English Language Practice Questions for IBPS Clerk – Set 9

Mentor for Bank Exams
English Language Practice Questions for IBPS Clerk – Set 9
Directions (1 – 7): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words have been highlighted for your attention.
Bhivji Harle is a name that won’t be remembered. A poor, 55-year-old farmer and a resident of Vadala Vardhpur village in Maharashtra’s Wardha district, Harle will become another statistic, a collateral in the man-animal conflict, a forgotten footnote in the grand narrative of tiger conservation. In the evening of September 19, a tigress known as T27C1 attacked and killed Harle on a field in his village. He was the third person she had killed in five months. Harle’s real killer, however, was not the tigress but the astonishing apathy of self-proclaimed wildlife activists and conservationists, forest officers and politicians, who should have known better than to release a conflict tiger into Bor Tiger Reserve, around which are scattered dozens of villages. T27C1, more commonly known as the ‘Bramhapuri problem tigress’ began life in the Bramhapuri forest division of Chandrapur district — home to the Tadoba Tiger Reserve and the ‘tiger capital’ of Maharashtra. Densely populated, humans and big cats live cheek-by-jowl in Brahmapuri. Despite such proximity, though, the conflict has been remarkably low. The division is home to 608 villages, 47 tigers and more than 80 leopards (2016 camera-trapping estimate by Wildlife Conservation Trust), and yet in the past four years, only 13 people have been killed, 205 injured and 2,549 heads of cattle grabbed by wild cats. Moreover, the conflict is restricted to a few pockets. A 2014 study offered some clues to the reason for the comparatively low level of conflict here. A radio-collared tigress named Kala, for instance, was found to move only at night, avoiding humans even if they were just 100 metres away and rarely venturing near villages. But T27C1 was no Kala. She had killed her first human at an age of 18 months and has been drawing blood ever since.
1. Who according to the writer is the real killer of Bhijvi Harle?
(a)  The apathetic, self-proclaimed conservation activists and forest officials
(b)  Harle's own stupidity of venturing into the forest
(c)  T27C1
(d)  Kala, the tigress
(e)  The uncultured villagers of Wardha district where Harle lived.
2. From the given options, choose the word most similar in meaning to the given word.
(a)  Distance
(b)  Closeness
(c)  Remoteness
(d)  Elite
(e)  Apathy
3. Which of the following is known as the 'Tiger Capital of Maharashtra'?
(a)  Chandrapur district
(b)  Mumbai
(c)  Tadoba Tiger reserve
(d)  Vadala Vardhpur village
(e)  Wardha district
4. Which of the following is an antonym of APATHY?
(a)  Indifference
(b)  Lethargy
(c)  Passion
(d)  Dullness
(e)  Coolness
5. What can be stated as a reason for Kala never having hurt a human?
(a)  Because she was a radio-collared tigress
(b)  Because she would usually avoid humans and thus mostly roam around at night
(c)  Because she was herbivorous
(d)  Because she was sedated most of the time
(e)  None of the above
6. Which of the following could possibly be the writer's opinion about conservation activists?
(a)  They are apathetic and elitists
(b)  They are hardworking
(c)  They are knowledgeable but not more than the forest officials
(d)  They always oppose the government and forest officials
(e)  They care about the tigers as well as the humans inhabiting villages near tiger reserves.
7. Which of the following is a synonym of CONFLICT?
(a)  Harmony
(b)  Stability
(c)  Collide
(d)  Concord
(e)  Accord
Directions (8 – 15): A passage is given below with eight blanks labeled (A)-(H). Below the passage, five options are given for each blank. Choose the word that fits each blank most appropriately in the context of the passage, and mark the corresponding answer.
The debate on allowing euthanasia as a means to protect the dignity of patients in a ___(A)___ state has crystallized into a key question before the Constitution Bench of the Supreme court. Should the law allow ‘living wills’? These are advance directives that people can lay down while being sound of mind, on whether they should continue to get life-sustaining treatment after they reach a stage of total ___(B)___, that is, a vegetative state. The question is fraught with legal, moral and philosophical implications. The court will have to resolve the question whether the right to life under Article 21 of the Constitution, which according to an earlier verdict does not include the right to die, is being voluntarily waived by a person giving such an advance directive. A living will, at the same time, may relieve the close family members and caregivers of a terminally ill patient of the ___(C)___ burden of making a life-ending decision. Does a living will imply that the state has come to accept a patient’s ___(D)___ and self-determination to the point of legalizing a wish to die? For doctors, does it mean an ____(E)____ of their obligation to preserve life? Under U.S. jurisdiction patient autonomy is ___(F)___, and many States have laws allowing advance directives, even the nomination of a ‘health care proxy’ who can decide on behalf of the patient. Should India follow suit? While reserving its ___(G)___, the court has indicated that it may lay down comprehensive guidelines on operationalizing the idea of living wills. The government has opposed the concept of an advance directive, arguing that it would be against public policy and the right to life. The government is rightly concerned that the idea may be ___(H)___ and result in the neglect of the elderly. 
8. Which of the following words most appropriately fits the blank labelled (A)?
(a)  Conscious
(b)  Vegetative
(c)  Unconscious
(d)  Animalistic
(e)  Pure
9. Which of the following words most appropriately fits the blank labelled (B)?
(a)  Ruin
(b)  Burden
(c)  Incapacitation
(d)  Chaos
(e)  Function
10. Which of the following words most appropriately fits the blank labelled (C)?
(a)  Moral
(b)  Philosophical
(c)  Mathematical
(d)  Scientific
(e)  Physical
11. Which of the following words most appropriately fits the blank labelled (D)?
(a)  Decision
(b)  Conscience
(c)  Revival
(d)  Disease
(e)  Autonomy
12. Which of the following words most appropriately fits the blank labelled (E)?
(a)  Adornment
(b)  Adjornment
(c)  Abandonment
(d)  Adjustment
(e)  Disappointment
13. Which of the following words most appropriately fits the blank labelled (F)?
(a)  Tantamount
(b)  Paramount
(c)  Trending
(d)  Felt
(e)  Assumed
14. Which of the following words most appropriately fits the blank labelled (G)?
(a)  Condition
(b)  Verdict 
(c)  Rule
(d)  Word
(e)  Doubt
15. Which of the following words most appropriately fits the blank labelled (H)?
(a)  Used
(b)  Misused
(c)  Called
(d)  Followed
(e)  Proud

Answers with Explanations:
1. A) The writer believes that even though the tigress T27C1 killed Bhijvi Harle, the real fault is not of the tigress.
The ones responsible for Harle's death are the so-called conservation activists who released the tigress in Bor Tiger reserve.
2. B) The word 'proximity' means 'nearness to something'.
Therefore, the closest synonym is 'closeness'.
3. A) The passage clearly calls Chandrapur district the 'Tiger Capital of Maharashtra'.
4. C) The word 'Apathy' means 'uncaring attitude' or 'lack of interest'.
All options except passion are similar in meaning to 'Apathy'.
The word 'passion' is an antonym as it means 'strong emotion' or 'strong interest'.
5. B) Kala was known to have never hurt a human. This can be attributed to her own nature. She would cautiously avoid humans by staying 100 meters away from them, not venturing into villages and mostly roaming about at night.
6. A) The writer clearly thinks of the conversation activists as elitist and apathetic.
He believes that they are indifferent to the death threat faced by poor villagers residing near tiger reserves.
7. C) The word 'conflict' means 'fight'.
To 'collide' is also 'to come into conflict or opposition'.
Therefore, collide is the synonym of conflict.
Meaning of other words is as follows:
Harmony  The state of being in agreement
Stability  The state of being stable.
Concord  Agreement or harmony between people or groups.
8. B) The first line mentions the word 'euthanasia' which means 'the painless killing of a patient suffering from an incurable and painful disease or in an irreversible coma'.
Euthanasia is considered as an option for patients who are in a vegetative state i.e., a state of absence of responsiveness or awareness.
9. C) The word 'incapacitation' means 'deprive of ability' or 'make incapable'.
The patient is in a vegetative state means that the patient is deprived of all abilities. The court is negotiating whether a person should be given 'living will' before she/he becomes incapable of making any decision or not.
10. A) The sentence talks about the relatives of a patient being relieved of a burden. The burden of taking life-ending decision for a family member is clearly a moral burden.
11. E) If the court accepts the proposal of 'living will', it will be accepting that a patient has autonomy.
Autonomy is the right to self-government or in other words, the right to make decisions about one's own life.
This is clear from the term 'self-determination' which means 'process by which person controls his or her own life'.
12. C) The indefinite article 'an' before the blank makes it clear that 'disappointment' cannot fill the blank. The sentence says that doctors have an obligation to preserve the patient's life.
The doctor's dilemma is that giving euthanasia to a patient might feel like an abandonment of this obligation.
'Abandon' means 'cease to support' or 'desert'
13. B) The passage clearly tells us the stance of United States in this matter is pro-euthanasia to some extent which means they give importance to the concept of a person having autonomy in such matters.
Therefore, for them 'autonomy is paramount'.
Paramount means 'supreme' or 'more important than anything else'.
14. B) The correct word here would be 'verdict'.
A verdict is a judgement
15. B) If the law is used as a means to neglect the elderly, it would be a misuse of the law.