Reasoning Ability Practice Questions| IBPS 2017

Mentor for Bank Exams
Reasoning Ability Practice Questions| IBPS 2017
Dear Aspirants,
Welcome to Mentor for Bank Exams Reasoning Ability Quiz section. The following quiz covers Puzzle (5 Questions), Coding and Decoding (5 Questions), Data Sufficiency (5 Questions), Input – Output (5 Questions). All the best for upcoming IBPS Exams 2017.
Directions (1 – 5): Read the following information carefully and answer the questions given beside:
12 cricket players namely - Kohli, Dhoni, Yuvraj, Ashwin, Rohit, Jadega, Suresh, Karun, Ajinkya, Shikhar, Gautam and Rahul have been selected for the upcoming Champions Trophy. To discuss the team strategy to be followed they sit around a square table in such a manner that four players are at the corners while the remaining are sitting on the four sides of the table (two players per side). All eight players are sitting at equal distances. Also, the players at alternate seats face the centre and away from the centre simultaneously. Some additional pieces of information about them are given below: 
Kohli is sitting at one of the corners and is neither a neighbour of Yuvraj nor of Jadega. Karun is facing the centre and is sitting opposite Shikhar, who is not sitting at any of the sides of the table. Yuvraj is sitting three places to the left of Rahul and Jadega is sitting four places to the right of Yuvraj. Gautam sits between Dhoni and Rohit. Neither Dhoni nor Rohit is a neighbour of Karun. Ashwin is facing the centre and is opposite to Ajinkya. Gautam is not sitting at any of the corners.
1. Who among the following is sitting between Suresh and Ashwin?
a) Karun
b) Kohli
c) Ajinkya
d) Yuvraj
e) None of these
2. What is the position of Ajinkya with respect to Rahul?
a) Immediate right
b) immediate left
c) second to the right
d) second to the left
e) opposite to each other
3. What is the position of Rahul?
a) Immediate right of Ajinkya
b) immediate left of Shikar
c) opposite to Suresh
d) second to the right of Karun
e) Third to left of Rohit
4. Counting from Rahul and going clockwise, how many people are sitting between Rahul and Jadega?
a) Three
b) Four
c) Five
d) Six
e) None of these
5. What is Suresh’s position with respect to Karun?
a) third to right
b) second to left
c) second to right
d) sixth to left
e) None of these
Directions (6 – 10): Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given beside:
In a certain code language,
‘Attend class daily new’ is written as ‘%8÷, %4- ,#23× ,%2÷’
‘Begin great any matter’ is written as ‘#9×, %2–, #13÷, #7÷’
‘Less error and fire’ is written as ‘#23– ,%22+ ,#9÷ ,%8+’
‘Tool better than screw’is written as ‘#13+,  %4÷, #9×, #15+’
6. What is the code for the word ‘Puzzle’?
a) %23+
b) #22×
c) %22×
d) #23-
e) None of these
7. ‘#7÷’ is the code for which of the following?
a) matter
b) begin
c) any
d) great
e) none of these
8. What is the code for the word ‘Than’?
a) #15+
b) #13+
c) #9×
d) %4÷
e) None of these
9. What does ‘#9÷’ stand for?
a) less
b) fire
c) error
d) and
e) none of these
10. What is the code for the word ‘great’?
a) #7÷
b) #9×
c) %2-
d) #13÷
e) None of these
Directions (11-15): Each of the following questions below consists of a question and two statements numbered I and II given below it. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question. Read both the statements and give answer.
(a) if the data in statement I alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement II alone are not sufficient in answer the question.
(b) if the data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement I alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
(c) if the data in either in statement I alone or in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question.
(d) if the data in both the statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question.
(e) if the data in both the statements I and II are together necessary to answer the question.
11. Who amongst A, B, C, D and E is the shortest?
I. A is taller than B. E is not the tallest.
II. C is taller than A. D is not the tallest.
12. In which direction is point A, with reference to point B?
I. Point D is to the east of point A. Point A is to the south of point F.
II. Point F is to the north-west to point B. Point D is to the north of point B.
13. In which month of the year did Shikha go abroad for a vacation?
I. Shikha correctly remembers that she went for a vacation in the first half of the year.
II. Shikha’s son correctly remembers that they went for a vacation after 31st March but before 1st May.
14. On which day of the same week is Shubham’s exam scheduled (Monday being the first day of the week)?
I. Shubham correctly remembers that his exam is scheduled on a day after Tuesday, but before Thursday of the same week.
II. Shubham’s father correctly remembers that Shubham’s exam is scheduled on the third day of the week.
15. How many marks has Nalini scored in the test? (Maximum marks 20)
I. Nalini scored two-digit marks. Her marks were not in decimals.
II. Nalini scored more than 9 marks in the test.
Directions (16 – 20): Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions:
A word arrangement machine when given an input line of words rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and various steps rearrangement.
Input: Holocaust 14 Oblivion 53 Entrepreneur 29 Transformation 37 Petrichor 22 Disadvantageous 57
Step 1: 22 Holocaust 14 Oblivion 53 Entrepreneur 29 37 Petrichor Disadvantageous 57 Transformation
Step 2: 22 Oblivion Holocaust 14 53 Entrepreneur 37 Petrichor 29 Disadvantageous 57 Transformation
Step 3: 22 Oblivion 14 Holocaust 53 37 Petrichor Entrepreneur 29 Disadvantageous 57 Transformation
Step 4: 22 Oblivion 14 Holocaust 53 Petrichor 37 Entrepreneur 29 Disadvantageous 57 Transformation
And Step IV is the last step of the arrangement as the desired arrangement is obtained. As per rules followed in the above steps, find out in each of the questions the appropriate step for the given input.
Input: Entertainment 25 Thankful 49 Congratulations 32 Ambulance Anniversary 63 38
16. What is the position of the word 'Thankful' in the 4th step?
a) fourth from the right
b) fourth from the left
c) fifth from the left
d) sixth from the right
e) None of these
17. Which is the third element to the right of the seventh element from the right end in the second last step?
a) Entertainment
b) 63
c) Thankful
d) 38
e) None of these
18. How many steps will be required to complete the arrangement?
a) 2
b) 3
c) 4
d) 5
e) 6
19. Which of the following steps will be the last but one?
a) 5
b) 4
c) 3
d) 6
e) 7
20. How many elements are there between 'Entertainment' and 'Ambulance' in the second last step?
a) 3
b) 4
c) 5
d) 6
e) 7
Solutions:
(1 – 5):
Step 1.
Kohli is sitting at one of the corners and is neither a neighbour of Yuvraj nor of Jadega
Karun is facing the centre and is sitting opposite to Shikhar, who is not sitting at any of the sides of the table
Neither Dhoni nor Rohit is a neighbour of Karun
Step 2:
Yuvraj is sitting three places to the left of Rahul and Jadega is sitting four places to the right of Yuvraj
Gautam is not sitting at any of the corners
Gautam sits between Dhoni and Rohit
Ashwin is facing the centre and is opposite to Ajinkya
Step 3. By elimination, we get
1. B)   2. B)   3. D)   4. D)   5. B)  
(6 – 10):
In this question,
1. The number in the signs '%' and '#' represent the type of the number they are preceding respectively. While '%' is coming ahead of an even number, '#' is coming ahead of an odd one.
% for even number and
# for odd number
2. Next, each of the symbols of mathematical operations in the code represents the number of letters its corresponding word has.
No. of letters in word
Symbol
3
-
4
+
5
÷
6
×
3. Now, if we observe closely we can decode the number code given in the middle. This number actually represents the position of the last letter of the word after the letters of the alphabet are taken in the reverse order.
For example,
The last letter of the word 'Attend' is 'd' and d's position in the reverse order of the alphabet is 23. So, d's code is 23 here.
6. C)   7. D)   8. B)   9. C)   10. A)  
11. D) If the data in both the statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question.
From I- A>B and E is not tallest.
From II- C>A and D is not tallest.
From both the statements I and II- C>A>B and given that both D and E are not tallest. So we cannot say that who is shortest among all of them.
12. E) From both statement I and II- A is in North West of B
13. B) From statement I- We cannot decide.
From statement II- April.
14. C) From statement I- Wednesday, from statement II- Wednesday
15. D) From 1-We cannot decide. From 2- we cannot decide also. Even after combining both we cannot decide.
(16 – 20):
After careful analysis of the given input and various steps of rearrangement, it is evident that a number is arranged along with a word in each step. As for numbers, the one the sum of the digits of which (2+2 = 4) is the lowest is placed on the extreme left while the word with maximum number of consonants (Number of consonants in Transformation = 9) is placed at the extreme right of step 1.
In the next step, the word which has the least number of consonants will come next to '22' and the number the sum of the digits of which (5 + 7 = 12) is the highest will take the place immediate left to the word 'Transformation'. But as we can observe that the number '57' is already placed right before the word 'Transformation' we will make the next change in the same step and that is to place the word with second maximum number of consonants (8 consonants in Disadvantageous) before the number '57'.
And so on.
Input: Entertainment 25 Thankful 49 Congratulations 32 Ambulance Anniversary 63 38
Step 1: 32 Entertainment 25 Thankful 49 Ambulance Anniversary 63 38 Congratulations
Step 2: 32 Ambulance Entertainment 25 Thankful Anniversary 63 38 49 Congratulations
Step 3: 32 Ambulance 25 Thankful Anniversary 63 38 Entertainment 49 Congratulations
Step 4: 32 Ambulance 25 Thankful 63 Anniversary 38 Entertainment 49 Congratulations
16. B)   17. D)   18. C)   19. C)   20. C)