The Hindu Editorials with Vocabulary (20 – 07 – 2017)

Mentor for Bank Exams
The Hindu Editorials with Vocabulary (20 – 07 – 2017)
a) Resignation drama: Mayawati is struggling to be politically relevant and retrieve the viability of the BSP
The resignation of Bahujan Samaj Party chief Mayawati from her Rajya Sabha seat on Tuesday provided the high drama in the opening days of Parliament’s monsoon session. But it was easy to understand why she is giving up the little she has in Parliament in order to raise her political profile. In fact, as he joined other Opposition leaders to line up moral support for her, Rashtriya Janata Dal president Lalu Prasad inadvertently highlighted the position of weakness from which she is launching her fight back. He would help get her re-elected to the Rajya Sabha from Bihar, he said. The BSP, with just 19 seats in the 403-member Uttar Pradesh Assembly, does not have sufficient numbers to ensure the former U.P. Chief Minister’s re-election, something she would have needed less than a year from now anyway. But Ms. Mayawati’s fight is not for a seat in the House, it is for her very relevance. Successive elections have confirmed the squeeze. From being presumed to be both the prime ministerial candidate of the Third Front in 2009 and the beneficiary in 2017 of the cracks in the Samajwadi Party and the expected blowback of the Narendra Modi government’s demonetisation exercise, she now finds herself to be little more than an aside.
Ms. Mayawati herself gave away her predicament by the choice of issue she sought extra time for on the floor of the House: denial of permission for a Dalit procession in Saharanpur on April 14, B.R. Ambedkar’s birth anniversary. If on the one hand the BSP finds the BJP taking away large segments of the Dalit vote, the rise of forces like the Bhim Army in Saharanpur with a more fiery Dalit assertion threatens to leave her behind. The challenge for her is nothing less than crafting the next chapter in the BSP’s evolution. The party had first tasted electoral success under Kanshi Ram’s mentorship, with a call for an alliance of the oppressed, along caste, gender and religious lines, to transform society and politics so that they were not simply accommodated through symbolic handouts — but the world around them progressed rapidly for them to win their rightful political space. This aspiration was worked into his strategy of forcing political instability, so that every churn would give the BSP a shot at expanding its base. The next phase took place on Ms. Mayawati’s watch when she crafted a bottom-up rainbow coalition of Dalits, Muslims and upper castes, and got a full majority in the 2007 State elections. With its skilful rewrite of the holding majoritarian narrative and its organisational aggression, the BJP has cherry-picked from that coalition. So much so that the BSP is in an existential struggle to hold on to its core base. More than any other party, the BSP has relied as much on its organisation as on its modernising message. She needs to refresh both.
Words / Vocabulary:
1. Giving up
Meaning: To stop trying to guess.
Example: After ten minutes trying to get the answer I gave up.
2. Line up
Meaning: A row of people, including a person who is believed to have committed a crime, who are shown to a witness to find out if the witness recognizes that person.
Example: They lined them up and shot them.
3. Inadvertently
Meaning: Without intention; accidentally.
Example: His name had been inadvertently omitted from the list.
Synonyms: Accidently, Mistakenly
Antonyms: Deliberately
4. Ensure
Meaning: Make certain that (something. will occur or be the case.
Example: The client must ensure that accurate records are kept.
Synonyms: Secure, Confirm, Check
5. Relevance
Meaning: The quality or state of being closely connected or appropriate.
Example: This film has contemporary relevance.
6. Squeeze
Meaning: A strong financial demand or pressure, typically a restriction on borrowing, spending, or investment in a financial crisis.
Example: Industry faced higher costs and a squeeze on profits.
7. Blowback
Meaning: Negative reactions or results that were not intended, such as criticism, protest, or anger
Example: If he tried to control immigration, there would be blowback from farmers who could not get workers to pick produce.
8. Predicament
Meaning: A difficult, unpleasant, or embarrassing situation.
Example: The club’s financial predicament.
Synonyms: Mess, Difficulty
9. Denial
Meaning: The action of denying something.
Example: She shook her head in denial.
Synonyms: Contradiction, Counterstatement
10. Fiery
Meaning: Having a passionate and quick-tempered nature.
Example: A fiery, imaginative Aries.
Synonyms: Passionate, Impassioned
Antonyms: Bland, Indifferent
11. Alliance
Meaning: A union or association formed for mutual benefit, especially between countries or organizations.
Example: A defensive alliance between Australia and New Zealand.
Synonyms: Association, Union, Treaty
12. Oppressed
Meaning: Keep (someone. in subjection and hardship, especially by the unjust exercise of authority.
Example: A system which oppressed working people.
Synonyms: Persecute, Abuse
13. Coalition
Meaning: A temporary alliance for combined action, especially of political parties forming a government.
Example: A coalition between Liberals and Conservatives.
Synonyms: Alliance, Union, Bloc
14. Cherry-picked
Meaning: Selectively choose (the most beneficial or profitable items, opportunities, etc.. from what is available.
Example: The company should buy the whole airline and not just cherry-pick its best assets.
15. Slap
Meaning: Put or apply (something. somewhere quickly, carelessly, or forcefully.( impose a fine or other penalty on..
Example: The government had slapped an embargo on imports.
Synonyms: Impose, Levy
16. Dilemma
Meaning: A situation in which a difficult choice has to be made between two or more alternatives, especially ones that are equally undesirable.
Example: He wants to make money, but he also disapproves of it: Den’s dilemma in a nutshell.
Synonyms: Problem, Predicament
17. Curbing
Meaning: Restrain or keep in check.
Example: She promised she would curb her temper.
Synonyms: Control, Stifle
Antonyms: Release
18. Renegotiate
Meaning: Negotiate (something. again in order to change the original agreed terms.
Example: The parties will renegotiate the price.
19. Detente
Meaning: The easing of hostility or strained relations, especially between countries.
Example: His policy of arms control and detente with the Soviet Union.
20. Overhaul
Meaning: Overtake (someone., especially in a sporting even.
Example: Jodami overhauled his chief rival.
Synonyms: Overtake, Pass, Outstrip
21. Clout
Meaning: Influence or power, especially in politics or business.
Example: I knew she carried a lot of clout.
Synonyms: Influence, Power