High Level Data Interpretation
Practice Questions
Directions (1 – 5): Study the following table and chart carefully and
answer the questions given beside:
The
following table shows the sales figures of Patanjali (in Rs. million) for the
period of 2012 to 2017
Months

201213

201314

201415

201516

201617

April

7.2

10.4

14.6

24.4

41.10

May

9.2

11.7

18.3

26.5

47.84

June

12.7

20.6

20.4

32.2

47.96

July

15.6

14.6

22.4

33.8

102.96

August

10.5

15.4

21.3

41.03

53.3

September

8.8

16.2

18.7

55.06

57.2

October

14.8

13.8

20.4

36.2

63.2

November

20.6

12.5

26.6

47.08

71.05

December

24.4

18.2

22.5

62.8

45.3

January

8.4

19.4

27.8

45.07

13.02

February

7.8

14.8

23.04

48.9

49.92

March

9.7

12.4

26.06

47.3

46.4

The
following pie chart shows the contribution of different products to the sales
figure 201617
1. For which month in 201617 was the annual growth rate for sales
figures the highest with respect to corresponding month of 201213?
a) September
b) May
c) February
d) November
e) July
2. If the profit margins, as percentage of sales, on Cow Ghee, Soap,
Dant kanti and Kesh Kanti in 201617 are 23%, 16%, 25% and 20% respectively,
which of these products contributed the maximum to the profit for the year
201617?
a) Dant Kanti
b) Kesh Kanti
c) Cow Ghee
d) Soap
e) Can’t be determined
3. In which year was the growth rate sale in a month over that of the
previous month the highest?
a) 2012 – 13
b) 2013 – 14
c) 2014 – 15
d) 2015 – 16
e) 2016 – 17
4. If the profit margins, as percentage of sales, on Cow Ghee, Soap,
Dant kanti and Kesh Kanti in 201314 are 18%, 12%, 22% and 16% respectively and
sales from these products form 32%, 25%, 20% and 15% respectively, what is the
approximate profit contributed by these products (in Rs. million)?
a) 35
b) 28
c) 30
d) 25
e) 31
5. What would be the sale in January 201718, if we take the double of
the percentage increase in the sale happened in 201617 in comparison to
January 201213?
a) Rs.27.34 m
b) Rs.22.87 m
c) Rs.28.34 m
d) Rs.21.52 m
e) Rs.23.84 m
Directions (6 – 10): Study the following information carefully to answer
the question given beside:
The
yearly sales turnover of ecommerce companies Flipkart, Shopclues, Paytm and
Snapdeal in crores from 2011 to 2016.
6. In which of the following years is Paytm's profit the highest, if it
makes 25% profit on its sales turnover in each year?
a) 2015
b) 2011 and 2015
c) 2012, 2015 and 2016
d) 2013, 2014 and 2016
e) 2014 and 2016
7. In which of the given years is the sales turnover of Flipkart as a
percentage of the combined sales turnover of Shopclues and Snapdeal the least?
a) 2016
b) 2013
c) 2011
d) 2015
e) 2012
8. In how many years was the sales turnover of Paytm more than onethird
of the total sales turnover of the four companies?
a) 1 year
b) 3 years
c) 5 years
d) 6 years
e) None of these
9. In how many years, from 2012 to 2016, did the sales turnover of
Flipkart as a percentage of the total sales turnover of the four companies
increases over that of its immediate preceding year?
a) 1
b) 2
c) 3
d) 4
e) None
15. Which of the following statements must be true?
a) The sales of Snapdeal, as a percentage of total sales, were the same
for four years
b) The ratio of the total sales of Paytm to the total sales of Flipkart,
from 2011 to 2016 was 19 : 20
c) The total sales of Shopclues from 2011 to 2016 were approximately
12.7% of the total sales of all the four companies for given period.
d) For each year, the sales of Shopclues were always more than the sales
of Snapdeal.
e) None of the above is true
Directions (11 – 15): Study the following line graph carefully and
answer the given questions.
The
following linegraph shows the percentage of aspirants appearing in SSC
examination from different zones in two successive years. The total number of
aspirants appearing in 2015 and 2016 was 4.5 lakh and 4.65 lakh respectively.
11. For which of the following zones is the difference between the
number of aspirants appearing in 2015 and 2016 the maximum?
a) West zone
b) North zone
c) Central zone
d) East zone
e) None of these
12. If 15% of the number of aspirants qualify from Central zone in 2015
for the main exam, then the total number of qualified aspirants from Central
zone is approximately what per cent of the total number of appeared aspirants
in that year?
a) 2%
b) 3%
c) 4%
d) 1%
e) None of these
13. What is the difference between the total number of aspirants who
appear from East zone in 2016 and the number of aspirants who appear from North
zone in 2015 in the exam?
a) 18500
b) 19000
c) 19500
d) 20000
e) None of these
14. What is the average number of aspirants who appear from East, West
and Central zones together in 2015 and North and South zone together in 2016?
a) 155500
b) 157500
c) 160000
d) 160500
e) None of these
15. What is the percentage increase in the number of aspirants in the
exam from the Central zone in 2016 in comparison to the previous year from the
same zero?
a) 55%
b) 70%
c) 66%
d) 50%
e) None of these
Solutions:
1.
E) By just looking at the
table we can observe that it is the month of July in which the highest growth
sale happens.
Reqd Growth % = (102.96 – 15.6)/15.6 * 100 =
87.36/15.6 * 100 = 560
2.
C) Let sales in 201617 be Rs. x
Profit contributed by Cow Ghee
⇒ 27% of 23% of x = 0.0621x
Profit contributed by Soap
⇒ 19% of 16% of x = 0.0304x
Profit contributed by Dant Kanti
⇒ 22% of 25% of x = 0.055x
Profit conributed by Kesh Kanti
⇒ 15% of 20% of x = 0.030x
Hence, Cow Ghee contributed the maximum.
3.
E) A close observation of the table, we get that
it is the month of February 201617 in which the growth rate was maximum, ie.
approximate 283%.
As per the given information,
(49.92 – 13.02)/13.02 * 100 = 283.41%
4.
B) Sales for 201314 = Rs. 180 million
Profit = [(0.32 × 0.18) + (0.25 × 0.12) + (0.20 ×
0.22) + (0.15 × 0.16)] of 180
= [0.0576 + 0.03 + 0.044 + 0.024] of 180
= 0.1556 × 180 ≈ 28 million
5.
A) Percentage increase in the month of January
from 201213 to 201617 = (13.02 – 8.4)/8.4 * 100 = 55%
Now, the effective percentage increase rate, as per
the question
⇒ 55 × 2 = 110%
Therefore, the sale in Jan, 201718 will be = (100 +
110)% of 13.02 = 210% of 13.02 = Rs. 27.34 million
6.
D) As the profit percentage in each year is the
same, Paytm will have the maximum profit in that year which has the maximum
sales turnover.
Year Sales Turnover
2011 175 – 100 = ₹ 75 Crores
2012 150 – 100 = ₹ 50 Crores
2013 225 – 125 = ₹ 100 Crores
2014 250 – 150 = ₹ 100 Crores
2015 150 – 75 = ₹ 75 Crores
2016 200 – 100 = ₹ 100 Crores
Hence, option D is a correct choice.
7.
A)
Hence, the required percentage was the least in the
year 2016.
8.
E)
Hence, it is during four years  2011, 2013, 2015
& 2016 (% values greater than 33.33%) that the turnover of Paytm is more
than one third of the total sales. (The year 2014 is not counted, as Paytm's
sales was exactly onethird of the total sales, not more than onethird)
Hence, option E is correct.
9.
A)
An increase in sales over a preceding year took
place only from 2011 to 2012 i.e. from 37.5% to 42.86%
Hence, option A is the correct answer.
10.
C) Verifying the options one by one
From
option A: During four years, the total sales of
Snapdeal were the same, i.e. 25 crores, but as the total sales of all four companies
was different in each year, hence option A is false.
From
option B: For the given period,
Total sales of Paytm = 75 + 50 + 100 + 100 + 75 +
100 = 500.
Total sales of Flipkart = 75 + 75 + 100 + 100 + 50 +
75 = 475.
The required ratio is 500 : 475 = 20 : 19, not 19 :
20. Hence option B is false
From
option C: Total sales of all the four
companies for given period = 200 + 175 + 250 + 300 + 175 + 275 = 1375
Total sales of Shopclues for the given period = 25 ×
5 + 50 = 175
Required % = 175/1375 * 100 = 12.72%
From
option D: The sales of Shopclues were
less than the sales of Snapdeal in 2016, Hence option D is false.
Hence, option C is correct.
11.
E) From the graph, it is clear
that in East zone the difference in % values is the maximum, ie 20%  12% = 8%.
So, the difference between the number of appearing students in 2015 and 2016
will be the maximum in East Zone.
12. A) Reqd % = {[450000 × (12/100) × (15/100)]/450000} × 100
= (9/500)×100 = 1.8%, So approx =
2%
13.
E) Reqd Difference,
= 450000 × (28/100) – 465000 × (20/100)
= 126000 – 93000 = 33000
14.
E) Required Average
= [(12+18+12)% of 4.5 lakh + (22+18)% of 4.65
lakh]/2
= (42% of 4.5 lakh + 40% of 4.65 lakh)/2
= [(1.89+1.86)/2] lakh = 1.875 lakh = 187500
15.
A) Required Percentage
= [(18% of 4.65 lakh – 12% of 4.5 lakh)/12% of 4.5
lakh] × 100
= (83.70 – 54)/54 × 100 = 29.7/54 × 100 = 55%