High Level Reasoning Puzzles | IBPS | RBI | NICL

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High Level Reasoning Puzzles for Bank and Insurance Exams
Directions (1 – 5): These questions are based on the following information:
A team of top six Basketball players is to be selected from a group of 10 players – A through J. The selection would be done based on the ranks of four parameters – higher rank in each parameter is preferred. If one of the two players with the same rank in different parameters is to be selected, then the order of priority would be Speed, Accuracy, Strength and Height respectively. No person got the same rank in two parameters. Following is the information known about their ranking.
i) D and H got worst ranks than B in any parameter and the best rank of H is 6.
ii) C is the only person who got the first rank as well as the last rank. B, E and J are the only persons who got neither the first rank nor the last rank.
iii) In strength F got a better rank than J, who in turn got better rank than G. In speed, F got a better rank than J, who got better rank than I, who got better rank than E.
iv) G did not get consecutive ranks with H or D in any parameter.
v) In height, C, F and G got the third, the fourth and the seventh ranks respectively.
vi) In strength, B, A and D got the third, the fifth and the tenth ranks respectively.
vii) In speed, A and B got the second and the sixth ranks respectively.
viii) In accuracy C, G, I and A got the second, the fourth, the eight and the ninth ranks respectively.
1. If E and D got the same rank in strength and speed respectively then who got the fourth rank in different parameters?
A) D, A, I, B
B) F, B, A, C
C) F, I, J, G
D) Cannot be determined
E) None of these
2. If E got the 8th rank in height, then, who got the 3rd rank in accuracy?
A) J
B) G
C) E
D) Cannot be determined
E) None of these
3. Who got the 4th rank in accuracy?
A) B
B) J
C) E
D) G
E) None of these
4. What is the rank of F in strength?
A) 4th
B) 6th
C) 2nd
D) Cannot be determined
E) None of these
5. Who got the 8th rank in Speed if H is faster than E?
A) D
B) H
C) E
D) Both A and B
E) None of these
Directions (6 – 10): Read the information carefully and answer below question:
Twelve members of a family are sitting on a dining table in two parallel rows of chairs containing six people each, in such a way that there is equal distance between adjacent persons. In row 1:Rahul, Shishir, Maya, Hemant, Shipra and Tapasare seated and all of them are facing south. In row 2:Sandhya, Sunil, Roshni, Rashmi, Ravi and Nitin are seated and all of them are facing north. Each of them likes a different watch brand viz Casio, Titan, Sonata, Armani, Gucci, Fastrack, Limit, Timex, Rolex, Omega, Rado and Maxima. Each of them likes a different hill-station viz Nainital, Chamba, Kullu, Manali, Auli, Shimla, Ooty, Mussoorie, Almora, Shillong, Khandala and Coorg. Each of them likes a different car namely Innova, Dzire, Santro, Eon, Alto, Brio, Beat, Omni, WagonR, Nano, i10 and Swift, But not necessary in the same order.
There is only one person on the right side of Ravi whose favourite hill station is Chamba. Ravi is the son of Roshni. There are three people sitting between Ravi and son of Sandhya who likes Swift car. In the first row there are four people sitting between the person who likes Titan watch and the one who likes Rado watch. Maya who likes Beat car and Rolex watch sits second to the right of the person who likes Rado watch. Maya is the daughter of Rashmi. There is only one person between Rahul and Tapas who likes Innova car. Tapas sits on an extreme end of the row and faces Nitin who wants to go to Nainital. Shipra sits immediate right of the person who likes Sonata watch.The one who likes Shillong faces the person who likes Gucci who sits immediate left of the person who likes Ooty. Shipra faces the person who likes Dzire. The persons who like Khandala and Coorg hill-stations are the immediate neighbour of the person who likes Nano. Hemant sits third to the left of the person who like Santro car.The persons who like Fastrack watch do not sit in second row. The one who likes Sonata watch faces the person who likes Alto car and Kullu hill station.Roshni who likes Auli hill station faces the person who likes Coorg hill station. Sunil is sitting between the persons who like Casio and Limit watch. Sandhya likes Casio and faces the person wholikes Brio. Rashmi’s husband Sunil faces the person who sits between the persons who like Almora and Khandala. The one who likes Mussorie sits immediate right of the person who likes Almora. The one who likes Shimla sits between the persosn who like Nainital and Kullu. The one who likes Timex faces the person who likes Omega and sits immediate left of the person who likes Maxima. The one who likes Alto sits between the persons who like Dzire and WagonR. The one who likes Nano faces the person who sits second to the right of the person who likes Alto. Shishir who is the husband of Shipra doesn’t like Fastrack. The one who likes i10sitsimmediate right of the person who likes Eon car. Shipra is the mother of Rahul. Sandhya is the only daughter-in-law of Shishir. Roshni is the sister of Rahul and Sunil is the son-in-law of Shipra. Tapas is married with Roshni. Hemant is the only brother of Maya.
6. Who likes Fastrack watch?
A) Sandhya
B) Sunil
C) Shishir
D) Shipra
E) None of these
7. Who likes Mussoorie hill-station?
A) Tapas
B) Nitin
C) Roshni
D) Rahul
E) None of these
8. Ravi likes which of the brand of watch?
A) Maxima
B) Armani
C) Timex
D) Sonata
E) None of these
9. How is Sandhya related to Roshni and which of the car Sandhya likes?
A) Mother, Dzire
B) Mother, WagonR
C) Sister-in-law, Dzire
D) Sister, WagonR
E) None of these
10. If Sunil’s position changed with Shishir then who faces Sunil?
A) Roshni
B) Ravi
C) Nitin
D) Rashmi
E) None of these
Solutions:
(1 – 5):
A team of top six Basketball players is to be selected from a group of 10 players – A through J.
Parameters: Speed, Accuracy, Strength and Height
i) In height, C, F and G got the third, the fourth and the seventh ranks respectively.
ii) In strength, B, A and D got the third, the fifth and the tenth ranks respectively.
iii) In speed, A and B got the second and the sixth ranks respectively.
iv) In accuracy C, G, I and A got the second, the fourth, the eight and the ninth ranks respectively
Rank
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Speed

A



B




Accuracy

C

G



I
A

Strength


B

A




D
Height


C
F


G



v) C is the only person who got the first rank as well as the last rank. In strength, D got 10th rank, thus C got 1st rank in strength and 10th rank in speed.
B, E and J are the only persons who got neither the first rank nor the last rank. So, A, D, F, G, H and I must get exactly one rank between 1 and 10 in any parameter. A can get either 1st or 10th rank only in height and I can not get 1strank in speed. Thus, A and I can get 1st or 10th ranks in height in any order.
Rank
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Speed

A



B



C
Accuracy

C

G



I
A

Strength
C

B

A




D
Height
A/I

C
F


G


A/I
vi) D and H got worst ranks than B in any parameter and the best rank of H is 6. So, H cannot get the first rank and should get the last rank in accuracy, whereas F got the 1st rank in the same parameter. G got the 1st rank in speed.
Rank
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Speed
G
A



B



C
Accuracy
F
C

G



I
A
H
Strength
C

B

A




D
Height
A/I

C
F


G


A/I
vii) Given in Speed, F < J < I < E in rank magnitude. As B = 6th rank, D and H can get 7th or 8th or 9th. So, F = 3rd, J = 4th and I = 5th. Thus, E = 7 or 8 or 9 rank.
Rank
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Speed
G
A
F
J
I
B
D/H/E
D/H/E
D/H/E
C
Accuracy
F
C

G



I
A
H
Strength
C

B

A




D
Height
A/I

C
F


G


A/I
viii) In accuracy, B cannot get 3 or 6 ranks. So, B = 5 and D = 7. In height, B should be 2nd rank as D & H should have worst ranks than B.
Rank
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Speed
G
A
F
J
I
B
D/H/E
D/H/E
D/H/E
C
Accuracy
F
C

G
B

D
I
A
H
Strength
C

B

A




D
Height
A/I
B
C
F


G


A/I
ix) As D and H did not get adjacent ranks with G, in height the ranks of D and H would be the 5th and the 9th respectively. So, E and J got the 6th and 8th ranks in any order.
Rank
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Speed
G
A
F
J
I
B
D/H/E
D/H/E
D/H/E
C
Accuracy
F
C

G
B

D
I
A
H
Strength
C

B

A




D
Height
A/I
B
C
F
D
E/J
G
E/J
H
A/I
x) As H must get the 6th rank, that must be in strength. So, G = 8 and F = 2. As B, E and J are the only persons who got neither the first rank nor the last rank, in accuracy E/J = 3, D/J/E = 6 and D/E = 7, in strength E/I = 4 & 9, J = 7 and H = 6.
Rank
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Speed
G
A
F
J
I
B
D/H/E
D/H/E
D/E
C
Accuracy
F
C
E/J
G
B
D/J/E
D/E
I
A
H
Strength
C
F
B
E/I
A
H
J
G
E/I
D
Height
A/I
B
C
F
D
E/J
G
E/J
H
A/I
1. C) E and D can get 9th rank in strength and speed respectively. F, I, J and G are the persons, who got the fourth ranks in any order.
2. A) If E’s rank is 8th in height, then J’s rank will be 6th rank in height and 3rd in accuracy. Hence, J is the answer.
3. D) Clearly, G got 4th rank in Accuracy.
4. C)   5. D)  
(6 – 10):
Members sitting in row 1 are Rahul, Shishir, Maya, Hemant, Shipra and Tapas.
Members sitting in row 2 are Sandhya, Sunil, Roshni, Rashmi, Ravi and Nitin.
Eight different watch brands are Casio, Titan, Sonata, Armani, Gucci, Fastrack, Limit, Timex, Rolex, Omega, Rado and Maxima.
Eight different hill-stations are Nainital, Chamba, Kullu, Manali, Auli, Shimla, Ooty, Mussoorie, Almora, Shillong, Khandala and Coorg.
Eight different cars are Innova, Dzire, Santro, Eon, Alto, Brio, Beat, Omni, WagonR, Nano, i10 and Swift,
1. There is only one person on the right side of Ravi whose favourite hill station is Chamba. Since Ravi is sitting in second row hence, he is sitting second to the right end.
2. Ravi is the son of Roshni.
Row – 1 (S)






Row – 2 (N)




Ravi
(Chamba)

 
3. There are three people sitting between Ravi and son of Sandhya who likes Swift car.
Row – 1 (S)






Row – 2 (N)
(Son of Sandhya)
(Swift)



Ravi
(Chamba)

4. In the first row there are four people sitting between the person who likes Titan watch and the one who likes Rado watch.
5. Maya who likes Beat car and Rolex watch sits second to the right of the person who likes Rado watch. Hence, the person who likes Rado watch sits on the left end of the row 1.
6. Maya is the daughter of Rashmi.
Row – 1 (S)
(Titan)


(Beat)
(Rolex)
Maya

(Rado)
Row – 2 (N)
(Son of Sandhya)
(Swift)



Ravi
(Chamba)

7. Tapas sit on an extreme end of the row and faces Nitin who wants to go to Nainital.
8. There is only one person between Rahul and Tapas who likes Innova car. Hence, Tapas sits on right end of the row 1.
9. Since Tapas faces Nitin who wants to go to Nainital. Hence, Nitin is the son of Sandhya.
Row – 1 (S)
(Titan)
(Innova)
Tapas

Rahul
(Beat)
(Rolex)
Maya

(Rado)
Row – 2 (N)
Nitin
(Nainital)
(Swift)



Ravi
(Chamba)

10. Shipra sits immediate right of the person who likes Sonata watch.
Row – 1 (S)
(Titan)
(Innova)
Tapas
Shipra
Rahul
(Sonata)
(Beat)
(Rolex)
Maya

(Rado)
Row – 2 (N)
Nitin
(Nainital)
(Swift)



Ravi
(Chamba)

11. The one who likes Sonata watch faces the person who likes Alto car and Kullu hill station. Hence, Rahul faces the person who likes Alto car and Kullu hill station.
12. The one who likes Shimla sits between the persosn who like Nainital and Kullu.
Row – 1 (S)
(Titan)
(Innova)
Tapas
Shipra
Rahul
(Sonata)
(Beat)
(Rolex)
Maya

(Rado)
Row – 2 (N)
Nitin
(Nainital)
(Swift)
(Shimla)
(Alto)
(Kullu)

Ravi
(Chamba)

13. The one who likes Alto sits between the persons who like Dzire and WagonR.
14. Shipra faces the person who likes Dzire.
Row – 1 (S)
(Titan)
(Innova)
Tapas
Shipra
Rahul
(Sonata)
(Beat)
(Rolex)
Maya

(Rado)
Row – 2 (N)
Nitin
(Nainital)
(Swift)
(Shimla)
(Dzire)
(Alto)
(Kullu)
(WagonR)
Ravi
(Chamba)

15. The one who likes Nano faces the person who sits second to the right of the person who likes Alto.
16. The persons who like Khandala and Coorg hill-stations are the immediate neighbour of the person who likes Nano.
Case I:
Row – 1 (S)
(Titan)
(Innova)
Tapas
Shipra
Rahul
(Sonata)
(Beat)
(Rolex)
(Khandala)
Maya
(Nano)
(Rado)
(Coorg)
Row – 2 (N)
Nitin
(Nainital)
(Swift)
(Shimla)
(Dzire)
(Alto)
(Kullu)
(WagonR)
Ravi
(Chamba)

Case II:
Row – 1 (S)
(Titan)
(Innova)
Tapas
Shipra
Rahul
(Sonata)
(Beat)
(Rolex)
(Coorg)
Maya
(Nano)
(Rado)
(Khandala)
Row – 2 (N)
Nitin
(Nainital)
(Swift)
(Shimla)
(Dzire)
(Alto)
(Kullu)
(WagonR)
Ravi
(Chamba)

17. Rashmi’s husband Sunil faces the person who sits between the persons who like Almora and Khandala. Here case 2 eliminates.
Row – 1 (S)
(Titan)
(Innova)
Tapas
(Almora)
Shipra
Rahul
(Sonata)
(Beat)
(Rolex)
(Khandala)
Maya
(Nano)
(Rado)
(Coorg)
Row – 2 (N)
Nitin
(Nainital)
(Swift)
(Shimla)
(Dzire)
(Alto)
(Kullu)
Sunil
(WagonR)
Ravi
(Chamba)

18. The one who likes Mussorie sits immediate right of the person who likes Almora.
19. Roshni who likes Auli hill station faces the person who likes Coorg hill station.
Row – 1 (S)
(Mussoorie)
(Titan)
(Innova)
Tapas
(Almora)
Shipra
Rahul
(Sonata)
(Beat)
(Rolex)
(Khandala)
Maya
(Nano)
(Rado)
(Coorg)
Row – 2 (N)
Nitin
(Nainital)
(Swift)
(Shimla)
(Dzire)
(Alto)
(Kullu)
Sunil
(WagonR)
Ravi
(Chamba)
Roshni
(Auli)
20. Sunil is sitting between the persons who like Casio and Limit watch.
21. Sandhya likes Casio and faces the person who likes Brio.
Row – 1 (S)
(Mussoorie)
(Titan)
(Innova)
Tapas
(Brio)
(Almora)
Shipra
Rahul
(Sonata)
(Beat)
(Rolex)
(Khandala)
Maya
(Nano)
(Rado)
(Coorg)
Row – 2 (N)
Nitin
(Nainital)
(Swift)
Sandhya
(Casio)
(Shimla)
(Dzire)
(Alto)
(Kullu)
Sunil
(WagonR)
(Limit)
Ravi
(Chamba)
Roshni
(Auli)
22. The one who likes Shillong faces the person who likes Gucci who sits immediate left of the person who likes Ooty.
23.In second row, remaining person is Rashmi, hence, Rashmi sits between Sunil and Ravi.
24. Remaining hill-station is Manali hence, the person likes Nano also likes Manali.
25. The one who likes i10 sits immediate right of the person who likes Eon car. Hence, Ravi likes Eon and Roshni likes i10.
Row – 1 (S)
(Mussoorie)
(Titan)
(Innova)
Tapas
(Brio)
(Almora)
Shipra
Rahul
(Sonata)
(Shillong)
(Beat)
(Rolex)
(Khandala)
Maya
(Nano)
(Manali)
(Rado)
(Coorg)
Row – 2 (N)
Nitin
(Nainital)
(Swift)
Sandhya
(Casio)
(Shimla)
(Dzire)
Sunil
(Alto)
(Kullu)
(Gucci)

Rashmi
(WagonR)
(Limit)
Ravi
(Chamba)
(Eon)
Roshni
(Auli)
(i10)
26.Hemant sits third to the left of the person who like Santro car. Hence, Hemant is sitting extreme left end of row 1 and Rahul likes Santro.
27. Now the remaining person is Shishir. Hence, Shishir is sitting between Maya and Hemant.
28. Remaining car is Omni, hence, Hemant likes Omni car.
Row – 1 (S)
(Mussoorie)
(Titan)
(Innova)
Tapas
(Brio)
(Almora)
Shipra
(Snatro)
(Shillong)
(Sonata)
Rahul

(Khandala)
(Beat)
 (Rolex)
Maya
(Manali)
(Nano)
(Shishri)
(Rado)
(Omni)
(Coorg)
Hemant
Row – 2 (N)
Nitin
(Nainital)
(Swift)
Sandhya
(Casio)
(Shimla)
(Dzire)
Sunil
(Alto)
(Kullu)
(Gucci)

Rashmi
(WagonR)
(Limit)
(Ooty)
Ravi
(Chamba)
(Eon)
Roshni
(Auli)
(i10)
29. The persons who like Fastrack watch do not sit in second row.
30. Shishir who is the husband of Shipra doesn’t like Fastrack. Hence, Shipra likes Fastrack.
31. The one who likes Timex faces the person who likes Omega and sits immediate left of the person who likes Maxima. Hence, Ravi likes Timex, Shishir likes Omega and Roshni likes Maxima.
Row – 1 (S)
(Mussoorie)
(Titan)
(Innova)
Tapas
(Fastrack)
(Brio)
(Almora)
Shipra
(Snatro)
(Shillong)
(Sonata)
Rahul

(Khandala)
(Beat)
 (Rolex)
Maya
(Omega)
(Manali)
(Nano)
Shishri
(Rado)
(Omni)
(Coorg)
Hemant
Row – 2 (N)
Nitin
(Nainital)
(Swift)
Sandhya
(Casio)
(Shimla)
(Dzire)
Sunil
(Alto)
(Kullu)
(Gucci)

Rashmi
(WagonR)
(Limit)
(Ooty)
Ravi
(Chamba)
(Eon)
(Timex)
Roshni
(Auli)
(i10)
(Maxima)
32. Now Nitin likes remaining watch Armani watch.
33.Shipra is the mother of Rahul. Sandhya is the only daughter-in-law of Shishir. Hence, Sandhya is the wife of Rahul.
Row – 1 (S)
(Mussoorie)
(Titan)
(Innova)
Tapas
(Fastrack)
(Brio)
(Almora)
Shipra
(Snatro)
(Shillong)
(Sonata)
Rahul

(Khandala)
(Beat)
 (Rolex)
Maya
(Omega)
(Manali)
(Nano)
Shishri
(Rado)
(Omni)
(Coorg)
Hemant
Row – 2 (N)
Nitin
(Swift)
(Nainital)
(Armani)
Sandhya
(Casio)
(Shimla)
(Dzire)
Sunil
(Alto)
(Kullu)
(Gucci)

Rashmi
(WagonR)
(Limit)
(Ooty)
Ravi
(Chamba)
(Eon)
(Timex)
Roshni
(Auli)
(i10)
(Maxima)
34. Roshni is the sister of Rahul and Sunil is the son-in-law of Shipra. Tapas is married with Roshni.
35. Hemant is the only brother of Maya.
Row – 1 (S)
(Mussoorie)
(Titan)
(Innova)
Tapas
(Fastrack)
(Brio)
(Almora)
Shipra
(Snatro)
(Shillong)
(Sonata)
Rahul

(Khandala)
(Beat)
 (Rolex)
Maya
(Omega)
(Manali)
(Nano)
Shishri
(Rado)
(Omni)
(Coorg)
Hemant
Row – 2 (N)
Nitin
(Swift)
(Nainital)
(Armani)
Sandhya
(Casio)
(Shimla)
(Dzire)
Sunil
(Alto)
(Kullu)
(Gucci)

Rashmi
(WagonR)
(Limit)
(Ooty)
Ravi
(Chamba)
(Eon)
(Timex)
Roshni
(Auli)
(i10)
(Maxima)
This the final Arrangement with family tree
6. D) Shipra likes Fastrack watch.
7. A) Tapas likes Mussoorie hill-station.
8. C) Rajiv likes Timex watch.
9. C) Sandhya is sister-in-law of Roshni and Sandhya likes Dzire.
10. B) If sunil’s position changed with Shishir then Sunil faces Rajiv.