English Language Practice Questions for IBPS Clerk – Set 5

Mentor for Bank Exams
English Language Practice Questions for IBPS Clerk – Set 5
Directions (1 – 5): Rearrange the following six sentences A, B, C, D, E, and F in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the question given beside.
A. But this is not a typical stand-off. 
B. Since 2010, nearly 2,500 Chinese “transgressions” have been recorded on the Line of Actual Control (LAC), the undefined border between India and China. 
C. The point, or area, of discord is unrelated to the India-China territorial dispute. 
D. The present stand-off is near the India-China-Bhutan tri-junction, and in an area where both China and Bhutan hold competing territorial claims.
E. Another face-off at the Himalayan border has surprised few.
F. According to the External Affairs Ministry’s press release, Indian involvement is aimed to prevent China from changing the status quo by building a road on territory claimed by Bhutan, India’s closest ally in the subcontinent.
1. Which of the following would be the SECOND sentence after rearrangement?
a) F
b) B
c) C
d) E
e) A
2. Which of the following would be the FIFTH sentence after rearrangement?
a) D
b) F
c) E
d) B
e) C
3. Which of the following would be the FIRST sentence after rearrangement?
a) A
b) B
c) C
d) D
e) E
4. Which of the following would be the THIRD sentence after rearrangement?
a) B
b) F
c) E
d) A
e) C
5. Which of the following would be the SIXTH sentence after rearrangement?
a) D
b) F
c) B
d) E
e) A
Directions (6 – 15): Do read the passage carefully and answer the questions given beside.
Air India’s disinvestment, first attempted by the Atal Bihari Vajpayee government, is being revived. The sale bid the last time was a flop, shelved prematurely after all the bidders were either disqualified or dropped out. The many factors that were and may still be at work against the sale are not widely understood. Unless overcome, they may again endanger the sale.
In May 2000, bids were invited for a 40% stake in Air India, with a cap of 26% on foreign investment. The airline had reported losses for six straight years, had $70 million debt on its books and was fast losing traffic. More than 18,000 workers were on its rolls for a fleet of just about two dozen planes. Its employee-aircraft ratio, 750, was among the worst. Singapore Airlines, in contrast, had 91 employees per aircraft. Inefficiency, typical in a government-controlled set up, was bleeding Air India. Yet, the quantum of stake on offer made it clear that the government intended to retain a crucial stake, appoint its own directors and continue to have a say in running the business. Put off by the substantial degree of control the government wanted to retain in the airline after the disinvestment, several potential bidders stayed away from the sale, including, possibly the worthiest contender. Plus, in a sale carried out through competitive bidding, reduced interest can impact the valuation.

The sale’s stated purpose was to bring on board a strategic partner who would turn around Air India. But the sale’s rules were loaded against candidates with a proven track record — foreign airlines. Lufthansa, Swissair, Emirates, British Airways and Air France-Delta in combination were among those to have expressed interest formally in buying the stake. However, a bidding rule that required foreign airlines to team up with a local partner forced them to opt out. Singapore Airlines, which had also expressed interest formally, roped in the Tatas to proceed with its bid.
Those who remained in the fray had their expressions of interest evaluated; those ineligible were disqualified. In the end, the contest was down to two bidders — the Hinduja group and the Singapore Airlines-Tata joint venture. Both were invited to inspect Air India’s books. The Hindujas’ bid was already under fire from the Opposition over allegations related to the Bofors arms scandal. After studying Air India’s financial records, the group presented to the government a whole set of conditions on management control, threatening to withdraw if these were not met. The government barred the Hindujas from pursuing its bid, leaving a sole bidder: the Singapore Airlines-Tatas combine.

Private airline owners who had so far orchestrated resistance to the sale from the background, now openly pointed out that the majority stakeholder in Singapore Airlines was a foreign government. The unmasked attack made Singapore Airlines pull out. The airline said in a statement that the intensity of opposition to the privatisation from political groups and the trade unions had surprised it and that in such an adverse climate, it was not confident it could play a useful role.
The then Disinvestment Minister, Arun Shourie, clarified that the Tata group, Air India’s erstwhile owner before its nationalisation in 1953, could proceed with its bid without a partner. But the Tatas too withdrew, forcing the government to abort the disinvestment.
6. Which of the following facts discouraged the deserving bidders to go for the sale?
I. Sizeable control by the government.
II. Their several demands about maintenance issues went unheeded.
III. The government’s will to have its own directors.
a) I and II
b) I and III
c) All of these
d) Only II
e) None of these
7. Which of the following is/are true in the context of the passage?
I. The government still wanted to be a majority share holder and decision maker in Air India.
II. Earlier attempts for disinvestment were stopped by the government itself.
III. Inefficiency is a common scene in major government departments.
a) Only I
b) I, II and III
c) Only III
d) II and III
e) None of these
8. What made Singapore Airlines withdraw from the sale?
a) Allegations of corruption
b) Some political groups vehemently opposed the privatization.
c) They later got to know that it was not a worthwhile investment and might bring them losses.
d) They were unhappy with the management control.
e) None of these
9. Why does the author seem to be apprehensive about the success of Air India's current disinvestment plan?
I. Author is aware of the corrpution that exists in government machinery.
II. Excessive participation of foreign investors.
III. Author believes that Disinvestment is not an apprpriate plan.
a) I and II
b) All of these
c) Only II
d) Only I
e) None of these
10. In what aspect Singapore Airlines is better than Air India?
a) Efficiency of work staff
b) Upgraded technology
c) Employee-aircraft ratio
d) Maintenance issues
e) None of these
11. Which one of these words is similar to the word ‘orchestrated’ as highlighted in the given passage?
a) instilled
b) managed
c) conspired
d) accessed
e) Conformed
12. Which one of these words is similar to the word/phrase ‘straight’ as highlighted in the given passage?
a) Direct
b) Unswerving
c) Even
d) Continuous
e) Sporadic
13. Which of these words is an antonym of the word ‘erstwhile’ as highlighted in the given passage?
a) Contemporary
b) Present
c) Pioneer
d) Concerned
e) Steady


Answers:
(1 – 5): The correct sequence of the sentences is   E – B – A – C – D - F
1. B)   2. A)   3. E)   4. D)   5. B)  
6. B)   7. E)   8. B)   9. E)   10. C)   11. B)   12. D)   13. B)