SBI PO Prelims English Mock Test - 2

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SBI PO Prelims English Mock Test - 2
Directions (1 – 10) Each of the reading comprehension questions is based on the content of a passage. After reading the passage, answer all questions pertaining to it on the basis of what is stated or implied in the passage. For each question, select the best answer of the choices given.

The subject “Good Governance” is both topical and timely. It is an axiom of political science that a State comes into being for life but it exists for good life. The duty of the state is not only to protect life and liberty but goes further, to enable the people to live in a measure of physical and mental comfort. Democracy is a government by the citizens themselves. The people should realise that they are responsible for choosing the right and proper persons to represent them in national affairs. In colonial administration the government was different from the people. Those governments ruled but without the consent and concurrence of the people. This old concept still persists in the masses today. They do not realise that the general election is the occasion for them to choose a government for themselves. On the contrary, the masses feel that the franchise is a patronage to be conferred on their kith and kin, or the local candidate, or one of their caste and religious fraternity. In mature democracies, a person who changes his party affiliation or crosses the floor, seldom gets re-elected by the electorate. They do not trust him to stand firm by the policies and programmes proposed by him. In India a person who was in the Congress Government and immediately thereafter in the Janata Government and then in Chandrashekhar Government was re-elected and came once again into the Congress Government!
The electorate votes for a criminal or a corrupt candidate, and bemoans that the country has a bad government. The electorate does not realise that even as it contributes to its own household expenditure, it has to contribute to the country’s governance. It is easily misled by the unscrupulous promises of political parties of free food, free clothes, free electricity, free everything. Even enlightened people plead for tax concessions, subsidies and incentives oblivious of the fact that they are met by borrowings which in turn impose burdens indirectly on themselves. Besides, in a true democracy, the people voluntarily observe the laws, rules and regulations as they are forged by themselves in the interest of good governance. It is only because 90% of the people abide by the laws and 10% transgress them that the state is able to maintain order and harmony. If the situation were reversed with 90% transgressing the law and 10% abiding by it, there can be no organised society, no peace and harmony. Some of the advanced countries, notably Switzerland, have perhaps the highest degree of compliance. A mere board stating that the road is closed will be complied with by almost 100% of the people.
1. Which of the following is supposed to be the most relevant duty of the state?
(a) to ensure sovereignty of the region
(b) to ensure prosperity of the region
(c) to look after the welfare of its people
(d) to develop better terms with other nations
(e) None of these
2. What is the basic difference between democracy and colonial rule?
(a) In a democracy, people’s will prevails, whereas in a colonial rule, ruler’s will prevails.
(b) Democracy is a rule by different parties whereas a colonial rule is a single-party rule.
(c) Democracy can be opposed by the people but such is not the case with colonial rule.
(d) A colonial rule can be converted into a democracy but the same cannot happen with a democracy.
(e) None of these
3. If the people want to have a responsible government in a democracy
(a) they must call for free and fair elections.
(b) they should take charge of the elections.
(c) they should elect educated and experienced representatives.
(d) they should look for single-party rule.
(e) they should elect desirable candidates.
4. Why does a person changing his party find it hard to get re-elected in mature democracies?
(a) Because political parties suspect his fidelity.
(b) Because he loses his image in the political circle.
(c) Because his eligibility for fighting elections gets questioned.
(d) Because he has to depend upon the stand of his new party.
(e) None of these
5. In a country like India, who is mainly responsible for good or bad governance?
(a) The system of electing our representatives
(b) The political parties
(c) The voters
(d) The political party in power
(e) None of these
6. Which of the following is true in the context of the passage?
(a) Good governance is related to the welfare of the people.
(b) We have a mature democracy in India.
(c) The leaders who change parties face hurdles in getting re-elected in our country.
(d) Colonial rule was much better than the present democracy.
(e) None of these
7. What makes Switzerland a successful democracy?
(a) Clear instructions regarding public concerns marked on boards, even on roadsides
(b) High rate of literacy among the populace
(c) Law-abiding citizens
(d) Governance with a mission
(e) None of these
8. Which of the following suggestions may not be necessary to make India a mature democracy?
(a) The voters should elect candidates with clean image.
(b) The voters should not entertain candidates who frequently change their party and ideology.
(c) The voters should shun their narrow interests while voting for their candidates.
(d) The people should respect the law of the land.
(e) None of these
9. With which stream does the author seem to be related?
(a) Sociology
(b) History
(c) Political Science
(d) Constitution of India
(e) None of these
10. What is the synonym of CONCURRENCE?
(a) satisfaction
(b) agreement
(c) participation
(d) loyalty
(e) dependence
Directions (11 – 20): In the following passage, some of the words have been left out, each of which is indicated by a number. Find the suitable word from the options given against each number and fill up the blanks with appropriate words to make the paragraph meaningfully complete.
If the phone is (11) in India today, it is largely due to the amazing (12) of one man — Satyanarayan (abbreviated to ‘Sam’ by an HR clerk who couldn’t get her tongue around the name) Pitroda (a Gujarati community of metal-workers who traditionally used pitr or brass), the son of an (13) labourer. Pitroda’s drive and vision not only (14) him a 100 patents and millions of (15) in America, but the role of a change agent and (16) in his home country. Pitroda believes his (17) was shaped by his parent's decision to send him away, at the age of eight, from their (18) home in Orissa to a school in Gujarat. The Gandhian values (19) there, followed by a Baroda college, which honed his interest in physics and (20)his entrepreneurial instincts, provided the platform for a master’s degree in electrical engineering from Illinois Institute of Technology and entry into the field of telecommunications.
11.
A) scarce
B) flimsy
C) unwanted 
D) ubiquitous
E) ramshackle
12.
A) journey
B) inaction
C) retrogress
D) tardiness
E) scurry
13.
A) educated
B) unschooled
C) schooled
D) graduate
E) organised
14.
A) earned
B) spend
C) loosed
D) gained
E) moved
15.
A) capital 
B) rupees
C) wealth 
D) money
E) dollars
16.
A) safe-breaker 
B) law-breaker
C) path-breaker
D) breaker
E) vision
17.
A) adversity 
B) fortuity
C) complex
D) catastrophe
E) destiny
18.
A) arrant
B) meagre
C) bursting
D) chubby
E) aplenty
19.
A) ignited
B) instilled
C) doused 
D) afire
E) blazing
20.
A) ensconced
B) imperceptive
C) dissimulated
D) camouflaged
E) revealed
Directions (21 – 30): Read each sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical or idiomatic error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number of that part is the answer. If there is No error, the answer is e. (Ignore errors of punctuation, if any.
21. a) Global forecasts/ b) suggest that India is poised/ c)to be the third largest economy in/ d)the world up to 2030./e)No error
22. a)History is replete with examples of nations/b)that have risen from/c)every adversity to transform them/d)into global economic powers/.e)No error
23. a)To my mind, the Make in India initiative/b)has been insightfully crafted/ c)for addressing some of the most/ d)fundamental challenges facing the economy today./e)No error
24. a) It is welcome that concerted effort is made/b)at the centre and states to improve the ease of doing business/c)and foster an environment/d)where investment is encouraged./e)No error
25. a) Successful countries across the world/b)have derived enormous strength from enterprises/c)who have, as national champions,/d)created substantial value for their nations./e)No error.
26. a)Well planned and congestion-free cities of Rajasthan has/ b)strong urban infrastructure with/c)a variety of accommodation options,/d)wide parts, schools and colleges and recreational facilities./e)No error.
27. a)The two stalwarts of Bihar may have accepted each other/b)to keep his head above water/c)but both seem to find it difficult/d)to conceal the silent game of one up man ship./e)No error.
28. a)Lord Meghnad Desai believes poverty is/b)the biggest problem and a system strategy/c)for generating rapid, high and inclusive growth/d)is only solution./e)No error.
29. a)While schooling is about to discipline/b)cadres into certain behaviors/c)and responses, education is about/d)building competence,/e)No error
30. a)Today, the first task is to grow good teacher/b)so that it can grow/c)the next generation to greatness,/d)which is Indias aspiration./e)No error
Answers:
1. (c) to enable the people to live in a measure of physical and mental comfort.
2. (a) It’s defined in the passage that “In a democracy, people’s will prevail, whereas in a colonial rule, ruler’s will prevail.”
3. (e) It’s mentioned in the passage that they should elect desirable candidates.
4. (e) because the electorate loses faith and trust in him and his ideologies.
5. (c) Clearly, the voters are responsible for the kind of government they get. 
6. (a) It’s mentioned in the passage that Good governance is related to the welfare of the people.
7. (c) It’s is mentioned in the passage that in Switzerland, there are law-abiding citizens.
8. (e) None of the mentioned suggestion define the question.
9. (c) The idea expressed in this paragraph is about ‘Political Science’.
10. (b) CONCURRENCE- the state of agreeing with someone or something
11. D. (ubiquitous-present, appearing, or found everywhere.) 
12. A. (journey fits correctly in the context) 
13. B. (unschooled-not educated or trained.)
14. A. (earned-fits correctly in the context) 
15. E. (dollars-fits correctly in the context) 
16. C. (path-breaker-One that is original or innovative; a pioneer.)
17. E. (destiny-fits correctly in the context) 
18. B. {meagre-(of something provided or available) lacking in quantity or quality.}
19. B. (instilled-gradually but firmly establish (an idea or attitude) in a person's mind.}
20. E. (revealed-fits correctly in the context) 
21. D) Replace up to with by
22. C) Replace them with themselves
23. C) Replace for addressing with to address
24. A) Replace is made with is being made
25. E)
26. A) Replace has with have
27. B) Replace his head with their heads
28. D) Insert the before only
29. A) Replace to discipline with disciplining
30. B) Replace it with they