
(d)  11m
(e)  17m
15. Now from his tuition he went to his friend’s house which is 5m in north direction from tuition. Then his friend’s house is in which direction with respect to his house?
(a)  North
(b)  South
(c)  North-east
(d)  North-west
(e)  South-east


Solutions:
(1 – 5):
Xylo (Right →)
Swift (Left ←)
Maruti800 (Left ←)
Suziki (Left ←)
Ford (Right →)
Sumi (Right →)
Eco (Right →)
Hondacity (Left ←)
Punto (Left ←)
Audi (Left ←)
1. B)   2. A)   3. D)   4. E)   5. D)  
6. C) Given words: GHV PEN DTD TNU FGM
After changing: HIW QFO EUE UOV GHN
Words with exactly two consonants are: HIW QFO
7. D) Given Words: GHV PEN DTD TNU FGM
After interchanging: VHG NEP DTD UNT MGF
Arranging in ascending order as per dictionary: DTD MGF NEP UNT VHG
Hence second last word is UNT i.e. TNU.
8. A) Given Words: GHV PEN DTD TNU FGM
After changing: GGV PPN DDD TTU FFM
Arranging in ascending order as per dictionary: DDD FFM GGV PPN TTU
Hence third word is GGV i.e. GHV
9. B) Given Words: GHV PEN DTD TNU FGM
After changing the second letter: GIV PFN DUD TOU FHM
Words with at least one vowel: GIV DUD TOU
Hence answer is 3.
10. D) Given Words: GHV PEN DTD TNU FGM
After arranging alphabetically: GHV ENP DDT NTU FGM
Hence only two words remain unchanged, GHV and FGM.
(11 – 13): Explanation:
11. A)   12. C)   13. E)  
14. E)
Given AB = 10 m, BC = 5 m, CD = 5 m, DE = 13 m
Now BA = 10 m = CF (as they are parallel and equal)
Now in ∆DEF
ED= DF+ EF2
13= 5+ EF2
EF= 169 - 25
EF = √ (169 – 25)
EF = √144
EF = 12 m
Therefore, distance of tuition from his house is EF + FA = 12 + 5 = 17 m
15. D)
Given AB =10m, BC = 5m, CD = 5m, DE =13m
Now BA =10m = CF (as they are parallel and equal)
Therefore it is in North-west direction.