English Language Practice Questions | IBPS 2017 (04 – 09 – 2017)

Mentor for Bank Exams
English Language Practice Questions | IBPS 2017 (04 – 09 – 2017)
Dear Aspirants,
Welcome to Mentor for Bank Exams, English Language Quiz Section. The following quiz covers Reading Comprehension (10 Questions), Cloze Test (10 Questions), Error Spotting (5 Questions) and Phrase Replacement (5 Questions). All the best for upcoming IBPS Exams 2017.
Directions (1 – 10): Read the following passage carefully and answer these questions given below it. Certain words/phrases have been printed in BOLD to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
By now it will probably bore you to hear that there is no such thing as a boring presidential election in Iran. But I submit that this is true,” Laura Secor writes in her stirring 2016 book, Children of Paradise: The Struggle for the Soul of Iran. Given the ease, in hindsight, with which Hassan Rouhani won re-election on Saturday as President, it may appear that we finally have an exception to her assertion. Rouhani took 57% of the vote, to his nearest opponent, Ebrahim Raisi’s 38.5%, thus averting the need for a run-off.
This was so obviously Rouhani’s election to lose, that it would have needed a spectacular mistake on his campaign’s part, or an intervention of the sort effected in 2009 to deny Mir Hossein Mousavi the presidency, for him to be denied continuance in office. Rouhani is too experienced a hand, and the Supreme Leader a lot more cautious about provoking protests than Iran’s “deep state” was eight years ago, so everything went as per expectation — without the edginess usually associated with Iranian elections, such as when the reformist Mohammad Khatami won the vote in 1997 and 2001, or when the populist Mahmoud Ahmadinejad defeated the grand old man of Iranian politics, Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, in 2005 or when he in fact went on to reportedly steal the vote in 2009. Yet, for all its predictability and lack of drama, the 2017 election could be far more crucial than those in the past.
For one, speculation is growing about who may succeed Ayatollah Ali Khamenei as Supreme Leader, the most powerful position in the Islamic Republic. In the time since he took over from Ruhollah Khomeini in 1989, Khamenei has presided over a deepening web of security, political and electoral arrangements, so that it is difficult for even the most avid among Iran watchers to precisely locate where exactly power and decision-making rest. It is unclear how much of a role Khamenei may himself play in the near future to identify, if not groom, a successor. It’s interesting that Raisi has often been mentioned as a possible contender; and so has been Rouhani.
But more than the identity of the next Supreme Leader, Rouhani’s second term as President (electoral rules forbid more than two consecutive terms in office) will be watched for the transformations — whether he succeeds, and equally, is allowed to succeed, in bringing about greater ease in Iranian public and personal lives. The personal are political everywhere, but at Iran very prominently so. And as Secor, who also reported extensively for The New Yorker, profiles resistance in Iran, from itsfeisty bloggers to prisoners of conscience such as Akbar Ganji, she zeroes in on two qualities that define — and interlink in — the lives of its citizens: anxiety and civic spirit.
Could it be, for instance, on Rouhani’s watch as a second-term President that Iran will come to terms with the ghosts of the 2009 Green Movement? Green was the colour of the campaign of the reformist Mousavi — green was the colour of resistance when the Interior Ministry called the election in Ahmadinejad’s favour, giving him more than 60% of the vote, when, as Secor reminds us, “the polls had barely closed”. The streets of Iran erupted with protests, and not just in the posh, liberal confines of north Tehran, as Iranians harnessed the potential of social media and of the old, revolutionary strategies of making a coordinated din from their rooftops at an appointed hour or gathering, flash mob-like, on key dates on the Persian calendar.
Mousavi is still under house arrest, but he endorsed Rouhani. More spectacularly, in a sign that the moderate vote is shot through with the spirit of the Green Movement, campaign rallies in Rouhani’s support would break into chants of “Ya Hossein, Mir Hossein.” Indeed, it is evident that even as Rouhani succeeded in ending Iran’s isolation with the 2015 nuclear deal with, among other global powers, the United States, he did not necessarily have similar success, or power, in easing repression at home. To take one example, in 2015, a court order prohibited the media from publishing even images of Khatami. It’s anyone’s guess whether Rouhani will bring more moral weight to the reformist agenda, and win more of the establishment over to the liberal end of the political spectrum.
But as Secor writes, in a point that explains why Iranian politics is so fascinating, “One of the delicious paradoxes of the Islamic Republic is its seemingly endless capacity to produce internal opposition to its own authoritarianism.” Or as Michael Axworthy noted so grandly in Revolutionary Iran: A History of the Islamic Republic: “A visiting Martian wanting to see the full range of human activity, good and bad, to understand mankind, could well look at Iran as a kind of exploratory course.”
1. Which election could be far more crucial than those in the past according to the author in the given passage ?
(A) 2016
(B) 2017
(C) 2018
(D) 2019
(E) 2020
2. What is not true regarding the given statements in the options given below ?
(A) Green was the colour of the campaign of the reformist Mousavi
(B) The reformist Mohammad Khatami won the vote in 1997
(C) The streets of Iran had not erupted with protests
(D) Mousavi is still under house arrest
(E) The personal are political everywhere, but at Iran very prominently
3. Who wrote thr book “Children of Paradise: The Struggle for the Soul of Iran” ?
(A) Rouhani
(B) Laura Secor
(C) Khatami
(D) Akbar Ganji
(E) None of the above
4. What will be watched for the transformations in Rouhani’s Term as President
(A) Successful completion of current term as President
(B) Changing the Present System to continue as President for Lifetime
(C) Bringing greater ease in Iranian Public Life
(D) Only (A) & (C)
(E) ONLY (B) & (C)
5. What are the two qualities that define and interlink in the lives of its citizens according to the passage ?
(A) Anxiety and Civic Spirit
(B) Anxiety and Sportiveness
(C) Civic Spirit and Corruption
(D) Authorization and Civic Spirit
(E) Liberalism and Anxiety
6. Choose the correct replacement for the sentence.
“The personal are political everywhere, but at Iran very prominently so.”
(A) The personal are political everywhere, but at Iran very prominently.
(B) The personal is political everywhere, but at Iran very prominently so.
(C) The personal are political everywhere, at Iran very prominently so.
(D) The personal is political everywhere, but in Iran very prominently so.
(E) The personal are political everywhere, where Iran very prominently so.
7. Choose the word which has the Opposite MEANING as the word feisty
(A) Spirited
(B) Cheerful
(C) Happy
(D) Chipper
(E) Exultant
8. Choose the word which has the SIMILAR MEANING as the word FORBID
(A) Preclude
(B) Spike In
(C) Assent
(D) Ratification
(E) Sufferance
9. Choose the word which has the SIMILAR MEANING as the word AVID
(A) Apathy
(B) Undesirous
(C) Enthusiatic
(D) Grasping
(E) Satiable
10. What can be the appropriate title for the given passage ?
(A) The election of the Mid East
(B) Campaignist Movement Victory in Iran
(C) All eyes on Tehran
(D) The real transformation in Election
(E) Rouhani , the Next Supreme Leader
Directions (11 – 20): In the passage given below there are 10 blanks, each followed by a word given in bold. Each blank has four alternative words given in options (A),(B),(C) and (D). You have to tell which word will best suit the respective blank. Mark (E) as your answer if the word given in bold after the blank is your answer i.e “No change required”.
While it is impossible to fault Prime Minister Narendra Modi for speaking up against killing in the name of cow protection, it is equally impossible to be convinced about its earnestness and efficacy. His remarks at an event in Mahatma Gandhi’s Sabarmati ashram have come at a time when there is a groundswell of popular ______(11)______revulsion about violent, even murderous, cow vigilantism, leaving the unfortunate impression that it was but a response to public pressure. The #NotInMyName movement, which began with a Facebook invitation to participate in a protest in Delhi, had assumed viral dimensions, with other cities in India and elsewhere in the world organising or planning to organise similar events. What began as a somewhat______(12)_______ exorbitant mobilisation to campaign against ______(13)____ continue morphed into a broader movement involving all communities against state apathy to the phenomenon. The timing is not the only thing that gives rise to ______(14)______ fear about Mr. Modi’s observations about cow vigilantism. Frequency is the other issue. A phenomenon that has wreaked violence, affected livelihoods, and created insecurities over the last couple of years — all of which have been compounded by a mischievous and hugely flawed order to regulate cattle sale — is deserving of a more muscular and frequent response. More importantly, it needs to be coupled with _____(15)______ Sensible action on the ground.
One of the contradictions that Mr. Modi must square up to as well as ______(16)_____Retreat with is that, by and large, aggressive cow vigilantes who take the law into their own hands are members or sympathisers of one or the other organisations of the Sangh Parivar, the Bharatiya Janata Party’s extended family. Given this, words are simply not enough ______(17)_______ removed by strong corroborative action, they only serve to _____(18)_____ eternalisethe lie that the top is either totally divorced from the distasteful happenings at the bottom or that it doesn’t have the means to control it. It is true that as Prime Minister, Mr. Modi has no direct control over law and order, which is a State subject. But as the BJP’s most popular leader, one who has no real rivals in the party, he must wield his ______(19)______ influence and power to crack down on those who indulge in violence in the name of cow protection. In the absence of this, Mr Modi’s remarks may constitute nothing more than a mild ______(20)_____reprimand. There is no denying that speech is better than silence and his remarks may help sharpen the focus on how determined governments are to uphold the rule of law — firmly, decisively, and in a manner that deters cow vigilantism. Any politician worth his salt knows there is Condemnation and there is condemnation. Mr. Modi should show us that he hasn’t used the small c.
11. (A) Congeneric (B) Cognate (C) Linking (D) Palate (E) No change required
12. (A) Limited (B) Extroverted (C) Adequate (D) Sufficient (E) No change required
13. (A) Forging (B) Bearing (C) Creating (D) Lynching (E) No change required
14. (A) Trust (B) Credence (C) Dogmatism (D) Scepticism (E) No change required
15. (A) Tangible (B) Abstract (C) Imperceptible (D) Intangible (E) No change required
16. (A) Retreat (B) Unfasten (C) Dodge (D) Grapple (E) No change required
17. (A) Tailgate (B) Squire (C) Unaccompanied (D) Chaperon (E) No change required
18. (A) Secure (B) Immortalize (C) Perpetuate (D) Discontinue (E) No change required
19. (A) Monopoly (B) Loneliness (C) Insignificance (D) Triviality (E) No change required
20. (A) Hard Time (B) Grooming (C) Compliment (D) Commendation (E) No change required
Directions (21 – 25): Read the following sentences carefully and select the correct option. Each sentence is split into four parts namely (a), (b), (c) and (d). Select the part which is grammatically wrong. If all the parts of the sentence are grammatically correct then, choose ‘No error’ (e) as the option.
21. However, the government can investigate the deposits (a) / and some of it may turn out to be black money (b) /  it does imply that a greater effort is required and could also mean (c) and this is something a number of commentators have pointed out (d) / No Error (e)
22. A move to Mercedes to partner Lewis Hamilton (a) /, who he teamed with during his first stint at McLaren (b) , had been mooted but any hopes of a Ferrari return (c)  ended with Sebastian Vettel and Kimi Raikkonen both signing new deals. (d) / No Error (e)
23. With changes in temperature affecting the extrinsic (a) / incubation period of the virus, (b) / future change in the climate might have a substantial effect on dengue (c) / and other vector-borne disease burden in India (d) / No Error (e)
24. Much of The Epic City is made up of incidents and encounters (a) /  that are dully quotidian and this reviewer often wanted to know (b) / why on earth Choudhury would go to the trouble of, for example, recounting in tedious (c) / detail his hunt for a suitable flat or his commute to his former offices at The Statesman (d) / No Error (e)
25. Over the past decade, the BRICS cooperation platform (a) / has had grown into an international mechanism of major influence,(b) / and its demands help bring (c) / gradual changes to global economic governance structures (d) No Error (e).
Directions (26 – 30): A sentence or a part of the sentence is underlined. Four alternatives are given as substitutions for the highlighted part, one of which will improve the sentence. Choose the correct alternative. In case no improvement is needed, choose the option “No improvement required”.
26. The government will soon launch the electoral bonds scheme to fund political parties as proposed in this year’s Budget, Union Finance, Defence and Corporate Affairs Minister Arun Jaitley said on Sunday.
a) Would quick
b) Will fastly
c) Would swift
d) Will soonly
e) No improvement
27. A teenager has died while his girl friend survived when the couple attempted suicide at G. Rautaput village under Dashmantpur block in Koraput district of Odisha.
a) Was died
b) Was dying
c) Has been died
d) Had been died
e) No improvement is required
28. Speaking in Varanasi, State’s Agriculture Minister Surya Pratap Shahi said a proposal has been preparing for loan waiver of farmers
a) Had been preparing
b) Was preparing
c) Will be preparing
d) Has been prepared
e) No improvement is required
29. The Shiromani Akali Dal has accused the Amarinder Singh government in indulging in vendetta politics and claimed that any action against its workers will be vehemently opposed by the party.
a) at indulging in
b) of indulging in
c) of indulging on
d) on indulging in
e) No improvement is required
30. Delhi-based freelance journalist Aparna Kalra is battled for life after she was brutally attacked at a park in North West.
a) is battling
b) Has battling
c) had battling
d) Will battle
e) No improvement is required
Answers:
1. B)   2. C)   3. B)   4. D)   5. A)   6. D)   7. A)   8. A)   9. C)   10. C)  
11. E)   12. A)   13. D)   14. D)   15. A)   16. D)   17. C)   18. C)   19. E)   20. E)  
21. C) Add “but” before “it”
22. D) Add “were” before “ended”
23. C) Replace “change” with “changes”
24. E)
25. B) Replace “has had” with “has”
26. E)   27. E)   28. D)   29. B)   30. A)