Data Interpretation Practice Questions – Set 86

Mentor for Bank Exams
Data Interpretation Practice Questions – Set 86
Directions (1 – 5): Study the following bar-diagrams carefully and answer the questions given below it.
The bar-diagrams represent the total profit (in Rs. crore)
Table shows the percentage profit of four cosmetics companies during the four years 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013.
Year
A
B
C
D
2010
15
25
20
10
2011
25
12.5
20
30
2012
25
30
25
20
2013
40
30
20
20
1. What is the sum of the expenditures of all the four companies together in the year 2011? (Approximate)
a) Rs. 710 crore
b) Rs. 675.7 crore
c) Rs. 719 crore
d) Rs. 659 crore
e) Rs. 778 crore
2. What is the sum of the incomes of all the four companies in the year 2013?       
a) Rs. 1086.67 crore
b) Rs. 897 crore
c) Rs. 1051.6 crore
d) Rs. 959.75 crore
e) None of these
3. The total profit of all the four companies in the year 2010 is approximately what per cent of the sum of their expenditures in the same year?
a) Rs. 25.07%
b) Rs. 21.39%
c) Rs. 17.24%
d) Rs. 19.33%
e) Rs. 14.39%
4. What is the ratio of the sum of the expenditures of Company B during all the given years to that of Company D in the same period?
a) 20:23
b) 23:20
c) 21:25
d) 25:21
e) None of these
5. What is the ratio of the sum of the income of Company C in the year 2011 and 2013 together to that of Company A during the same period?
a) 60:41
b) 210:151
c) 105:101
d) 61:42
e) 41:60

Directions (6 – 10): Study the following pie-charts carefully to answer the questions.
The following pie-charts show where the public money was spent by government in the year 2016 and 2017

6. If Rs. 126 billion was spent on the ‘Finance Commission’ in 2016, the amount spent on ‘State share of taxes’ is what per cent more than that spend on ‘Defence’?
a) 158.5%
b) 162.5%
c) 132.5%
d) 148.5%
e) 160.5%
7. If the ratio of money spent on ‘Sector Scheme’ 2016 to that of 2017 is 32 : 33 and the amount spent on ‘Sector Scheme’ is Rs. 396 billion in 2017 then what is the ratio of the money spent on ‘Sponsored Scheme’ in 2016 to that in 2017 (in decimal)?
a) 2.25
b) 1.5
c) 3.5
d) 1.25
e) 0.5
8. If the total money spent in the year 2016 and 2017 was Rs. 850 billion and Rs. 1250 billion respectively, which group of category shows the maximum difference between 2017 and 2016?
a) Subsidies
b) Interest Payment
c) State Share of taxes
d) Sponsored Scheme
e) Other Expenditure
9. If 84 billion was spent on ‘State share of taxes’ in 2016, the amount spent on ‘Subsidies’ and ‘Sector Scheme’ together is how much percentage less than that on ‘Defence’ and ‘Interest Payment’ and ‘Finance commision’?
a) 32.8%
b) 43.7%
c) 39.4%
d) 42.4%
e) None of these
10. If the money spent on ‘Other expenditure’ in 2016 and on ‘Sector scheme’ in 2017 are 168 billion and 192 billion respectively. What is the difference between the total money spent by government in 2016 and 2017? (in Rs. billion)
a) 800 billion
b) 1000 billion
c) 1200 billion
d) 950 billion
e) None of these
Solutions:
1. E) Expenditure = (Profit×100)/profit%
Expenditure of company A = 40/25×100 = Rs. 160 crore
Similarly, in B = (50/12.5)×100 = Rs. 400 crore
In Company C = (30/20)×100 = Rs. 150 crore
In Company D = (20/30)×100 = Rs. 66.67 crore
Total expenditure = 160+400+150+66.67 = 776.67 = 778 crore

2. A) Income = [profit (100+p %)]/p%
Income of company A = [60(100+40)]/40 = 210 crore
Income B = [50(100+30)]/30 = Rs. 216.67 crore
Income C = [70(100+20)]/20 = Rs. 420 crore
Income D = [40(100+20)]/20 = 240 crore
Total income = 210+216.67+420+240 = Rs. 1086.67 crore

3. C) Expenditure of company A2010 = (30×100)/15 = Rs. 200 crore
ExpB= (20×100)/25 = Rs. 80 crore
Expc= (40×100)/20 = Rs. 200 crore
ExpD = (10×100)/10 = Rs. 100 crore
Total expenditure = Rs. 580 crore
Total profit = 30+20+40+10 = Rs. 100 crore
Required % = (100/580)×100 = 17.24%

4. E) Required ratio
= [(20/25)×100+(50/12.5)×100+(20/30)×100+(50/30)×100]/[(10/10)×100+(20/30)×100+(60/20)×100+(40/20)×100]
= [80+400+(200/3)+(500/3)]/[(100+(200/3)+300+200]
= (240+1200+200+500)/3×3/300+200+900+60
= 2140/2000 = 107/100 = 107:100

5. A) Required ratio = [(30×120)/20]+[(70×120)/20]/[(40/25)×125)+(60×140)/40]
= (1800+420)/(200+210) = 600/410 = 60:41

6. B) Finance Commission = 6% = 126 billion
State share of taxes be x, then
6% ≡ 126
21% ≡ x
x = (126 × 21)/6 = 441 billion
Similarly, Amount spend on Defence be x
6% ≡ 126
8% = x
x = (126 × 8)/6 = 168 billion
Req % = (441 – 168)/168 × 100 = 162.5%

7. E) The amount spent on 'Sector Scheme' in 2016
2016/2017 = 32/33
= 2016/396
=> 2016 = (32 × 396)/33 = 384 billion
Now, as per the given information
Sponsored scheme in 2016
10 : x :: 11 : 384
Therefore, x = (10 × 384)/11
Sponsored scheme in 2017
14 : y :: 8 : 396
Therefore, y = (396 × 14)/8
Therefore required ratio = x/y = 0.50

8. C)

Hence, the maximum difference is Rs. 109 billion in 'State share of taxes'.

9. C) As per the question,
In 2016,
State share of taxes = 21% = 84 billlion
And the total percenage of 'Subsidies + Sector scheme' together = (12 + 11)% = 23%
Let the total amount of Subsidies and Sector be x
Then, 21% ≡ 84
23% ≡ x
x = (84 × 23)/21 = 92 billion
Similarly,
Amount spent on ‘Defence’ and ‘Interest Payment’ and ‘Finance commision’ be x
Then, 21% ≡ 84
(8 + 24 + 6)% ≡ x
x = (84 × 38)/21 = 152 billion
Therefore req % = (152 – 92)/152 × 100 = 39.4%

10. B) In 2016,
Other expenditure = 12% = 168 billion
Let's take total moeny be x in 2016
Therefore, 12% ≡ 168
100% ≡ x
x = (168 × 100)/12 = 1400 billion
Similarly, In 2017
Sector scheme = 8% = 192 billion
Let's take total moeny be x in 2017
Therefore, 8% ≡ 192
100% ≡ x
x = (192 × 100)/8 = 2400 billion
  Reqd difference = 2400 – 1400 = 1000 billion