English Language Quiz for IBPS Exams 2017

Mentor for Bank Exams
English Language Quiz for IBPS Exams 2017
Dear Aspirants,
Welcome to Mentor for Bank Exams English Language Quiz section. The following quiz covers Reading Comprehension (10 Questions), Cloze test (10 Questions), Sentence Rearrangement (5 Questions. All the best for upcoming IBPS Exams 2017.
Directions (1 – 10): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it.
The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) is the best job guarantee scheme of India. The Mahatma Gandhi National rural employment guarantee act is designed to provide job guarantee for at least 100 days in rural parts of the country. Through this scheme, all the adult members (at least 18 years of age) of family in rural part of the country are given non-skilled work. The Mahatma Gandhi Nationwide Non-urban Career Assurance Act (MGNREGA) is an Indian job guarantee program, presented by regulation on Aug 25, 2005 The program provides a legal guarantee and ensure livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work. MGNREGA act was presented with an aim of helping the buying power of the rural individuals; mainly partial or un-skilled perform to individuals living in rural parts of the country, whether or not they are below the hardship line. About one-third of the predetermined workforce is women. The law was originally known as the Nationwide Non-urban Career Assurance Act (or NREGA) but was relabelled in 2009. In the year of 2011, the program was commonly criticized as no more effective than other hardship decrease programs in the country of India. Regardless of its finest objectives, popular MGNREGA isbeset with debate about damaged authorities, lack funding as the source of resources, low quality of facilities designed under this program, and random dangerous impact on hardship. The statement of the law provides adequate safeguards to promote its effective management and implementation. The act explicitly mentions the principles and agencies for implementation, list of allowed works, financing pattern, monitoring and evaluation, and most importantly the detailed measures to ensure transparency and accountability. Further the provisions of the law adhere to the principles enunciated in the Constitution of India. The comprehensive assessment of the performance of the law by the constitutional auditor revealed serious lapses arising mainly due to lack of public awareness, mismanagement and institutional incapacity. The CAG also suggests a list of recommendations to the government for corrective measures. The government, however, had also released a collection of reportedly independent researches evaluating the functioning of the act whose results significantly differed from the CAG report. Meanwhile, the social audits in two Indian states highlight the potential of the law if implemented effectively.
1. What’s the main objective of MGNREGA ?
a) To remove unemployment from the country.
b) To launch an Indian job guarantee program.
c) To provide employment of the rural unskilled individuals.
d) To provide a legal guarantee and life time livelihood.
e) None of these
2. Who is eligible to work under MGNREGA scheme ?
a) Mainly partial skilled rural individual, only below the hardship line.
b) Skilled or un-skilled individuals from the Northern part of India.
c) Both partial and un-skilled individuals from the rural parts of the country.
d) All of the above.
e) None of these
3. MGNREGA is a program which provides-
a) Employment to all rural un-skilled adult members who are not minor.
b) It ensures at least 3 months and 10 days of guaranteed wage employment.
c) Employment to those rural individuals, are below than poverty line.
d) Both 1 and 2
e) Both 2 and 3
4. What are the corrective measures, recommended by CAG ?
a) Proper collection of data.
b) Evaluate the job.
c) Need to have social audit.
d) Increase awareness of employment.
e) None of these
5. Find the correct statement on the basis of the given passage ?
a) MGNREGA law was originally known as the Nationwide Non-Rural Career Assurance Act.
b) MGNREGA has the most effective management and implementation.
c) Rural individual of any age can get employment under this law.
d) All of the above.
e) None of these
Direction (6 – 8): Choose the word which is most nearly the SAME in meaning as the word printed in bold as usedin the passage.
a) Validate
b) Assail
c) Postulate
d) Create
e) Repeat
a) Conform
b) Obligate
c) Reliable
d) Clearly
e) Repulse
a) Comply
b) Articulate
c) Repress
d) Force
e) Invalidate
Direction (9 – 10): Choose the word which is most OPPOSITE in meaning of the word printed in bold as used in the passage.
a) Hem in
b) Declassify
c) Veto
d) Propound
e) Execute
a) Propose
b) Reliable
c) Surround
d) Postulate
e) Compel
Directions (11 – 20): In the passage given below, there are 10 blanks, each followed by a word given in bold and has four alternative words given in options (a), (b), (c) and (d). You have to tell which word will best suit in the given blank. Mark (e) as your answer if the word given in bold after the blank is your answer. 
When North Korea claimed it was in the final stages of ---------- (1) discontinuing---------- an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) at the beginning of the year, Donald Trump ---------- (2) scoffed--------- ‘it won’t happen.’ So it was perhaps not a ---------- (3) clash-------- that North Korea chose America’s Independence Day to test a device that it claimed was indeed an ICBM. In fact, even if the claim is technically correct, the country’s leader, Kim Jong Un, will probably have to wait a few more years before he can -----------(4)brandish--------- a missile capable of delivering a nuclear warhead to Los Angeles or New York. But for American’s top brass, the speed at which North Korea’s missile programme is advancing will cast a pall over the fireworks on the Fourth of July. 
The missile appear to have flown for 37 minutes before ------------- (5) Burst --------- down some 930 km from its launch. According to David Wright of the union of concerned scientists, it had a -------------- (6) lofted---------- (heightened) trajectory, reaching an altitude of 2.800 km. On a more conventional trajectory, the same missile would have a range of about 6,700 km. That would be enough to reach Alaska. But not Hawaii or American Mainland. However, the minimum range needed to qualify as an ICBM is typically held to be 5,500 km, so North Korea may be justified in describing this missile as one. 
This test after a similar one on May 14th; the missile used then, also on a lofted trajectory, was thought to have a potential range of 4,500km. John Schilling of the website ’38 North’ believes that missile to have been a scaled down, two stage version of the three stage KN-08 prototype ICBM. The smaller missile, which the North Koreans called the Hwasong-12 and which Western intelligence analysts have tentatively ---------- (7) assigning-------- as the KN-17, was displayed during a military parade on April 15th to celebrate the birthday of North Korea and the present despot’s grandfather. 
After the launch on May 14th, Mr Schilling ---------- (8) speculated--------- that the Hwasong-12 was being used to develop the technologies and systems needed for future ICBMs. This would be cheaper and less ----------- (9) disturb----------- than testing the KN-08, particularly as its second stage would quite possibly fall on Japan, setting off a ----------- (10) tranquillity---------.
11. a) Decline b) Developing c) Thrive d) Cease e) No change
12. a) Reject b) Belittle c) Appreciate d) Disdaining e) No change
13. a) Coincidence b) Disagreement c) Mismatch d) Accordance e) No change
14. a) Displaying b) Not show c) Threatened d) Exposing e) No change
15. a) Effect b) Splurge c) Displayed d) Splashing e) No change
16. a) Begin b) Launch c) Floating d) Sent e) No change
17. a) Designated b) Label c) Allocating d) Choose e) No change
18. a) Contemplate b) Hypothesizing c) Wonder d) Considering e) No change
19. a) Repressive b) Provocative c) Excited d) Incite e) No change
20. a) Placidity b) Serenity c) Furore d) Quietude e) No change  
Directions (21 – 25): Read the following sentences, A, B, C, D and E carefully and rearrange them into a coherent paragraph.
21. (A) The Cassini mission is currently executing a series of daring ring-grazing dives as the mission comes closer to the culmination of its epic 20-year-long journey in space.
(B) The image was taken in green light with the Cassini spacecraft wide-angle camera on March 31 and the view was obtained at a distance of about one million kilometers from Saturn.
(C) The new image captures the unilluminated side of the rings from about seven degrees below the ring plane.
(D) After executing 22 dives between the planet’s icy rings, the spacecraft will plunge into Saturn’s atmosphere.
(E) NASA’s Cassini spacecraft has beamed back a stunning image that shows a sliver of Saturn’s sunlit atmosphere with its icy rings stretched across the foreground as a dark band.
22. (A) With this, Kannada films will have to compete with other language films.
(B) With the Centre rolling out the Goods and Services Tax (GST) from July 1, Kannada film viewers will have to shell more to watch their favourite actors on the big screen.
(C) Both single screens and multiplexes in the State have to collect 18% GST from audience of all-language films for tickets priced below Rs. 100 and 28% for tickets above Rs. 100, as no decision has been taken by the government on addressing the issue.
(D) The ball is now in the court of Karnataka government to insulate Kannada film industry from the GST effect.
(E) This is because the entertainment tax exemption that Kannada films enjoyed will cease to exist under the new tax regime.
23. (A) Women outside their home after dusk, or at about any activity other than the domestic chores that gives them social legitimacy — anything that indulges sensual pleasure, such as eating out or watching a film, leave alone something as laden with promiscuous potential as dancing or partying — are considered by many to be less than chaste, and, therefore, fair game for sexual predation.
(B) Nirbhaya was neither the first nor the last woman to be brutally assaulted. But the sheer savagery of the assault triggered unprecedented outrage. But mere outrage will not secure women.
(C) Much of the focus on this count has been on the physical solutions: helpline numbers to summon emergency teams, better police patrolling and even self-defence lessons for women.
(D) These do not address the root problem that lies in social values that subjugate women and their sexuality. Women are deemed virtuous depending on their location in time and space, apart from social class, and how they dress
(E) The Supreme Court’s Nirbhaya verdict, upholding death for the four accused in jail — one committed suicide and the sixth, a juvenile, was sentenced in 2013 to a three-year term in a juvenile home — will not settle with finality any of the questions that racked society’s conscience in the wake of the brutal assault on a young woman on December 16, 2012.
(F) These relate to the validity of capital punishment in a humane society, the right punishment for the heinous crime of rape and women’s uncertain security in the country.
24. Sentence 1: As Prime Minister Narendra Modi prepares to meet President Donald Trump for the first time, today in Washington, there is a sense that the favourable winds that carried the India-U.S. relationship over the past 10 to 15 years may be changing.
(A) After an era in which successive American Presidents were persuaded to forego short-term pay-offs for longer-term economic and diplomatic investment in India,
(B) “The world is not a “global community’,” noted two of Trump’s advisers in a Wall Street Journaloped this month, summarising the President’s worldview,
(C) we now have an incumbent whose foreign policy imperative is to secure a pound of flesh — and to do so in the here and now.
(D) In its first six months, the Trump administration’s radical and nationalistic approach to international affairs has already touched India in important areas,
(E) from visas for skilled workers, to climate change, to Iran policy.
Last Sentence: declaring that they embraced “this elemental nature of international affairs”, This undoubtedly throws up new challenges for India.
25. (A) It was re-discovered by nature enthusiasts K.M. Prabhu Kumar and Tarun Chhabra.
(B) News of the discovery was published in May 2017 in Phytotaxa, a journal on botanical taxonomy.
(C) Featuring a distinctive translucent spathe, it was last collected by E. Barnes in 1932 and described by C.E.C Fischer in 1933.
(D) Barely a few hundred cobra lily plants are left in the wild and they can be found only in a small area measuring less than 10 square kilometres in the Nilgiris.
(E) The incredibly rare Arisaema translucens, more commonly remembered as the cobra lily, was recently rediscovered in the western Nilgiris after 84 years.
1. C)   2. C)   3. D)   4. E)   5. E)   6. B)   7. D)   8. A)   9. C)   10. E)  
11. B) Explanation: Developing means bring to a more advanced or effective state. This fit best in the context.
Thrive means to grow, but it grammatically incorrect. Cease means to stop. Option a, d are opposite.
12. E) Explanation: scoff means to mock at; it fits best according to the context.
Option c is opposite. Option a, is out of the context. Option b, d is not grammatically correct.
13. A) Explanation: coincidence means the condition or fact of coinciding. Option b and c is opposite.
Option d is not grammatically correct.
14. E) Explanation: brandish means a flourish or waving as a weapon. This fits best.
Option a, d is not grammatically correct. Option c is out of the context.
15. D) Explanation: splashing means fall upon (something) in scattered masses.
Effect, Splurge, Displayed, burst all are synonyms but they fit loosely.
16. E) Explanation: lofted means to hit or throw something aloft. This fits perfectly.
Option a, d are fit loosely. Option b, c are grammatically incorrect.
17. A) Explanation: Designated means to mark or point out.
Option c, d are fit loosely in the context. Option b, c are not grammatically correct.
18. E) Explanation: speculated means to engage in thought or reflection. This fits best.
All the option are synonyms but Option c, d are fit loosely. Option a, b are grammatically incorrect.
19. B) Explanation: provocative means tending or serving to provoke. This fits correctly in the context.
Option a, is antonyms. Option c, d is not grammatically correct.
20. C) Explanation: furore means a state of noisy, confused activity. This fits best in the context.
Option a, b and d are antonyms.
21. A)   22. B)   23. C)   24. D)   25. E)