English Language Practice Questions for IBPS Exams (24 – 09 – 2017)

Mentor for Bank Exams
English Language Practice Questions for IBPS Exams (24 – 09 – 2017)
Directions (1-5): In each of the following questions, a capitalized pair of words is given followed by five numbered pairs of words. Select from choices the pair which exhibits the same relationship as the capitalized pair of words and mark its number as your answer.
1. URBAN : CITY
(a) rustic : rust
(b) civilized : cultured
(c) modern : trendy
(d) global : world
(e) senile : age
2. CANVAS : ARTIST
(a) verse : poet
(b) speech : orator
(c) rock : sculptor
(d) voice : singer
(e) song : singer
3. SOLDIER : REGIMENT
(a) clown : circus
(b) actor : troupe
(c) dancer : ballet
(d) instrument : musician
(e) flute : wind
4. PACHYDERM : ELEPHANT
(a) reptile : squirrel
(b) guard : dog
(c) simian : monkey
(d) marsupial : kangaroo
(e) speak : parrot
5. MOON : SATELLITE
(a) star : constellation
(b) earth : planet
(c) sun : heat
(d) sky : dispersion
(e) thunder : lightening


Directions (6-8): In each question, there are pairs of words/phrases that highlighted. From the highlighted word(s)/phrase(s), select the most appropriate word(s)/phrase(s) to form correct sentences. Then, from the options given, choose the best one.
6. Pointless regulations foster (A)/abet (B) graft.
The more meddlesome (A)/irksome (B) the rule, the greater the incentive to bribe officials not to enforce it.
An excellent new study by the World Bank, “Doing Business in 2005”, shows that red tape is one of the chief obstacles (A)/stepping stones (B) to growth in almost all poor countries.
The World Bank estimates that if a country in the worst-regulated quartile were to join the best quartile, it would promote (A)/boost (B) its annual growth rate by 2.2 percentage points.
(a) BAAA
(b) ABBA
(c) BABA
(d) ABAB
(e) AAAA
7. The change in personnel-rarely a good sign-seemed to presage (A)/prequel (B) a change in strategy.
Mr. Kerry made two phone calls soliciting (A)/seeking (B) advice from Mr Clinton, who was lying in a hospital’s bed awaiting quadruple bypass surgery.
Mr Clinton apparently (A)/probably (B) told Mr Kerry to concentrate more on the economy and to step up his attacks on Mr Bush.
That has not stopped John Edwards being warned (A)/praised (B) on the campaign trail by loyalists “They’re going to run you right over and make you look like idiots.
(a) ABAB
(b) BBAA
(c) AAAA
(d) AABA
(e) BBBB
8. In other words, there is probably much more to gain from promoting (A)/slashing (B) red tape than from begging for more aid.
Especially since donors, unlike air travelers in Angola, are not exactly queuing up (A)/ freewheeling (B) to open their wallets.
Mr. Putin said after Beslan that “we showed ourselves to be weak, and the weak get beaten.” The implication (B)/ indication (B) is that he will now be even tougher in Chechnya.
Not only is that likely to entertain (A)/stir up (B) more terrorism; it also ignores one of the conflict’s main drivers, which is cast.
(a) AABA
(b) AABB
(c) BABA
(d) BAAB
(e) BBBB
Directions (9-15): In each of the questions, choose the meaning of phrase/idiom (given in bold).
9. President Saddam Hussein’s effort to annex Kuwait was nothing short of setting the Thames on fire.
(a) A try to achieve an impossible distinction
(b) To destroy the country for nothing
(c) To show his power and might
(d) To make a situation worse
(e) None of these
10. One should not stay idle at home; but be up and doing.
(a) Sleeping
(b) Active
(c) Working
(d) Reading
(e) None of these
11. Mr Arjun Singh snapped his fingers at Narasimha Rao and got himself in hot water.
(a) To support
(b) To disregard
(c) To deprive
(d) To interfere
(e) None of these
12. We are afraid you may not be led astray in by Arvind’s bad company.
(a) Get into trouble
(b) Misguided
(c) Killed
(d) Lose the job
(e) None of these
13. To cry wolf
(a) To give false alarm
(b) To turn pale
(c) To ruin over self
(d) To overcome someone
(e) None of these
14. To be in dribs and drabs
(a) Without fail
(b) With much ease
(c) In small quantities
(d) With great difficulty
(e) None of these
15. A hard nut to crack is
(a) One who is very obstinate
(b) Very difficult child
(c) A walnut or a fruit
(d) Problem that is hard be solved
(e) None of these

Answers with Explanation:
1. D) Global means relating to the world just as urban means relating to the city.
2. C) A rock is the medium for a sculptor just as a canvas is for the artist.
3. B) A troupe is a collection of actors even as a regiment is a collection of soldiers.
4. D) An elephant is a pachyderm just as a kangaroo is a marsupial.
5. B) The earth is a planet just as the moon is a satellite.
6. D) foster -encourage the development of (something, especially something desirable).
irksome -irritating; annoying. The word ‘boost’ in sentence D gives us the hint to mark the correct answer.
7. C) presage-be a sign or warning of (an imminent event, typically an unwelcome one).
solicit-ask for or try to obtain (something) from someone.
8. D) slashing -vigorously incisive or effective.
implication- the conclusion that can be drawn from something although it is not explicitly stated. The phrase ‘stir up’ in last sentence hints us towards correct option.
9. A) set the Thames on fire. To do wonderful or exciting things; to cause a great or remarkable sensation in the world; to be extremely exciting, popular, famous, renowned, etc.
10. B) up and around; up and doing. Active again, especially after an illness or rest
11. B) snap one's fingers at- Treat with contempt, scorn, disregard,
12. B) lead someone astray- to direct or guide someone in the wrong direction
13. A) To cry wolf-to cry or complain about something when nothing is really wrong.
14. C) in dribs and drabs -in small portions; bit by bit
15. D) A hard nut to crack -a difficult problem to solve