English Language Practice Questions for IBPS Clerk – Set 1

Mentor for Bank Exams
English Language Practice Questions for IBPS Clerk – Set 1
Directions (1 – 5): Read the following sentence to find out whether there is any error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number of that part is the answer. If there is no error, the answer is (E). Ignore errors of punctuation, if any.
1. Historically, Classic Education was built (A) on a three tier time frame (B) for education that was not bound by a student's age (C)/, but skill level, unlike today (D). No error (E) 
2. People who are uninsured or underinsured can (A)/ experience financial strain and require assistance (B)/ from alternative funding sources such as (C)/ community groups, charity organizations, but local business establishments (D)/. No Error (E)
3. Modern day education is more better (A)/ than Classic Education as it offers (B)/ skill-development and (C)/ vocational education to every child (D). No Error (E)
4. Owing to the emergence of several companies (A)/ such as, the Royal Sundaram, Bajaj Allianz, ICICI Lombard and HDFC in the field of healthcare (B)/, the popularity of health insurance in India(C)/ is on the rise (D)/. No error (E)
5. The students could and should spend much more of their time (A)/ thinking critically, analysing information themselves (B)/ instead of just learn it, do real things, develop their talents (C) and build quality relationships and communities (D). No error (E)
Directions (6 – 10): Below, a passage is given with five blanks labelled (A) - (E). Below the passage, five options are given for each blank. Choose the word that fits each blank most appropriately in the context of the passage, and mark the corresponding answer.
State Bank of India has entered into a tie-up with Tirumala Milk Products, a South- based company which was ___(A)___ by Groupe Lactalis in 2014, to provide loans to dairy farmers who supply milk to the latter. France-based Groupe Lactalis, which also acquired Indore-based Anik Dairy in 2016, wants to double the number of dairy farmers under its fold to three lakh and ___(B)___ the amount of milk it procures daily to 25 lakh litres by 2020 from 14 lakh litres now. “We have to include more farmers in our fold to be successful in this business in the long term and the financing from the bank will help us in this___(C)__,” said K Baskara Sethupathy, Head (Milk Procurement), Tirumala Milk Products. Under one scheme, the bank provides loans to dairy societies for modernisation and creation of infrastructures such as the purchase of automatic milk collection system, purchase of transport vehicles and bulk chilling unit.“Whatever payments, towards milk ___(D)___ , we make to the dairy farmers, we will deduct from their weekly payments and make the payment (towards loan repayment) directly to the bank once in a month,” explained Sethupathy. This is a ____(E)___  for everyone - for the farmers, dairy companies and banks,” he said. 
6. Which of the following words most appropriately fits the blank labeled (A)?
(a)  Prevaricated
(b)  Enervated
(c)  Acquired
(d)  Both 1 and 2
(e)  Both 2 and 3
7. Which of the following words most appropriately fits the blank labeled (B)?
(a)  Back up
(b)  Move on
(c)  Both 1 and 2
(d)  Ramp up
(e)  Both 1 and 4
8. Which of the following words most appropriately fits the blank labeled (C)?
(a)  Excise
(b)  Endeavour
(c)  Both 1 and 2
(d)  Grandstand
(e)  Grange
9. Which of the following words most appropriately fits the blank labeled (D)?
(a)  Procurement
(b)  Grime
(c)  Hummock
(d)  Impiety
(e)  Both 2 and 4
10. Which of the following words most appropriately fits the blank labeled (E)?
(a)  Impetuous
(b)  Fictitious
(c)  Win-win
(d)  Impolitic
(e)  Both 3 and 4
Directions (11 – 15): Pick out the most effective words from the given words to fill in the blanks to make the sentence meaningfully complete.
11. India’s strength is in its religious ________ and the ________ needs to do everything possible to _________ that.
(a)  peace, area, establish
(b)  tolerance, country, maintain
(c)  intolerance, nation, manage 
(d)  fanaticism, country, eliminate
(e)  tolerance, nation, suspend
12. While the police have ________ many points in Panchkula to restrict entry of vehicles, a large number of followers were ________ walking in groups to reach ________ destination.
(a)  barricaded, seen, their
(b)  opened, followed, that
(c)  rejected, observed, some
(d)  restricted, there, their
(e)  closed, viewed, there
13. While farmers are free to sell their ________ to government agencies or in the open market, it is ________ market prices fall below the MSP that government agencies step in to buy the crop to protect the _________.
(a)  crops, as, producers
(b)  gadgets, when, farmers
(c)  produce, after, cutters
(d)  produce, when, growers
(e)  crops, when, lenders
14. Positive sentiment and high liquidity will ________ to support the market while any major disparity _______ earnings and current valuation could _______ to consolidation.
(a)  vary, on, lead
(b)  continue, among, cause
(c)  pursue, below, definitely
(d)  carry on, between, result
(e)  continue, between, lead
15. The death toll from the _______ that erupted on Friday _______ coordinated attacks by Rohingya insurgents has _______ to 89.
(a)  silence, with, risen
(b)  violence, with, climbed
(c)  order, along, reached
(d)  harmony, with, gone
(e)  killings, with, dropped


Answers with Explanations:
1. E) All the fragments of the sentence are correct and no error can be found.
2. D) The correct phrase would be ‘community groups, charity organizations, or local business establishments’ as various alternative funding sources are mentioned here, and a person can choose any one of them. The conjunction, ‘or’ provides options. Therefore, option 4 contains the erroneous part. The complete correct sentence is :
People who are uninsured or underinsured can experience financial strain and require assistance from alternative funding sources such as community groups, charity organizations, or local business establishments.
3. A) The correct phrase would be ‘Modern day education is better’ as the word, ‘better’ itself is the comparative degree, so ‘more’ is not required.
4. B) No article is used before Proper Nouns, especially before the names of the companies. The correct sentence will be “Owing to the emergence of several companies such as, Royal Sundaram, Bajaj Allianz, ICICI Lombard and HDFC in the field of healthcare, the popularity of health insurance in India is on the rise”.
5. C) We always use the present participle form of verbs after ‘instead of’, so the correct sentence will be “The students could and should spend much more of their time thinking critically, analysing information themselves instead of just learning it, do real things, develop their talents and build quality relationships and communities”.
Note: Also, the concept of parallelism needs to be satisfied at all places. Parallelism brings symmetry to the sentence. Just the way it does here.
6. C) The word 'prevaricated' means 'spoke or acted in an evasive way' and is a misfit here. The word 'enervated' means 'weakened' and fails to convey any meaning here. The word 'acquired' means 'obtained' and conveys the correct meaning. Thus option C is the correct answer.
7. D) The phrasal verb 'back up' means 'support or help' and fails to convey any meaning here. The word 'move on' means 'progress' and is a misfit here. The words 'ramp up' is a term used in economics and business to describe an increase in firm production ahead of anticipated increases in product demand. It conveys the correct meaning. Thus option D is the correct answer.
8. B) The word 'excise' means 'a tax' and is a misfit here. The word 'grandstand' means 'a covered seating area typically in a sports arena' and fails to convey any meaning. The word 'grange' means 'a farmhouse or homestead' and does not make any sense here. The word 'endeavour' means 'try or attempt' and conveys the correct meaning here. Thus option B is the correct answer.
9. A) The word 'procurement' means 'obtaining or buying goods' and conveys the correct meaning here. Thus option A is the correct answer. The word 'grime' means 'a thick layer of dirt' and is a misfit here. The word 'hummock' means 'a plump mound of dirt' and makes no sense here. The word 'impiety' means 'lack of respect for God' and is a misfit here. 
10. C) The word 'impetuous' means 'acting without thinking—done impulsively; sudden decision' and conveys a wrong meaning so it is rejected. The word 'fictitious' means 'not real; imaginary; made up' and is a misfit here. The word 'impolitic' means 'foolish' and fails to convey the correct meaning here. The word 'win-win' means 'a situation in which each party benefits in some way' and is the correct answer. Thus option C is the correct answer.
11. B) Options C and D can be eliminated as a country's strength cannot lie in negative concepts like 'religious intolerance' and 'religious fanaticism. Since, India is a country, both 'country' and 'nation' are valid in the second blank. However, (A) is invalid as the usage of 'area' for India is inappropriate. Since the strength of India comes from 'religious tolerance', it should be maintained rather than suspended. Thus, B is the best fit answer.
12. A) Since the entry of vehicles was restricted, the police must not have opened many points. Thus B is eliminated. The usage of rejected in the first blank makes the sentence sound inappropriate. Similarly, 'restricted' will make the sentence redundant as 'restrict' has been already used later in the sentence. The latter part of the sentence talks about people walking in groups, therefore the determiner 'their' should be used as it belongs to or is associated with the people or things previously mentioned. 'There' is an adverb used while pointing at a place or position. Thus option A is the best fit answer.
13. D) The sentence talks about the condition when the government agencies buy what the farmers produce. Thus, the first blank must either have crops or produce and gadgets in this this context is wrong. This eliminates B. The government would buy the produce once the market prices go below MSP. Thus the second can either have when or after and 'as' is incorrect. This eliminates A. The government would buy the crops to protect the farmers from getting undesirable amount in exchange of their produce, there is no question of protecting the lenders, thus E is incorrect. 'Cutters' is an inappropriate word for to be used for the farmers, thus D is the best fit answer.
14. E) For the second blank only between can be used as two entities are being talked about. This eliminates A and B. In the third blank 'definitely' and 'result' would be inappropriate as the blank follows 'to'. Thus we are left only with option E which has all the three correct words.
15. B) Death tolls can erupt from violence or killings and not from harmony, order or silence. Thus A, C and D can be eliminated. Death tolls cannot be said to have dropped as it can only rise or remain constant on the incident of violence. Thus, option B is the correct answer.