English Language Practice Questions | IBPS 2017

Mentor for Bank Exams
English Language Practice Questions | IBPS 2017
Dear Aspirants,
Welcome to Mentor for Bank Exams English Language Quiz Section. The following quiz covers Reading Comprehension (10 Questions), Cloze Test (10 Questions) and Phrase Connectors (5 Questions). All the best for upcoming IBPS Exams 2017.
Directions (1 – 10): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
In a jungle, there lived a lion named Karalakesar. He had a servant, a jackal named Dhusarak, who was his constant companion. Once the lion fought a very fierce battle with an elephant and his body was so severely wounded that he was unable to walk. And thus, Dhusarak too began to starve and became very weak.
One day, he said to the lion, ‘Master ! I am starving and I can’t even walk a single step. How then can I serve you?’
‘Well, my friend,’ said the lion, ‘Go and search for an animal that I can kill even in my present condition.’
Hearing this, the jackal started on a search and arrived at a nearby village. There he noticed a lean donkey named Lambakaran, eating grass along the bank of the river with great difficulty.
The jackal approached the donkey and said, ‘Uncle ! Good day! I am seeing you after a long time. Tell me, why have you become so thin?’
‘Nephew !’ he replied, ‘What can I tell you? The cruel washerman, my master, tortures me with heavy burdens and never gives me more than a handful of clean grass. So I have to eat this grass mixed with dust. How then can I become healthy?’
‘Uncle!’ replied the jackal, ‘If that’s the case, then I know a very pleasant place where the grass is as green as emerald. Come along with me and you can stay there. We will pass our days happily.’
‘Nephew!’ said the donkey ‘How nice of you to say so! But we are easily killed by jungle animals.’
‘Uncle,’ said the jackal, ‘Please don’t talk like that. That part of the country is well protected by my powerful claws. No other animal dare enter there! For the very same reason, because they were being tortured by their masters, three she-donkeys are living there too. They are young and well fed. They said to me, “If you are really our uncle, please find us some suitable husband in one of the villages.” That’s why I am taking you there.’
When the donkey heard the jackal’s words, he was fired with lust and said, ‘Well, if that’s the case, you go ahead and I’ll follow you.’
Enticed in this way, the donkey went with the jackal to the lion. As soon as the suffering lion saw the donkey, he got up and tried to strike him with his paw, but missed. And the donkey ran for his life.
When the donkey had gone, the jackal said angrily to the lion, ‘Is that the way you aim a blow? Even a donkey can escape from you. So, how could you fight an elephant?’
The lion said, ‘What could I do? I wasn’t ready to attack him, otherwise even an elephant would not escape me.’
`Well,’ said the jackal, ‘I will bring him to your presence once more, but this time stay on the alert to attack him.’
`My dear fellow,’ said the lion, ‘how will he come back, when he actually saw me and ran away? Please find some other animal.’
`What’s that to do with you?’ said the jackal. ‘All you have to do is to stay ready to attack.’
The jackal followed the donkey’strailand saw him grazing in the same place. When the donkey saw the jackal, he cried, ‘Nephew! You took me to a really nice place! I nearly fell into the jaws of death! Tell me, who was that animal whoselightning blows I so narrowly escaped?’ The jackal said with a smile, ‘Uncle! It was a female donkey, who wanted to embrace you when she saw you. But you, like a coward, ran away, So, come on now. She has said that she will starve herself to death because of you. “If Lambakaran does not become my husband,” she said to me, “I shall burn myself in fire or drown myself in water.” So please come to her or you will be responsible for the death of a female.’
The donkey was once againcoaxed into going with the jackal. This time, the lion was lying in wait for him and the, donkey was killed.
Afterwards, the lion asked the jackal to guard the donkey and went to the river to take a bath.
The jackal could not control his hunger and ate up the donkey’s heart and ears. When the lion returned after taking his bath and worshipping the gods and his forefathers, he found that the donkey’s heart and ears were missing.
He turned on the jackal angrily and said, ‘You rascal! What have you done? You have polluted my food by eating his heart and ears.’
‘Please, master,’ said the jackal, ‘Don’t speak to me like that This donkey had noheart or ears. Otherwise how would he have come back after once seeing you?’
On this the lion believed him. He had his fill of the donkey and left the rest to the jackal.
1. According to the jackal, who attacked the donkey while he was taken to the jungle king for the first time?
a) The lion
b) The jackal
c) The female donkey
d) The washerman
e) None of the above
2. What did the jackal say to the donkey to ease the fear of being killed by jungle animals?
a) That there are no heinous animals in that jungle
b) That no other animal dare enter the jungle for fear of his powerful claws
c) That three young donkeys who too were the victims of the cruelty of their masters were living there and were well fed
d) Only a) and b)
e) Only b) and c)
3. Why had the donkey become so thin?
a) Because there was no green pasture around him
b) Because the washerman used to beat him bitterly
c) Because his master didn’t give him sufficient food to eat
d) Because he was suffering from some disease
e) Other than those given as options
4. Which of the following didn’t happen with the tempted donkey?
(A) He was attacked by the lion but could luckily escape his death.
(B) He was taken to the jungle king and offered great hospitality.
(C) He was deceived by the jackal.
a) Only (A)
b) Only (B)
c) Only (C)
d) Only (A) and (C)
e) Only (A) and (B)
5. What does ‘heart or ears’ mean as used in the passage?
a) Passion
b) Sentiment
c) Illusion
d) Confusion
e) Brain
Directions (6 – 8): Choose the word which is MOST SIMILAR in meaning to the word printed in bold as used in the passage.
6. Lightning
a) sparkling
b) quick
c) dazzling
d) forceful
e) heavy
7. Trail
a) footprints
b) preaching
c) Actions
d) guidelines
e) sermons
8. Enticed
a) disgusted
b) dissuaded
c) allured
d) repelled
e) repulsed
Directions (9 – 10): Choose the word which is MOST OPPOSITE in meaning of the word printed in bold as used in the passage.
9. Fired
a) devoid
b) enkindled
c) ablaze
d) heated
e) burnt 
10. Coaxed
a) cajoled
b) not cared
c) hooked
d) plagued
e) induced
Directions (11 – 20): In the passage given below there are 10 blanks, each followed by a word given in bold. Even blank has four alternative words given in options (A),(B),(C) and (D). You have to tell which word will best suit the respective blank. Mark (E) as your answer if the work given in bold after the blank is your answer i.e “No change required”.
INDIA’S experiment with affirmative action is the world’s oldest. Known locally as “reservation” policy it is an elaborate quota system for public jobs, places in publicly funded colleges—like the Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT)—and in most elected assemblies. These are (11)______ [copious] members of designated, disadvantaged groups.
There are two main intended (12) ______ [inheritors] . Arguably more neglected are the 100m adivasi, the 8% of India’s population counted as “Scheduled Tribes”. Many live in remote or forested corners. Probably more repressed for the centuries in which Hinduism’s noxious caste practice has prevailed however are the Dalits, formerly “untouchables”. Shunned by other Hindus as polluted for their labours, which included the clearing human and other waste, Dalits remain generally poor and discriminated against. To officials they are members of the “Scheduled Castes”.
 India’s constitution of 1950 (13)_____ [diluted] the idea of discrimination as a means to help both “scheduled” groups, which was to build on limited quotas for jobs and education that were used in parts of British-run India from the 1920s. It proposed that the policy exist for a decade to see what progress would be made, but without (14)_____ [spelling] out how to measure it. The provision has been (15)______ [reborn] without fuss every decade since.
Rather than (16)______ [dispute] whether the practices help, politicians focus on extending them to new blocks of voters. By the late 1980s, after a commission of inquiry, lowly but non-“scheduled” Hindu castes, known collectively as the OBCs for “Other Backward Classes”, some 27% of the population, also got quotas. The result: in individual states such as Tamil Nadu or within the north-east, where backward populations predominate, over 80% of government jobs are set aside in quotas, despite a Supreme Court ruling that 50% ought to be the maximum.
Muslims want quotas too, but lack political (17)______ [will] to force them. Women have had a hand up in the political realm: a third of all seats in local elected bodies are reserved for them, after a 1993 constitutional amendment. A bill, supported by Sonia Gandhi, India’s most powerful politician, would see it applied it in the national parliament too.
The various quotas have partly achieved their most basic tasks. In public jobs members of backward groups claim more posts than of old. Dalits had just 1.6% of the most senior (“Group A”) civil servant positions in 1965, for example. That rose to 11.5% by 2011, not far off the 16% or so of the general population that Dalits represent. The share is higher for more junior posts.
Judging a broader impact is harder. Very few Indians have formal jobs, let alone government ones. “The policy only matters for perhaps 2% of the Indian work force”, points out Harsh Shrivastava of the World Development Forum, a think-tank in Delhi. Other than in tweaking quotas (to reflect the local size of a “scheduled” population) states have never experimented, nor competed, to find out whether their jobs policies have any wider, beneficial impact.
Worse, the policy has probably helped to make India’s bureaucracy increasingly rotten—and it was already one of the country’s greater burdens. An obsession with making the ranks of public servants (18)_______ [applicable] , not capable, makes it too hard to (19)____ [sack] dysfunctional or corrupt bureaucrats. Nor will this improve. In December 2012 parliament’s upper house passed a bill ordering that bureaucrats be promoted not on merit alone, but to lift the backward castes faster.
Private firms are not directly affected, but a few take voluntary measures. The biggest of all, the Tata conglomerate, which employs over 350,000, does in-house surveys to assess its Dalit and tribal work force. Tata gives incentives, setting lower requirements for exam marks, for Dalit and tribal job applicants. Most generally, however, formal jobs in tech and outsourcing firms, for example, are valued in part because they are (20) _________ [caste-deprived].
11. A) stuffed with B) filled by C) abundant with D) augmented by E) No Change Required
12. A) possessors B) consignee C) proprietor D) beneficiaries E) No Change Required
13. A) enshrined B) celebrated C) digested D) broke E) No Change Required
14. A) picking B) procuring C) purpose D) touch E) No Change Required
15. A) repaired B) added C) renewed D) hopeful E) No Change Required
16. A) debate B) peace C) agreement D) ruffle E) No Change Required
17. A) license B) jurisdiction C) strike D) clout E) No Change Required
18. A) exemplary B) representative C) imperfect D) steward E) No Change Required
19. A) sink B) absorb C) doss D) develop E) No Change Required
20. A) caste- lovers B) caste-blind C) caste- obsessed D) caste- finders  E) No Change Required
Directions (21 – 25): Select the phrase/connector from the given three options which can be used to form a single sentence from the two sentences given below, implying the same meaning as expressed in the statement sentences.
21. Statement: 
1. Tom is ambitious. 
2. His brother is quite the reverse. 
(i) since 
(ii) either- or 
(iii) whereas 
a) (i) & (ii)
b) (i), (ii) and (iii) 
c) Only (ii)
d) Only (iii) 
e) (i) 
22. Statement: 
1. You must work hard. 
2. You will not win.
(i) whether - or 
(ii) otherwise  
(iii) no sooner -than 
a) (i) & (ii)
b) (i), (ii) and (iii) 
c) Only (ii)
d) Only (iii) 
e) (i) 
23. Statement:
1. My father hardly received any formal education. 
2. He went on to become a great leader.
(i) who 
(ii) that  
(iii) whichever 
a) (i) & (ii)
b) (i), (ii) and (iii) 
c) Only (ii)
d) Only (iii) 
e) (i) 
24. Statement: 
1. We've known each other for a long time. 
2. We are not very good friends. 
(i) although 
(ii) along with 
(iii) but 
a) (i) & (ii)
b) (i), (ii) and (iii) 
c) Only (ii)
d) Only (iii) 
e) (i) 
25. Statement: 
1. The teachers were present at the meeting.
2. The headmaster was present at the meeting.
(i) while 
(ii) as well as
(iii) even though 
a) (i) & (ii)
b) Only (i)
c) Only (ii)
d) Only (iii) 
e) (i), (ii) and (iii) 
Answers:
1. C)   2. E)   3. C)   4. B)   5. E)   6. B)   7. A)   8. C)   9. A)   10. B)  
11. B)
12. D) beneficiaries – a person who derives advantage from something
13. A) enshrined – inducted/introduced the idea of reservation
14. E) spelling – defining
15. C)
16. A)
17. D) clout- influence or power, especially in politics or business.
18. B) representative means that include every member of various caste by reservation hence making it representative.
19. E)
20. B) caste-blind means that they don’t believe in caste. The statement starts with however: however, formal jobs in tech ……. Means it is in contradiction with the previous line. i.e Tata group gives weightage to type of reservation. So this statement is its opposite. Hence caste-blind
21. D) Tom is ambitious whereas his brother is quite the reverse.
22. C) You must work hard otherwise you will not win.
23. E) My father, who hardly received any formal education, went on to become a great leader.
24. E) Although we've known each other for a long time, we are not very good friends'.
25. C) The teachers, as well as the headmaster, were present at the meeting.