English Language Practice Questions | IBPS 2017

Mentor for Bank Exams
English Language Practice Questions | IBPS 2017
Dear Aspirants,
Welcome to Mentor for Bank Exams English Language Quiz section. The following quiz covers Reading Comprehension (10 Questions), Cloze Test (10 Questions), Sentence Fillers (5 Questions). All the best for upcoming IBPS Exams 2017.
Directions (1 – 10): Read the following passage carefully and answer these questions given below it. Certain words/phrases have been printed in BOLD to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
India Inc. suffered a new blow on Friday when the chief executive of one of the country’s leading technology outsourcing companies suddenly resigned, a surprise move he attributed to “a continuous drumbeat of distractions and negativity.”
The departure of the executive, Vishal Sikka, from Infosys comes just months after a struggle at the top of the Tata Group, a powerful Indian conglomerate, focused attention on a variety of problems in the country’s corporate governance and culture.
Both companies symbolized a shift in India’s business mind-set in recent decades, as they looked overseas to court clients and deals. Their success in recent years — Infosys counts a wide range of global companies as its clients, like the automaker Honda, the beverage seller Diageo — has come as India’s overall economy has seen faster growth.
Their more recent struggles, however, have also held similarities, with both companies being caught in battles between the goals of their original founders and a new generation of executives.
Mr. Sikka took over as the chief executive of Infosys in 2014, coming from the software company SAP and making it the first time the company looked beyond its original founders to fill the top job.
Established in 1981 by seven engineers armed with just $250, Infosys now has approximately 200,000 employees and reported revenue of $2.6 billion in the three months through June.
It has steadily expanded by offering software outsourcing services, arguing that it saves money for major companies and allows them to operate more efficiently. The majority of its revenue now comes from the United States, where Mr. Sikka pledged this year to hire 10,000 American employees. (The New York Times is also among the company’s clients.)
Mr. Sikka was credited with helping bolster the company’s revenue, sending its shares sharply higher. But he nevertheless found himself criticized by the founders of Infosys, including Narayana Murthy, a longtime former chairman and chief executive, particularly over levels of executive pay.
That criticism came to a head on Friday, when Mr. Sikka suddenly announced he was resigning. In a letter published by Infosys, he complained of a relentless string of attacks, which he said were “repeatedly proven false and baseless.”
“This continuous drumbeat of distractions and negativity over the last several months/quarters inhibits our ability to make positive change and stay focused on value creation,” he wrote.
He came to the conclusion “that it is indeed time for me to leave.”
Mr. Sikka will stay on as executive vice chairman, and the company’s chief operating officer U. B. Pravin Rao will take over as interim chief executive. Infosys said it planned to have a new chief executive in place by the end of March.
“This is purely a case of founders going for overkill,” said Manoj Kumar, a managing partner at the corporate law firm Hammurabi & Solomon, which is based in Delhi. “Shareholder value will definitely be impacted in the short term, as well as the long term.”
Infosys paid tribute to Mr. Sikka, saying he helped grow the company and establish “breakthrough new programs.” In a statement, the company’s board said it was “profoundly distressed by the unfounded personal attacks on the members of our management team” which it said “harmed employee morale and contributed to the loss of the company’s valued C.E.O.”
The company’s shares fell nearly 10 percent in Mumbai after the announcement of his resignation.
Mr. Murthy, however, offered no such tributes. He said in a statement that he was concerned by the “deteriorating standard of corporate governance” at Infosys, adding: “It is below my dignity to respond to such baseless insinuations.”
Mr. Sikka’s resignation mirrors the struggle over control of the Tata Group.
In that case, the conglomerate’s patriarch Ratan Tata, an Indian corporate titan, clashed with his chosen successor, Cyrus Mistry. Mr. Tata ousted Mr. Mistry in October, starting a nasty public battle in which the company found itself defending against accusations of wrongdoing. The fight between the two sides has rumbled on in recent months, with Indian media reporting that the Tata Group had moved to cut ties with companies controlled by Mr. Mistry.
1. According to the author , who has offered no such tributes according to the given passage ?
(a) Vishal Sikka
(b) Cyrus Mistry
(c) Anand Subramanian
(d) Narayana Murthy
(e) Pravin Rao
2. Which of the following is false with respect to the statements given below ?
(a) Pravin Rao will take over as the Interim CEO
(b) Mr. Sikka was credited with helping bolster the company’s revenue
(c) All the struggles had similarities
(d) Mr. Sikka took over as the chief Operating Officer of Infosys in 2014
(e) None of the these
3. Who was credited with helping bolster the company’s revenue according to the author ?
(a) Narayana Murthy
(b) Anand Subramanian
(c) Vishal Sikka
(d) U.B. Pravin Rao
(e) Cyrus Mistry
4. Which of the following is true with respect to the given passage ?
(a) Infosys said it planned to have a new chief executive in place by the end of March.
(b) Infosys has steadily expanded by offering software outsourcing services.
(c) Infosys is not the first time the company looked beyond its original founders to fill the top job.
(d) The company’s shares fell nearly 10 percent in Mumbai after the announcement of his resignation.
(e) The Tata Group had moved not to cut ties with companies controlled by Mr. Mistry.
(a) ONLY (A) , (B) & (C)
(b) ONLY (A) , (B) & (D)
(c) ONLY (B) , (C) & (E)
(d) ONLY (A) , (C) & (E)
(e) ONLY (C) , (D) & (E)
5. From where did majority of the income for Infosys come from ?
(a) India
(b) Singapore
(c) South America
(d) United Kingdom
(e) United States of America
6. What can be the appropriate Title for the given passage ?
(a) Vishal Sikka’s Resignation
(b) The Board’s interference and Sikka’s Resignation
(c) Infosys Chief Quits After Battle
(d) The fall of great conglomerate in INDIA
(e) None of the above
7. Choose the word which has the OPPOSITE MEANING as the word BOLSTER
(a) Maintain
(b) Bulwark
(c) Strengthen
(d) Discourage
(e) Sustained
8. Choose the word which has the OPPOSITE MEANING as the word IMPACT
(a) Smash
(b) Failure
(c) Coordination
(d) Bounce
(e) Impingement
9. Choose the word which has the EXACT MEANING as the word RELENTLESS
(a) Remorse
(b) Vigour
(c) Yielding
(d) Sympathetic
(e) Determined
10. Choose the word which has the EXACT MEANING as the word IMPACT
(a) Collision
(b) Buildup
(c) Avoidance
(d) Stillness
(e) Wallop
Directions (11 – 20): In the following passage, some of the words have been left out, each of which is indicated by a number. Find the suitable word from the options given against each number and fill up the blanks with appropriate words to make the paragraph meaningful. 
In a hundred years from now, when either our own future selves (if some of us arise from our cryogenically frozen sleeps) or those of our (11)[stupefied] descendants look back at times past, and more particularly, at our present, how will they interpret it? Will this moment— despite our political passions and protests — be a mere (12)[regard], a road kill in their rear-view mirror as they race (13)[under] the future? Our self-importance may convince us that we live in important times, but it is likely that the very events that (14)[preferably] occupy our present — like award vaapsi, kiss of love, beef lynchings and not in-my name — will have none of the emotional resonance we ascribe to them today. In parts, this (15)[reduction] is inevitable, a function of time (16)[ripen] — the farther away we get from an event, the less it means to us — that (17)[ bore] all human memories. To fight this inevitable erosion (18)[in] memory, we insist on documentation and historical records. And the further back we recede, the more dearly held facts become stories, and, even (19)[far]back, stories become foundational mythologies. But more fundamentally, these protests of our present may end up being read in an altogether different light, (20)[yield] very different conclusions and different questions.
11. (a) bemused (b) distracted (c) engrossed (d) fuzzy (e) No change required
12. (a) review (b) reconsideration (c) hindsight (d) afterthought (e) No change required
13. (a) into (b) in (c) on (d) for (e) No change required
14. (a) Perceptibly (b) vividly (c) sharp (d) strong (e) No change required
15. (a) Intensification (b) Adulteration (c) Attenuation (d) cripple (e) No change required
16. (a) Decay (b) Ruination (c) Rot (d) Dissolve (e) No change required
17. (a) smite (b) press (c) labor (d) afflicts (e) No change required
18. (a) of (b) at (c) on (d) through (e) No change required
19. (a) more (b) in (c) further (d) most (e) No change required
20. (a) Had yield (b) yielded (c) yielding (d) yields (e) No change required
Directions (21 – 25): In each of the following questions a passage is given in which there is a blank. Choose the most logical and appropriate option from the five options given that can be filled in the blank.
21. When the brain is affected by hypnosis — a trance-like state with focussed attention and reduced peripheral awareness — it faces an extreme reduction in its activities, although simple perception still takes place, according to a new study._______________________.
(A) They were also told to imagine that there was a wooden board in front of their eyes. As a result of the suggested obstruction, the number of counting errors rose significantly, the researchers said. 
(B) When we look at the neural processes that take place in the brain while processing the symbols, we see that around 400 milliseconds after the presentation of the to-be-counted symbol, there is an extreme reduction in brain activity.
(C) The findings showed that the hypnosis influences specific regions of the brain while it receives a visual stimulus and greatly impairs the brain’s deeper processing operations, such as counting.
(D) Although simple perception still takes place, deeper processing operations, such as counting, are greatly impaired, the professor  said.
(E) None of these.
22. Central banks have a problem: Growth in much of the world is accelerating, but inflation has failed to take off. Of course, for most people, growth without inflation is the ideal combination. But central banks have set the goal of achieving an inflation rate of “below, but close to 2 per cent,” as the European Central Bank (ECB) puts it.And, at this point, it is hard to see how that can be achieved.
Central banks never pretended that they could steer inflation directly._______________.
(A) But it would clearly be more comfortable if the competitive imbalances that arose during the boom years were corrected more quickly. 
(B) But they thought that by providing rock-bottom interest rates and generous liquidity conditions in the wake of the 2008 global financial crisis, they could push investment and consumption upward.  
(C) That was a mistake.
(D) But this mechanism, the so called Phillips curve, seems to have broken down.
(E) None of these.
23. Older adults who live with a purpose in life are more likely to have a good night sleep and less sleep apnoea as well as restless leg syndrome, a study has showed.
Individuals have more sleep disturbances and insomnia as they get older.
But, the findings demonstrated that people who felt their lives had meaning were 63 per cent less likely to have sleep apnoea — shallow breathing or pauses in breathing during sleep, several times per hour. ____________________________________.
(A) Helping people cultivate a purpose in life could be an effective drug-free strategy to improve sleep quality, particularly for a population that is facing more insomnia and restless leg syndrome as well.
(B) Further, they were 52 per cent less likely to have restless leg syndrome — uncomfortable sensations in the legs and an irresistible urge to move them. 
(C) Researchers said the findings were likely to be applicable to the broader public.
(D) But sleep quality is related to having trouble falling asleep, staying asleep and feeling sleepy during the day.
(E) None of these.
24. India is investigating whether last week’s outage of Airtel network in Delhi, alleged data breach of users of Reliance Jio Infocomm on Sunday and the technical glitch at the National Stock Exchange (NSE) on Monday were part of a “possible cyberattack.”
The government’s senior cybersecurity officials are looking into both the Airtel and Jio incidents to see if they were possible attacks,” a senior government official told The Hindu,____________________________.
(A) also the measures it plans to take to avoid such recurrences.
(B) adding that the glitch was not related to any kind of cyberattack.
(C) when the exchange is in the midst of a regulatory probe related to co-location and algorithmic trading.
(D) adding they expected to know more about the cases in the next few days. Another official said the attacks could have emanated from a neighbouring country.
(E) None of these.
25. In Bangalore, tech giants and startups typically spend their days fiercely battling each other for customers. Now they are turning their attention to a common enemy: the city’s infernal traffic congestion. Cross-town commutes that can take hours has inspired Gridlock Hackathon, a contest initiated by Flipkart Online Services for technology workers to find solutions to the snarled roads that cost the economy billions of dollars__________________.
(A) While the prize totals a mere $5,500, it’s attracting teams from global giants Microsoft Corp, Google and Amazon.com to local startups including Ola.
(B) The technology industry began booming decades ago and with its base of talent, it continues to attract companies
(C) The ideas put forward at the hackathon range from using artificial intelligence and big data on traffic flows to true moonshots, such as flying cars.
(D) Using artificial intelligence and big data on traffic flows to true moonshots, such as flying cars, have been proposed
(E) None of these.
Answers:
1. D)   2. D)   3. C)   4. B)   5. E)   6. C)   7. D)   8. B)   9. E)   10. A)  
11. A) ‘Bemused’ here means absent- minded, it is correct with the noun ‘descendants’.
12. D) HERE, ‘afterthought’ means an idea that occurs after it is timely, so  it is being referred to political passions those occur after the usual one.
13. A) The correct preposition will be ‘into’ as it is used when a movement towards something inside is described.
14. B) ‘Vividly’ means clearly, that is used in the context as clearly occupying the present of one.
15. C) Here, the correct answer will be ‘attenuation’, that means weakening, which is described here to inevitable (unavoidable).
16. A) Here, ‘decay’ refers to passing away,  that is used with time here i.e., time has passed away.
17. D) ‘Afflicts’ refers to cause or become hurt, which is associated with the human memories here.
18. A) The correct preposition  will be ‘of’ as per the subject-verb agreement.
19. C) Here, ‘further’ will be correct as it  means the  more next time or more before time.
20. C) The other verb in the sentence, is in present continuous tense, so this verb will be in present continuous also, it will be ‘yielding’.
21. C) The passage says about  hypnosis and the state experienced after that according to a study. A says about “They” which is not known as to whom it is referring to ; B talking about some symbols which is also not relatable to the topic in a clear way ; D seems very much close as it says about simple perception taking place which is also talked about just before the blank but It is also incorrect as it talks about a professor but passage tells about the findings of a study not a professor so it is also incorrect. C is the correct answer.
22. B) The passage says about the inflation not in sync with the growth and steps taken by central banks to overcome this problem. The sentence before the blank says that banks have never pretended they can guide/handle inflation directly means there should be some additional force as well . B completes it in the accurate sense.
23. B) The passage is saying that according to a study the people with a purpose in life are healthier in the sense of good sleep and restless leg syndrome. So the passage talks about two things and one thing is already discussed that is the sleep so logically the next sentence should talk about the second issue that is the leg syndrome so B fulfils this logic. We can also eliminate other options as A is giving us the solution to the problem straightaway but remember the second issue is still not discussed (leg syndrome) so this is not the valid sentence ; C talks about its application to the broader public – it is talked in a contrasting manner but application to specific class is not specifically stated (the passage already says the study is about older people but not specifically given before the blank) so it is incorrect here ; D starts with BUT , but to what issue it is contrasting , seems ambiguous and incomplete too. B is the right sentence.
24. D) The passage deals about the network issues of Airtel and Jio infocomm; also the technical problem at NSE and chances of it being a cyber attack .The sentence before the blank says about officials looking into the matter and D completes it correctly. In A, pronoun IT is used but the sentence is telling about an individual so it can’t follow ; B being the completely contrasting statement is not valid here because the matter is looked into only and there is no conclusion yet so wrong option ; C is not relating with the previous part  both are different topics.
25. A) The sentence before the blank says about a contest initiated by flipkart for technology workers to find solution to the common problem in Bengaluru that is the traffic , A follows it accurately as it tells the prize money and also the companies participating in the contest.