Reading Comprehension Quiz | IBPS | RBI | NICL

Mentor for Bank Exams
Reading Comprehension Quiz for Bank and Insurance Exams
Directions (1 – 8): Read the passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.
Changes in rainfall and other forms of precipitation will be one of the most critical factors determining the overall impact of climate change. Rainfall is much more difficult to predict than temperature but there are some statements that scientists can make with confidence about the future.
A warmer atmosphere can hold more moisture, and globally water vapour increases by 7% for every degree centigrade of warming. How this will translate into changes in global precipitation is less clear cut but the total volume of precipitation is likely to increase by 1-2% per degree of warming.
There's evidence to show that regions that are already wet are likely to get wetter, but details on how much wetter and what impacts there will be on a local scale are more difficult to ascertain. The dry regions of the subtropics are likely to get drier and will shift towards the poles. For much of Europe, wetter winters are expected, but with drier summers over central and southern Europe.
It is the changes in weather patterns that make predicting rainfall particularly difficult. While different climate models are in broad agreement about future warming on a global scale, when it comes to predicting how these changes will impact weather– and consequently rainfall– there is less agreement at a detailed level.
It is likely that in a warmer climate heavy rainfall will increase and be produced by fewer more intense events. This could lead to longer dry spells and a higher risk of floods.
So far, any impact that climate change may have had generally on regional rainfall cannot be distinguished from natural variations. However, for some specific cases a signal is starting to emerge. A recent study showed that man-made climate change substantially increased the odds of damaging floods occurring in England and Wales in autumn 2000. For the UK, current understanding suggests that increases in heavy rainfall during winter may start to become discernible more generally in the 2020s.
Climate models and observations are improving all the time and the reliability of predictions is likely to improve significantly over the next few years. In particular, new satellites and more detailed models are opening up new possibilities for understanding and predicting how water cycles through the climate system. For example, current climate models typically represent atmospheric processes only down to scales of about 50- 100 km. This limits their ability to incorporate the effects of mountains and coastlines and means that small-scale processes, such as convection, must be represented by average approximations. In addition, the latest regional climate models capture daily rainfall on large scales but are not good at capturing heavier or more localised events.
However, the latest generation of localised weather forecasting models represent scales down to 1 km and can capture these localised features. Scientists are now starting to apply these models to climate change studies, raising the possibility of much more confidence in their predictions of changes in extreme rainfall.
1. Where are you most likely to find this article?
A) Political magaziine
B) History journal
C) Fashion journal
D) Medicine journal
E) Newspaper
2. Which of the following could be the title of the passage?
A) Impact of rain on climate change
B) Impact of climate change in Europe
C) Impact of climate change on rainfall
D) Impact of climate change on the world
E) None of the above
3. By how much does water vapour increase globally for every increase in a degree centigrade in warming?
A) 6%
B) 11%
C) 7%
D) 8%
E) 9%
4. By when will the heavy rainfall during winter become more discernible?
A) 2020's
B) 2030's
C) 2040's
D) 2050's
E) Not mentioned
5. What kind of relationship do warming and precipitation have?
A) Inverse
B) Direct
C) Inversely proportional
D) Not related
E) Cannot be inferred
6. What is the author's opinion on the recent climate models?
A) Experimental
B) Definite
C) Encouraging
D) Discouraging
E) Doubtful
7. Which of these factors make predicting rainfall difficult?
A) Changes in temperature
B) Changes in snowfall
C) Changes in habitat
D) Changes in weather pattern
E) None of the above
8. What is the tone of the author throughout the passage?
A) Explanatory
B) Aggressive
C) Pessimistic
D) Not confident
E) None of the above
Directions (9 – 10): Four words are given below. Choose the pair of words that most nearly mean the SAME or OPPOSITE of each other.
9. A. SKINFLINT
B. SKELETON
C. EMACIATED
D. MISER
A) B-C
B) A-B
C) A-D
D) A-C
E) C-D
10. A. SLOVENLY
B. SLAPDASH
C. SMOLDER
D. DISHEVELLED
A) B-C
B) A-D
C) C-D
D) A-B
E) B-D
Answers with Explanations:
1. E) The above passage is most likely to appear in a newspaper as it reports about the effect on rainfall due to climate change.
2. C) Since the passage is about how climate change is influencing rain patterns, the correct option would be option (C).
3. C) Water vapour increases by 7% globally for an increase in degree centigrade in warming.
4. A) The passage states that heavy rainfall during winter will become more discernible during 2020's.
5. B) Since precipitation is likely to increase with increase in warming, the relationship is best described as direct.
6. C) The author is hopeful that the new climate models will help produce more accurate results. Thus option 3 is the correct answer.
7. D) Changes in weather pattern make predicting rainfall difficult.
8. A) The author has tried to explain the relationship between changes in rainfall and climate change throughout the passage. Thus option (A) is the correct answer.
9. C) The meaning of the words is as follows:
skinflint=> a person who spends as little money as possible; a miser.
skeleton=> an internal or external framework of bone, cartilage, or other rigid material supporting or containing the body of an animal or plant.
emaciated=> thin and weak
miser=> a person who hoards wealth and spends as little money as possible.
Thus A and D have similar meaning. Option (C) is the correct answer.
10. B) The meaning of the words is as follows:
Slovenly=> Untidy and messy
Slapdash=> done quickly without consideration for accuracy
Smolder=> to burn with no flame and little smoke; to have strong restrained feelings
Dishevelled=> Untidy
Thus option A and D are similar in meaning. Option (B) is the correct answer.