English Language Practice Questions for IBPS Clerk – Set 10

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English Language Practice Questions for IBPS Clerk – Set 10
Directions (1 – 5): The given sentence has been broken up into four different parts. The error, if any, will be in any one part of the sentence. Select the option which contains the part of the sentence which has an error (spelling, grammatical or contextual). If there is no error, choose option E.
1.
a) Postwar era witnessed economic miracles in Japan and South Korea,
b) but neither was populous enough
c) to power worldwide growth or change the game
d) in a complete spectrum of industries.
e) No error
2.
a) The Psychology book
b) that I bought yesterday
c) has two indices - an author index
d) and a general index.
e) No error
3.
a) The conservation value of forest landscapes
b) that are free from
c) human disturbance is high,
d) although it varies among regions.
e) No error
4.
a) The teacher explained to
b) his students that
c) the earth's gravity held us
d) on the planet's surface.
e) No error
5.
a) Caffeine in coffee has been
b) attributed to quicken
c) the aging process and
d) increasing the risk of cancer.
e) No error
Directions (6 – 10): The following question has two blanks, each blank indicating that something has been omitted. Choose the set of words for each blank that best fits in the context of the sentence.  
6. The _________ of the bicycle has had an enormous impact on society, both in terms of culture and of __________ modern industrial methods.
a) invention, advancing
b) discovery, promoting
c) exploration, facilitating
d) excavation, viewing
e) enhancement, bearing
7. The demand for both, the _______ and _______ of talented employees will grow worldwide, with companies that have fired employees in the past feeling the pinch as they will not have enough bandwidth to execute projects within timelines.
a) males, females
b) hard, fast
c) micro, soft
d) quality, quantity
e) marketing, finance
8. The state acts best when it takes the ________ of a caring parent, balancing the needs of all its children and _________ its resources accordingly.
a) job, distributing
b) status, submitting
c) role, allocating
d) fact, projecting
e) responsibility, guiding
9. In a globalised world, it has become __________ for countries to deepen business ties with one another and to create __________ relationships that benefit one another.
a) essential, symbiotic
b) irrelevant, synergic
c) redundant, joint
d) unnecessary, mutualistic
e) dangerous, cooperative
10. Auto-rickshaws are held to _________ rather than add to Delhi’s pollution problem, since they run on CNG which is a _________ fuel.
a) resolve, crude
b) agitate, harmful
c) intensify, pure
d) mitigate, cleaner
e) prevent, rough
Directions (11 – 15): Rearrange the following seven sentences A, B, C, D, E, F and G in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the question given beside.
A. Traditionally, a heart attack is treated by two strategies of re-perfusion.
B. The landmark study, reduces the symptom-to-door time by effective, early and rapid reperfusion - restoring blood flow through blocked arteries, typical after a heart attack.
C. A unique model of heart attack care has brought down the time taken to respond to cardiac episodes from 900 minutes to 170 minutes in Tamil Nadu.
D. In the new model, STEMI India, a not-for-profit organisation, use the pharmaco invasive strategy, which can be administered in any small hospital or even in the ambulance.
E. If a patient arrives at a hospital equipped with a catheterisation laboratory or ‘Cath lab’, a procedure known as Primary PCI is performed - an urgent balloon angioplasty.
F. The patient is then ‘Thrombolysed’ - treated to dissolve clots in blood vessels, improve blood flow, and prevent damage to tissues and organs before being discharged.
G. The year long study has been funded by the Indian Council of Medical Research and the results were published online in the latest issue of an International Journal.
11. Which of the following should be the FIRST sentence after rearrangement?
a) D
b) E
c) C
d) F
e) A
12. Which of the following would be the THIRD sentence after rearrangement?
a) C
b) G
c) D
d) E
e) F
13. Which of the following should be the FOURTH sentence after rearrangement?
a) D
b) B
c) E
d) A
e) C
14. Which of the following should be the FIFTH sentence after rearrangement?
a) E
b) F
c) B
d) C
e) G
15. Which of the following should be the LAST sentence after rearrangement?
a) B
b) F
c) G
d) A
e) D


Answers with Explanation:
1. A) The fragment A is erroneous. 'Postwar era' has to be corrected to 'The post war era' - the noun 'era' needs a determiner.
2. C) In the sentence, the use of the word 'indices' in fragment C is incorrect. Index is one of the few words in the English language which has two plurals: indexes as well as indices. The correct sentence would be, "The Psychology book that I bought yesterday has two indexes - an author index and a general index.
3. E)
4. C) The fragment C is erroneous because a universal truth is  always mentioned in the present tense, in this case the earth's gravity. The correct sentence would be, "The teacher explained to his students that the earth's gravity holds us on the planet's surface."
5. D) When there are two/more clauses in a sentence, each clause should have the same form of the verb. In fragment D, the correct usage would be 'to increase' instead of 'increasing.'
6. A) In the context of the sentence, the only possible word that can fit the first blank is either "invention" or "discovery" but there is a big difference between "invention" and "discovery". "Invention" refers to the creation of a new process or device which is developed from study and experimentation. On the other hand, "discovery" means to gain knowledge or awareness of something that is not known before. However, a bicycle is not something that already existed and hence it could not be discovered which further confirms the option A to be the correct choice. Besides, the word "advancing" meaning 'moving forward' correctly describes "modern industrial methods".
7. D) Option D fits in the tone and context of the sentence.
8. C) In the context of the sentence, "job", "role" or "responsibility" can fit the first blank and this eliminates options B and D. Further, as 'resources' are generally allocated, "allocating" is the most appropriate choice for the second blank. Thus, options A and E get eliminated as well.
9. A) In the sentence, ‘Globalised world’ and ‘deepen business ties with one another’ are the key phrases which control the context. Hence, it becomes "essential" to deepen business ties, eliminating all other options which are contradictory and absurd in the context. Besides, "Symbiotic" means mutualistic, or the intimate existence of two dissimilar organisms in a mutually beneficial relationship. This is in perfect sync with “benefit one another.”
10. D) The sentence tries to say that auto-rickshaws are believed to decrease rather than add to the pollution in Delhi, because they use CNG. This leads us to conclude that CNG must be an eco-friendly fuel, hinting at the word “cleaner” for the second blank.
The word for the first blank must be opposite in meaning to “add to pollution”. Hence, “mitigate” meaning 'make less severe' fits the first blank.
 "Agitate" and "intensify" are logically contradictory to the sentence and hence options B and C can be eliminated.
 "Crude" or "rough" fuel does not indicate that it is a clean fuel and this eliminates otions A and E as well.
(11 – 15):
The correct sequence is C-B-G-A-E-F-D and the first sentence is clearly C.
11. C)   12. B)    13. D)   14. A)   15. E)