English Language Cloze Test Practice Questions for IBPS Exams (21 – 09 – 2017)

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English Language Cloze Test Practice Questions for IBPS Exams (21 – 09 – 2017)
Directions (1 – 10): Below, a passage is given with ten blanks labelled (1)-(10). Below the passage, five options are given for each blank. Choose the word that fits each blank most appropriately in the context of the passage, and mark the corresponding answer.
With its impressive pyramids and complex rules, Ancient Egypt may seem to many the ____(1)____of an advanced early civilization. But new evidence suggests the Indus Valley Civilization in India and Pakistan, famed for its well-planned cities and ____(2)_____crafts, ___(3)___ Egypt and Mesopotamia. Already considered one of the oldest civilizations in the world, experts now believe it is 8,000 years old - 2,500 years older than previously thought. The Indus civilization - also known as the Harappan civilization - ____(4)___ from 2600 to 1900 BC. Along with Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, it was one of three early civilizations of the Old World. The Empire stretched from the Arabian Sea to the Ganges, over what is now Pakistan, India and Afghanistan. At its peak, the civilization may have had a population of more than 5 million, making up 10 per cent of the world's population. Among their___(5)_____, researchers have uncovered the world's first known toilets, along with complex stone weights, ____(6)____ gemstone necklaces and ____(7)____carved seal stone. Etched in of these artifacts is an unusual and complex script, which researchers are racing to ___(8)___. The Harappan civilization was mainly urban and ____(9)_____. Inhabitants of the Indus valley traded with Mesopotamia, southern India, Afghanistan, and Persia for gold, silver, copper, and turquoise. The Mesopotamian model of irrigated agriculture was used to take _____(10)_____ of the fertile grounds along the Indus River. Earthlinks were built to control the river's annual flooding. Crops grown included wheat, barley, peas, melons, and sesame. This civilization was the first to cultivate cotton for the production of cloth. Several animals were domesticated including the elephant which was used for its ivory.
1. a) Ultimate b) Height c) Zenith d) Epitome e) Incarnation
2. a) Original b) Imaginative c) Impressive d) Poetic e) Eloquent
3. a) Survives b) Predates c) Former d) bygone e) Primitive
4. a) Thrived b) Stayed c) Expanded d) Boomed e) Advanced
5. a) Village b) Cantonment c) Hamlet d) Community e) Settlements
6. a) Disciplined b) Drilled c) Punctured d) Pierced e) Sinked
7. a) Exquisitely b) Adorably c) Aesthetically d) Photogenic e) Angelic
8. a) Explain b) Translate c) Decipher d) Grasp e) Entangle
9. a) Worldly b) Materialistic c) Trade d) Mercantile e) Greedy
10. a) Authority b) Supremacy c) Mastery d) Control e) Advantage
Directions (11 – 15): In the passage given below there are five blanks, each followed by a word given in bold. Each blank has four alternative words given in options (A),(B),(C) and (D). You have to tell which word will best suit the respective blank. Mark (E) as your answer if the word given in bold after the blank is your answer i.e “No change required”.
SLOWLY but surely the sole of a shoe emerges from a bowl of liquid resin, as Excalibur rose from the enchanted lake. And, just as Excalibur was no ordinary sword, this is no ordinary sole. It is light and flexible, with an _____(1)____ (creative) internal structure, the better to help it support the wearer’s foot. Paired with its sole _____(2)_____ (thing) it will underpin a set of trainers from a new range planned by Adidas, a German sportswear firm.
Adidas intends to use the 3D-printed soles to make trainers at two new, highly automated factories in Germany and America, instead of producing them in the low-cost Asian countries to which most trainer production has been ____(3)____ (processed) in recent years. The firm will thus be able to bring its shoes to market faster and keep up with fashion trends. At the moment, getting a design to the shops can take months. The new factories, each of which is intended to turn out up to 500,000 pairs of trainers a year, should cut that to a week or less.
As this example shows, 3D printing has come a long way, quickly. In February 2011, when The Economist ran a story called “Print me a Stradivarius”, the idea of printing objects still seemed extraordinary. Now, it is well established. Additive manufacturing, as it is known technically, is speeding up ____(4)____ (sales) designs and is also being used to make customised and complex items for actual sale. These range from false teeth, via jewellery, to parts for cars and aircraft. 3D printing is not yet ____(5)____ (ubiquitous). Generally, it remains too slow for mass production, too expensive for some applications and for others produces results not up to the required standard. But, as Adidas’s soles show, these shortcomings are being dealt with. It is not foolish to believe that 3D printing will power the factories of the future. Nor need the technology be restricted to making things out of those industrial stalwarts, metal and plastic. It is also capable of extending manufacturing’s reach into matters biological.
11. a) intricate b) rusticate c) delicate d) perfect e) No change
12. a) part b) mate c) less d) wig e) No change
13. a) sourced b) resourced c) assorted d) outsourced e) No change
14. a) Prototyping b) sale c) production d) suppliers e) No change
15. a) popular b) started c) needed d) popular e) No change

Answers:
1. D)   2. C)   3. B)   4. A)   5. E)   6. B)   7. A)   8. C)   9. D)   10. E)   11. A)   12. B)   13. D)   14. A)   15. E)