Reasoning Ability Practice Questions | IBPS 2017

Mentor for Bank Exams
Reasoning Ability Practice Questions | IBPS 2017
Dear Aspirants,
Welcome to Mentor for Bank Exams Reasoning Practice Quiz section. The following quiz covers Puzzle (5 Questions), Analyzing Arguments (5 Questions), Coding and Decoding (5 Questions), Blood Relations (3 Questions), Directions (2 Questions). All the best for upcoming IBPS Exams 2017.
Directions (1 – 5): Read the following information carefully and answer the questions given beside:
Thirteen singers namely Akram, Honey, Bijoy, John, Radhey, Vijay, Srishti, Johny, Saba, Sardar, Aklakh, Anirban and Himanil assemble at Hotel Amar Vilas to participate in Indian Idol competition. This 5 star hotel has 4 floors numbered 1 to 4 from bottom to top. Each of these 4 floors has 4 audition rooms numbered 1 to 4 from left to right. The audition rooms of the same number are in the same column. As the number of participants turned up for the audition is less than expected, three audition rooms remain unused. However, the management has arranged things in such a way that no two audition rooms in the same row or column go unused or unoccupied.
• Vijay has his audition in the room which is to the immediate right of an unused audition room.
• John’s and Srishti’s audition rooms have the same number. Similarly, Johny’s and Aklakh’s audition room number is also the same.
• John’s audition room is right below that of Srishti.
• Anirban’s audition room and the floor number is the same.
• Himanil has his audition room 2 floors below Anirban.
• All the audition rooms to the left of Anirban are busy.
• Bijoy’s audition room is adjoining that of Saba and that of Aklakh
• Honey and Radhey have their auditions on the same floor.
• Honey has no audition activity in a neighouring audition room.
• Johny’s audition is in just above one of the unused audition rooms. Besides, the audition room right below Johny’s has the same number that of Johny’s audition room.
• Johny’s audition room and that of Radhey have two floors in between. Moreover, the number of the floor on which Johny has his audition is same as the number of the audition room of Radhey.
• The audition room 2nd to the right of Akram goes unused.
• One of the audition rooms on the topmost floor goes unused.
1. Which of the rooms in the floor 4 is unused?
a) None
b) Room Number 1
c) Room Number 2
d) Room Number 3
e) Room Number 4
2. Who among the following has no audition activity in the room to his immediate right?
a) Akhlakh
b) Srishti
c) Sardar
d) Anirban
e) Johny
3. Who are the immediate neighbours of Saba?
a) Anirban and Srishti
b) John and Bijoy
c) Honey and Bijoy
d) Bijoy and Akhlakh
e) Akram and Vijay
4. Which of the following is a correct combination of Name: Floor number: Room number?
a) Saba- Floor 2 - Room 2
b) John - Floor 2 - Room 4
c) Akram -Floor 2 -Room 3
d) Sundar - Floor 4 -  Room 1
e) None of these
5. Who has his audition in Room 3 on the 4th floor?
a) None
b) Vijay
c) Sardar
d) Srishti
e) None of these
Directions (6 – 10): Read the paragraph carefully and answer the question given below.
6. Something needed to be done because in spite of several efforts, the NPA was not going down. In fact, there had been an enormous amount of bank balance sheet which has been affected due to that. Giving powers to Reserve Bank to strengthen the position and restructuring of the banks which needs to be taken on account of NPA is welcome.
Which of the following statements can be inferred from the paragraph?
I. An all-out effort has been launched to bring NPAs down.
II. The efforts to bring NPA down have surely been made in the past.
III. Currently, the RBI is empowered to issue directions to banking companies and the banking companies shall be bound to comply.
a) Only I
b) Only II
c) Only III
d) I and II
e) None of these
7. Now imagine what happens when prices are set by computer software. In principle, the launch of, say, a smartphone app that compares prices of a common commodity across different retail outlets ought to be a boon to consumers. But such an app also makes it easy for retailers to monitor and match each other’s prices. Any one retailer would have little incentive to cut prices, since robo-sellers would respond at once to ensure that any advantage is fleeting.  
Which of the following may be the underlying assumption behind the idea of fixing price of a commodity through a computer software across different retail outlets?
I. The existing scenario with reference to the commodity pricing is not beneficial and useful for consumers and retailers respectively.
II. Innovations are necessary to bring ease to an otherwise complex process or system.
III. Varying prices of a common commodity at different retail outlets is a global phenomenon that needs to tackled worldwide.
a) Only I
b) Only II
c) I and III
d) I and II
e) None of these
8. These days almost all stock markets seem to be falling inexorably. But in more normal times individual stocks are affected by momentum, which is the tendency for popular stocks to keep rising (and for unpopular ones to keep falling). When it comes to shares, what goes up does not always come down—at least in the short term. The phenomenon has been noted in a wide range of studies and has often been exploited by fund managers, but it has puzzled academics for decades. It is hard to square with the idea that investors are rational. If it were easy to identify which shares were due to go up and which to go down by looking at their previous price movements, why would a rational investor be willing to sell the former group or buy the latter?
Which of the following can be concluded from the above paragraph?
I. The momentum effect is inconsistent with the idea that investors are rational.
II. Investors are slow to recognize that the fundamentals of a business have changed for the better (or worse).
III. In the short term, it is difficult to distinguish skill from luck when it comes to investments.
a) Only I
b) Only II
c) I and III
d) I and II
e) None of these
9. Smartphones and the internet have made data abundant, ubiquitous and far more valuable. This abundance of data changes the nature of competition. Technology giants have always benefited from network effects: the more users Facebook signs up, the more attractive signing up becomes for others. With data there are extra network effects.  
Which of the following if true will further strengthen (s) the case made in the above paragraph?
I. By collecting more data, a firm has more scope to improve its products through revenue generation, which further attracts more users, generating even more data, and so on.
II. Breaking up a firm like Google into five Googlets would not stop network effects from reasserting themselves.
III. 5-6 years down the line, innovators are going to launch even more compact devices which are going to disrupt the market.
a) Only I
b) Only II
c) I and III
d) I and II
e) None of these
10. United Nations has ordered to cut staff and budget under the pressure from United States and other austerity-stricken industrialized powers. This is the first time since 1945 that United Nations has taken the decision to cut the staff and budget. After protracted negotiations, the 193-nation Assembly agreed to cut 221 staff or 2 percent at the UN headquarters and ordered a one-year pay freeze for the more than 10000 workers in New York. A two-year freeze on benefits allowance was also mentioned.
Which of the following statements can be inferred from the paragraph?
I. The US is soon going to witness the biggest public bankruptcy.
II. As the United States and European nations pressed for cuts while developing nations battled to maintain UN spending, it took a long time for the UN before it agreed to cut the budget by 2 percent.
III. Industrialized powers have a significant influence on UN regulations.
a) Only I
b) Only III
c) Only II
d) II and III
e) All the above
Directions (11 – 15): Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given beside:
Portable bone density scaner – 4#E, 6*R, 8@E, 7$Y
Sell for big profit – 6@T, 3&R, 3#G, 4*L
Opportunity discuss secret fight – 7$S, 11βY, 5&T, 6*T
Brought silk plastic fairly – 4*K, 6&Y, 7@C, 7#T
11. What is the code for "Profit"?
a) 6@T
b) 3&R
c) 3#G
d) 4*L
e) Can’t be determined
12. Which of the following code can be coded for "Synergy"?
a) 7$Y
b) 7*S
c) 8@Y
d) 7*Y
e) Can’t be determined
13. What is code for "Dhoni best player"?
a) 4#L  5$I  6@T
b) 4#T  5$I  6@R
c) 4#C  5$G  6@I
d) 4#T  5$Y  6@R
e) Can't be determined
14. What is code for "Olympic"?
a) 6$C
b) 7βC
c) 8@O
d) 7*C
e) Can't be determined
15. What is code for "Foundation"?
a) 10$S
b) 10&N
c) 8@F
d) 10#N
e) Can't be determined
Directions (16 – 18): Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given beside:
H who is a renowned doctor in the city and who is also the father of Q, has two cute grand-daugthers C and S. K got married a certain numbers of years ago and now has only two sons. R who is extremely chirpy is sister-in-law of I. C is not taller than S. R is shorter than three persons but taller than her daughters. When it comes to plucking grapes the males have an advantage of their heights over the females in the family. I is shorter than his brother and father. There are two married couples in the family. The one who is the eldest in the family is the tallest as well. S is not taller than her grandmother.
16. How many persons are taller than K?
a) One
b) Two
c) Three
d) None
e) None of these
17. Who among the following is mother of I?
a) H
b) C
c) K
d) R
e) None of these
18. Who among the following is the shortest?
a) C
b) S
c) K
d) Q
e) None of these
Directions (19 – 20): Study the following information carefully and answer the question given beside:
Deepika starts from point L which is 8 m to the east of point C. From point L, she walks 10m to the north takes a right turn and then walks for 5 m. She then takes a right turn, walks for 3m and stops at point N.
Ranveer starts from point Q which is 4m to the north of point C. From point Q he walks 5 m to the west, takes a right turn and walks for 3m. He then again takes a right turn walks for 13m and stops at point Y.
19. What is the distance between point N and point Y?
a) 3m
b) 10m
c) 5m
d) 11m
e) 8m
20. In what direction is point L with respect to point Q?
a) South-East
b) North-West
c) West
d) North
e) South-West
Solutions:
(1 – 5):
Step 1: References
Anirban’s audition room and the floor number is the same
Himanil has his audition room 2 floors below Anirban
All the audition rooms to the left of Anirban are busy
Johny’s audition is in just above one of the unused audition rooms. Besides, the audition room right below Johny’s has the same number that of Johny’s audition room
Johny’s audition room and that of Radhey have two floors in between. Moreover, the number of the floor on which Johny has his audition is same as the number of the audition room of Radhey
Vijay has his audition in the room which is to the immediate right of an unused audition room
The audition room 2nd to the right of Akram goes unused
Honey and Radhey have their auditions on the same floor
Honey has no audition activity in a neighouring audition room
One of the audition rooms on the topmost floor goes unused

Room 1
Room 2
Room 3
Room 4
 Floor 4
Vacant
Vijay

Johny
 Floor 3

Akram
Anirban
Vacant
 Floor 2




Floor 1
Honey
Vacant
Himanil
Radhey
Step 2: References
John’s and Srishti’s audition rooms have the same number. Similarly, Johny’s and Aklakh’s audition room number is also the same
John’s audition room is right below that of Srishti
Bijoy’s audition room is adjoining that of Saba and that of Aklakh
By elimination, we get


Room 1
Room 2
Room 3
Room 4
 Floor 4
Vacant
Vijay
Sardar
Johny
 Floor 3
Srishti
Akram
Anirban
Vacant
 Floor 2
John
Saba
Bijoy
Aklakh
Floor 1
Honey
Vacant
Himanil
Radhey
1. B)   2. D)   3. B)   4. A)   5. C)  
6. B) The usage of the phrase ‘An all-out effort’ in statement I makes it redundant in the context. Had the opening phrase in the passage been ‘A revolutionary step’ or ‘Something big’, the statement I could have been taken as a valid inference. But with the given passage, it can’t be inferred.
From the part ‘in spite of several efforts’ in the first sentence we can infer that efforts to bring NPA down must have been taken in the past. Statement II is hence a valid inference.
Statement III is a general statement and is vague in the context of the passage.
Clearly, option B is the correct answer.
7. A) In principle, the launch of, say, a smartphone app that compares prices of a common commodity across different retail outlets ought to be a boon to consumers. But such an app also makes it easy for retailers to monitor and match each other’s prices.
The underlined parts in the above sentence taken as reference clearly validate the assumption that’s been stated in statement I.
However, the paragraph doesn’t describe or even hint at necessity of an innovation or whether varying prices is a global phenomenon. Clearly, statement II and III can’t be taken as valid assumptions.
Option A is hence the correct answer.
8. A) The paragraph explains two things, the momentum effect – stocks keep rising or falling – and the irrationality of investors; if the momentum effect is known why will an investor buy stocks the value of which that are going down? In other words, momentum effect and investor rationality do not go well together. Clearly, statement I is a valid conclusion.
Statement II may explain consumer irrationality but not the momentum effect.
Statement III does not factor in either the momentum effect or consumer irrationality – but expresses a common bewilderment.
Clearly, option A is the correct answer.
9. A) The paragraph talks about data abundance and how technology giants have benefited from the network phenomenon. The correct answer must use an argument that takes the idea further.
Statement I clearly supports the discussion by mentioning how data collection actually impacts a firm positively.
Statement II is neutral in its standing and does not strengthen or weaken the case the presented.
Statement III mentions compactness of future devices and tells nothing about the data collection. It hence neither strengthens nor weakens the argument.
Clearly, option A is the correct answer.
10. B) There is no data in the paragraph to establish the veracity of the statement I. This eliminates options A, D and E.
Nothing can be inferred about the participation of 'European nations' in the budget talks and hence option C can be eliminated as well.
Statement III can be inferred from the 1st sentence of the paragraph and the fact that UN complied to the demands of these industrialized powers.
Clearly, option B is the correct answer.
(11 – 15): Explanation:
1. The number in the code represents the total number of letters in the word.
For example, the code for "Opportunity" (which consists of 11 letters) would start with the number "11". 
2. Next, the letter given in the code represents the last letter of the respective word.
For example, the code for "Sell" would be "4 _ L" and the code for "Density" would be "7 _ Y".
3. Now, if we observe closely we can decode the middle code (which is a symbol) by applying the common relationship method of deciphering.
For example, 
Code for "Portable" : 8 @ E and
Code for "Plastic"    : 7 @ C
Here, the symbol "@" is common in both the codes and the letter "P" is also common in both the words.
Therefore, code for "P" must be "@". 
Code for "Scaner" : 6 * R and
Code for "Sell"       : 4 * L
Here, the symbol "*" is common in both the codes and the letter "S" is also common in both the words.
Therefore, code for "S" must be "*".
11. A)   12. D)   13. B)   14. B)   15. B)  
(16 – 18):
Heights of family members in descending order are as per the following sequence:
H  >  Q  >  I  >  R  >  K  >  S  >  C
The family tree is given below:
16. E)   17. C)   18. A)  
(19 – 20):
19. C)   20. A)