English Language Practice Questions for IBPS Exams 2017

Mentor for Bank Exams
English Language Practice Questions for IBPS Exams 2017
Dear Aspirants,
Welcome to Mentor for Bank Exams English Language Practice Question Section. The following Quiz covers Reading Comprehension (10 Questions), Cloze Test (10 Questions), Double Fillers (5 Questions). All the Best for upcoming IBPSExams 2017.
Directions (1 – 10): Read the following comprehension and answer the questions followed:
THE production was as dramatic as any other the National Theatre in Barcelona has seen. There, on July 4th, the president of Catalonia’s government, Carles Puigdemont, announced plans to hold a unilateral referendum on independence from Spain on October 1st. The draft law he unveiled says that, whatever the turnout, if those voting in favour outnumber those against, within 48 hours the Catalan parliament will declare independence. To Mr Puigdemont’s supporters, this is a national epic. To Mariano Rajoy, Spain’s conservative prime minister, it is “authoritarian delirium”. He is determined that it should not take place.
Mr Puigdemont’s push follows five years of secessionist agitation in Catalonia, one of Spain’s richest regions, whose 7.5m people make up 16% of its population. Separatism was fuelled partly by the Constitutional Tribunal’s rejection of parts of a new statute that would have granted the region more autonomy. But the main drivers were nationalist politicians in Barcelona who blamed euro-crisis austerity on Madrid. In a regional election in 2015, parties campaigning for independence won, but only just: the ruling coalition got 48% of the vote but 53% of the seats in the parliament.
Mr Puigdemont invokes “the legitimate right to self-determination of a thousand-year-old nation”. National and international law is against him. Spain’s constitution of 1978—approved by over 90% of Catalan voters in a referendum—granted the regions great autonomy. But it affirmed “the indissoluble unity of the Spanish nation”. Only the Spanish parliament can change the constitution. Catalonia’s own autonomy statute, which Mr Puigdemont’s law would replace, can only be amended by a two-thirds majority of its parliament. And the Council of Europe, which Mr Puigdemont consulted, said in June that any referendum must be carried out “in full compliance with the constitution”.
Mr Rajoy insists that he must uphold the law. At Madrid’s urging, the courts have fined and suspended from office the Catalan politicians who organised a previous, unofficial referendum in 2014 (in which just 2.3m people voted, a 37% turnout). This time the Catalan government plans to thwart legal action by rushing the referendum law through its parliament, by simple majority, in September. Unlike in 2014, it claims the vote will be binding.
Soraya Saenz de SantamarĂ­a, Spain’s deputy prime minister, responded that “24 hours will be enough” for the state to strike down the referendum law once it is passed. In this, Mr Rajoy has the support of the opposition Socialists. Even Podemos, a far-left party, says that the referendum is not binding. The Catalan government has tried but failed to get international support. Spain’s European partners see Catalonia’s status as a strictly internal matter.
With his threat of a declaration of independence, Mr Puigdemont’s last throw seems to be to provoke an overreaction by Mr Rajoy and a popular rebellion in Catalonia. Article 155 of the constitution lets the government force regional officials to fulfil their legal obligations. Never invoked, it is portrayed in Barcelona as “tanks in the streets”. Rather than Article 155, the government will probably use the courts to block the referendum less dramatically, by slapping lawsuits on those who sign or vote for unconstitutional measures.
Opinion polls show that around 40-44% of Catalans support independence, depending on how the question is framed. That is not enough to make a revolution. The march to illegality is prompting strains in Barcelona. Mr Puigdemont this month sacked Jordi Baiget, a member of his government, for saying that a binding referendum “probably” won’t happen. Mr Baiget said he was prepared to go to prison, but not to expose his family to fines. 
Mr Rajoy’s approach may be unimaginative, but it is effective. It is politically profitable for him in the rest of Spain, where many are fed up with what they see as Catalan whining. But it ignores Catalonia’s unhappiness with Spain’s current constitutional arrangements. Keeping the country together may require revisiting them.
1. What will the government probably use to block the referendum ?
(a) Courts
(b) Article 155
(c) Arresting Carles Puigdemont
(d) By Using Lawsuits
(e) Replace the existing government in Spain
A) ONLY (A),(B) & (E)
B) ONLY (B),(C) & (D)
C) ONLY (A),(B) & (C)
D) ONLY (C), (B) & (E)
E) ONLY (D),(E) & (A)
2. Among the following statements given, choose the satatement which is not true based on the given passage according to the author ?
A) whatever the turnout, if those voting in favour outnumber those against, within 48 hours the catalan parliament will not declare independence
B) mariano rajoy is determined that the referendum should not take place
C) spain’s european partners see catalonia’s status as a strictly internal matter.
D) the main drivers were nationalist politicians in barcelona who blamed euro-crisis austerity on madrid
E) 40-44% of catalans support independence, depending on how the question is framed that is not enough to make a revolution.
3. Who has the provision to change the constitution ?
A) SPAIN PRIME MINISTER
B) CATALAN PARLIMENT
C) CATALAN PRESIDENT
D) SPAIN PARLIMENT
E) NONE OF THE ABOVE
4. What did the author tries to convey with the word “IT” in the passage Never invoked, it is portrayed in Barcelona as “tanks in the streets” ?
A) dissolving the parliament
B) not favoring the voting process of catalan government
C) the usage of article 155 over an issue
D) the resignation of the prime minister after the referendum
E) the separation of the countries before the referendum
5. Why Mr. Puigdemont referndum for a new nation will fail ?
(a) National and international law is against him
(b) Only the Spanish parliament can change the constitution
(c) It cannot be amended by a two-thirds majority of its parliament
(d) Any referendum must be carried out “in full compliance with the constitution
(e) Catalans votes is not enough to make a revolution
A) ONLY (A),(B) & (C)
B) ONLY (B),(C) & (D)
C) ONLY (A),(B) & (D)
D) ONLY (C),(D) & (E)
E) ONLY (D),(E) & (A)
6. Who see Catalonia’s status as a strictly internal matter ?
A) EUROZONE
B) SPAIN'S ASSOCIATES
C) CATALAN ASSOCIATES
D) EUROPEAN UNION
E) UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
7. Choose the appropriate word which is SIMILAR to the word DELIRIUM
A) APATHY
B) SANENESS
C) MADNESS
D) FERVOR
E) ZEAL
8. Choose the appropriate word which is OPPOSITE to the word austerity
A) SEVERITY
B) EXTRAVAGANCE
C) GENTILITY
D) OBDURACY
E) FLEXIBILITY
9. Choose the appropriate word which is SIMILAR to the word STRAINS
A) HEAP
B) PAIN
C) AID
D) JERK
E) TUG
10. What change is required to the sentence “ The Catalan government has tried but failed to get international support “ ?
A) the catalan government has been trying but failed to get international support.
B) the catalan government has tried but have been failed to get international support.
C) the catalan government had had tried but failed to get international support.
D) the catalan government has been tried but failed to get international support.
E) no change required
Directions (11 – 20): In the following passage there are blanks each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words/phrases are suggested one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word/phrase in each case:
MARKETS frequently froth and bubble, but the boom in bitcoin, a digital currency, is extraordinary. _____(11)_______Though its price is down from an all-time high of $2,420 on May 24th, it has more than doubled in just two months. Anyone clever or lucky enough to have bought $1,000 of bitcoins in July 2010, when the price stood at $0.05, would now have a stash worth $46m. Other crypto currencies have ______(12)_______ soared, too, giving them a collective market value of about $80bn. Ascents this steep are rarely sustainable. More often than not, the word “bitcoin” now comes attached to the word “bubble”. But the question of what has driven up the price is important. Is this just a speculative mania, or is it evidence that bitcoin is taking on a more substantial role as a medium of exchange or a store of value? Put another way, is bitcoin like a tulip, gold or the dollar—or is it something else entirely? 
Start with the case that this is nothing more than a virtual tulipmania, a speculative _____(13)_____hysteria in which a rising price encourages ever more buyers, no matter what the asset is. Bitcoin’s recent trajectory certainly seems manic. Retail investors have piled in. Many already familiar with bitcoin investing have moved on to bet on alternatives, such as Ethereum, and “initial coin offerings” (ICOs), in which firms issue digital tokens of their own. It looks like a scammers’ paradise, yet unlike tulips, bitcoins have real uses. They now buy everything from pizzas to computers. So if a tulip isn’t the right analogue, how about gold? Bitcoins certainly seem to bear more than a passing _____(14)_______alternate. Goldbugs mistrust governments and their money-printing tendencies; so too do bitcoinesseurs: no central bank is in charge of bitcoin. But a store of value ______(15)____had not bounce around as much as this one does: bitcoin swung from more than $1,100 in late 2013 to less than $200 a year later, before climbing, in fits and starts, to its current dizzying heights.Rather than being just a form of digital gold, bitcoin aspires to loftier goals: to be a means of exchange like the euro, yen or the dollar. Regulators are starting to take bitcoin seriously. Some of the price surge can be explained by Japan’s decision to treat bitcoin more like any other currency. Yet the bitcoin system is operating at its limits and its developers ____(16)______cannot agree on how to increase the number of exchanges the system is able to handle. As a result, a transaction now costs nearly $4 in fees on average and takes many tedious hours to confirm. For convenience, a dollar bill _______(17)______beaten it hands down.
If bitcoin and the other cryptocurrencies are unlike anything else, what are they? The best comparison may be with the internet and the dotcom boom it created in the late 1990s. Like the internet, cryptocurrencies both ______(18)______ embody innovation and give rise to more of it. They are experiments in themselves of how to maintain a public database (the “blockchain”) without anybody in particular, a bank, say, being in charge. Georgia, for instance, is using the technology to secure government records. And blockchains are platforms for further experiments. Take Ethereum, for example. It allows all kinds of projects, from video games to on-line markets, to raise funds by issuing tokens—essentially private money that can be traded and used _____(19)_______ in a period these projects. Although such ICOs need to be handled with care, they could also generate intriguing inventions. Fans hope that they will give rise to decentralized upstarts taking aim at today’s oligopolistic technology giants, such as Amazon and Facebook. This may seem like a dangerous way to generate innovation. Investors could lose their shirts; a crash in one asset class could spread to others, creating ____(20)____fervor in the financial system. But in the case of cryptocurrencies such risks seem limited. It is hard to argue that those buying cryptocurrencies are unaware of the risks. And since they are still a fairly self-contained system, contagion is unlikely.
11. A) inspite of being B) despite C) although D) being E) no change required
12. A) Rising B) Been Subordinating C) Decreased D) Been Soar E) no change required
13. A) Delirium B) Hysteria C) Doubt D) Confusion E) no change required
14. A) Reversal B) Trouble C) Resemblance D) Variety E) no change required
15. A) Have been B) Has C) Should D) Shall E) no change required
16. A) Shall Not B) Should C) Can D) Would E) no change required
17. A) Beat B) Have been Beating C) Has Beat D) Beats E) no change required
18. A) Embodies B) Conceal C) Evince D) Join E) no change required
19. A) Within B) Over C) Instead D) Despite E) no change required
20. A) Wait B) Swim C) Wobble D) Endurance E) no change required
Directions (21 – 25): Each questions has 5 parts labeled (a), (b), (c),(d) and (e). Read each sentence to find out which on can be filled and indicate your answer in the answer sheet against the corresponding letter i.e., (a) or (b) or (c) or (d) or (e). 
21. It is said that as a legal team Charles Houston and Thurgood Marshall Complemented each other thoroughtly: Houston’s sedate manner was ………. Marshall’s ……… .
(a) analogous to, trepidation
(b) commensurate with, formality
(c) tempered by, joculartiy
(d)adverse to, gregariousness
(e) superseded by, inquisitiveness
22. Alice Walker’s The Temple of My Familiar, far from being a tight, …… Narrative, is instead …….. novel that roams freely and imaginatively over a halfmillion
(a) traditional, a chronological
(b) provocative, an insensitive
(c) forceful, a concise
(d) focused, an expansive
(e) circuitous, a discursive
23. The board members, accustomed to the luxury of being chauffeured to  corporate meetings in company limousines, were predictably ….. when they learned that this service had been …… .
(a) satisfied, annulled
(b) stymied, extended
(c) displeased, upheld
(d) disgruntled, suspended
(e) concerned, provided
24. Many people find Stanley Jorden’s music not only entertaining but also …….., listening to it helps them to relax and to ……. The tensions they feel at the end of a trying day.
(a) soothing, heighten
(b) therapeutic, heighten
(c) sweet, underscore
(d) exhausting, relieve
(e) interesting, activate
25. He ……… the practices of aggressive autograph seekers, arguing that anyone distinguished enough to merit such ……. Also deserved to be treated courteously.
(a) decried, adulation
(b) defended, adoration
(c) endorsed, brusqueness
(d) ignored, effrontery
(e) vilified, disdain
Answers:
1. B)   2. A)   3. D)   4. C)   5. C)   6. B)   7. C)   8. A)   9. B)   10. E)   11. C)   12. E)   13. B)   14. C)   15. C)   16. E)   17. D)   18. E)   19. A)   20. C)   21. C)   22. D)   23. D)   24. B)   25. A)