Reading Comprehension Quiz for SBI PO

Mentor for Bank Exams
Reading Comprehension Quiz for SBI PO
Directions (1 – 8): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words have been printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some questions.
At least five or six cases of various forms of violence against girls and women from different cities are being reported every day. Drawing attention to the seriousness of gender-based violence, there is a demand for stronger punishment for male offenders. But very little attention has been focused on what is being done to address the root cause of the issue.
Gender issues, including gender-based violence, are seen largely as “women’s issues” by all concerned—a majority of policymakers, women’s groups, funding agencies and media. This approach insulates men from the process of transformation, reinforces masculine stereotypes and deepens the gender divide.
Patriarchy disadvantages women but it also brings a set of behavioural norms and responsibilities that hinders men from expressing their pressures to perform in adherence with traditional notions of masculinity. Masculinity, in its current form, harms not only women but also men in the long run. Men cannot cry or express emotions freely, they have to be always winners/achievers, bread-earners, caretakers, etc. They have to perform at various stages.They cannot do household chores without the fear of being labelled “sissies”.
We need to address how men analyse perceptions of masculinity and create appropriate alternatives. But to do this, men must first feel the need to do so. Men can introspect on the existing dominant model of masculinity when they are able to relate to the issue; when they know the “costs” of increasing violence on women to them individually and socially.
If men are involved in any intervention that seeks to stop or prevent violence against women, it may help in making the lives of women safer and healthier, but what’s in it for them? What are they going to get out of it? Unless this is answered seriously, we will not come up with any meaningful strategy of engaging men in the long term. A paradigm shift in looking at women’s issues as gender issues, which are equally men’s issues, is not going to be easy. With all our social sub-systems—family, religion, governance and media—reinforcing patriarchal, male-dominated attitudes, it will definitely be a process that will face periodic threats, hiccups and setbacks.
Apart from addressing men as a group, it calls for simultaneous interventions with different groups of men. For instance, we need to address men in the police not just as law-enforcing agents but also as men. Similarly, we need to reach out to men in the corporate and healthcare sectors, in Parliament, male bureaucrats, male journalists, religious leaders, school and college teachers and administrators. A couple of token gender-sensitization programmes for these men is not going to change the male mindset. What is required is focused, long-term intervention with a clear vision and purpose of “process-oriented” work by all stakeholders. There has to be a pool of male facilitators in all sectors who can engage men in a gradual process of transformation and humanization. It calls for investment, financial and otherwise.
1. When is there a demand for stronger punishment for male offenders?
a) If we are liberated.
b) If we reach out to men in the corporate and healthcare sectors.
c) If we draw attention to the seriousness of gender-based violence.
d) If we understand crimes against girls and women that will increase in this neo-liberal society.
e) Only 1, 2 and 3
2. By which concerns the gender issues, are seen largely as “women’s issues”?
A. By a majority of policymakers
B. By women’s groups
C. By funding agencies and media
a) Only A
b) Only B
c) Only C
d) All A, B and C                  
e) Not given in the passage          
3. An approach insulates men from the process of transformation, and what does that reinforce?
a) masculine stereotypes.
b) deepens the gender divide.
c) certainly of being more crimes by minor boys.
d) a dearth of people who would strengthen their efforts.
e) Both 1 and 2
4. What is hindered by the patriarchy that brings a set of behavioural norms and responsibilities to men?
a) expressing their pressures to perform.
b) concerning to seriously examine the root cause of the problem.
c) The long-term intervention with a clear vision.
d) The purpose of “process-oriented” work by all stakeholders.
e) All 2, 3 and 4
5. Why can’t men do household chores as per the passage given above?
a) Because of the biased mind-set.
b) Because of the process of empowering men.
c) Because of maintaining gender-equitability and ease.
d) Because of the fear of being labelled “sissies”.
e) Because men are liberated.
6. What do we need to address?
A. how men invest their time and effort in protecting women rights
B. how men analyse perceptions of masculinity
C. how men create appropriate alternatives
a) Only C
b) Both B and C
c) Only B
d) Both A and C
e) All A, B and C
7. When can men introspect on the existing dominant model of masculinity?
A. When they are able to relate to the issue.
B. When they would be liberated from the shackles of patriarchy.
C. When they know the “costs” of increasing violence on women to them individually and socially.
a) Only A
b) Only B
c) Both A and C
d) All A,B and C                   
e) Not given in the passage          
8. "If men are involved in any intervention that seeks to stop or prevent violence against women"
What impact may be seen as per the above statement exactly in the context of the passage?
a) It may help in making the lives better.
b) It may help in making the lives of women safer and healthier.
c) It may help in making the more creative and safe environment.
d) It may help in having a sizeable number of people who would like to invest their time and effort in engaging men.
e) Both 1 and 3       
Directions (9 – 10): Rearrange the following sentences (A),(B),(C), (D), (E) and (F) in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph, then answer the questions given below them.
(A) A Chinese soldier, who was stuck in India for over 50 years after he crossed over the border
(B) He became emotional as he hugged his relatives, their first reunion after he crossed into Indian side over five decades ago.
(C) Wang Qi, received by his close Chinese relatives, besides officials of the China's Ministry
(D) And Indian embassy when he arrived along with his son, daughter-in-law and other relatives.
(E) Following the 1962 war arrived with his Indian family members to an emotional reunion with his Chinese kin.
(F) “It was an emotional reunion”, an official present at the airport told.
9. Which of the following would be the THIRD sentence after rearrangement?
a) E
b) B
c) A
d) C
e) F
10. Which of the following would be the FOURTH sentence after rearrangement?
a) E
b) B
c) A
d) D
e) F
Answers:
1. C)   2. D)   3. E)   4. A)   5. D)   6. B)   7. C)   8. B)  
(9 – 10): The correct sequence is AECDBF and the passage is talking about Chinese soldier returns home from India after five decades.
9. C)   10. D)