Reasoning Ability Practice Questions | IBPS 2017

Mentor for Bank Exams
Reasoning Ability Practice Questions | IBPS 2017
Dear Aspirants,
Welcome to Mentor for Bank Exams Reasoning Ability Quiz section. The following quiz covers Puzzle (5 Questions), Input – Output (5 questions), Data Sufficiency (5 Questions), Inequalities (5 questions). All the best for upcoming IBPS Exams 2017.
Directions (1 – 5): Study the following information carefully to answer the given questions.
Eight boxes namely A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H are placed from top to bottom not in the same order. They contain different types of flowers namely viz Jasmine, Rose, Lily, Lotus, Sunflower, Tulip, Orchid and Chrysanthemum. Boxes are made up of different materials among steel, plastic, wood and Aluminum box. Exactly two boxes are made of same material. Consider the box kept at top as 1st position.
Box D which is made up of plastic kept two places above B and both are in the top 4 positions when boxes are arranged from top to bottom. The box containing Lotus is kept immediately below wooden box and made up of same material as D. Box C is kept somewhere between G and H and H being below C. The two Aluminum boxes are kept vertically adjacent to each other. Lily is kept exactly middle between F and the box containing Tulip. H doesn’t contain Jasmine. Box E kept two places below box G which is kept immediately below the box containing Lotus. The box containing Chrysanthemum is placed at even numbered place but is not placed at the bottom. The steel box which kept at the top either contains Jasmine or Orchid. Box E, not made up of Aluminum. F which contains Sunflower is made up of wood. The box containing Rose is made up of wood. C doesn’t contain Jasmine or Chrysanthemum.
1. Which of the following box contains Rose?
(A) A
(B) D
(C) F
(D) H
(E) None of these
2. Which of the following box is made up of wood?
(A) A, B
(B) E, F
(C) B, E
(D) D, G
(E) H, F
3. Which of the following statements is true?
(A) B which contains Lotus is made up of wood
(B) G which is placed at 5th position is made up of plastic material
(C) E which contains Tulip is not made up of steel
(D) H is placed at bottom and is made up of steel.
(E) None of these
4. Which of the following is correctly matched?
(A) G – Lily – Plastic
(B) F – Sunflower – Wood
(C) H – Rose – Steel
(D) E – Tulip – Plastic
(E) D – Chrysanthemum – Wood
5. What does box G contain?
(A) Orchid
(B) Tulip
(C) Lily
(D) Sand Wich
(E) Chrysanthemum
Directions (6 – 10): Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions.
A number arrangement machine arranges two digit numbers into a typical manner. Each step gives output taking input from the previous step. The following is an illustration of Input and rearrangement. Using the illustration answer the question given below.
6. If first digit is subtract with 3 and the second digit is subtract with 2 in all number of step I, then what is the sum of the second number in step I?
(a) 5
(b) 8
(c) 7
(d) 9
(e) 6
7. If the value ‘3’ is subtracted from the final output, then what will be the resultant value?
(a) 2
(b) 1
(c) 5
(d) 4
(e) 6
8. Which of the following combination represent the first digit of the second number and second digit of the first number in step I of the given input?
(a) 8,9
(b) 7,4
(c) 3,6
(d) 5,8
(e) 5,6
9. Which of the following represent the difference between the first digit of the second number and second digit of the first number in step II?
(a) 4
(b) 3
(c) 8
(d) 5
(e) 7
10. What is the multiplication of two numbers obtained in step III?
(a) 5
(b) 3
(c) 4
(d) 0
(e) 2
Directions (11 – 15): Each of the following questions below consists of a question and two statements numbered I and II given below it. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question. Read both the statements and give the answer.
(a) if the data in statement I alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement II alone are not sufficient in answer the question.
(b) if the data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement I alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
(c) if the data in either in statement I alone or in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question.
(d) if the data in both the statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question.
(e) if the data in both the statements I and II are together necessary to answer the question.
11. What is the code for ‘time’ in the code language in which, ‘he made third centuries’ is written as ‘gift fat fit gat’?
I. In that code language ‘third time he pleased us’ is written as ‘kat kit mit git fit’.
II. In that code language ‘he made double centuries is written as ‘gat fat zat git’ and ‘give us time’ is written as ‘mat mit kit’.
12. What is the position of P with respect to Q in a round table in seating arrangement (If all of them facing towards the center)?
I. Seven persons P, Q, R, S, T, U and V sat around a round table where P sat between U and V, S sat adjacent to V and R did not sit adjacent to S.
II. T sat on the immediate right of U.
13. Among A, B, C, D and E whose salary is the highest?
I. Combined salary of A and B is more than the combined salary of C and D but E’s salary is more than A’s or B’s.
II. Difference between A’s salary and C’s salary is more than the difference between D’s and B’s salaries where A’s salary and D’s salary are higher than C’s and B’s respectively.
14. How many children does Mr X has?
I. Mr X has eight sons and each has one sister.
II. Number of sons of Mr X is eight times the number of his daughter(s).
15. How is B related to D? 
I. C is son of A and also father of D.
II. B is brother of C and E is the wife of D.
16. Which of the following symbols should be placed in the blank spaces respectively(in the same order from left to right) in order to complete the given expression in such a manner that both ‘R ≤ T’ and ‘S > V’ definitely holds true? P > R = M ? S = T ? K ≥ V
(A) <, >
(B) ≤, ≥
(C) ≤, >
(D) <, ≥
(E) None of these
17. Which of the following expressions is definitely true if the expression U > N is definitely false and the expression W < P is definitely true?
(A) T ≥ U > W > M = N < P
(B) U < T ≤ W = N < M ≤ P
(C) W = U ≥ T ≥ P < N = M
(D) U > P = M < N > W = T
(E) None of these
18. Which of the following symbols should be placed in the blank spaces respectively(in the same order from left to right) in order to complete the given expression in such a manner that ‘N > K’ definitely holds true? K _ L _ M _ N
(A) ≥, =, >
(B) ≤, <, =
(C) ≥, =, <
(D) >, ≥, <
(E) Other than those given as options
19. Which of the following expressions will definitely be true if the expressions ‘L > R’ and ‘M ≤ N’ are true?
(A) K > M < S ≤ N < R ≥ D ≤ L
(B) K = M > S ≥ N = R ≤ D < L
(C) K > M ≥ S = N ≤ R ≤ D ≤ L
(D) K ≥ M ≥ S ≥ N < R < D ≤ L
(E) None of these
20. In which of the following expressions will the expression ‘A < D’ be definitely true?
(A) A ≥ B = C < D
(B) A > B = C ≥ D
(C) A < B = C ≤ D
(D) A > B < C ≤ D
(E) None of these
Solutions:
(1 – 5):
Position
Box
Flower
Box Type
1
A
Jasmine
Steel
2
D
Chrysanthemum
Plastic
3
F
Sunflower
Wood
4
B
Lotus
Plastic
5
G
Lily
Aluminium
6
C
Orchid
Aluminium
7
E
Tulip
Steel
8
H
Rose
Wood
1. D)   2. E)   3. E)   4. B)   5. C)  
(6 – 10):
Step I – First digit add with the second digit
Step II –
First number - Sum of the first digit of the first number, second digit of the second number and first digit of the third number
Second number – Sum of the second digit of the first number, first digit of the second number and second digit of the third number
Step III – Sum of the squares of the number, if the sum value more that than the value “9” makes it as a single digit.
First number = 1^2 + 9^2 = 1 + 81 = 82 = 8+2 = 10 = 1+0 = 1
Second number = 2^2 + 0^2 = 4
Step IV – Add the first number with second number
6. B)   7. A)   8. E)   9. E)   10. C)  
11. D)   12. E)   13. D)   14. A)   15. E)   16. C)   17. B)   18. B)   19. E)   20. C)